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Home arrow newsitems arrow Italian People vote new Right's Unity 1st, +grow Grillo's "5 Stars". Left Falls Down. = Quid Now ?

Italian People vote new Right's Unity 1st, +grow Grillo's "5 Stars". Left Falls Down. = Quid Now ?

Pisac ACM
04. 03. 2018.
new_italian_parliament_3.2018_wikipedia__eurofora_400
 

*Strasbourg/Angelo Marcopolo/(partly UpDated)/- The Italian Voters gave a crystal-clear 1st Place to a New Unity of the Right, (where Salvini's ""Lega" Rightists get an UnExpected Boost, closely followed by a Solid Berlusconi's "Forza Italia"-ChristianDemocrats/EPP, with smaller but steady Party "Brothers of Italy"), and they also Strengthened Beppe Grillo's "5 Stars" atypical Movement, while, on the Contrary, all the Left (most of which was in the Government until now) Fell tragically Down, in these long-awaited National Parliamentary Elections of March 2018.

 

In particular, the New Unity of the Right gets 265 MPs (125 for Salvini's "Lega", 104 for Berlusconi's "Forza Italia", 32 for "Brothers of Italy", and 4 for "We, With Italy"), while Beppe Grillo's "5 Stars" Movement gets 227 MPs.


On the Contrary, Left's Coalition gets Only 122 MPs, while New Leftist Party "Free+Equal" gets 14 MPs.

italian_election_change_from_2013_to_2018_corriere__eurofora_400


>>> People's Will for Change became Obvious Today, since Italian Voters gave a very Large Absolute Majority to various mainly "Anti-Establishment" and/or "Critical" Parties (Unity of the Right and "5 Stars") on 2018, while they Reduced the Out-Going Center-Left into a Small Portion, marking a Spectacular "U-Turn" to the Contrary of what had been voted in the Past, Back on 2013, (Compare respective Results' Graphics).

 

Indeed, Compared to the Past, the Right Wins +140 More MPs, and "5 Stars" Win +119 More MPs than Before, while the Left's Coalition Lost -233 MPs Less than what it had in the Past ! 


=> But, since Noone gets Alone a net Majority of MPs, among those 2 Winners of the 2018 Elections in Italy's Parliament and Senate, (See Infra), the Real Question obviously is How to make those 2 apparently Different "Anti-Establishment" Political Blocks, a New Unity of the Right, headed by Salvini's "Lega", and Beppe Grillo's "5 Stars" Movement (now Headed by the Young Di Maio), eventually broker an Innovative kind of Coalition, in order to Govern Together, for the 1st Time.


If they Succeed,  they are due to have a very Large Super-Majority of about 492 MPs, (out of a Total of 630).


Otherwise, anOther Election risks to become unavoidable, sooner or later. WithOut Guarantee, however, that it might really find a workable Solution to this UnPrecedented but Intriguing Political "Puzzle"...


--------------------


The Right would Need, in order to form an Absolute Majority New Government (i.e. 316 MPs), about 50 more MPs, while the "5 Stars" woule need almost the Double.


"Liga"'s Head Salvini had reportedly met the New US President Don Trump already as Early as since April 2016, (i.e. even Before he Won the Conservative Party's primary votes in order to become the Official GOP's Candidate, as he did, Later, on July 2016). And White House's former "Chief Strategist", Steven Bannon, was, reportedly, Now in Italy during this March 2018 Election).


Salvini, a MEP in EU Parliament in Strasbourg, initialy was Member of the "Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy" Group (EFDD), where the "5 Stars" Movement still is an Important partner.


Later he became "Independent", and Recently joined the New, "Europe of Freedom and Nations" (EFN) Group, Together with France's Marine Le Pen and Netherland's Geert Wilders, as well as Austria's Heinz-Christian Strache, who Recently became vice-Prime Minister in the New Government headed by ChristianDemocrat/EPP Sebastien Kurz.


In addition to his Electoral Alliance now with former Long-Time Prime Minister Silvio Berluconi's "Forza Italia", (a ChristianDemocrat/EPP), Salvini has also, reportedly, said that the Mainstream ChristianDemocrat/EPP movement can be a Good Partner, also because of the existence of some Heads of State/Government like Hungary's Victor Orban.


