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Haupt arrow newsitems arrow French Media Minister Nyssen to Eurofora: Towards defining Journalism by Deontology, Not Fiscal data

French Media Minister Nyssen to Eurofora: Towards defining Journalism by Deontology, Not Fiscal data

Geschrieben von ACM
Friday, 18 May 2018
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*Strasbourg/ARTE/Angelo Marcopolo/- Responding to a Press Invitation for a Debate with New French Minister for Medias and Culture, Francoise Nyssen, on the "Hot" Topical Issue of "Fake News", organised this Afternoon at the prestigious European Radio-TV "ARTE"'s Headquarters, Facing EU Parliament's Building in Strasbourg, "Eurofora" was Positively Surprized by the Competent Minister's Brief, but Clearly Affirmative Reply to our Question about whether it may be More Helpfull for the Quality of information to Adopt a Definition of Journalism which would be Based preferably on Press Deontology Principles, Instead of some mainly "Fiscal" elements, (as some still persist to demand, Contrary to Recent European and International Developments : See Infra).


This interesting Exchange, Topically took place Shortly Before a brand-New Law on "Fake News" is due to be Soon Voted by the French National Assembly, (See Infra), Drafted by MP Bruno Studer, (who was also Present in that Event, and Spoke, Afterwards, to "Eurofora" : See Infra).


Meanwhile, "ARTE"'s Officials had already shown some Well-Crafted Videos of special TV-Programs for Children which made an artful, but adequately Simplified Introduction to some Press Deontology's Basic Principles, (including, f.ex., to Cross-Check alleged "Facts" for Verification, etc).

 

french_media_minister_nyssen_at_arte_press_area_eurofora_400


But, even if that Special Meeting had been Explicitly Prepared for such "Fake News" - related Debates, Nevertheless, curiously, Most of the Participants to this "ARTE" Debate, had prefered to Focus, instead, on anOther, Different Topical Issue : that of a ... "Culture-Pass" Card for Free Access to Culture by Young Students, which had been Launched by Thyssen earlier this Morning and appeared quite Popular, (See Infra)...


Therefore, "Eurofora" had, practically, to Wait up to the special Moment Fixed by the Ministry's Press Service, for a Specific "Press-Point" with the Accredited Journalists, in order to have a Chance to Explore the Competent French Minister's Views on the above-mentioned Issue :
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 - "Eurofora", Noting the Fact that, recently, there are Several moves about "Fake News" also at European level, (f.ex. in EU Parliament, CoE, etc), as well as various Proposals made by Independent, Experienced Press Experts (See Infra),


Asked the French Minister for Medias, if she Agreed that, at least one among the Ways to Protect the Quality of Information, should be to Find Ways to Make the Definition of Journalism (including Legal), Closer to Values and Principles of Press Deontology, instead of restricting it to some Controversial, rather "Fiscal" purposes-Serving elements, (which put, f.ex., France at a Distance from Germany, from ECHR's Case-Law, even from the Inter-American Court of Human Rights', etc. : See Infra).

 

french_minister_of_culure__medias_fr._nyssen_400 


- The Reply, given to that "Eurofora"s Question, by the French Minister of Medias and Culture, Francoise Nyssen, was Suprisingly Positive :


 - "We (France), ... are Already Advancing Towards that Direction !", she immediately Stressed, from the outset.


- "In fact, it's (almost) Already there !", Nyssen spontaneously Added, (may be too Optimistically, but, at any case, significantly)


+ And, as a Concrete Example, the Competent Minister pointed, at least, at a particular "Law", which had been Adopted by the French National Assembly "a Few Time Ago", i.e. since 2016, (See more Details Infra).


