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Home arrow newsitems arrow Greek Prime Minister Tsipras to EF on Mass Migrants: Apply EU-Turkey Deal = Less Influx+More Returns

Greek Prime Minister Tsipras to EF on Mass Migrants: Apply EU-Turkey Deal = Less Influx+More Returns

Written by ACM
Friday, 15 December 2017
prime_minister_of_greece_alexis_tsipras_replies_to_agg_question_at_press_conference_room_eu_summit_eurofora_b_400

*Brussels/EU Summit/Angelo Marcopolo/- Speaking to "Eurofora" shortly after an Exceptional Quadrilateral Meeting with German Chancellor Angie Merkel and EU Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker, as well as Bulgarian Prime Minister Boyko Borisov, (incoming EU Chairman from January 2018), on Issues concerning the way that a Controversial EU - Turkey Deal on Mass Migration is functionning in real practice, vis- a-vis EU's Frontline States, embattled Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras, revealed, at the Conclusion of his Press Conference on the December 14-15 EU Summit in Brussels, a rather Surprizing change of Focus :

 

german_chancellor_angie_merkel_arriving_towards_agg_in_brx_euforora_400

 

 

Indeed, he appeared to give a quite Different idea of what is generally considered to be his Main Standard Viewpoint on the UnPrecedented Giant Tsunami" of Mass Asylum Seekers/Irregular Migrants (AS+IM) mainly through Turkey from 2015/2016+, and the recent Letter of EU Council President, Donald Tusk to the 28 EU Heads of State/Government, gathered here in Brussels, which notoriously strived to find a Compromise able to overcome the current "East-West", and "Establishment-Populists' new Division of Europe on such atypical Mass Migration issues, at the latest around June 2018, (i e. Before Austria will take over EU's rotating Presidency).

 

eu_councils_president_donald_tusk_speakin_to_journalists_in_brx_including_eurofora_eu_summit_december_2017_400

(EU Council's President, Donald Tusk, speaking to Journalists in BRX, including Eurofora).

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Earlier Today, Tsipras' EU Affairs Minister, former MEP, Katruggalos, speaking to "Eurofora", had focused mainly on Defending official, well known, SYRIZA (and Other Countries') Government's Principles, mainly on "Implementing what had been Agreed" initially, on such "a European Issue", by showing "Solidarity" to Frontline and AS+IM "Welcoming" EU Governments, (such as Germany, Sweden, etc), Meanwhile, No Move was predicted by Katruggalos, at least until that June 2018 Time Deadline, (Comp. Supra : i.e. letting triggered Procedures of Sanctions against Poland, Hungary, a.o. "Visegrad" Countries, which are among the First to Contest a controversial, Obligatory Relocation System for ASM, to continue).



eu_affairs_minister_of_greece_katruggalos_to_agg_eurofora_400


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+ Meanwhile, from Thursday Afternoon around 7 p.m., up to Friday Early Morning, about 2 a.m., the EU Summit astonishingly spend approximatively 6 Hours in "Hot" but Vain Discussions on the very Contradictory Issue, precisely of Mass Migration, and EU Council President Tusk's above-mentioned Letter, withOut being able to reach Any joint Conclusions at all...

So that, Exceptionaly, German Chancellor Angie Mekel was led to Drop her usual Press Briefing, which, normally, was a "rule" for Journalists, each Deep Night right after the 1st Day of each EU Summit in Brussels, and everybody Left withOut even the (previously anounced) EU Press Briefing, Neither Any kind of common Conclusion, except for ...Jerusalem, where EU simply attests that its position "Remains UnChanged".

 ----------------

 juncker_sceptical_end_of_1st_day_eu_brw_summit_12.2017_live_transmission_eurofora_400

Juncker, sceptical, End of 1st Day, EU BRW Summit 12.2017, Live Transmission (Eurofora)


But this European Council wasn't even able to say anything similar on Mass Migration, while an exceptionally Bitter EU Commission's President, Jean-Claude Juncker, appeared, over-Night, quite Bitter, pointing, inter alia, to a threat for EU Council to eventually pass, sooner or later, on that issue, from an Unanimous, to a Qualified Majority decision-making process, (etc). As for Tusk, he soberly acknowledged, at the 2nd Day's (i.e. Earlier Today) Concluding Press Conference, that an Agreement on that issue appeared "very Hard" to achieve, while, this 1st "Hot" Discussion, at least, had the merit to "Clean the Air"...