Silvio Berlusconi, (who had been Excluded from Participating as a Candidate in these Election by a Controversial Measure of the Out-Going Center-Left, currently Attacked by 2 Legal Complaints at the ECHR in Strasbourg : See ...), revendicated a Role of "Guide" and "Guarantor of the Cohesion" of the Center-Right Coalition, (where a notable part is anOther Rightist Party of "the Italian Brothers", headed by Giorgia Meloni, who Confirmed her Endorsement of Salvini).


Berlusconi, a Frequent Participant to ChristianDemocrat/EPP Head of State/Government Summits in Brussels, would be a Useful Ally for a Wider Acceptance of a probable New Italian Government of the Center-Right with Salvini, on the 22nd of March, i.e. at the Eve of the "Deadline" of 24-25 March for Choices due to be officially made in Rome.


------------------------------


The Frontrunner of the Center-Right Coalition, Matteo Salvini, reportedly declared to be open for a Governemental Cooperation "based on a Program", while the Founder and Historic Leader of the "5 Stars" Movement, Beppe Grillo, (currently "Guarantor" of the Party, Headed by the Young Luigi di Maio), reportedly stressed the Need to Focus, Now, on the main "Issues", and a "List of 10 Policy Points" for a New Government.
Di Maio reportedly said to be Open for Any interesting Government Coalition Deals, while Beppe Grillo evoked a "Mix" of Policies, partly of the Center, partly of the Right and/or of ChristianDemocrats, partly of the Left, as a kind of possible Formula in order to "Adapt" to the current Political Context.


-----------------


According to some Polls, the Number 1 Preference of Italians is, naturally, a "5-Stars" - "Center-RIGHT" Government, (i.e. among the 2 Winners), Followed, as a 2nd Choice, by a Shift of "5 Stars" towards the ailing "Center-LEFT", while a 3rd Possibility, that of all or part of the Right adding the Left for a kind of Italy-made "GroKo", arrives 3rd, and even Lower...


But it's, reportedly, also a Majority of 51% who Feel probable that New Elections might become inevitable, sooner of later.


-------------------------------------------------------


However, Despite obvious Differences on Approaching Politics, the "Lega" and the "5 Stars" have several Important Points in Common :


- They Both share a Strong Criticism of the Establishment, (Politicians and Medias alike). Something which has contributed to make them Popular, since it meets most Citizens' current Feelings.


- In addition, they both underline their Willingness to "Be Among the People", as Salvini stressed Today, and/or to "Put the People in front of Real Choices", as Beppe Grillo recalled in a Written Statement, just After the Vote, in his Famous Website.


- For these Reasons, they were Both led to make a  very Large Use of various New Medias at the Internet, (that Salvini reportedly "Thanked" Today, while Beppe Grillo's "5 Stars" Movement has notoriously Valorized also as a Decision-Making process' Tool of great Importance for Citizens' Participation).


- Both "Lega" and "5 Stars" have been Members of the Same Political Group in EU Parliament in Strasbourg, (that of the Atypical "Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy : EFDD", Headed by British MEP Nigel Farage). Salvini, as MEP, was Initially there himself, (before leaving for the new EFN Group : Comp. Supra), while Grillo negotiated the Entry of "5 Stars" as a Major Partner.


- None among their Atypical Leaders canNot be really taxed as a Hardliner of the "Far Right", Nor as being at the"Left": F.ex., Salvini, nowadays Head of the Rightist Party "Lega", had been, initially, Member of a "Communist Party of Padania" (Italy's Northern Area), while Di Majo of the "5 Stars" is son of a Father reportedly former Member of a "Neo-Fascist" Party in the Past. As for Beppe Grillo, he had been reportedly Harassed and almost Destroyed in his Professional Career by the Hateful Hostility of an important former Long-Time Foreign Minister from the "Socialist" Party in the Past, (main Cause of his Original Political Revolt, which finally proved Successfull), so that he normally could Not Forget all that Today...


+ This seems Related also to the Fact that Many among the Fans of Both these 2 Political Parties seem to be mainly Poor People, or Middle-Class People Threatened by Impoverishment, who Search a Political Refuge in various Atypical, Anti-Establishment Political Parties, after they have been practically Abandoned by the Establishment. This becomes Evident also at the MAP of Today's Electoral Results in Italy, which reveals that, f.ex., All the Southern Areas of the Country have Now been Won mainly by the "5 Stars" Movement, added also to the Center-Right for some among them, while, on the Contrary, Noone was Left, there, to the "Socialists" of the Center Left... Instead, the Only Areas where the Left won in these Elections were a Few Spots located manly at the Center or the North of the Country, Traditionally more Rich, (See relevant MAP).

