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Home arrow newsitems arrow Italian People vote new Right's Unity 1st, +grow Grillo's "5 Stars". Left Falls Down. = Quid Now ?

Italian People vote new Right's Unity 1st, +grow Grillo's "5 Stars". Left Falls Down. = Quid Now ?

Pisac ACM
04. 03. 2018.
new_italian_parliament_3.2018_wikipedia__eurofora_400
 

*Strasbourg/Angelo Marcopolo/(partly UpDated)/- The Italian Voters gave a crystal-clear 1st Place to a New Unity of the Right, (where Salvini's ""Lega" Rightists get an UnExpected Boost, closely followed by a Solid Berlusconi's "Forza Italia"-ChristianDemocrats/EPP, with smaller but steady Party "Brothers of Italy"), and they also Strengthened Beppe Grillo's "5 Stars" atypical Movement, while, on the Contrary, all the Left (most of which was in the Government until now) Fell tragically Down, in these long-awaited National Parliamentary Elections of March 2018.

 

In particular, the New Unity of the Right gets 265 MPs (125 for Salvini's "Lega", 104 for Berlusconi's "Forza Italia", 32 for "Brothers of Italy", and 4 for "We, With Italy"), while Beppe Grillo's "5 Stars" Movement gets 227 MPs.


On the Contrary, Left's Coalition gets Only 122 MPs, while New Leftist Party "Free+Equal" gets 14 MPs.

italian_election_change_from_2013_to_2018_corriere__eurofora_400


>>> People's Will for Change became Obvious Today, since Italian Voters gave a very Large Absolute Majority to various mainly "Anti-Establishment" and/or "Critical" Parties (Unity of the Right and "5 Stars") on 2018, while they Reduced the Out-Going Center-Left into a Small Portion, marking a Spectacular "U-Turn" to the Contrary of what had been voted in the Past, Back on 2013, (Compare respective Results' Graphics).

 

Indeed, Compared to the Past, the Right Wins +140 More MPs, and "5 Stars" Win +119 More MPs than Before, while the Left's Coalition Lost -233 MPs Less than what it had in the Past ! 


=> But, since Noone gets Alone a net Majority of MPs, among those 2 Winners of the 2018 Elections in Italy's Parliament and Senate, (See Infra), the Real Question obviously is How to make those 2 apparently Different "Anti-Establishment" Political Blocks, a New Unity of the Right, headed by Salvini's "Lega", and Beppe Grillo's "5 Stars" Movement (now Headed by the Young Di Maio), eventually broker an Innovative kind of Coalition, in order to Govern Together, for the 1st Time.


If they Succeed,  they are due to have a very Large Super-Majority of about 492 MPs, (out of a Total of 630).


Otherwise, anOther Election risks to become unavoidable, sooner or later. WithOut Guarantee, however, that it might really find a workable Solution to this UnPrecedented but Intriguing Political "Puzzle"...


--------------------


The Right would Need, in order to form an Absolute Majority New Government (i.e. 316 MPs), about 50 more MPs, while the "5 Stars" woule need almost the Double.


"Liga"'s Head Salvini had reportedly met the New US President Don Trump already as Early as since April 2016, (i.e. even Before he Won the Conservative Party's primary votes in order to become the Official GOP's Candidate, as he did, Later, on July 2016). And White House's former "Chief Strategist", Steven Bannon, was, reportedly, Now in Italy during this March 2018 Election).


Salvini, a MEP in EU Parliament in Strasbourg, initialy was Member of the "Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy" Group (EFDD), where the "5 Stars" Movement still is an Important partner.


Later he became "Independent", and Recently joined the New, "Europe of Freedom and Nations" (EFN) Group, Together with France's Marine Le Pen and Netherland's Geert Wilders, as well as Austria's Heinz-Christian Strache, who Recently became vice-Prime Minister in the New Government headed by ChristianDemocrat/EPP Sebastien Kurz.


In addition to his Electoral Alliance now with former Long-Time Prime Minister Silvio Berluconi's "Forza Italia", (a ChristianDemocrat/EPP), Salvini has also, reportedly, said that the Mainstream ChristianDemocrat/EPP movement can be a Good Partner, also because of the existence of some Heads of State/Government like Hungary's Victor Orban.


