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Pagina principale arrow newsitems arrow French Media Minister Nyssen to Eurofora: Towards defining Journalism by Deontology, Not Fiscal data

French Media Minister Nyssen to Eurofora: Towards defining Journalism by Deontology, Not Fiscal data

Scritto da ACM
Friday, 18 May 2018
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*Strasbourg/ARTE/Angelo Marcopolo/- Responding to a Press Invitation for a Debate with New French Minister for Medias and Culture, Francoise Nyssen, on the "Hot" Topical Issue of "Fake News", organised this Afternoon at the prestigious European Radio-TV "ARTE"'s Headquarters, Facing EU Parliament's Building in Strasbourg, "Eurofora" was Positively Surprized by the Competent Minister's Brief, but Clearly Affirmative Reply to our Question about whether it may be More Helpfull for the Quality of information to Adopt a Definition of Journalism which would be Based preferably on Press Deontology Principles, Instead of some mainly "Fiscal" elements, (as some still persist to demand, Contrary to Recent European and International Developments : See Infra).


This interesting Exchange, Topically took place Shortly Before a brand-New Law on "Fake News" is due to be Soon Voted by the French National Assembly, (See Infra), Drafted by MP Bruno Studer, (who was also Present in that Event, and Spoke, Afterwards, to "Eurofora" : See Infra).


Meanwhile, "ARTE"'s Officials had already shown some Well-Crafted Videos of special TV-Programs for Children which made an artful, but adequately Simplified Introduction to some Press Deontology's Basic Principles, (including, f.ex., to Cross-Check alleged "Facts" for Verification, etc).

 

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But, even if that Special Meeting had been Explicitly Prepared for such "Fake News" - related Debates, Nevertheless, curiously, Most of the Participants to this "ARTE" Debate, had prefered to Focus, instead, on anOther, Different Topical Issue : that of a ... "Culture-Pass" Card for Free Access to Culture by Young Students, which had been Launched by Thyssen earlier this Morning and appeared quite Popular, (See Infra)...


Therefore, "Eurofora" had, practically, to Wait up to the special Moment Fixed by the Ministry's Press Service, for a Specific "Press-Point" with the Accredited Journalists, in order to have a Chance to Explore the Competent French Minister's Views on the above-mentioned Issue :
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 - "Eurofora", Noting the Fact that, recently, there are Several moves about "Fake News" also at European level, (f.ex. in EU Parliament, CoE, etc), as well as various Proposals made by Independent, Experienced Press Experts (See Infra),


Asked the French Minister for Medias, if she Agreed that, at least one among the Ways to Protect the Quality of Information, should be to Find Ways to Make the Definition of Journalism (including Legal), Closer to Values and Principles of Press Deontology, instead of restricting it to some Controversial, rather "Fiscal" purposes-Serving elements, (which put, f.ex., France at a Distance from Germany, from ECHR's Case-Law, even from the Inter-American Court of Human Rights', etc. : See Infra).

 

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- The Reply, given to that "Eurofora"s Question, by the French Minister of Medias and Culture, Francoise Nyssen, was Suprisingly Positive :


 - "We (France), ... are Already Advancing Towards that Direction !", she immediately Stressed, from the outset.


- "In fact, it's (almost) Already there !", Nyssen spontaneously Added, (may be too Optimistically, but, at any case, significantly)


+ And, as a Concrete Example, the Competent Minister pointed, at least, at a particular "Law", which had been Adopted by the French National Assembly "a Few Time Ago", i.e. since 2016, (See more Details Infra).


--------------------------------


    Both some Old and Recent French Legal/Political Texts (already from 1979, 1881, as well as after 2010, etc) make certain Interesting References to various Definitions or, at least, Descriptions of Journalism, which seem very Close to that officially and clearly Adopted by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights already as early as since 1985, (See : http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/iachrcoebookandefjsgonjournalismdefinition.html, etc), before being also, mutatis-mutandis, endorsed by CoE's Committee of Ministers since 2000, and more Recently and clearly reiterated, in substance, by a relevant Reply of the European Federation of Journalists' Secretary General Gutierrez to a relevant "Eurofora"s Question during a 2-Days long International Conference on Press Freedom issues, as well as by the Explicit Definition subsequently adopted by a Team of CoE's Experts who Drafted the Latest, 2016 Book of the PanEuropean, 47 Member Countries-strong Organisation for Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law, about Press Freedom, Journalists and the Internet, back on 2016-2017, consistent with ECHR's case-law on Article 10, (which is the Only one to Protect Journalists) :


- I.e, mainly, that Journalism is the Activity of Persons Committed to Regularly Search, Analyse, Write and Publish Original News on Issues which Affect People's Lives and/or Society at large, (Comp., inter alia, also, f.ex.: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/coecommissionerandjournalistsafety.html , etc).