 

2018_italian_election_results_in_map_wikipedia__eurofora_400
 
______________

 


- On the Substance of main Topical Issues, Most Observers, (including even UK's Mainstream "BBC" NewsMedia, but also the President of EU Parliament's "Freedom and Direct Democracy" Group, British MEP Nigel Farage : Comp. Supra, etc), have noted the Fact that Recent Mass Irregular Migration has become an Important Problem also for most Italian People, (particularly Since the 2015/2016 UnPrecedented "Tsunami" of More than 1,5 MIllions Mass Asylum Seekers/Irregular Migrants, mainly through Turkey, but also via Libya etc., partly Provoked by Deadly Islamist Terrorist cowards Targetting Civilian People, as mainly ISIS in Syria/Iraq, linked to Boko Haram in SubSaharian Africa, and various "Al-Queda"-like Armed Gangs).


+ The Latest Revelations about the Horrible Torture, Killing and other InHuman, Bestial Atrocities (such as f.ex. Taking the Skin out of the Body, and Afterwards Cutting it down to Pieces, etc) inflicted to a Young Italian Girl, Pamela Mastropietro, by 2 Nigerian Immigrants, which Shocked the National and European Press, certainly made Popular Anger and Frustration grow even more.


++ But, in Addition to the Right's (and particularly of Savini's "Lega" Rightists) notorious Reluctance to Admit even More Mass Irregular Migration Waves in Italy, (which have already provoked notorious Problems also to Neighbouring EU Member Countries Austria and France, etc, certain times even pushed to Threaten to more or less "Close" at least some Key parts of their Borders to Italy in reaction, etc), it's also  "5 Stars" Movement's new Head, Di Maio's notorious Criticism since 2017 of what he Denounced as ... "SEA-TAXI Service" (sic !), practically Bringing Migrants to Europe, instead of Protecting EU's External Borders, Calling for "an Immediate Stop" especially of some NGO's operating several Controversial "Rescue Ships" off Libya, which gave a Similar Tone Nowadays.


Something which obviously Reminds (mutatis-mutandis) the ..."Jet"-Propulsion, Luxury Sea Cruise Big Boats initialy Hired in order to Transport Mass Asylum Seekers/Irregular Migrants, Suddenly arriving from Turkey since mid-August 2015, through the Greek Islands of the Aegean Sea, before they board, at Pireus SeaPort, special Brand New Buses Ready to Bring them immediately, free of cost, to the Railway Station, from which they Travelled by Train up to the Northern Greek Borders in front of FUROM, where Free "Wifi", Food, Shelter, Health Care, Maps, Information, UN + NGO Staff, etc., awaited them, so that, when they Managed to get into FYROM, they again Boarded Trains bringing them, Through Serbia and Croatia (by a kind of "Guided Tours"), etc., up to Hungary and Austria, in order to Reach mainly Germany (or Sweden), etc. (See, among others, also, f.ex.: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/euparliamentandjetsetirregularmasdmigrationfromtyrkey.html + ..., etc).


So that, when a Polish Officer from EU's "FrontEx", at First (on Summer 2015), Dared use his Gun to Face an Armed Turkish Smuggler, in order to Defend EU's External Borders from Systematicaly Organized Illegal Mass Intrusions, he was reportedly ...fiercely Criticized and Pushed Aside (instead of being Thanked) ! Thus, when, Recently, during December 2017 Christmas and/or at New Year's Eve, anOther CoastGuards' Boat found again almost a Hundrent of more Mass Asylum Seekers/Irregular Migrants still Arriving from Turkey, by TressPassing EU's External Borders, into EU Member Greece, they Simply Transported them to the Nearest Greek (i.e. EU) Island, where they, naturally, joined the Collective Festivities for the New Year... I.e. a Phenomenon obviously Similar, if not Identical, with that which was Denounced, by "5 Stars" current Chief Di Mayo, as a kind of  ... "Sea Taxi", that must "Stop" (Comp. Supra).


