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Home arrow newsitems arrow Greek Prime Minister Tsipras to EF on Mass Migrants: Apply EU-Turkey Deal = Less Influx+More Returns

Greek Prime Minister Tsipras to EF on Mass Migrants: Apply EU-Turkey Deal = Less Influx+More Returns

Pisac ACM
15. 12. 2017.
prime_minister_of_greece_alexis_tsipras_replies_to_agg_question_at_press_conference_room_eu_summit_eurofora_b_400

*Brussels/EU Summit/Angelo Marcopolo/- Speaking to "Eurofora" shortly after an Exceptional Quadrilateral Meeting with German Chancellor Angie Merkel and EU Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker, as well as Bulgarian Prime Minister Boyko Borisov, (incoming EU Chairman from January 2018), on Issues concerning the way that a Controversial EU - Turkey Deal on Mass Migration is functionning in real practice, vis- a-vis EU's Frontline States, embattled Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras, revealed, at the Conclusion of his Press Conference on the December 14-15 EU Summit in Brussels, a rather Surprizing change of Focus :

 

german_chancellor_angie_merkel_arriving_towards_agg_in_brx_euforora_400

 

 

Indeed, he appeared to give a quite Different idea of what is generally considered to be his Main Standard Viewpoint on the UnPrecedented Giant Tsunami" of Mass Asylum Seekers/Irregular Migrants (AS+IM) mainly through Turkey from 2015/2016+, and the recent Letter of EU Council President, Donald Tusk to the 28 EU Heads of State/Government, gathered here in Brussels, which notoriously strived to find a Compromise able to overcome the current "East-West", and "Establishment-Populists' new Division of Europe on such atypical Mass Migration issues, at the latest around June 2018, (i e. Before Austria will take over EU's rotating Presidency).

 

eu_councils_president_donald_tusk_speakin_to_journalists_in_brx_including_eurofora_eu_summit_december_2017_400

(EU Council's President, Donald Tusk, speaking to Journalists in BRX, including Eurofora).

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Earlier Today, Tsipras' EU Affairs Minister, former MEP, Katruggalos, speaking to "Eurofora", had focused mainly on Defending official, well known, SYRIZA (and Other Countries') Government's Principles, mainly on "Implementing what had been Agreed" initially, on such "a European Issue", by showing "Solidarity" to Frontline and AS+IM "Welcoming" EU Governments, (such as Germany, Sweden, etc), Meanwhile, No Move was predicted by Katruggalos, at least until that June 2018 Time Deadline, (Comp. Supra : i.e. letting triggered Procedures of Sanctions against Poland, Hungary, a.o. "Visegrad" Countries, which are among the First to Contest a controversial, Obligatory Relocation System for ASM, to continue).



eu_affairs_minister_of_greece_katruggalos_to_agg_eurofora_400


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+ Meanwhile, from Thursday Afternoon around 7 p.m., up to Friday Early Morning, about 2 a.m., the EU Summit astonishingly spend approximatively 6 Hours in "Hot" but Vain Discussions on the very Contradictory Issue, precisely of Mass Migration, and EU Council President Tusk's above-mentioned Letter, withOut being able to reach Any joint Conclusions at all...

So that, Exceptionaly, German Chancellor Angie Mekel was led to Drop her usual Press Briefing, which, normally, was a "rule" for Journalists, each Deep Night right after the 1st Day of each EU Summit in Brussels, and everybody Left withOut even the (previously anounced) EU Press Briefing, Neither Any kind of common Conclusion, except for ...Jerusalem, where EU simply attests that its position "Remains UnChanged".