However, at least Some among those French Texts (Contrary to the situation existing in Other Countries, both in Europe and elsewhere in the World) use to Add also an irrelevant element, which has Nothing to do with pluralistic Democracy, Neither with Human Rights, but it apparently Serves only some Fiscal purposes, (concerning, f.ex. those who Pay a certain Percentage of Money Revenues to the Journalist, etc).


+ That's one among the Reasons for which, (according to an Earlier Suggestion made by "Eurofora" on the occasion of a Journalists' Gathering at the CoE in Strasbourg, when we also Discussed the matter together: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/digitalpress.html +
+ http://www.eurofora.net/brief/brief/webmedia.html), the World-Famous Press Expert, former Long-Time Secretary General of the European and International Federation of Journalists, and currently Director of the "Ethical Journalism Network", Aidan White, has Urged, (mainly in a Long Article at a Book Published by the CoE on 2015 : See http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/iachrcoebookandefjsgonjournalismdefinition.html), in substance, to Focus, on the Definition of Journalism and Assimilated activities, more on the observance of certain Basic Principles of Press Deontology.


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+ Moreover, Nyssen did Not immediately Deny when "Eurofora" added that "this should concern also the Traditional Medias, since, f.ex., in the USA, even "CNN" has been recently Accused to air "Fake News", as well as some Other Mainstream Medias, (particularly by People related to New US President Don Trump).


- But, at least as far as it concerns the current Draft Law on Fake News, its main Author, French MP Bruno Studer, speaking afterwards to "Eurofora", had a quite Different stance :


- "We don't focus on the Content, but, mainly on the Way in which it is Transmitted", Studer sharply told "Eurofora" in Reply to a Similar Observation as that which we had just made in fine during Media/Culture Minister Thyssen's Press-point, (Comp. Supra).


At this Stage, it remains, however, to take due Care for that Draft Not to risk to be Criticized for any eventual Discrimination against On-Line Medias, compared to Traditional Medias, which would, obviously, be Both irrational, not legitimate, and almost certainly illegal. It all depends, naturally, on How exactly will be Crafted the Precise Wording of the Final Text.


- As MP Studer confirmed to "Eurofora", it's expected to be Voted by the French Parliamentary Assembly at the Beginning of June 2018, and, afterwards, it will follow the usual Procedure of Debate and Vote also by the Senate, according to the results of which, it will be brought to President Macron for official Promulgation, so that it might, probably, enter into force, around the Beginning of 2018's Autumn.


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- However, when Minister Thyssen gave the above-mentioned Reply to "Eurofora"s main Question about a Definition of Journalism closer to Press Deontology, instead of mere Fiscal aspects, (Comp. Supra), she chose to cite as an Example supposed to Advance in this Direction, a 2016 Law, which had been Drafted by the former President of French Parliamentary Assembly's Committee on Cultural/Media Affairs, Patrick Bloche :

 - F.ex., already, "we had the Bloche Law on (Press) Deontology, which was adopted a few time ago", she simply pointed out, in this regard.

Indeed, that Law speaks about Press Deontology, and apparentlly seeks to Protect Journalists against some eventual Pressure to go against it.


But it does so mainly in the case of eventual Differences between a Subordinate Paid Worker and his Boss, inside a Collective Business outlet, etc.


Therefore, it does Not contain any kind of innovative Definition of Journalism "erga omnes" at all.


In Addition, that quite Controversial Law had been Attacked by MPs and Senators before the Constitutional Court in France, which declared at least 1 of its main Articles as UnConstitutional.


Moreover, several Medias, even Traditional Mainstream Newspapers (as f.ex. "Liberation" : Center Left, etc) have, meanwhile, Published some very Critical Articles, which Denounced, in particular, that some Ambiguities in that 2016 Law, might, in Fact, instead of Protecting Journalists, (as its Initial and Official Aim was), it might, on the Contrary, provoke even certain Dangers against Press Freedom, in certain cases...


=> Therefore, it's obvious that the Need to susbtantiate further, with concrete examples Medias Minister Thyssen's overall Positive appraisal, in her Reply to "Eurofora"'s above-mentioned Question, (Comp. Supra), stil remains.


Hopefully, some interesting relevant elements of Fact might, eventually, Start to Arrive, in one way or another, at the Horizon of a foreseeable Future, asap....



