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Home arrow newsitems arrow Macron in EU Parliament Focuses on Citizens' Debates before 2019

Macron in EU Parliament Focuses on Citizens' Debates before 2019

Written by ACM
Tuesday, 17 April 2018
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*Strasbourg/Angelo Marcopolo/- Half of French President Emmanuel Macron's EU Parliament's Speech, and Most of his Total Speaking Time here, this Morning, here, were surprizingly Focused, from the outset, to the Need to Strengthen European Democracy, particularly by vivid Public Debates before important Decisions, involving MEPs but also affected EU Citizens, near to "Eurofora"s Project...


The Other Half was dedicated to another Topical Need : That of Strengthening Europe's Sovereignity, from manifold points of view : Migration, Taxes on Global Web Players, Strengthen €uroArea, Naturally Security and Defence, but also Trade, Climat, Energy, Food, Digital Technologies, and Social Rights.


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Macron explicitly prefered to "Exchange Views" with MEPs, since "Programs and Proposals" for Europe's foreseable Future "have already been made earlier", mainly at his landmark "Sorbonne speech" in Paris, as he reminded.

 

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And because, "Today, it seems Necessary to give Time for Exchanges", the new French President stressed, pointing also to the Exceptional Fact that, Later-on this Day, he is going to Launch the 1st Citizens' Consultation, among a 6 Months-long Series, between April and November 2018, Starting by nearby Epinal City, at the Heights of Vosges' Mountains (See : ....).


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=> "At this Moment", "our Discussions canNot be just Ordinary", he Warned, Because "it's a Special Context", where "Divisions provoke Doubts aboiut Europe", and certain "Great Challenges (as on Migration, Digital Technologies, Climate, etc) provoke Fears to some People", while we are also Shortly before the 2019 EU Elections, with Political Struggles on Ideas which Forge us", as he pointed out. Therefore, "our Responsibility is even Greater", Macron Warned.


>>> "In such exceptional Circumstances, "Democracy can be our Best Chances". Therefore, "We must Create that European Public Space, where we can ReVive Debates", he urged.


 - Because, in Fact, "it's Not the People who Abandoned the European Idea, But the Betrayal of Bureaucrats/Technocrats ("la Trahison des Clercs"), which Threatens that", Macron pointed out in substance.


=> Therefore, "The Anger of the People of Europe, nowadays, Must be Heard !", he stressed, as a matter of principle.


==> So that, "in order to ReVitalize a popular Europe, we have to Act Otherwise : Return Back to the Source of Democracy, and Look Staight on the Face of the Facts :"


- F.ex., "How could we be Satisfied of such EU Elections where Less than 1 Citizen out of 2 accepts to Go Vote ?", he Denounced, as far as the Post-1999 growing Electoral Abstention is concerned.


- "Today, we canNot just do as we used to do Yesterday", (i.e. Refuse to Speak, ...Share the Top Jobs, and Blame Brussels and Strasbourg for everything". Instead, "we have to Build .... the reality of a Structured Debate on (Political) Beliefs and Proposals", Macron incited.


=> "It's for this Purpose, in order to Try and Innovate, that I proposed the (EU) Citizens' Consultations, already from this year (2018)", he explained.


- So, "I will Launch in France, from this very Afternoon, a Frank Debate, Open, Hard, but Necessary, in order to Know what Unites or Separates us, in order to Drop that over-Simplified Alternative between "Yes" and "No", (as in a Hasty Referendum), on an Issue that has Not yet been seriously Examined (Studied)"...


- On the Contrary, "we shall have a Critical Democratic Debate on that Europe which is ours", Macron incited.


+ "And iIUrge You, Each one of you, Both in your Countries and Everywhere in Europe, to Boost, Participate in such Substantial Debates, which are the Condition of our Democratic Vitality !"


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>>> However, "I'll Never make a Structural Change, withOut giving to the People a Fair Chance to Decide", the French Presiden also promised in fine, at the Conclusion of the subsequent Debate with MEPs.

 

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ECHR's President to "EuroFora" on Journalists Gongadze and Adali murders : Principles must apply to all States, without discrimination.


+ ECHR's Statistics on Freedom of Expression (See below).


 European Court of Human Rights' President, Jean-Paul Costa, questioned by "EuroFora" on Journalists' murders, as in Gongadze and Adali's cases etc., strongly stressed all CoE Member States' obligation to make efficient Investigations to find and punish those responsible, and underlined that ECHR's case-law's principles must apply to all without any discrimination.