--------------------------------


    Both some Old and Recent French Legal/Political Texts (already from 1979, 1881, as well as after 2010, etc) make certain Interesting References to various Definitions or, at least, Descriptions of Journalism, which seem very Close to that officially and clearly Adopted by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights already as early as since 1985, (See : http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/iachrcoebookandefjsgonjournalismdefinition.html, etc), before being also, mutatis-mutandis, endorsed by CoE's Committee of Ministers since 2000, and more Recently and clearly reiterated, in substance, by a relevant Reply of the European Federation of Journalists' Secretary General Gutierrez to a relevant "Eurofora"s Question during a 2-Days long International Conference on Press Freedom issues, as well as by the Explicit Definition subsequently adopted by a Team of CoE's Experts who Drafted the Latest, 2016 Book of the PanEuropean, 47 Member Countries-strong Organisation for Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law, about Press Freedom, Journalists and the Internet, back on 2016-2017, consistent with ECHR's case-law on Article 10, (which is the Only one to Protect Journalists) :


- I.e, mainly, that Journalism is the Activity of Persons Committed to Regularly Search, Analyse, Write and Publish Original News on Issues which Affect People's Lives and/or Society at large, (Comp., inter alia, also, f.ex.: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/coecommissionerandjournalistsafety.html , etc).


However, at least Some among those French Texts (Contrary to the situation existing in Other Countries, both in Europe and elsewhere in the World) use to Add also an irrelevant element, which has Nothing to do with pluralistic Democracy, Neither with Human Rights, but it apparently Serves only some Fiscal purposes, (concerning, f.ex. those who Pay a certain Percentage of Money Revenues to the Journalist, etc).


+ That's one among the Reasons for which, (according to an Earlier Suggestion made by "Eurofora" on the occasion of a Journalists' Gathering at the CoE in Strasbourg, when we also Discussed the matter together: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/digitalpress.html +
+ http://www.eurofora.net/brief/brief/webmedia.html), the World-Famous Press Expert, former Long-Time Secretary General of the European and International Federation of Journalists, and currently Director of the "Ethical Journalism Network", Aidan White, has Urged, (mainly in a Long Article at a Book Published by the CoE on 2015 : See http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/iachrcoebookandefjsgonjournalismdefinition.html), in substance, to Focus, on the Definition of Journalism and Assimilated activities, more on the observance of certain Basic Principles of Press Deontology.


-------------------------------


+ Moreover, Nyssen did Not immediately Deny when "Eurofora" added that "this should concern also the Traditional Medias, since, f.ex., in the USA, even "CNN" has been recently Accused to air "Fake News", as well as some Other Mainstream Medias, (particularly by People related to New US President Don Trump).


- But, at least as far as it concerns the current Draft Law on Fake News, its main Author, French MP Bruno Studer, speaking afterwards to "Eurofora", had a quite Different stance :


- "We don't focus on the Content, but, mainly on the Way in which it is Transmitted", Studer sharply told "Eurofora" in Reply to a Similar Observation as that which we had just made in fine during Media/Culture Minister Thyssen's Press-point, (Comp. Supra).


At this Stage, it remains, however, to take due Care for that Draft Not to risk to be Criticized for any eventual Discrimination against On-Line Medias, compared to Traditional Medias, which would, obviously, be Both irrational, not legitimate, and almost certainly illegal. It all depends, naturally, on How exactly will be Crafted the Precise Wording of the Final Text.


- As MP Studer confirmed to "Eurofora", it's expected to be Voted by the French Parliamentary Assembly at the Beginning of June 2018, and, afterwards, it will follow the usual Procedure of Debate and Vote also by the Senate, according to the results of which, it will be brought to President Macron for official Promulgation, so that it might, probably, enter into force, around the Beginning of 2018's Autumn.


---------------------------------------

 
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- However, when Minister Thyssen gave the above-mentioned Reply to "Eurofora"s main Question about a Definition of Journalism closer to Press Deontology, instead of mere Fiscal aspects, (Comp. Supra), she chose to cite as an Example supposed to Advance in this Direction, a 2016 Law, which had been Drafted by the former President of French Parliamentary Assembly's Committee on Cultural/Media Affairs, Patrick Bloche :

 - F.ex., already, "we had the Bloche Law on (Press) Deontology, which was adopted a few time ago", she simply pointed out, in this regard.

Indeed, that Law speaks about Press Deontology, and apparentlly seeks to Protect Journalists against some eventual Pressure to go against it.


But it does so mainly in the case of eventual Differences between a Subordinate Paid Worker and his Boss, inside a Collective Business outlet, etc.


Therefore, it does Not contain any kind of innovative Definition of Journalism "erga omnes" at all.