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+ "Culture-Pass"
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+ For the Rest, Earlier Today, Francoise Nyssen, as Minister of Culture, had notoriously Launched, elsewhere, the experimental stage of a Popular New Measure due to Help Young Students' Access to Culture, nick-named "Pass-Culture", in Agreement with the University of Strasbourg :


- Those sympahetic events took place at the National Theater of Strasbourg (TNS), after a Meeting with a Team of Young People at the adjacent Museum of Famous Cartoonist "Tomy Ungerer", (by a Coincidence, located side by side with CoE Secretary General's Home !).


But, even if we had been Accredited also for that Event, unfortunately, this happened almost at the Same Hour, during which, "Eurofora" and several Other Journalists, had to made a Press Coverage of French Prime Minister Edouard Philippe's official visit at the ENA School for Senior Officials of Public Admiistrations, at the Other Side of Strasbourg... (See our NewsReport, with Statements made by PM. Philippe, and other relevant News, from the spot at : http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/frenchprilmeministeronenaschoolasitalydecides.html).

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Nevertheless, "Eurofora" had the opportunity to Meet, just a few Minutes after Nyssen's departure from the TNS, a group of 3 Young Students who had personally Participated to those events on that "Culture-Pass" Card :


- By speaking briefly with them on the spot, it became Clear that they appeared very Glad for that Move, (at least at this Stage), made according to New French President Emmanuel Macron's Electoral Promises of 2017, as they Reminded themselves, which is due to Give them a kind of Credit up to 500 € per Year in order to Pay for Access to various Cultural Events, that they are, in principle, "Free" to choose, where, when and as they Like, (f.ex. on many, or few, even one event, etc).


Last, but not least, by a Coincidence, Both 3 of them, told "Eurofora" that they were Originated from "Selestat" Village, Near Strasbourg, i.e. the precise Strategic Local Crossroads from which we had taken a Train recently in our way Back from President Macron's recent Trip up to the Nearby Vosges' Mountains, where he Launched the 1st "EU Citizens' Public Consultation" on Europe's Future (at Epinal City), before Visiting also various Other landmark, Rural but Historic Areas, (such as, f.ex. Saint-Dié city, etc. : See Macron's Reply to "Eurofora"s Question there at: ....)
 

 

(../..)



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***

 

(NDLR : "DraftNews", as already send, Earlier, to "Eurofora" Subscribers/Donors. A more accurate, full Final Version, might be published asap)

 

***

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3 EU Parliament votes to boost EuroGroup !

---------------------------------

After EuroZone Paris Summit's succes, Sarkozy calls to "think anew how to re-construct Europe !

"EuroZone and EU Institutional debates pave the way to 2009 discussions on EU Future, including Enlargment, Turkey etc. ?


23 October 2008

After EU Parliament strongly suppported in 3 successive Votes this week in Strasbourg French EU Chairmanship's move to boost Euro-Group at EU's core, while ideas on EU Institutional problems are awaited on December, "it's an open Question now" if this may lead to a debate on EU's Future, or not, told us French President, Nicolas Sarkozy''s Spokesman, Pierre-Jerome Henin.

MEPs voted on Thursday fresh Funds to support EuroGroup, after adopting on Wednesday a Resolution asking a "further Evolution" to "the 1st ever meeting of Heads of State and of Government of the Euro-Zone, taking decisions in that capacity", while earlier this week a Report asked "a stronger Institutional setting" for "EuroGroup", extended from "competitiveness/industry" to "environment, employment and education", with "increased powers for Political decision-making", according to a text drafted by French MEP Francoise Beres and German MEP Werner Langen, "10 Years after the creation of Euro" (1999 - 2009).

- Brussels' subsequent "EU Council ..(simply)..ratified the measures decided by EuroGroup on October 12" in Paris, which "were necessary to contain the current Financial Crisis", Resolution observes, expressing also support to the new process succesfully initiated by Sarkozy and due to be completed by agreements with USA and other countries at a Global level.

From now on, it's between two differend but parallel moves : EU's delay, and EuroZone's acceleration, that Enlargement and particularly Turkey's controversial EU bid, will have to search its way :

Indeed, EU's 27 expect a "Roadmap on how to deal with the Irish problem" on Lisbon Treaty ratification after December, risking to pass even 2009 Elections and next Commission with the old Nice Treaty of 2000, out-dated and unfit even for 2004's Enlargement...

