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Inicio arrow newsitems arrow MED7 Summit call: Reply to Turkey Aggression in the Mediterranean with All Means available to the EU

MED7 Summit call: Reply to Turkey Aggression in the Mediterranean with All Means available to the EU

Escrito por ACM
10.09.20

 
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*Strasbourg/Angelo Marcopolo/- A Key Heads of State/Government Summit with All 7 Mediterranean European Countries, Hosted by French President Emmanuel Macron at the Island of Corsica, Historic BirthPlace of Napoleon Bonaparte, Calls to "Reply to Turkey's Aggressive acts with All adequate Measures available to the EU", after Ankara's recent Illegal Drillings in EU Members Greece and Cyprus' EEZ, closely Followed by WarShips' and Military Planes' Threats, concerning Energy Resources of Eastern Mediterranean which are of Strategic Importance for Europe, Arms' Smuggling and Military Interference in Libya, added to Provocations against All involved, even EU in general.   

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 - The Leaders of France, Italy, Spain, Greece, Portugal, Cyprus and Malta, in a "Joint Declaration",  Confirmed their "Full Support and integral Solidarity" with FrontLine EU Members "Cyprus and Greece, Facing the Repeated Infringements to their Sovereignity and Sovereign Rights, as Also the Aggressive Measures taken by Turkey".

+ In this regard, they "Ask ... to Respect International Law, Particularly the International Law of the Sea, Ecouraging... to Settle Differences via Dialogue and Negotiation". "Saluting the Mediation Efforts" of EU's "High Representative and Vice President" of the EU, Josep Borrel, "as well as of Germany", with Chancellor Angie Merkel, "Aiming to allow a Resumption of Dialogue between Greece and Turkey, on the Issue of Maritime Zones", the 7 Meditteranean EU Countries, Also "Welcome Favorably the Invitation, by the Goverment of Cyprus, to Negotiate with Turkey, by observing that the Delimitation of Exclusive Economic Zones and of the Continental Shelf Must be treated via Good Faith Dialogue and Negotiation, in Full Respect of International Law, and according  to the Principle of Good Neighborhood Relations".

- However, "at the Aftermath of the Recent Conclusions by the European Council" during 2019-2020, (See, f.ex.: ..., etc), the 7 Key EU Countries "Regret that Turkey has Not Responded to EU's Repeated Calls to End its Unilateral et illegal Acts in Eastern Mediterranean and to the Aegean Sea". In Consequence, they "Confirm" their "Determination to Use All adequate Means at EU's Disposal, in order to Reply to these Aggressive Actions". In this regard, (and "Following the Last Informal ["Gymnich"] Meeting of EU's Foreign Ministers" in Berlin), they "Agree to Accelerate the  work concerning Supplementary Iscriptions at the List of Sanctions, Already at the Table, in view of their Rapid Adoption", and they Warn that, Moreover, "If Turkey makes No Progress on the road to Dialogue, and does Not put an End to its Unilateral Acts, (then), the EU is Ready to dress a List of Supplementary Restrictive Measures, that could be discussed at the European Council of 24-25 September 2020".

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  + Advancing well Beyond a clear "Support to Greece and Cyprus" EU Countries, with "Solidarity ...Facing the Unilateral Provocations, illegal Drillings, and Moves Threatening the Sovereignity of European States", Macron stressed, in a collective Press Conference, the need "to Make (Turkey) Respect the European Sovereignity, the International Law, and ease Desescalation".

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The move was partly Prepared, Also, "during This Summer", in "a Common Agenda, Together with the German Chancellor", Angie Merkel, (who currently Chairs the EU, until December 2020, and Recently Visited Macron at Bergancon Castle, at the end of August, in the Middlle of the Northern Mediterranean Coast), he revealed.

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- EU "Wants to engage in a Responsible Dialogue" with Turkey, withOut Ignoring its "Difficulty", "Neither being Naive", "But Requiring that Principles are Respected". "Because No Dialogue is possible if it is based on Abandoning Sovereignity, or a Guilty Weekness", the French President Warned.

 

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=> Therefore, in order "to restore Normal Relations, allowing Stability, with Turkey", there Must be "a Stop of Unilateral Actions, ...Obviousy the End of (illegal) Drillings, a Full Respect of the (International) Embargo on Arms for all Powers at Libya's area, and to Accept that Existing DisAgreements ... would be Settled by Negotiations, and in front of International Instances, concerning Legal Debates", he underlined.