---------------------------------------------

 

prime_minister_of_greece_alexis_tsipras_comes_to_meet_agg_at_eu_summit_eurofora_400


- In this unusual Context, when the Prime Minister of Greece, Alexis Tsipras, was Asked by "Eurofora", earlier Today, (i.e., practically at the End of EU Summit's 2nd and Last Day), what was, "in Substance", the main Message that he would have, "for other EU Countries", on that Mass Migration issue, his, Concise, but "Dense" Reply, appeared partly Surprizing :

 
 
 - First of all, Tsipras made it clear that he wasn't going to repeat now, earlier already made Statements, but he accepted "Eurofora"s suggestion (Comp. Supra) to rather Focus on what is, according to his view, "the main Substance, at this Moment", as he pointed out.



>>> - In this regard, he Started by stressing that "the EU - Turkey Agreement should be Applied", and work Properly".  "That's what we want !", the Greek Prime Minister immediately underlined, in Reply to an "Eurofora"s Question.


 - He didn't make now any explicit reference to the Fact that the First and Stronger Reason for which the Huge "Tsunami" of 2015-2016 had been initially Reduced, from February-March 2016 onwards, had been, in reality, several European Countries' Decisions to Close and Protect their Borders, accross the "Western Balkans" route, already even Before that controversial EU-Turkey Deal was finalized and started to enter into force, only Later-on, towards the End of March 2016, (See: ...).

 
 

prime_minister_of_greece_alexis_tsipras_replies_to_agg_question_at_press_conference_room_eu_summit_eurofora_e_400


=> - In particular, "what Must be done, is to Better Reduce the Influx" of Mass Asylum Seekers/Irregular Migrants, from what it's now, (where, Recent Statistics have notoriously shown that Turkish Smugglers not only Persist, but have even re-Started to send More and More AS-IM into the EU, even on 2017, i.e. Dangerously and regularly Augmenting the Total Number of such Migrants mostly "Trapped" inside EU-Member Greece).



- However, Nowadays, the most Important point seems to be that of "Those who do Not get Asylum, in Greece or other (EU) First Host Countries", as Tsipras said, i.e. those who are also Finally considered, officially, as Irregular Migrants (and Not Refugees) :



- Because, for them, the main point are "Returns Back to the Countries of Origin", as the Prime Minister of Greece stressed, in Reply to "Eurofora"s above-mentioned Question.



 - And this Requires "a More Efficient Rapatriation", than what it has happened until now, Tsipras clearly Criticized, in fine.



=> - For that purpose, the EU should, preferably, set up "a European Mechanism of Rapatriations", the Greek Prime Minister suggested, in Conclusion.              

 

 + It's only in the Middle of those key points, that Tsipras also added that "the ReLocation in Third (EU+) Countries, should become more operational", than what it has been, until now, (since almost Everybody notoriously acknowledges that it didn't really work in real practice, particularly because of Unwillingness of several EU Countries to be infiltrated by that kind of Mass Migrants that Turkey suddenly decided to send to Europe).


I.e., apparently, an overall position which Departs from an Exclusive and Unilateral Accent on Controversial Obliged "ReLocation" towards Other EU Member Countries only (Comp. Supra), but Points, right from the Start, indirectly but certainly, mainly on the Shortcomings of the even more controversial EU - Turkey Deal which Costs to Europe about 3 Billions € in Full Grants each Year.

 

+ Meanwhile, it's also the incoming EU Chairman for the Period of January - June 2018, Boyko Borisov, Prime Minister of Bulgaria, (a Country which is also part of EU's External Borders vis a vis Turkey), who reportedly supports the view that EU - Turkey Deal on Mass Migration should work properly, as "Eurofora" was told, earlier Today in Brussels, by Bulgaria's Press Spokesperson, Genoveva Chervenakova. 

 incoming_eu_chairman_16.2018_bulharian_prime_minister_boyko_borisov_eurofora_400

(Borisov, watched by EU Army Officers, near EU-Africa Border Map: No reason for Turkey to do worse than Morocco on Irregular Mass Migration, despite 3 Billiions € of EU Grants - Eurofora)

------------------


Today's move might also be seen as a somewhat Elaborate suggestion, with Supplementary key elements, which might, perhaps, make possible, at least a Part of an overall, realistic Compromise, among EU Heads of State/Government, and other EU Leaders, in the foreseable Future.

 

Because, notoriously, there are also Various Other EU Leaders who might feel now that such a Direction, mutatis-mutandis, should, "in Substance", (and adequately crafted), be at least a Key Part of an Agreed Solution, to this Sudden, UnWarned 2015/2016 "Tsunami" send to Europe (and reportedly even "Selected") by Turkey.


(../..)

 

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(NDLR : Partly Revised + Extended)

 

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ECHR's President to "EuroFora" on Journalists Gongadze and Adali murders : Principles must apply to all States, without discrimination.


+ ECHR's Statistics on Freedom of Expression (See below).