Moreover, the Historic Founder (and Nowadays "Guarantor") of the "5 Stars" Movement, Beppe Grillo, has also, reportedly, asked  to "Review" EU's Open Borders Policy under the Shengen agreements, after the 2016 Deadly Islamist Terrorist Attack by an ISIS' coward Lorry Driver against Civilian People at Berlin's Christmas Market.


------------------------


- AnOther Topical, and, in Fact, quite Important (even if Traditionaly considered Secondary) Issue, is that of Bio-Ethics, where at least some Convegences, on certain Key-Points, between the Right and "5 Stars", canNot be Excluded :


- F.ex., concerning the recently "Hot" Issue (f.ex. in France, etc) of Children submitted to Homosexuals' Power under Pretext of "Adoption", in Addition to the Right's usual Social Conservatism on Family and Childrens' Law and Values, even the "5 Stars" Movement's MPs were let Free to Vote in Parliament individually, according to Each one's Personal Views and Feelings on 2016, when the "M5S" decided Not to Back officially a controversialf Proposal to Recognize the StepChild "Adoptions" by Same Sex Civil Partnerships, (etc).


--------------


On Foreign Policy (in Fact Related here, directly or indirectly, at least Partly with Economy, Culture, and even BioEthics, etc), Both the Right and "5 Stars" are quite Favorable to Stopping Controversial "Sanctions" against Russia, and for Developping Good Relations with Moscow :


This has been reported, indeed, not only for Berlusconi, but also for Salvini, and even "5 Stars" Movement's Top Politician Di Stefano, as well as Beppe Grillo himself, (etc).


Therefore, at a Moment when Both the EU and the USA seem to Wonder whether they should Revise their Post-2014 stance vis a vis Cooperation with Russia, (and while even 2019 Ukranian Election approaches, Parallel to forthcoming Moves to Bring Peace in Syria, etc, as well as to Boost Economy), this particular Point might, eventually, play a Bigger Role than usually expected, Both in the Italian and in all EU's Politics in the foreseeable Future.

 

-----

 

+Moreover, concerning also the New USA President Don Trump, both the New Unity of the Right and the "5 Stars" Movement's Leaders have reportedly expressed an Interest and often even a Sympathy, at least with some among his main Political characteristics.

 

It's not by pure chance that Trump's former Campaign Manager and f. White House Strategist, Steve Bannon, was personally visiting Italy during this latest Electoral period.

 

 Even more Important : Certain Key Original Aspects of Don Trump's atypical policies, - particularly Visible at his Landmark "Nomination" Speeche at Ohio, Summer 2016 (See : ...), and his 1st "State of the Union" Speech in US Congress, at the Beginning of 2018 (See: ..., etc) -  may also Help Find several concrete Converging Points, in Fact Shared Both by the New Unity of the Right and the "5 Stars" Movement in Italy : F.ex., the Criticism of Establishment's Traditional Medias and the Preference for New Internet Tools closer to the People ; Mass Migration Issues ; a Stronger Fight against Deadly Islamist Terrorism, particularly of ISIS' cowards Targetting Civilian People, (be it versus Boko Haram in Africa, from Nigeria up to Libya, or v ISIL itself in Syria, etc); Will for Better Relations with Russia ; preference for Peace instead of involvement at long Wars abroad ; claims to Help also Impoverished People, Reduce unecessary Public Spending for Bureaucracy etc. and Boost real Economy ; (etc).

 

----------------

 

++ In Addition, Salvini was, Recently, more Critical than others (asking for Stronger Counter-Measures) against Turkey's latest GunBoats' Bullying of an Italian Oil/Gas Search Ship at EU Member Cyprus' Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ : See ..., etc), while Beppe Grillo's "5 Stars" MEPs, inside EU Parliament, have also been Often very Vocal Critics of Turkish Authorities' massive Oppression against various Dissidents, as well as versus Ankara's Controversial and UnPopular EU bid.                                                                                                                                                                                      


------------------------------------------


As far as EU's proper Aspects are concerned, roughly speaking, Both the new Unity of the Right and "5 Stars" had notoriously Criticized several Key EU Policies in the Past, (and still do, at least Partly).


But, more Recently, (and even More around these 2018 Election), in one way or another, Both have started to Indicate that, (at least on main Structural EU Issues) they would Try to Find some kind of Compromises and/or would Accomodate themselves with Vital EU Core matters.