Silvio Berlusconi, (who had been Excluded from Participating as a Candidate in these Election by a Controversial Measure of the Out-Going Center-Left, currently Attacked by 2 Legal Complaints at the ECHR in Strasbourg : See ...), revendicated a Role of "Guide" and "Guarantor of the Cohesion" of the Center-Right Coalition, (where a notable part is anOther Rightist Party of "the Italian Brothers", headed by Giorgia Meloni, who Confirmed her Endorsement of Salvini).


Berlusconi, a Frequent Participant to ChristianDemocrat/EPP Head of State/Government Summits in Brussels, would be a Useful Ally for a Wider Acceptance of a probable New Italian Government of the Center-Right with Salvini, on the 22nd of March, i.e. at the Eve of the "Deadline" of 24-25 March for Choices due to be officially made in Rome.


------------------------------


The Frontrunner of the Center-Right Coalition, Matteo Salvini, reportedly declared to be open for a Governemental Cooperation "based on a Program", while the Founder and Historic Leader of the "5 Stars" Movement, Beppe Grillo, (currently "Guarantor" of the Party, Headed by the Young Luigi di Maio), reportedly stressed the Need to Focus, Now, on the main "Issues", and a "List of 10 Policy Points" for a New Government.
Di Maio reportedly said to be Open for Any interesting Government Coalition Deals, while Beppe Grillo evoked a "Mix" of Policies, partly of the Center, partly of the Right and/or of ChristianDemocrats, partly of the Left, as a kind of possible Formula in order to "Adapt" to the current Political Context.


-----------------


According to some Polls, the Number 1 Preference of Italians is, naturally, a "5-Stars" - "Center-RIGHT" Government, (i.e. among the 2 Winners), Followed, as a 2nd Choice, by a Shift of "5 Stars" towards the ailing "Center-LEFT", while a 3rd Possibility, that of all or part of the Right adding the Left for a kind of Italy-made "GroKo", arrives 3rd, and even Lower...


But it's, reportedly, also a Majority of 51% who Feel probable that New Elections might become inevitable, sooner of later.


-------------------------------------------------------


However, Despite obvious Differences on Approaching Politics, the "Lega" and the "5 Stars" have several Important Points in Common :


- They Both share a Strong Criticism of the Establishment, (Politicians and Medias alike). Something which has contributed to make them Popular, since it meets most Citizens' current Feelings.


- In addition, they both underline their Willingness to "Be Among the People", as Salvini stressed Today, and/or to "Put the People in front of Real Choices", as Beppe Grillo recalled in a Written Statement, just After the Vote, in his Famous Website.


- For these Reasons, they were Both led to make a  very Large Use of various New Medias at the Internet, (that Salvini reportedly "Thanked" Today, while Beppe Grillo's "5 Stars" Movement has notoriously Valorized also as a Decision-Making process' Tool of great Importance for Citizens' Participation).


- Both "Lega" and "5 Stars" have been Members of the Same Political Group in EU Parliament in Strasbourg, (that of the Atypical "Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy : EFDD", Headed by British MEP Nigel Farage). Salvini, as MEP, was Initially there himself, (before leaving for the new EFN Group : Comp. Supra), while Grillo negotiated the Entry of "5 Stars" as a Major Partner.


- None among their Atypical Leaders canNot be really taxed as a Hardliner of the "Far Right", Nor as being at the"Left": F.ex., Salvini, nowadays Head of the Rightist Party "Lega", had been, initially, Member of a "Communist Party of Padania" (Italy's Northern Area), while Di Majo of the "5 Stars" is son of a Father reportedly former Member of a "Neo-Fascist" Party in the Past. As for Beppe Grillo, he had been reportedly Harassed and almost Destroyed in his Professional Career by the Hateful Hostility of an important former Long-Time Foreign Minister from the "Socialist" Party in the Past, (main Cause of his Original Political Revolt, which finally proved Successfull), so that he normally could Not Forget all that Today...


+ This seems Related also to the Fact that Many among the Fans of Both these 2 Political Parties seem to be mainly Poor People, or Middle-Class People Threatened by Impoverishment, who Search a Political Refuge in various Atypical, Anti-Establishment Political Parties, after they have been practically Abandoned by the Establishment. This becomes Evident also at the MAP of Today's Electoral Results in Italy, which reveals that, f.ex., All the Southern Areas of the Country have Now been Won mainly by the "5 Stars" Movement, added also to the Center-Right for some among them, while, on the Contrary, Noone was Left, there, to the "Socialists" of the Center Left... Instead, the Only Areas where the Left won in these Elections were a Few Spots located manly at the Center or the North of the Country, Traditionally more Rich, (See relevant MAP).