On the contrary, EU's core launches a real "Economic Governance for EuroZone at the highest level of Heads of State/Government" of the 15, which started in Paris on October 12 and was strongly supported this week in Strasbourg by Sarkozy and EU Parliament.
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- "It's a good idea, to launch such a debate ("on EU's Future") in EU Parliament in view of 2009 Euro-Election : Perhaps some MEPs will seize an opportunity", told us mainstream French MEP Alain Lamassoure, former EU Minister and EU Spokesman for France's governing party UMP.

- "All MEPs' debates on such EU Councils are also part of the larger debate on Europe's future : Now with EuroZone, and even more when, on December, Irish Prime Minister is due to table proposals in Strasbourg on how to deal with EU Treaty's ratification", replied earlier to our question EU Parliament's Press Director and Spokesman, Jaume Duch.
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Sarkozy has formally anounced his intention to open EU Debates on Economy, Identity/Enlargement (i.e. mainly Turkey), etc. both linked to a popular Political view of Europe, since his Historic speeches on EU in Strasbourg, on February and July 2007, when he stressed that "Europe needs a New Renaissance". At the beginning of the French EU Presidency, on July 2008, replying to a MEP, he suggested that EU Parliament takes an active part in Debates on EU's Future.

- Now, in 2008, "Crisis are an opportunity to re-think how to re-construct Europe", Sarkozy stressed. At any case, the Historic 1st EuroZone Summit of Heads of State/Government, which started replying to the Financial crisis,"is a Turning Point : After that, Europe cannot be governed as before, but differently" : People "like a Europe with Strong Will".

- "We must make the System move !", "Europe needs Innovation" and free political debates. EU "Elections are in a few Months", Sarkozy warned.

He invited EU Parliament to fully play its role as "the Democratic Heart of the Europe we want : United, Independent and Voluntarist, because the World needs Europe's voice".

- "It's no more possible for Euro-Zone to continue without an Economic Government" at the Highest Level of Heads of State/Government, who provide "Democratic Legitimity" and can take important decisions, he announced, strongly supported by EU Parliament's Economic Committee which just voted to boost the "Institutional" aspects of "EuroGroup".

Plasticity offered by the current absence of a special Treaty on EuroZone's Institutions "made it easy to adapt the organization of the 1st Summit with imagination, to efficiently meet urgent needs", he observed, on the occasion of Brittish Prime Minister's exceptionnal presence at the greatest part of EuroGroup's Paris Summit.

- "In EuroZone we have the same Bank, the same Money, and, thus, a same duty for Unity" : "By bringing together EuroGroup's 15 members States we suceeded to find a solution and prepare a Giant Plan of 1.800 Billion euros", Sarkozy reminded of Paris' 1st Historic EuroZone's Summit.

Afterwards, Brussels' EU Council followed the move, and USA's Paulson II Plan was inspired from that. "Europe must promote the idea of Global Economy's Refoundation", he stressed.

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- "I was frankly astonished when I found, at the EU, a rigid system, where any New Idea was seen from the outset as a sacrilege, while, on the contrary, Europe needs Innovation !", he described.

F.ex. ,"'When we first spoke about the "Union for the Mediterranean", it was misunderstood as something extraordinary.. When later we had the Russia -Georgia crisis, it seemed against EU's custom to act "in the middle of August", instead of staying a passive spectator ! And when, in front of the Financial ciris, we gathered the 1st EuroZone Summit of the "15", some thought of it as a lese-majesté", he denounced.
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On Geo-Political Principles :
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- But, by moving resolutely, "EU obtained the ...withdrawal of Occupation Troops in 2 Months !", reminded Sarkozy, observing that Russia "fulfilled its commitments", in the Georgian crisis, where a "disroportionate reaction" from Moscow followed a "totally inappropriate action" from Tbilisi's troops. "It would be crazy to reply by military means : EU should not become accomplice of another Cold War, imposed by lack of cool heads".. as he said.

In future, "the creation of a common European Economic Area with EU and Russia, would also obtain a raprochment on our Human Rights and Democratic Values", added Sarkozy, in a statement which should logically be applied, a fortiori, to controversial EU "candidate" Turkey..

Particularly when, the same week that EU Parliament voted 2009 EU Funds for Turkey's controversial EU bid, ECHR took a series of judgements condemning Turkey for grave Violations of Human Rights, such as : Torture, death of a political prisoner in unclear circumstances followed by failure to conduct a proper Investigation, "enforced Disappearance" of a youngster aged 17, Killing of a sepherd with Tank Shells, persecuting Journalists for articles on "Missing" People, even a former President of Human Rights' Association, (etc)

- "We (EU) can defend our ideas on respect of Sovereignity and territorial Integrity, on Human Rights and other differences ... without confrontation", Sarkozy stressed, on the occasion of Russian/Georgian conflict, reminding that : "we were only 2 steps from catastroph", when a Peace agreement brokered in Moscow prevented, at the last minute, Russian troops' advance towards Tbilisi.