 ----------------

 juncker_sceptical_end_of_1st_day_eu_brw_summit_12.2017_live_transmission_eurofora_400

Juncker, sceptical, End of 1st Day, EU BRW Summit 12.2017, Live Transmission (Eurofora)


But this European Council wasn't even able to say anything similar on Mass Migration, while an exceptionally Bitter EU Commission's President, Jean-Claude Juncker, appeared, over-Night, quite Bitter, pointing, inter alia, to a threat for EU Council to eventually pass, sooner or later, on that issue, from an Unanimous, to a Qualified Majority decision-making process, (etc). As for Tusk, he soberly acknowledged, at the 2nd Day's (i.e. Earlier Today) Concluding Press Conference, that an Agreement on that issue appeared "very Hard" to achieve, while, this 1st "Hot" Discussion, at least, had the merit to "Clean the Air"...

---------------------------------------------

 

prime_minister_of_greece_alexis_tsipras_comes_to_meet_agg_at_eu_summit_eurofora_400


- In this unusual Context, when the Prime Minister of Greece, Alexis Tsipras, was Asked by "Eurofora", earlier Today, (i.e., practically at the End of EU Summit's 2nd and Last Day), what was, "in Substance", the main Message that he would have, "for other EU Countries", on that Mass Migration issue, his, Concise, but "Dense" Reply, appeared partly Surprizing :

 
 
 - First of all, Tsipras made it clear that he wasn't going to repeat now, earlier already made Statements, but he accepted "Eurofora"s suggestion (Comp. Supra) to rather Focus on what is, according to his view, "the main Substance, at this Moment", as he pointed out.



>>> - In this regard, he Started by stressing that "the EU - Turkey Agreement should be Applied", and work Properly".  "That's what we want !", the Greek Prime Minister immediately underlined, in Reply to an "Eurofora"s Question.


 - He didn't make now any explicit reference to the Fact that the First and Stronger Reason for which the Huge "Tsunami" of 2015-2016 had been initially Reduced, from February-March 2016 onwards, had been, in reality, several European Countries' Decisions to Close and Protect their Borders, accross the "Western Balkans" route, already even Before that controversial EU-Turkey Deal was finalized and started to enter into force, only Later-on, towards the End of March 2016, (See: ...).

 
 

prime_minister_of_greece_alexis_tsipras_replies_to_agg_question_at_press_conference_room_eu_summit_eurofora_e_400


=> - In particular, "what Must be done, is to Better Reduce the Influx" of Mass Asylum Seekers/Irregular Migrants, from what it's now, (where, Recent Statistics have notoriously shown that Turkish Smugglers not only Persist, but have even re-Started to send More and More AS-IM into the EU, even on 2017, i.e. Dangerously and regularly Augmenting the Total Number of such Migrants mostly "Trapped" inside EU-Member Greece).



- However, Nowadays, the most Important point seems to be that of "Those who do Not get Asylum, in Greece or other (EU) First Host Countries", as Tsipras said, i.e. those who are also Finally considered, officially, as Irregular Migrants (and Not Refugees) :



- Because, for them, the main point are "Returns Back to the Countries of Origin", as the Prime Minister of Greece stressed, in Reply to "Eurofora"s above-mentioned Question.



 - And this Requires "a More Efficient Rapatriation", than what it has happened until now, Tsipras clearly Criticized, in fine.



=> - For that purpose, the EU should, preferably, set up "a European Mechanism of Rapatriations", the Greek Prime Minister suggested, in Conclusion.              

 

 + It's only in the Middle of those key points, that Tsipras also added that "the ReLocation in Third (EU+) Countries, should become more operational", than what it has been, until now, (since almost Everybody notoriously acknowledges that it didn't really work in real practice, particularly because of Unwillingness of several EU Countries to be infiltrated by that kind of Mass Migrants that Turkey suddenly decided to send to Europe).


I.e., apparently, an overall position which Departs from an Exclusive and Unilateral Accent on Controversial Obliged "ReLocation" towards Other EU Member Countries only (Comp. Supra), but Points, right from the Start, indirectly but certainly, mainly on the Shortcomings of the even more controversial EU - Turkey Deal which Costs to Europe about 3 Billions € in Full Grants each Year.