 

2018_italian_election_results_in_map_wikipedia__eurofora_400
 
______________

 


- On the Substance of main Topical Issues, Most Observers, (including even UK's Mainstream "BBC" NewsMedia, but also the President of EU Parliament's "Freedom and Direct Democracy" Group, British MEP Nigel Farage : Comp. Supra, etc), have noted the Fact that Recent Mass Irregular Migration has become an Important Problem also for most Italian People, (particularly Since the 2015/2016 UnPrecedented "Tsunami" of More than 1,5 MIllions Mass Asylum Seekers/Irregular Migrants, mainly through Turkey, but also via Libya etc., partly Provoked by Deadly Islamist Terrorist cowards Targetting Civilian People, as mainly ISIS in Syria/Iraq, linked to Boko Haram in SubSaharian Africa, and various "Al-Queda"-like Armed Gangs).


+ The Latest Revelations about the Horrible Torture, Killing and other InHuman, Bestial Atrocities (such as f.ex. Taking the Skin out of the Body, and Afterwards Cutting it down to Pieces, etc) inflicted to a Young Italian Girl, Pamela Mastropietro, by 2 Nigerian Immigrants, which Shocked the National and European Press, certainly made Popular Anger and Frustration grow even more.


++ But, in Addition to the Right's (and particularly of Savini's "Lega" Rightists) notorious Reluctance to Admit even More Mass Irregular Migration Waves in Italy, (which have already provoked notorious Problems also to Neighbouring EU Member Countries Austria and France, etc, certain times even pushed to Threaten to more or less "Close" at least some Key parts of their Borders to Italy in reaction, etc), it's also  "5 Stars" Movement's new Head, Di Maio's notorious Criticism since 2017 of what he Denounced as ... "SEA-TAXI Service" (sic !), practically Bringing Migrants to Europe, instead of Protecting EU's External Borders, Calling for "an Immediate Stop" especially of some NGO's operating several Controversial "Rescue Ships" off Libya, which gave a Similar Tone Nowadays.


Something which obviously Reminds (mutatis-mutandis) the ..."Jet"-Propulsion, Luxury Sea Cruise Big Boats initialy Hired in order to Transport Mass Asylum Seekers/Irregular Migrants, Suddenly arriving from Turkey since mid-August 2015, through the Greek Islands of the Aegean Sea, before they board, at Pireus SeaPort, special Brand New Buses Ready to Bring them immediately, free of cost, to the Railway Station, from which they Travelled by Train up to the Northern Greek Borders in front of FUROM, where Free "Wifi", Food, Shelter, Health Care, Maps, Information, UN + NGO Staff, etc., awaited them, so that, when they Managed to get into FYROM, they again Boarded Trains bringing them, Through Serbia and Croatia (by a kind of "Guided Tours"), etc., up to Hungary and Austria, in order to Reach mainly Germany (or Sweden), etc. (See, among others, also, f.ex.: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/euparliamentandjetsetirregularmasdmigrationfromtyrkey.html + ..., etc).


So that, when a Polish Officer from EU's "FrontEx", at First (on Summer 2015), Dared use his Gun to Face an Armed Turkish Smuggler, in order to Defend EU's External Borders from Systematicaly Organized Illegal Mass Intrusions, he was reportedly ...fiercely Criticized and Pushed Aside (instead of being Thanked) ! Thus, when, Recently, during December 2017 Christmas and/or at New Year's Eve, anOther CoastGuards' Boat found again almost a Hundrent of more Mass Asylum Seekers/Irregular Migrants still Arriving from Turkey, by TressPassing EU's External Borders, into EU Member Greece, they Simply Transported them to the Nearest Greek (i.e. EU) Island, where they, naturally, joined the Collective Festivities for the New Year... I.e. a Phenomenon obviously Similar, if not Identical, with that which was Denounced, by "5 Stars" current Chief Di Mayo, as a kind of  ... "Sea Taxi", that must "Stop" (Comp. Supra).