+ Speaking, in Wider terms, "25 Years after the Barcelona Declaration" and "more than 10 Years since the Creation of the Union for the Mediterranean", as Today's "MED-7" Joint Declaration Reminds, (Comp. "Eurofora" Co-Founder's NewsReports, from Paris' 7/2008 Summit at the "Grand Palais", organized by former President and then EU-Chair Sarkozy, Published +at "Cyprus Weekly". Comp. also: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/eu2013marseillecultureorbarbary.html,  etc), the French President, Also Stressed that, "Our Responsibility, as EU Member States and Mediterranean States, is to Find Ways and Means", Nowadays, "for a Constructive Policy in the Mediterranean, to Build that "Pax Mediterranea" for Us All, which Will Allow Harmonious Exchanges, while, at the same time, making Respect the European Sovereignity in the Region".


=> In this regard, Macron spoke also of "a Positive Euro-Mediterranean Agenda, ..of Cooperation between the 2 Shores of the Mediterranean", concerning "Knowledge, ... Energy, BioDiversty and Climate", particularly "in areas of Health, Education, Training, University, Culture and Heritage", etc., "as well as the Big Regional Issues", such as "Liban, Syria, etc".  While the MED-7's "Joint Declaration" adds "Cyprus" and the "Middle-East", but also "Sahel" and the "Fight Against Terrorism" or "Human Trafficking", in Parallel with "the Aim to Renovate the Meridional Partnership", mainly "by Strengthening the Union for the Mediterranean, and the Dialogue 5+5", "Focused on Developing Concrete Cooperations on Joint Interest Issues, defined Together with Our Southern Partners : Reforms and Democratic Governance, as well as Civil Society Resilience, Climate and Environment, with Ecological Transition, Trade and Investemnts, with Energy, Culture and Heritage Protection, Migration and Mobility, Youth autonomisation and Digital program", etc., and "Particularly the Access to Natural Resources and their Sustainable Management".  In this regard are Citted, f.ex., Events such as "the 1 Planet Summit at Marseille, on January 2021", "the Union for the Mediteranean's Ministerial Conference on sustainable Blue Economy, Later that same year", the "Boost" of Earth Observation, Space "services Copernicus" (EU), "working Together with Our Southern Partners", the "West Med. Initiative, for the ...Blue Economy in Western Mediterranean", "the COP26 and CCNUCC with Associated Events organized in Italy", as well as "the Heads of State/Government Meeting in Greece ... on Cultural and Natural Heritage's Protection from Clmate Change effects", etc

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++ Concerning "the Issue of Stability in Eastern Mediterranean and Turkey's role", "for the Escalation of Tension, the Provocative Behaviors, the way that Turkey Contests the Sovereign Rights of 2 EU Member States, even Persisting to illegaly Occupy Territories of one of them : Cyprus", "while it Openly, now, Leaves Away from Any Effort of Sincere Concertation", "the Results of (this) 7th Summit of (EU's) Southern Countries, Send, Today, a very Clear Mesage", stressed embattled Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis, (who is due to Host the Next "MD-7" Summit, in Creta Island, on 2021 - Comp. Mitsotakis' Replies to "Eurofora" Questions in European Summits at Brussels, Austria, etc. f.ex. at : ... + ..., etc) :

- In particular, MED-7 Summit's Joint Declaration "Show(s) to Turkey the Road" to take. If Turkey really Wants a Sincere Dialogue with Greece, Cyprus, and the EU, it Must Prove it in Practice. By Stopping Immediately Unilateral Actions, Giving Credible Indications that it Respects, WithOut Exceptions and Not Selectively, the International Rules". "As far as we are concerned, what we've alrady said before, is still valid : I.e., - "End of Provocations, and Start of Dicussions !", he resumed, inviting.  

- "Mediterranean is a Vital Area for European Security in general", which "canNot be Left to Third Parties", since "it's about "Mare Nostrum", Our own Sea, the European Sea, as President Macron has also said", Mitsotakis stressed, as a matter of General Principle. So that, "Support to Greece and Cyprus is Not merely an expressiion of Solidarity", But Also "the Recognition of the Fact that, here, there are Strategic Interests for Europe itself at Stake !", the EU's FrontLiner rightfully pointed out, (Referring, [on this well-known "Eurofora"s stance : inter alia, See, f.ex., also  ... + ..., etc] to Interviews he's Just Published at 3 Big European Newspapers : "Times", "FAZ", and "Le Monde", in the UK, Germany and France, respectively).