 

+ Meanwhile, it's also the incoming EU Chairman for the Period of January - June 2018, Boyko Borisov, Prime Minister of Bulgaria, (a Country which is also part of EU's External Borders vis a vis Turkey), who reportedly supports the view that EU - Turkey Deal on Mass Migration should work properly, as "Eurofora" was told, earlier Today in Brussels, by Bulgaria's Press Spokesperson, Genoveva Chervenakova. 

 incoming_eu_chairman_16.2018_bulharian_prime_minister_boyko_borisov_eurofora_400

(Borisov, watched by EU Army Officers, near EU-Africa Border Map: No reason for Turkey to do worse than Morocco on Irregular Mass Migration, despite 3 Billiions € of EU Grants - Eurofora)

------------------


Today's move might also be seen as a somewhat Elaborate suggestion, with Supplementary key elements, which might, perhaps, make possible, at least a Part of an overall, realistic Compromise, among EU Heads of State/Government, and other EU Leaders, in the foreseable Future.

 

Because, notoriously, there are also Various Other EU Leaders who might feel now that such a Direction, mutatis-mutandis, should, "in Substance", (and adequately crafted), be at least a Key Part of an Agreed Solution, to this Sudden, UnWarned 2015/2016 "Tsunami" send to Europe (and reportedly even "Selected") by Turkey.


(../..)

 

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(NDLR : Partly Revised + Extended)

 

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Recent developments proved that Europe can suceed to overcome challenges by aiming at great objectives, and this is needed also in 2009, said EU chairman, French President Nicolas Sarkozy.

    - "It's in the name of Great Ideas, Projects, Ambition and Ideals, that EU can overcome" challenges, stressed Sarkozy at EU Parliament in Strasbourg, in conclusion of a dense 7 months EU Chairmanship. "It's even easier for Europe to have Great projects, able to overcome national egoism, instead of limiting itself only to small projects" (unable to do alike), he observed.     

- "Europe must remain Ambitious and understand that the World needs her to take Decisions". "The World needs a Strong Europe", which "thinks on its own, has convictions, its own responses, its imagination" : "A Europe which does not limit itself into following" others, (as it did in the Past, when it followed USA, f.ex. on Bosnia). On the contrary, "Europe should undertake its own responsibilities", he said, after a series of succes in stopping the War between Russia and Georgia, and organizing the 1st EuroZone's Summit in Paris, which incited the Washington DC G-20 Summit to extend similar decisions World-wide.  


    - "When you sweep it all under the carpet, prepare yourself for hard tomorrows", he warned. "What hinders decisions is the lack of Courage and Will, the fading away of Ideals", he stressed before EU Parliament's 2008 debate on Human Rights and Sakharov prize on Freedom of thought attributed by MEPs to Chinese cyber-dissident Hu Jia, followed by an EU - Turkey meeting on Friday.

    - "I don't abandon my convictions" and "I will take initiatives" on EU level also in 2009, Sarkozy announced later. "France will not stop having convictions and taking initiatives" on Europe. + "It's an Error to wish to pass over the Heads of those who are elected in their Countries" : "It's an integrism I always fought against"', he warned.
---------------------
French EU Presidency faced 4 unexpected Crisis :

- An institutional crisis, with the Irish "No" to EU Lisbon Treaty, just before it started. A geopolitical crisis, wth the threat of War between Russia and Georgia risking to throw Europe back to Cold-war divisions, on August. A World-wide Financial and Economic crisis, arriving at a bad moment before crucial 2009 EU elections. And even a Strasbourg's mini-crisis, with EU Parliament's roof curiously falling down, from unknown reasons, in a brand new building on August, provoking an unprecedented transfert of the 2 September Plenary Sessions...

But it wasn't enough to stop Sarkozy ! On the contrary, it stimulated him...
---------------------------------------

- "The better way to deal with the recent problems of EU institutions (as the "3 NO" by France, the Netherlands and Ireland) is to take them as a "Test" in order to find solutions closer to Citizens' concerns", said later in Strasbourg Sarkozy's new choice as Ministe for EU affairs, Bruno Le Maire.