At the Right, Berlusconi's Long-Time Experience as former Prime Minister and Links with mainstream ChristianDemocrat/EPP, adds to Salvini's recent Reference to Victor Ortban, Prime Minister of Hungary and ChristianDemocrat/EPP Member himself, (while his participation to Marine Le Pen's new Group in EU Parliament does not exclude that he may follow a Similar Path to that of Austrian Rightist Heinz-Christian Strache, also Member of that Same Group, who Recently Joined the Young Chancelor Sebastian Kurz, a mainstream ChristianDemocrat/EPP, on a "Pro-European" Government Coalition Program, just before Austria Chairs the EU from July 2018, i.e. after Bulgaria, current EU Rotating President, whose Prime Minister Boyko Borisov, has already made a Coalition with his country's Rightists "Patriots", without any problem for the EU).


As for the "5 Stars" Movement, Beppe Grillo's decision to Enter and Remain in Euro-Sceptic and pro-BREXIT Brittish MEP Nigel Farage's Political Group in EU Parliament, of "Freedom and Direct Democracy", should Not push to False and/or Exagerated Impressions :


- Indeed, Grillo has reportedly made also, Recently, a Last-Minute aborted Attempt to Join the ...Liberal Group in EU Parliament, Headed by former Prime Minister of Belgium, Guy Verhofstadt, i.e. one among the notoriously Most Pro-EU Groups !


And his Latest Press Statements, (Symbolic but Locacious), about a Vital Need to Adapt to New Contexts, eventually by Taking a Part of traditional "Right" Policies, and a Part of traduitional "Left" Policies, to Add with something New (etc), obviously indicate a Will to Try to Forge and put into Practice some kind of Original Political Compromises accross all Issues, EU included...


-------------------------


Last, but Not Least, just by Looking at Nowaday's Electoral Results' Map of Italy, as well as on main Issues at stake, Keen Observers can Feel that, most probably, it all boils down to the Fact that a Wide Majority of Italian People, recently Affected by some Controversial Policies of the Establishment, have Desperately Tried to Bring some Change, simply by Voting any important Anti-Establishment Party, be it of the new Unity of the Right, or of the "5 Stars" Movement, so that, in Reality, their Main Aspirations would, logically, Head Towards Similar, if not identical, Political Targets.

 

It's up to Democracy to succeed to Translate that in Real, effective Political Action.

 

(../..)


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People in Europe and the World expect from CoE to make a succes of its "Monitoring" for Human Rights and Democracy, despite difficulties, said Finland's President Tarja Halonen to "EuroFora" at a crucial moment for the mecanism built 15 years ago by the paneuropean organization which celebrates its 60th Anniversary in 2009.

Halonen, known as "Mother" of CoE's "Monitoring" mecanism, a long-time MEP and former Foreign Minister before becoming Finland's President, holds a long experience in the mattter, after also serving twice as CoE and EU Chairwoman in the past. That's why she is well placed to judge how CoE's "monitoring" should deal today with some crucial issues of importance both to CoE and to the EU.

The move came just a Month before a crucial, last visit to Turkey, scheduled for June, by the President of CoE''s "Monitoring" Committee, Ukranian MEP Serge Holovaty, to finalize his Report on Ankara, the CoE Member State with the longest Monitoring procedure. From its results depends its overall credibility.

This is a Test-case, because, in fact, it's in order to avoid Sanctions threatened against Turkey by a CoE's Assembly's April 1995 Resolution for grave Human Rights violations, Democracy gaps, the continuing Military Occupation in Cyprus, the unresolved Kurdish problem, Aegean differend with Greece, etc., that MEPs decided to create, for the 1st time on April 1996, a "Monitoring" proces, allegedly destinated to check, without excluding Countries who did not fulfill all CoE's standards.

In the Past, the obliged withdrawal of Greece's Military regime and of its "Civil" cover-up out of the CoE had helped bring back Democracy in 1974. But, on the contrary, since April 1996, the idea was to "monitor" Human Rights' respect while keeping most concerned Countries inside the CoE. After Turkey's oldest example, this was extended also to several former "Eastern" European Countries, even if CoE's Assembly has imposed to some of them (fex. Ukraine, Russia, etc., after Belarus, Serbia, etc) various "Sanctions", that Ankara always avoided. Curiously more succesful even than .. USA itself, (a CoE "Observer" since 1995), which has been at least threatened with sanctions some years ago..