 European Court of Human Rights' President, Jean-Paul Costa, questioned by "EuroFora" on Journalists' murders, as in Gongadze and Adali's cases etc., strongly stressed all CoE Member States' obligation to make efficient Investigations to find and punish those responsible, and underlined that ECHR's case-law's principles must apply to all without any discrimination.

His call was clearly supported by various Top MEPs who denounced a risk of "Double Standards" if some Journalists' murders are investigated, while others don't.

To avoid such risks, CoE's Parliamentary Assembly adopted a Resolution, on the occasion of Ukranian Journalist Gongadze's murder, "stressing", as a matter of general Principle, "the importance it attaches to the safety of Journalists and political activists, especially those linked to opposition groups, in ALL member states of the CoE". All "crimes against journalists and political activists must be investigated ... as a matter of priority, without political interference".

Costa was replying to "EuroFora"s question on the fact that, after CoE's Committee of Ministers, also CoE's Assembly had just adopted a Resolution on Gongadze murder case, based on an ECHR's judgement of 2005, asking a full Investigation from Ukraine, who has found and condemned  in 10 years of jail 2 executants, but not yet the instigators.

While nothing similar was yet done for dissident Turkish Cypriot Kutlu Adali's murder, with 5 bullets shot at his head out of his Family's home in the territories of Cyprus occupied by Ankara's army, despite another ECHR's judgement of the same year 2005, and despite Turkey's claim that nobody was found among those responsible for the murder, and that there was nothing more to do..

In order to be credible and efficient, CoE's mechanisms shouldn't find a way to at least ask for full investigations of all Journalists' murders anywhere they might be committed, without exceptions ?

adali_gongadze


- "On the larger question that you raised, I'd like to say, since we are in a period of stock-taking on ECHR's 50 Years, that the Court's case-law developed certain concepts ....such as the Positive obligations of States, part of which are also the procedural obligations", started to reply ECHR's President.

 - "Whenever Journalists, Lawyers, Defenders of Human Rights, or even simple Citizens are murdered, the States are held responsible, not only if its their own security forces' agents who committed these murders, but also if they didn't make sufficiently substantial and efficient Investigations", he stressed.

- "I want to strongly underline that we (ECHR) have found in many cases numerous violations of Articles 2 and 3 against States, ....(about) murders or torture, ...because they didn't make enough Investigations in order to try to find and punish those responsible".

- "We (ECHR) do that vis-a-vis all 47 (CoE) Member States, without any discrimination".

"Naturally, the circumstances in each particular case may be differend, and we can't ommit to apply the rules of proof, or the rules of criminal procedure".

"But we try, by all means, to apply these principles of our case-law, to all States", he concluded.

imag0335_400


      Costa's call was strongly supported by several Top CoE MEPs, from various Political areas


- "To investigate the murder of one Journalist, and not of another, looks like Double Standards", denounced the President of EuroLeft Group in CoE's Assembly, Dutch MEP Tiny Cox.  

- "What is the reason ? Politics or specificity of a case ? Of course, if Cyprus and Turkey are involved, it's always a Political case"..

- "Murders of Journalists should always be fully investigated, because killing Journalists is not only killing persons, but also killing Free Press".  "We (CoE's Assembly) should do our outmost to help People who are working on Free Press and they are under threat or murdered".

Because for Free Politics, Free Press is a pre-requisitive : Parliamentarians  cannot  function without a Free Press. Not investigating, is not protecting ourselves".

So we should investigate all Journalists' murders : We are talking about Gongadze, about the Cypriot man (Adali), about the Journalist murdered in Moscow one week ago, etc", Cox concluded

- "CoE can' look at these cases differently. CoE can't wear Blinckers  !".
- "If the one is investigated, so has to be also the other. Why there wasn't full investigation ? Why's that ?", wondered British  Socialist MEP, Alan Meale.

- "A good idea" would be to "make a Motion for Resolution", and "join all Journalists' murders. Adali and Gongadze etc", said to "EuroFora" EU Parliament Political affairs Committee's President, Goran Lindbland, ChristianDemocrat MEP from Sweden.


(See also earlier News at "EuroFora" on similar issues).
-------------------------------

ECHR's Statistics on Freedom of Expression :


    Almost Half of condemnations by ECHR for violations of Freedom of Expression in 2008, concern Turkey : 20 out of a total of 48 for all CoE's Member States.

    Russia, Poland, France and Moldova were condemned only 3 times. Romania, Greece, Portugal, 2 times, and the other CoE Member States only 1 time, or none.
--------------------
    During the last Decade : 1998 - 2008, Turkey was condemned for violating Freedom of Expression in ..169 cases, while Austria only in 24.

    France and Moldova in 14 and 13, respectively, closely followed by Russia and Poland with 11 and 10, respectively. The rest of CoE Member States had less than ten condemnations.    
    

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