Moreover, the Historic Founder (and Nowadays "Guarantor") of the "5 Stars" Movement, Beppe Grillo, has also, reportedly, asked  to "Review" EU's Open Borders Policy under the Shengen agreements, after the 2016 Deadly Islamist Terrorist Attack by an ISIS' coward Lorry Driver against Civilian People at Berlin's Christmas Market.


------------------------


- AnOther Topical, and, in Fact, quite Important (even if Traditionaly considered Secondary) Issue, is that of Bio-Ethics, where at least some Convegences, on certain Key-Points, between the Right and "5 Stars", canNot be Excluded :


- F.ex., concerning the recently "Hot" Issue (f.ex. in France, etc) of Children submitted to Homosexuals' Power under Pretext of "Adoption", in Addition to the Right's usual Social Conservatism on Family and Childrens' Law and Values, even the "5 Stars" Movement's MPs were let Free to Vote in Parliament individually, according to Each one's Personal Views and Feelings on 2016, when the "M5S" decided Not to Back officially a controversialf Proposal to Recognize the StepChild "Adoptions" by Same Sex Civil Partnerships, (etc).


--------------


On Foreign Policy (in Fact Related here, directly or indirectly, at least Partly with Economy, Culture, and even BioEthics, etc), Both the Right and "5 Stars" are quite Favorable to Stopping Controversial "Sanctions" against Russia, and for Developping Good Relations with Moscow :


This has been reported, indeed, not only for Berlusconi, but also for Salvini, and even "5 Stars" Movement's Top Politician Di Stefano, as well as Beppe Grillo himself, (etc).


Therefore, at a Moment when Both the EU and the USA seem to Wonder whether they should Revise their Post-2014 stance vis a vis Cooperation with Russia, (and while even 2019 Ukranian Election approaches, Parallel to forthcoming Moves to Bring Peace in Syria, etc, as well as to Boost Economy), this particular Point might, eventually, play a Bigger Role than usually expected, Both in the Italian and in all EU's Politics in the foreseeable Future.

 

-----

 

+Moreover, concerning also the New USA President Don Trump, both the New Unity of the Right and the "5 Stars" Movement's Leaders have reportedly expressed an Interest and often even a Sympathy, at least with some among his main Political characteristics.

 

It's not by pure chance that Trump's former Campaign Manager and f. White House Strategist, Steve Bannon, was personally visiting Italy during this latest Electoral period.

 

 Even more Important : Certain Key Original Aspects of Don Trump's atypical policies, - particularly Visible at his Landmark "Nomination" Speeche at Ohio, Summer 2016 (See : ...), and his 1st "State of the Union" Speech in US Congress, at the Beginning of 2018 (See: ..., etc) -  may also Help Find several concrete Converging Points, in Fact Shared Both by the New Unity of the Right and the "5 Stars" Movement in Italy : F.ex., the Criticism of Establishment's Traditional Medias and the Preference for New Internet Tools closer to the People ; Mass Migration Issues ; a Stronger Fight against Deadly Islamist Terrorism, particularly of ISIS' cowards Targetting Civilian People, (be it versus Boko Haram in Africa, from Nigeria up to Libya, or v ISIL itself in Syria, etc); Will for Better Relations with Russia ; preference for Peace instead of involvement at long Wars abroad ; claims to Help also Impoverished People, Reduce unecessary Public Spending for Bureaucracy etc. and Boost real Economy ; (etc).

 

----------------

 

++ In Addition, Salvini was, Recently, more Critical than others (asking for Stronger Counter-Measures) against Turkey's latest GunBoats' Bullying of an Italian Oil/Gas Search Ship at EU Member Cyprus' Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ : See ..., etc), while Beppe Grillo's "5 Stars" MEPs, inside EU Parliament, have also been Often very Vocal Critics of Turkish Authorities' massive Oppression against various Dissidents, as well as versus Ankara's Controversial and UnPopular EU bid.                                                                                                                                                                                      


------------------------------------------


As far as EU's proper Aspects are concerned, roughly speaking, Both the new Unity of the Right and "5 Stars" had notoriously Criticized several Key EU Policies in the Past, (and still do, at least Partly).


But, more Recently, (and even More around these 2018 Election), in one way or another, Both have started to Indicate that, (at least on main Structural EU Issues) they would Try to Find some kind of Compromises and/or would Accomodate themselves with Vital EU Core matters.