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- "There is a Clear Choice",  he said at these Interviews : - "Turkey can Cooperate, and Find a Common Ground, or it can Persist Behaving as an Aggressor, Playing Games for Show off at Europe's Outer surroundings, so that it will Pay an Important Economic Price for that Behavior. It can Choose Whether Greece will be Bridge or Obstacle to Partnership (with the EU) and Progress", he Warned, (Reminding, also, that Eleftherios Venizelos, former Greek Prime Minister, who had Signed a Peace Treaty with Attaturk, Back on 1930, was an Oncle of his Father). ... "If Turkey chose the Bridge, I think that President Erdogan would have a Chance to get an Ambitious, Long-Term Agreement with the EU, for the Interest of All". ..."The Solution is Simple : - "We Sit down. We Discuss our Different. And Try to Reach a Deal. If we doN't manage to do it, then, we let the International Court (of Hague) to Judge", he proposed. "When Berlin offered to Mediate, we ...managed even to reach a "Written Agreement". But, the Result was for Turkey to Finaly Withdraw, Revealing Informal, Secret Talks". So that "the Hopes that I Still have for a Dialogue, do Not Hide the Realities : We Need Dialogue, But Not Under Blackmail !", he stressed.

- "Lately, Turkey looks Less as a Partner, But as a Provocator". F.ex., "at the End of Last Year (2019), President Erdogan signed a n illegal Deal of Delimitation of Maritime Borders with one of the 2 Sides at the Bloody Civil War in Libya. Given that Turkey and Libya have No Adjacent SeaCoasts, that Deal was declared Null from the Greatest part of the International Community, ...and was considered as Violating Sovereign Rights of 3rd Countries, including Greece", (for Not Taking into Account its Islands, including Creta, etc). On March (2020) Turkey ...Incited and Facilitated Attempts of Desperate Migrants to Tresspass Greek Borders" (at Evros' River), "that we Defended, with the Support of Our EU Partners", since "Greece's Borders are also EU's Borders". ... "This Summer (2020), Reacting to the Signature of a Long-Term, Legal, and Internationaly Recognized Agreement for the Delimitatio of Sea Borders between Greece an Egypt, (Turkish) President Erdogan send his Military Navy to Back an Attempt to Search Gas in an Area of Eastern Mediterranean where Both Greece and Turkey Revendicate Rights, and has Not Yet been Delimitated. According to UNO's Treaty on Maritime Law, this was an Unilateral Action, Violating International Law", he Criticized. So that, "an Initially Unpleasant Policy of Impressions, UnDeniably Evolved into a Threatening stance, during the Last Weeks : Every Day, the Turkish Government presents a New False Claim or circulates a New Lie. Warlike Wording, Nationalist Propaganda, Aggressive Militarism, Purchase of Russian Arm Systems which are a Threat for NATO, Transformation of World Heritage (UNESCO) Monuments into Mosque, illegal Maritime Activities, and Threats of War", he Denounced.

=> Today, "Our (EU's) Neighbouring Country, Turkey, has Still Time, Before the (forthcoming, September 24-25 EU's Brussels) Summit, to make a Step, and Trace itself the Road Out of this Crisis", he stressed at the MED-7 Press Conference : - "By Droping Naval and (Oil/Gas) Research in UnChartered (Not yet DeLimitated) Maritime Zones.  By withHolding Aggressive Rhetorics. By Returning Back to the Table of Exploratory Talks, concerning Relations with Greece, from where it (Ankara) Left on 2016. And if we caN't Agree, as (French) President Macron said, there is, Always, the Solution of Hague, that of the International Court", Mitsotakis pointed out.

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+++ Indeed, Referring to "the Obvious Risks of Peace and Security Disruption in the Mediterranean, as a Result of Escalating and Internationaly Condemned (Both by EU and USA, Russia, etc), EU's Eastern Mediterranean Strategic Island, Cyprus' President Nicos Anastassiades, (the Previous Host of "MED-7" Summit at Nicosia on 2019 -  Comp. Anastassiades' Replies to "Eurofora" Questions, f.ex, at : ..., in the CoE in Strasbourg, etc), Reminded "particularly, the Efforts that we make, through Internationaly Recognized Procedures, to Avoid the Danger of a Catastrophic Conflict, which will Affect Not Only the Involved Countries, But also the Wider Region, and even EU's Cohesion", since "it's well Known that Cyprus' and Greece's Borders aren't but Borders of te EU too", as he Warned.