EU-effects of CoE's Monitoring process became obvious between 2001-2008, since the "closure" of this procedure, when CoE felt that a Country had met most of its Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law obligations, (i.e. the "Copenhagen Criteria" for the EU), helped trigger Negotiations with the EU for "Accession" or other closer relations : This occured already before the 2004 and 2007 EU Enlargements to former "Eastern" European Countries, as well as for the commencement of "accession" negotiations with Croatia, and of "open-ended" negotiations with Turkey in 2005.

    But a stricking new development are Holovaty's recent findings that on core Human Rights issues as Torture and Freedom of Expression, Turkey, even "5 Years after" CoE closed its "Monitoring", back in 2004, inciting EU to start accession Negotiations in 2005, still presents grave problems.

    His findings are of crucial importance after a 2008 CoE Resolution called, "if need be", to "seriously consider the possibility of Re-Opening the Monitoring procedure for Turkey" : A move which might affect Ankara's controversial EU bid, since EU Accession Negotiations are based on the Hypothesis that the Candidate fullfils the "Copenhagen Criteria" (See above)..
-------------------------
    Holovaty expressed his will to check  "Matters still Outstanding" and  those that he "didn't have an opportunity to discuss" at an earlier visit this year, "in order to discuss the more complex issues in greater depth", at his forthcoming New Visit to Ankara, before the December 2009 EU Summit.  This is all based on the 2004 CoE Resolution which stresses that, CoE "will continue.. post-monitoring Dialogue with the Turkish authorities,...in addition to a 12-points list,..and on any Other Matter that might arise in connection with Turkey’s Obligations as a CoE member state".

    CoE's Resolution also asks  from Turkey "to secure the proper Implementation of Judgements, particularly in the Cyprus v. Turkey InterState case", of 2001, which concerns also the plight of many Hundreds of MISSING People. It adds Turkey's obligations to "execute" ECHR's Judgements in the Loizidou case,..and in particular adopt General Measures to avoid repetition or continuation of Violations found by the Court" to the detriment of Refugees.

    Nevertheless, Holovaty said to "EuroFora" that "MISSING" persons,"might be included" and cannot be excluded, but he has yet to examine the situation "to find out  which issues will be raised" to the Turkish Government.

    Therefore, "EuroFora" asked Halonen, as the Historic "Mother" of CoE's Monitoring mecanism, if she thought that, "whenever there are grave Human Rights Violations, as fex. "MISSING" persons, attested even by ECHR's judgements, they should be always checked by a Monitoring process. Or could they be forgotten ?"
    
     - "We (CoE) must be, at the same time, Fair, Realistic, but not in the mind that "now we have Forgotten", etc., replied to "EuroFora"'s question Halonen, speaking as a matter of general principle.

    - "When we think of those People that are suffering from the lack of Democracy, of Human Rights, and of the Rule of Law", "we should find a base on how to deal with the (Monitoring) system more rapidly"', she stressed.

    - "Sometimes it's very difficult to combine Transparency and Effectivenes together, particularly in this specific case", she went on to say. But, "I have not found a (CoE Member) Country who could be insensitive in this sens", Halonen answered concerning grave Human Rights violations attested by the ECHR.

    - "I have no ready-made answer. I have the expectations that you, in the CoE, will, step by step, find the different types of the monitoring systems."

    Also "because this is a part of the UN's Post-Conflict system, (fex. when it comes to Cyprus' MISSING persons), and it's a more Global system". So that, "If we make a succes in Europe, the others will follow", throughout the World.  "But they expect that we (Europe) are this opportunity, this Opportunity to make a Succes", Halonen concluded.

    In addition, she advised to extend CoE's Monitoring to all its 47 Member States, "because, as long as we hear that, all these monitoring systems are "OK for the neighbor, but not for me", "it's very difficult" to understand. Something which could make easier to Compare...

    Finnish MEP Jaako Laakso, former CoE Rapporteur on the Occupied Territories of Cyprus and one of the 5 Signatories of the Historic CoE's call to create the "MONITORING" mecanism since 1996, was more specific :  - "We (CoE Assembly) have to find a way for the issue of Cyprus' MISSING People to be better followed", he stressed, anouncing his intention to "speak to Mr. Holovaty" about that. "There might be also other ways", added Laakso.