His call was clearly supported by various Top MEPs who denounced a risk of "Double Standards" if some Journalists' murders are investigated, while others don't.

To avoid such risks, CoE's Parliamentary Assembly adopted a Resolution, on the occasion of Ukranian Journalist Gongadze's murder, "stressing", as a matter of general Principle, "the importance it attaches to the safety of Journalists and political activists, especially those linked to opposition groups, in ALL member states of the CoE". All "crimes against journalists and political activists must be investigated ... as a matter of priority, without political interference".

Costa was replying to "EuroFora"s question on the fact that, after CoE's Committee of Ministers, also CoE's Assembly had just adopted a Resolution on Gongadze murder case, based on an ECHR's judgement of 2005, asking a full Investigation from Ukraine, who has found and condemned  in 10 years of jail 2 executants, but not yet the instigators.

While nothing similar was yet done for dissident Turkish Cypriot Kutlu Adali's murder, with 5 bullets shot at his head out of his Family's home in the territories of Cyprus occupied by Ankara's army, despite another ECHR's judgement of the same year 2005, and despite Turkey's claim that nobody was found among those responsible for the murder, and that there was nothing more to do..

In order to be credible and efficient, CoE's mechanisms shouldn't find a way to at least ask for full investigations of all Journalists' murders anywhere they might be committed, without exceptions ?

adali_gongadze


- "On the larger question that you raised, I'd like to say, since we are in a period of stock-taking on ECHR's 50 Years, that the Court's case-law developed certain concepts ....such as the Positive obligations of States, part of which are also the procedural obligations", started to reply ECHR's President.

 - "Whenever Journalists, Lawyers, Defenders of Human Rights, or even simple Citizens are murdered, the States are held responsible, not only if its their own security forces' agents who committed these murders, but also if they didn't make sufficiently substantial and efficient Investigations", he stressed.

- "I want to strongly underline that we (ECHR) have found in many cases numerous violations of Articles 2 and 3 against States, ....(about) murders or torture, ...because they didn't make enough Investigations in order to try to find and punish those responsible".

- "We (ECHR) do that vis-a-vis all 47 (CoE) Member States, without any discrimination".

"Naturally, the circumstances in each particular case may be differend, and we can't ommit to apply the rules of proof, or the rules of criminal procedure".

"But we try, by all means, to apply these principles of our case-law, to all States", he concluded.

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      Costa's call was strongly supported by several Top CoE MEPs, from various Political areas


- "To investigate the murder of one Journalist, and not of another, looks like Double Standards", denounced the President of EuroLeft Group in CoE's Assembly, Dutch MEP Tiny Cox.  

- "What is the reason ? Politics or specificity of a case ? Of course, if Cyprus and Turkey are involved, it's always a Political case"..

- "Murders of Journalists should always be fully investigated, because killing Journalists is not only killing persons, but also killing Free Press".  "We (CoE's Assembly) should do our outmost to help People who are working on Free Press and they are under threat or murdered".

Because for Free Politics, Free Press is a pre-requisitive : Parliamentarians  cannot  function without a Free Press. Not investigating, is not protecting ourselves".

So we should investigate all Journalists' murders : We are talking about Gongadze, about the Cypriot man (Adali), about the Journalist murdered in Moscow one week ago, etc", Cox concluded

- "CoE can' look at these cases differently. CoE can't wear Blinckers  !".
- "If the one is investigated, so has to be also the other. Why there wasn't full investigation ? Why's that ?", wondered British  Socialist MEP, Alan Meale.

- "A good idea" would be to "make a Motion for Resolution", and "join all Journalists' murders. Adali and Gongadze etc", said to "EuroFora" EU Parliament Political affairs Committee's President, Goran Lindbland, ChristianDemocrat MEP from Sweden.


(See also earlier News at "EuroFora" on similar issues).
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ECHR's Statistics on Freedom of Expression :


    Almost Half of condemnations by ECHR for violations of Freedom of Expression in 2008, concern Turkey : 20 out of a total of 48 for all CoE's Member States.

    Russia, Poland, France and Moldova were condemned only 3 times. Romania, Greece, Portugal, 2 times, and the other CoE Member States only 1 time, or none.
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    During the last Decade : 1998 - 2008, Turkey was condemned for violating Freedom of Expression in ..169 cases, while Austria only in 24.

    France and Moldova in 14 and 13, respectively, closely followed by Russia and Poland with 11 and 10, respectively. The rest of CoE Member States had less than ten condemnations.    
    

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