- "Saluting the Unanimous Stance taken by All (EU MED-7) Leaders, and their Resolve, as it's expressed in Today's "Joint Declaration", for the Need to put an End to the UnLawful Acts of Ankara in Cyprus' and Greece's EEZ", (Comp. Supra), Anastassiades pointed at the "DIscussed and Agreed Need for a Common (EU) Strategy and Measures, since it's UnDeniable that those Activities of Ankara constitute a Violation of International Law, and of the Law of Sea, going Against the Sovereignity of 2 EU Members, and of the EU itself".

=> That's why, "with the Joint Declaration, We (EU-MED-7 Leaders) Agreed that we'll Use All Means at EU's disposal, in order to Face the Turkish D; Delinquency, Including, (even if we'd like not to have to do that), Additional Sanctions, against All those Involved into those illegal activities (by Ankara) in Cyprus, as well as that the Issue of EU-Turkey Relations, will be Further Discussed at the forthcoming European Council", (24-35/9.2020).

-  "Cyprus repeatedly Called Ankara to Respect the International Law and advance towards Negotiations for the Delimitation of Maritime Zones Between us (Turkey and EU Member Cyprus), Or, if they refuse, to Submit the whole Issue at the International Court of Hague", Anastassiades pointed out.  

=> - In Consequence, there is a "Need for a Unified, Consequent and Strong Reaction to the Turkish Provocations, If they doN't Respect the Initiatives of European Leaders (for Dialogue : Comp. Supra), Neither Abide by International Law", he Urged.    

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- "At the Same time", Anastassiades spoke at this MED-7 Summit "about the Efforts undertaken to ReStart Talks for a Comprehensive Solution of the Cyprus' Issue, in order to put an End to (the Foreign Turkish Military) Occupation, and to the Unacceptable Status Quo", "Stressing that Only the ReUnification" of the Island "would Create cricumstances for Full Security and Prosperity for All Cypriots, Greek-Cypriots and Turkish-Cypriots, as well as greatly Contribute to establish Peace in the Wider Region".

- And he Welcomed the "Intention of Leaders of EU's Meditteranean Countries to use their Relations and Exert their Influence on Turkey, so that it would Understand that it must put an End to illegal actions, and Cooperate, through a Sincere and Comprehensive Dalogue, always Based on International Law, in order to Find Solutions which Will give Prosperity to our People", as he concluded.

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++++ For Italian Prime Minister Conte, "Tensions in Eastern Mediterranean are Harting Us (EU) All", and "We Must Do Everything to Alleviate them". "There are Growing Concerns, But we must Set up a Positive Spiral of Dialogue for a Shared Solution".

- "However, the 1st thing to do is to express Our strong Solidarity, a Concrete Solidarity, with Our (MED-7) Friends of (EU Members) Cyprus and Greece, who Face the Unilateral Actions of Turkey", "We will Always do that", he Vowed

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+++++ Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Santcez, stressed that, "Certainly, we (MED-7) Must show Support to 2 EU Member States", (since) We Belong to the EU, and Share a lot of Pressure, (and) Hardships that they Face, Because of Turkey's Acts".

- In this direction, "the Message is "Dialogue", he pointed out, referring to EU's "High Representative" (Borrel, from Spain). the EU Council's President (Michel, of Belgium), and the (EU) Presidency by Germany (Chancelor Angie Merkel)".

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++++++ Portugal's Prime Minister, Antonio Costa, urged for Full Solidarity with Greece and Cyprus, and underlined the Importance of Michel and Borrel's initiatives, in order to take the Right Decisions at the forthcoming EU Summit of 24-25/9/2020, so that this Support would be not Only Theoretical;, But Also In Actu.

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+++++++ New Maltese Prime Minister, Robert Abela, referring to Turkey's illegal acts, expressed Solidarity to Cyprus and Greece, adding that "We closely Follow the Developments in Eastern Mediterranean, and Realize how Delicate is the Situation at this moment". ..."The Territorial Integrity and the Sovereign Rights of Each Country, Must be Preserved, according to International Law", he stressed. Particularly because "Peace, Security and Stability in Eastern Mediterranean is in the Interest of Us All, of All European Partners, and of the Overall Mediterranean Region". For that purpose, "Dialogue Must Prevail".

 

(../..)

 

("Draft-News")

 

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Facing a 70% Abstention threat in 2009 Election, EU endorses EuroFora's idea for Citizens' debates on crucial EU decisions !

- Different views on "Europe's Future", should be debated among Citizens at June 2009 EU Elections, thanks to political Parties' "Manifestos", says EU Parliament's Report


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
A main idea, initiated and promoted by EuroFora's founders since 1997: the vital need to develop European Citizens' democratic right to actively participate in multilingual debates on EU decisions, is formally endorsed by the EU from 2009 !