    - The 2008 "Year had been a very Bad one for Turkey with regard to Human Rights in general, and Freedom of Expression in particular", denounced, meanwhile, Holovaty's preliminary Post-Monitoringh Draft Report by Holovaty, published by the CoE on April 2009.

    "Amnesty International believes that freedom of expression is not guaranteed given the various articles of the Criminal Code that restrict it. .. "For example, 1,300 Websites are said to have been closed down by the (Turkish) authorities in 2008" ! While "the new Turkish Criminal Code was used to bring a total of 1,072 proceedings between June 2005 and April 2008, and led to the conviction of 192 people", for expressing views. "Representatives of the Özgür Gündem newspaper, which specialises in Kurdish affairs, ..complained about Numerous Attacks on their Freedom of Expression ...as was everyone who advocated a settlement to the question by means other than the intervention of the army" "According to their figures, 19 Newspapers had been suspended 43 times between 4 August 2006 and 4 November 2008" !...

    Moreover, on 2008,  CoE's "Ministers adopted its 4rth Resolution on the execution of the judgments of the ECHR, ...and outstanding issues regarding 175 Judgements and decisions relating to Turkey delivered between 1996 and 2008...  concerning Deaths resulting from the excessive use of force by members of the Security forces, the failure to protect the right to life, the DIisappearance and/or death of individuals, Ill-Treatment and the Destruction of property". CoE's " Ministers urged the Turkish authorities ...to ensure that members of Security forces of all ranks can be prosecuted without administrative
authorisation" for "serious crimes". Holovaty reminded.

"Nonetheless", Holovaty heard anew of "Several cases of Violence committed last year (2008) by the (Turkish) security forces". Amnesty International speaks of Many Cases of ill-treatment and Torture in the prisons and by the police". "Including, fex."'the death of Engin Ceber, a young man of 29 who died on October 2008 as a result of the TORTURE allegedly inflicted on him by police officers, prison staff and members of the gendarmerie. He was part of a group of people arrested on September 2008 during a demonstration and Press Conference in Istanbul'. Proceedings against suspects are "on-going" in this case.

- " I therefore noted an Obvious Contradiction between the Government’s stated “zero tolerance” policy.... of Torture and other forms of ill-treatment, and the different testimonies given", denounced CoE's Rapporteur.  Turkish "authorities must make considerable efforts to guarantee that proper investigations are carried out into allegations of abuses by members of the security forces and that perpetrators are effectively punished" "In this respect, I have requested detailed Statistics on the number of Investigations, acquittals and convictions in cases involving allegations of abuse in order to show the positive impact of the measures taken to date", Holovaty said, repeating a permanently unsatisfied CoE's demand to Turkey since a Decade...

    - "The Political Crisis that shook the country in the spring of 2008 highlighted the Weaknesses of the (Turkish) Constitution", which comes from the Military regime of 1982, "and the Urgent Need of Reforms", stressed from the outset CoE's Rapporteur in 2009. In particular, "the ...Democratic functioning of state institutions, including the independence of the judicial system, are crucial", he observes.

    But, "the Electoral  system and the ways in which it is circumvented do not appear to give those elected complete Legitimacy, and tend to pervert the course of direct universal suffrage", denounces Holovaty, observing that, even 5 Years later, Turkey did not yet change the 10% nationwide Threshold for a party to take any seat, which is "far higher" than the "3%" maximum in Europe and already condemned as contrary to European Standards by the CoE.

    + Moreover, EU Parliament's 2009 Report on Turkey, drafted by Dutch MEP Ria Oomen-Ruijten and adopted in Strasbourg on March, expresses "Concern over the Failure of the (Turkish) Judiciary to prosecute cases of Torture and Ill-treatment, the Number of which is Growing". EU also "is concerned about continuing Hostility and Violence against Minorities" in Turkey. It also "calls on the Turkish Government to launch, as a matter of Priority, a Political Initiatve favouring a lasting Settlement of the Kurdish issue, (while "condemning violence.. and terrorist groups"). EU "regrets that No progress has been made on establishing full, systematic Civilian suprevisory functions over the (Turkish) Military".

    The final results of Holovaty's 2nd and last visit to Turkley will be known later this year, and, at any case, before EU's December 2009 Summit.

Polls

2009 EU Elections were won by Parties against Technocracy and Turkey's controversial EU bid, while the 1999-2004 Majority Abstention trend decelerated. What should be done in 2009-2014 ?

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