At the Right, Berlusconi's Long-Time Experience as former Prime Minister and Links with mainstream ChristianDemocrat/EPP, adds to Salvini's recent Reference to Victor Ortban, Prime Minister of Hungary and ChristianDemocrat/EPP Member himself, (while his participation to Marine Le Pen's new Group in EU Parliament does not exclude that he may follow a Similar Path to that of Austrian Rightist Heinz-Christian Strache, also Member of that Same Group, who Recently Joined the Young Chancelor Sebastian Kurz, a mainstream ChristianDemocrat/EPP, on a "Pro-European" Government Coalition Program, just before Austria Chairs the EU from July 2018, i.e. after Bulgaria, current EU Rotating President, whose Prime Minister Boyko Borisov, has already made a Coalition with his country's Rightists "Patriots", without any problem for the EU).


As for the "5 Stars" Movement, Beppe Grillo's decision to Enter and Remain in Euro-Sceptic and pro-BREXIT Brittish MEP Nigel Farage's Political Group in EU Parliament, of "Freedom and Direct Democracy", should Not push to False and/or Exagerated Impressions :


- Indeed, Grillo has reportedly made also, Recently, a Last-Minute aborted Attempt to Join the ...Liberal Group in EU Parliament, Headed by former Prime Minister of Belgium, Guy Verhofstadt, i.e. one among the notoriously Most Pro-EU Groups !


And his Latest Press Statements, (Symbolic but Locacious), about a Vital Need to Adapt to New Contexts, eventually by Taking a Part of traditional "Right" Policies, and a Part of traduitional "Left" Policies, to Add with something New (etc), obviously indicate a Will to Try to Forge and put into Practice some kind of Original Political Compromises accross all Issues, EU included...


-------------------------


Last, but Not Least, just by Looking at Nowaday's Electoral Results' Map of Italy, as well as on main Issues at stake, Keen Observers can Feel that, most probably, it all boils down to the Fact that a Wide Majority of Italian People, recently Affected by some Controversial Policies of the Establishment, have Desperately Tried to Bring some Change, simply by Voting any important Anti-Establishment Party, be it of the new Unity of the Right, or of the "5 Stars" Movement, so that, in Reality, their Main Aspirations would, logically, Head Towards Similar, if not identical, Political Targets.

 

It's up to Democracy to succeed to Translate that in Real, effective Political Action.

 

(../..)


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Recent developments proved that Europe can suceed to overcome challenges by aiming at great objectives, and this is needed also in 2009, said EU chairman, French President Nicolas Sarkozy.

    - "It's in the name of Great Ideas, Projects, Ambition and Ideals, that EU can overcome" challenges, stressed Sarkozy at EU Parliament in Strasbourg, in conclusion of a dense 7 months EU Chairmanship. "It's even easier for Europe to have Great projects, able to overcome national egoism, instead of limiting itself only to small projects" (unable to do alike), he observed.     

- "Europe must remain Ambitious and understand that the World needs her to take Decisions". "The World needs a Strong Europe", which "thinks on its own, has convictions, its own responses, its imagination" : "A Europe which does not limit itself into following" others, (as it did in the Past, when it followed USA, f.ex. on Bosnia). On the contrary, "Europe should undertake its own responsibilities", he said, after a series of succes in stopping the War between Russia and Georgia, and organizing the 1st EuroZone's Summit in Paris, which incited the Washington DC G-20 Summit to extend similar decisions World-wide.  


    - "When you sweep it all under the carpet, prepare yourself for hard tomorrows", he warned. "What hinders decisions is the lack of Courage and Will, the fading away of Ideals", he stressed before EU Parliament's 2008 debate on Human Rights and Sakharov prize on Freedom of thought attributed by MEPs to Chinese cyber-dissident Hu Jia, followed by an EU - Turkey meeting on Friday.

    - "I don't abandon my convictions" and "I will take initiatives" on EU level also in 2009, Sarkozy announced later. "France will not stop having convictions and taking initiatives" on Europe. + "It's an Error to wish to pass over the Heads of those who are elected in their Countries" : "It's an integrism I always fought against"', he warned.
---------------------
French EU Presidency faced 4 unexpected Crisis :

- An institutional crisis, with the Irish "No" to EU Lisbon Treaty, just before it started. A geopolitical crisis, wth the threat of War between Russia and Georgia risking to throw Europe back to Cold-war divisions, on August. A World-wide Financial and Economic crisis, arriving at a bad moment before crucial 2009 EU elections. And even a Strasbourg's mini-crisis, with EU Parliament's roof curiously falling down, from unknown reasons, in a brand new building on August, provoking an unprecedented transfert of the 2 September Plenary Sessions...