The move is a key attempt to overcome "catastrophic" Polls which warn that only ...30% of Citizens are ready to vote in the forthcoming June 2009 EU Election !  This was revealed by EU Commission's vice-president, in charge of Communication policy, Margot Wallstrom, during a "hot" meeting of EU Parliament's Committee on Culture and Education, during the December 2008 Strasbourg session.

Wallstrom faced criticism, but also suggestions from various MEPs, naturally worried by Abstention threats which herself found even "worse" than in 1999 or 2004...

A Report on "Active Dialogue with Citizens",examined at the same time, presented some useful practical tips, on "facilitating Interviews"; etc., but also a  potentialy important call to "incorporate the conclusions of ...debates...into (EU) policies, and take into consideration the expectations that Citizens have of the EU when deciding". An amendment even implies that Citizens' participation in debates on EU decisions is a democratic "Right".

More importantly, it finds that  a Debate "on the Future of Europe", (as French President Nicolas Sarkozy has asked since 2007), would be a good idea " for the 2009 European parliamentary Elections", because "clarifying the political differences between the EU political parties would help citizens to identify themselves with, and choose between various concepts", for which "all parties (should) present their Manifesto".

A "Joint political declaration on Communicating Europe in Partnership", co-signed by "the European Parliament, Council and ... Commission", confirms that they "attach the utmost importance to improving communication on EU issues", by "enabling European citizens to exercise their right to participate in the democratic life of the Union, in which decisions are taken as openly as possible and as closely as possible to the citizens, observing the principles of pluralism, participation, openness and transparency".

This should "enable Citizens to exercise their right to express their views and to participate actively in the public Debate on European Union issues", while also "promoting the respect of multilingualism". In this regard, EU confirms its "wish to develop synergies with national, regional and local authorities as well as with representatives of Civil Society".

    It's since 1997 that a group of EuroFora's founders have officially presented a pioneer Project (then called "EIW", for "Europe in the World"), which aimed to develop Strasbourg's "Polyphonic music", by providing "Interactive information", on "main issues ... during the Decision-making process of European Organizations which engage in Transparent and Public Democratic Debates"

    This should be done, inter alia, by "exploring the potential of New Communication Tools (mainly Internet)", as well as classic-form debates, the 1997 EIW pioneer project's anounced in its "Synopsis". It was formally "accepted for evaluation" by EU Commission in Brussels in order to be examined for a grant in the framework of the "Research/Technology/Development (RTD) Programme in the field of Information Technologies", then called "ESPRIT", as a "Best Practice Pilot Project".

eiw_project_eu_program_esprit_ds_1997.._400

        But the vital, urgent Political need for EU to search new, efficient ways to reach the People and interact with European Citizens, was really felt in Brussels and elsewhere only after the unprecedented in History 1999 and 2004 Majority Abstention in EU Elections, followed by 3 "NO" in Referenda in France, the Netherlands and Ireland, on 2005 and 2008...
    In this New Political Landscape, we prepared a new, actualised and more developed version of our initial idea, in a simplified and more efficient form, thanks also to a large Experience accumulated during many years of EU/CoE/UNO Press work and Multi-lingual debates, with the New project "EuroFora" :

    On 2006 we presented in Public its main lines during Questions/Replies that we raised at two Press Conferences by EU Commission President, Jose Baroso, and mainly EU Commission's vice-President, in charge of Communication policy, Margot Wallstrom, together with EU Parliament's vice-president, Alejo Vidal-Quadras, in Strasbourg, (Videos available), and we reminded it at various brief contacts with Commissioner Wallstrom in 2007 and 2008.

    Meanwhile, a new Text was also presented for "EuroFora" Project mainly to certain Political and other personalities, at European, National or Regional/Local level, mainly in 2007, but also in 2008..

    Now, after the unexpected 2008 Irish "NO", and before the 2009 EU Elections, which are due to be of exceptionally crucial importance for Europe's Future, the moment has obviously come to launch that project, progressively, but in real practice.

    Whoever really cares for Europe and its Citizens is welcome to join, in one way or another. Only anti-European, anti-democratic, obscure or ignorant groups might oppose or attempt to "steal" and deviate the main idea.

    But European Citizens, incited by enlightened political leaders, are those who will finally write the real History.

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2009 EU Elections were won by Parties against Technocracy and Turkey's controversial EU bid, while the 1999-2004 Majority Abstention trend decelerated. What should be done in 2009-2014 ?

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