- On the Institutional front, Sarkozy gave Time to the Irish to think about it, and stroke on December a deal including a New Referendum after the June 2009 EU Elections, in exchange of a promise to keep the rule of "one EU Commissioner for each EU Member Country", and some opt-outs on Defence and Fiscal EU policies, Abortion, etc. If the Irish get a "Yes" Majority, then the institutional package could be completed in 2010 or 2011 on the occasion of Croatia's probable EU accession.

He was accused in Strasbourg to upgrade EU Council and downgrade EU Commision, but he replied that "strong Political initiatives by EU Council reinforce also the more technical role of EU Commission, under the political-technical leadership of its President", all 3 "working together with EU Parliament".


- But, meanwhile, Sarkozy energetically spearheaded an Historic 1st Summit of EuroZone's 15 Heads of State and Government at EU's core, exceptionally enlarged to a partial participation of British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, on October 12 in Paris' Elysee palace, which started to tackle succesfully the growing world Financial crisis.

    It also paved the way for its endorsement by a subsequent Brussels' 27 EU Member States' gathering, before it all come to Washington's G-20 Summit. And "Europe was united, it asked for the 1st G-20 Summit, and it will also organise the next G-20 Summit on April in London", he observed.   

 But a Conference with EU, Russia, African and other Developing Countries, hosted in Strasbourg shortly after Washington G-20 Summit by the French EU Presidency, took a Resolution asking to enlarge participation to Global Economic Governance. Many found, indeed, illogic and unacceptable that f.ex. states as Turkey were given a seat at G-20 level, while all African Countries, and even the African Union itself, representing the greatest Continent on Earth, were excluded...


    Meanwhile, even USA''s "Paulson No 3" Plan, was, in fact, inspired by Europe's No 1 Plan", Sarkozy observed, largelly applauded by MEPs.

    And "Europe showed Solidarity" by mobilizing some 22 Billion credit for Hungary, 1,7 billion for Ukraine, as we do nowadays for Baltic States, etc., he added.

    The move on Economy was extended on December by an EU stimulus' plan totalling some 200 billion Euros, including 5 Billions released by EU Commission for big Projects, as well as various parallel National plans for Economic revival, (fex. 26 billions in France alone). They might appear limited, compared to USA President-elect Obama's reported plan to boost the American economy with 800 billion $, but at least succeded to overcome Europe's divisions for the first time on Economic governance, opening new horizons.

- The French President stressed even harder the unique role of an active EU Council's chairmanship, when he moved swiftly and efficiently, at the beginning of August, to succesfully stop War between Russia and Georgia, at the last minute, which threatened to bring Europe back to Cold War division.

"We (EU) also wanted to avoid a situation like in Bosnia, in the Past, when EU was absent, so that our American friends took their responsibilitues, and EU only followed", despite the fact that the conflict took place in Europe. Now, it was the EU who took its responsibilities".

A roadmap towards a new PanEuropean Security policy, before which all unilateral moves to place new Missiles (from USA or Russia) would be freezed, was proposed by Sarkozy after a meeting with Russian president Medvedev, at the eve of Washington DC's G-20 Summit.

Ukraine's "European" character was stressed at a Sarkozy - Jushenko Summit, September in Paris, while EU adopted on December an "Eastern policy", in which, "I'm convinced that our (EU's) future is to find with our Neighbours the conditions for Economic Development. Peace and Security, by explaining them that.. they must respect (Human Rights') Values, and adopt behaviors different from the Past", explained Sarkozy in Strasbourg.

Meanwhile, the "Union for the Mediterranean" was created, since July's Summit if 45 Heads of State and Government in Paris, as "an organisation for a permanent Dialogue, that we need", mainly in order to tackle the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, by bringing together, for the 1st time, Israelis and Arabs, where "Europe must be present, in order to avoid a frontal clash".