But it wasn't enough to stop Sarkozy ! On the contrary, it stimulated him...
---------------------------------------

- "The better way to deal with the recent problems of EU institutions (as the "3 NO" by France, the Netherlands and Ireland) is to take them as a "Test" in order to find solutions closer to Citizens' concerns", said later in Strasbourg Sarkozy's new choice as Ministe for EU affairs, Bruno Le Maire.

- On the Institutional front, Sarkozy gave Time to the Irish to think about it, and stroke on December a deal including a New Referendum after the June 2009 EU Elections, in exchange of a promise to keep the rule of "one EU Commissioner for each EU Member Country", and some opt-outs on Defence and Fiscal EU policies, Abortion, etc. If the Irish get a "Yes" Majority, then the institutional package could be completed in 2010 or 2011 on the occasion of Croatia's probable EU accession.

He was accused in Strasbourg to upgrade EU Council and downgrade EU Commision, but he replied that "strong Political initiatives by EU Council reinforce also the more technical role of EU Commission, under the political-technical leadership of its President", all 3 "working together with EU Parliament".


- But, meanwhile, Sarkozy energetically spearheaded an Historic 1st Summit of EuroZone's 15 Heads of State and Government at EU's core, exceptionally enlarged to a partial participation of British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, on October 12 in Paris' Elysee palace, which started to tackle succesfully the growing world Financial crisis.

    It also paved the way for its endorsement by a subsequent Brussels' 27 EU Member States' gathering, before it all come to Washington's G-20 Summit. And "Europe was united, it asked for the 1st G-20 Summit, and it will also organise the next G-20 Summit on April in London", he observed.   

 But a Conference with EU, Russia, African and other Developing Countries, hosted in Strasbourg shortly after Washington G-20 Summit by the French EU Presidency, took a Resolution asking to enlarge participation to Global Economic Governance. Many found, indeed, illogic and unacceptable that f.ex. states as Turkey were given a seat at G-20 level, while all African Countries, and even the African Union itself, representing the greatest Continent on Earth, were excluded...


    Meanwhile, even USA''s "Paulson No 3" Plan, was, in fact, inspired by Europe's No 1 Plan", Sarkozy observed, largelly applauded by MEPs.

    And "Europe showed Solidarity" by mobilizing some 22 Billion credit for Hungary, 1,7 billion for Ukraine, as we do nowadays for Baltic States, etc., he added.

    The move on Economy was extended on December by an EU stimulus' plan totalling some 200 billion Euros, including 5 Billions released by EU Commission for big Projects, as well as various parallel National plans for Economic revival, (fex. 26 billions in France alone). They might appear limited, compared to USA President-elect Obama's reported plan to boost the American economy with 800 billion $, but at least succeded to overcome Europe's divisions for the first time on Economic governance, opening new horizons.

- The French President stressed even harder the unique role of an active EU Council's chairmanship, when he moved swiftly and efficiently, at the beginning of August, to succesfully stop War between Russia and Georgia, at the last minute, which threatened to bring Europe back to Cold War division.

"We (EU) also wanted to avoid a situation like in Bosnia, in the Past, when EU was absent, so that our American friends took their responsibilitues, and EU only followed", despite the fact that the conflict took place in Europe. Now, it was the EU who took its responsibilities".

A roadmap towards a new PanEuropean Security policy, before which all unilateral moves to place new Missiles (from USA or Russia) would be freezed, was proposed by Sarkozy after a meeting with Russian president Medvedev, at the eve of Washington DC's G-20 Summit.

Ukraine's "European" character was stressed at a Sarkozy - Jushenko Summit, September in Paris, while EU adopted on December an "Eastern policy", in which, "I'm convinced that our (EU's) future is to find with our Neighbours the conditions for Economic Development. Peace and Security, by explaining them that.. they must respect (Human Rights') Values, and adopt behaviors different from the Past", explained Sarkozy in Strasbourg.