An EU Parliament Resolution adopted Wednesday in Strasbourg on the occasion of Russia - Georgia conflict, outlines a set of Principle which apply elsewhere too, (particularly when EU Rapporteur for Russia and Turkey is one and same person ; Dutch MEP Ria Oomen-Ruijtanen !)

Clearly rejecting any "military solution to the conflicts", MEPs "condemn ..all those who resorted to force and violence". They denounce a "disproportionate military action", "as well as (an) unilateral decision to recognise the independence" of brekaway regions, "calling.. to respect the sovereignty and territorial integrity" of the concerned country, "and the inviolability of its borders recognised by all EU Member States". They warn that "EU must review its policy towards" a 3rd Country, "should .(it)...not comply with its commitments", and "stress that the withdrawal of.... troops from the areas ....is an essential additional step".

EU Parliament "calls for the safe and quick return of refugees, (accepted by Russian President Medvedev) accompanied by the deployment of EU observers on the ground", and "regrets ...that ..EU Monitoring Mission (EUMM) is not allowed to enter the ...breakaway regions". Moreover, "It's important to ensure that persons and NGOs ..engaged in defending human and civil rights can operate". "Until ...all remaining issues (are) resolved..., and notably the continuing ...Military presence", "relations with the EU ..cannot be fully normalised", MEPS warned.

As nobody likes to be accused to practice "Double Standards", this should be regarded as "Principles" applicable to any Third Country at EU's Neighborhood.. No ?

-------------------

On Economy :

-----------------------
- "When Financial crisis shook US and EU's Banks, without result from the 1st (American) Paulsen plan, it was the common reply of the 1st EuroZone's Summit, involving some 1800 Billion euros, which started a positive move in the markets, soon strengthened by the follow-up of the US Paulson 2 Plan, noted Sarkozy.

- "Europe should not be only on the defensive, but, if necessary, know also how to take an offensive", he said, brushing away hesitationsto act on Economy: - "I'm for a refondation of Capitaliism, but against Speculators, who betray its values" : "Lack of Rules was profitable to speculators, Not to businessmen !" We must make sure to prevent any such crisis in future". "We, the rest of the World, cannot continue to bear the deficits of the 1st World power without saying anything !", the French President said, applauded by EU Parliament. All this needs "a New Global Governance", on which EU Parliament must debate. That's why "we proposed together with USA, several Summits from mid-November", to which G-8, enlarged to China, India a.o. countries, should participate. UNO's SG; Ban Ki Moon, the IMF, etc.

Financial crisis lowered shares' prices even for healthy companies, sometimes to 1/3 of their initial price, so that strangers might buy EU industries for only a portion of their real value, and Europeans may wake up one day with their main industries sold out to foreigners !

That's one of the reasons for which EU should debate about creating "Golden Shares" for States to jointly take Strategic participations to help European Industries until the end of the Crisis, particularly against distording competition, he suggested, pointing at USA's 35 billion $ plan for American Car Industry."We shall struggle for Europe to be able to build Airplanes, Ships, Trains, Cars, because we need a strong Industry", he concluded.

"F.ex. as we did back in 2004, when as Finance Minister, we bought Alsthom's shares for 800.000 euros, and, after restructuring, we sold them for 2 Millions : Help a company and make money is not so bad"...

As for the UK, "when Ireland announced that it would guarantee only Irish Banks, London City emptied from liquidities in 24 hours : It's the EU which helped to restore the situation, Not the UK alone !", reminded Sarkozy to nationalist British MEP Nigel Farage.

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On the contrary, in a last-minute attempt for the EU to catch-up with its Institutional delay "before the European Elections" of June 2009, MEPs simply voted a call for a "set of proposals" to be made for the "Irish public opinion" at the end of the year...

- "As long as Lisbon Treaty is not ratified by all 27 EU Member States, there is an unanimous decision to stop Enlargement, reminded Wednesday in Strasbourg the French Minister for EU affairs, Jean-Pierre Jouyet..

Added to an indirect but clear warning that, without Lisbon Treaty, all 27 EU Member Countries may not have a Commissioner in the 2009 resuffle, MEPS in the Constitutional/Foreign affairs Committees applauded hoping that this might motivate their Irish friends..

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