- "If Europe doesn't take its part for Peace in the Middle-East, nobody else will do that in our place", Sarkozy stressed.
-----------------------
    Meanwhile, other EU Agreements were brokered during the French EU Presidency on Immigration, (fex. common Asylum rules, etc), and Climat- Energy :

    - On Climat-Energy, the 2007 German EU Presidency had fixed a triple 20% aim for 2020 (20% renewable Energies, 20% reduction of CO2 emmission, 20% energy efficience/economies), and the 2008 French EU Presidecny realized that, making the necessary compromises in order to modernize EU's industry, but without throwing some former Central-Eastern European Countries into abrupt Economic break down risking "social explosion".

    - Defence-Security EU policy was mainly postponed for April 2009, since both German chancellor Merkel and French president Sarkozy want to strike a deal with the new American president Obama in Strasbourg's NATO Summit.

    However, with all these 4 unexpected Crisis diverting attention to other urgencies, People wil wonder now, what happened to the famous deal proposed by freshly-elected French President Sarkozy on Turkey's controversial EU bid, back on August 2007, to continue EU - Turkey negotiations, but on the double condition that core chapters, intrinsequally linked with EU Membership, will be excluded, and that a collective Reflexion and Debate on Europe's future would start before the end of 2008.

    It was meant to reply to the crucial question : What kind of Europe do we want in 10 or 20 Years from now : A large Market, or a Political Europe, with a popular identity ? In Sarkozy's thinking, presented in his 2 landmark speeches on Europe in Strasbourg, shortly before and after the 2007 Elections, (on February and July 2007), Turkey's controversial EU bid would be incompatible with the second choice.

    It's true that EU Commision's Chairman, Jose Barroso, (who had notoriously declared, as former Portuguese Prime Minister, that he found "nonsense" the idea that Europe might become equal to the US), had repeatedly tried to avoid that Sarkozy's criticism on Turkey might start winning a larger audience in Europe, preferring a discrete "wismens' committee" work. And that most of the personalities later chosen in order to participate in a Committee on Europe's Future, are too much linked with Socialist parties and/or American policies, to be really critical of USA's notorious wish to impose Turkey to the EU, as Sarkozy had noted himself since March 2007..

     - "It's on EU Council's presidency to take political initiatives. EU Commission has other competences", stressed Sarkozy. The "European Ideal" is to "build Europe with the States, not against them". "Ask Europeans to chose between their countries and Europe won't work. You don't choose between your two parents : We must add them together".

    "France and Germany have an Historic Duty to work together, precisely because of what happened to the Past. We have to work hand by hand. We cannot be separated.It goes beyond me and Mrs Merkel today, Mr Schroeder and Mr. Chirac yesterday. It's not a choice, it's a duty to Europe and to the World".  "We need Germany, as Germany needs Europe". Compromise is inevitable, here as everywhere, and each one made some steps towards eachother's positions.

    But "it's true that Mrs Merkel didn't chose her Socialist partners, while I chose mine", Sarkozy said, in an indirect hint that the Socialist Minister of Finance in Germany might be a cause of minor past disagreements in Economy, which were overcome in recent negotiations.

    "We (France and Germany) have particular duties in Europe", but "in a Europe of 27 Member States, it's not enough for France and Germany to agree between them.

    "I always thought that Great Britain has a special role to play in Europe. ... Now, everybody "saw what it cost payed the UK for having been too exclusively open towards the US (and) Financial services. Europe needs the UK, but also the UK needs Europe" :- "We were able to face the hardest moment of the Financial crisis because the UK clearly chose Europe", stressed Sarkozy, reminding Gordon Brown's exceptional participation to the Historic 1st Heads of State/Government Summit of EuroZone, October 12 in Paris (See EuroFora's Reportage from Elysee Palace then).

     - "Some look at Europe with old glasses aged 30 years ago. While we must look at her in relation to what it will be in 30 years" in the Future, Sarkozy concluded.

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2009 EU Elections were won by Parties against Technocracy and Turkey's controversial EU bid, while the 1999-2004 Majority Abstention trend decelerated. What should be done in 2009-2014 ?

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