Meanwhile, the "Union for the Mediterranean" was created, since July's Summit if 45 Heads of State and Government in Paris, as "an organisation for a permanent Dialogue, that we need", mainly in order to tackle the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, by bringing together, for the 1st time, Israelis and Arabs, where "Europe must be present, in order to avoid a frontal clash".

- "If Europe doesn't take its part for Peace in the Middle-East, nobody else will do that in our place", Sarkozy stressed.
-----------------------
    Meanwhile, other EU Agreements were brokered during the French EU Presidency on Immigration, (fex. common Asylum rules, etc), and Climat- Energy :

    - On Climat-Energy, the 2007 German EU Presidency had fixed a triple 20% aim for 2020 (20% renewable Energies, 20% reduction of CO2 emmission, 20% energy efficience/economies), and the 2008 French EU Presidecny realized that, making the necessary compromises in order to modernize EU's industry, but without throwing some former Central-Eastern European Countries into abrupt Economic break down risking "social explosion".

    - Defence-Security EU policy was mainly postponed for April 2009, since both German chancellor Merkel and French president Sarkozy want to strike a deal with the new American president Obama in Strasbourg's NATO Summit.

    However, with all these 4 unexpected Crisis diverting attention to other urgencies, People wil wonder now, what happened to the famous deal proposed by freshly-elected French President Sarkozy on Turkey's controversial EU bid, back on August 2007, to continue EU - Turkey negotiations, but on the double condition that core chapters, intrinsequally linked with EU Membership, will be excluded, and that a collective Reflexion and Debate on Europe's future would start before the end of 2008.

    It was meant to reply to the crucial question : What kind of Europe do we want in 10 or 20 Years from now : A large Market, or a Political Europe, with a popular identity ? In Sarkozy's thinking, presented in his 2 landmark speeches on Europe in Strasbourg, shortly before and after the 2007 Elections, (on February and July 2007), Turkey's controversial EU bid would be incompatible with the second choice.

    It's true that EU Commision's Chairman, Jose Barroso, (who had notoriously declared, as former Portuguese Prime Minister, that he found "nonsense" the idea that Europe might become equal to the US), had repeatedly tried to avoid that Sarkozy's criticism on Turkey might start winning a larger audience in Europe, preferring a discrete "wismens' committee" work. And that most of the personalities later chosen in order to participate in a Committee on Europe's Future, are too much linked with Socialist parties and/or American policies, to be really critical of USA's notorious wish to impose Turkey to the EU, as Sarkozy had noted himself since March 2007..

     - "It's on EU Council's presidency to take political initiatives. EU Commission has other competences", stressed Sarkozy. The "European Ideal" is to "build Europe with the States, not against them". "Ask Europeans to chose between their countries and Europe won't work. You don't choose between your two parents : We must add them together".

    "France and Germany have an Historic Duty to work together, precisely because of what happened to the Past. We have to work hand by hand. We cannot be separated.It goes beyond me and Mrs Merkel today, Mr Schroeder and Mr. Chirac yesterday. It's not a choice, it's a duty to Europe and to the World".  "We need Germany, as Germany needs Europe". Compromise is inevitable, here as everywhere, and each one made some steps towards eachother's positions.

    But "it's true that Mrs Merkel didn't chose her Socialist partners, while I chose mine", Sarkozy said, in an indirect hint that the Socialist Minister of Finance in Germany might be a cause of minor past disagreements in Economy, which were overcome in recent negotiations.

    "We (France and Germany) have particular duties in Europe", but "in a Europe of 27 Member States, it's not enough for France and Germany to agree between them.

    "I always thought that Great Britain has a special role to play in Europe. ... Now, everybody "saw what it cost payed the UK for having been too exclusively open towards the US (and) Financial services. Europe needs the UK, but also the UK needs Europe" :- "We were able to face the hardest moment of the Financial crisis because the UK clearly chose Europe", stressed Sarkozy, reminding Gordon Brown's exceptional participation to the Historic 1st Heads of State/Government Summit of EuroZone, October 12 in Paris (See EuroFora's Reportage from Elysee Palace then).

     - "Some look at Europe with old glasses aged 30 years ago. While we must look at her in relation to what it will be in 30 years" in the Future, Sarkozy concluded.

Polls

2009 EU Elections were won by Parties against Technocracy and Turkey's controversial EU bid, while the 1999-2004 Majority Abstention trend decelerated. What should be done in 2009-2014 ?

Rezultati
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