In Addition, that quite Controversial Law had been Attacked by MPs and Senators before the Constitutional Court in France, which declared at least 1 of its main Articles as UnConstitutional.


Moreover, several Medias, even Traditional Mainstream Newspapers (as f.ex. "Liberation" : Center Left, etc) have, meanwhile, Published some very Critical Articles, which Denounced, in particular, that some Ambiguities in that 2016 Law, might, in Fact, instead of Protecting Journalists, (as its Initial and Official Aim was), it might, on the Contrary, provoke even certain Dangers against Press Freedom, in certain cases...


=> Therefore, it's obvious that the Need to susbtantiate further, with concrete examples Medias Minister Thyssen's overall Positive appraisal, in her Reply to "Eurofora"'s above-mentioned Question, (Comp. Supra), stil remains.


Hopefully, some interesting relevant elements of Fact might, eventually, Start to Arrive, in one way or another, at the Horizon of a foreseeable Future, asap....



------------------------------------------
+ "Culture-Pass"
-----------------------------------------------


+ For the Rest, Earlier Today, Francoise Nyssen, as Minister of Culture, had notoriously Launched, elsewhere, the experimental stage of a Popular New Measure due to Help Young Students' Access to Culture, nick-named "Pass-Culture", in Agreement with the University of Strasbourg :


- Those sympahetic events took place at the National Theater of Strasbourg (TNS), after a Meeting with a Team of Young People at the adjacent Museum of Famous Cartoonist "Tomy Ungerer", (by a Coincidence, located side by side with CoE Secretary General's Home !).


But, even if we had been Accredited also for that Event, unfortunately, this happened almost at the Same Hour, during which, "Eurofora" and several Other Journalists, had to made a Press Coverage of French Prime Minister Edouard Philippe's official visit at the ENA School for Senior Officials of Public Admiistrations, at the Other Side of Strasbourg... (See our NewsReport, with Statements made by PM. Philippe, and other relevant News, from the spot at : http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/frenchprilmeministeronenaschoolasitalydecides.html).

--------------

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Nevertheless, "Eurofora" had the opportunity to Meet, just a few Minutes after Nyssen's departure from the TNS, a group of 3 Young Students who had personally Participated to those events on that "Culture-Pass" Card :


- By speaking briefly with them on the spot, it became Clear that they appeared very Glad for that Move, (at least at this Stage), made according to New French President Emmanuel Macron's Electoral Promises of 2017, as they Reminded themselves, which is due to Give them a kind of Credit up to 500 € per Year in order to Pay for Access to various Cultural Events, that they are, in principle, "Free" to choose, where, when and as they Like, (f.ex. on many, or few, even one event, etc).


Last, but not least, by a Coincidence, Both 3 of them, told "Eurofora" that they were Originated from "Selestat" Village, Near Strasbourg, i.e. the precise Strategic Local Crossroads from which we had taken a Train recently in our way Back from President Macron's recent Trip up to the Nearby Vosges' Mountains, where he Launched the 1st "EU Citizens' Public Consultation" on Europe's Future (at Epinal City), before Visiting also various Other landmark, Rural but Historic Areas, (such as, f.ex. Saint-Dié city, etc. : See Macron's Reply to "Eurofora"s Question there at: ....)
 

 

(../..)



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(NDLR : "DraftNews", as already send, Earlier, to "Eurofora" Subscribers/Donors. A more accurate, full Final Version, might be published asap)

 

***

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Recent developments proved that Europe can suceed to overcome challenges by aiming at great objectives, and this is needed also in 2009, said EU chairman, French President Nicolas Sarkozy.

    - "It's in the name of Great Ideas, Projects, Ambition and Ideals, that EU can overcome" challenges, stressed Sarkozy at EU Parliament in Strasbourg, in conclusion of a dense 7 months EU Chairmanship. "It's even easier for Europe to have Great projects, able to overcome national egoism, instead of limiting itself only to small projects" (unable to do alike), he observed.     

- "Europe must remain Ambitious and understand that the World needs her to take Decisions". "The World needs a Strong Europe", which "thinks on its own, has convictions, its own responses, its imagination" : "A Europe which does not limit itself into following" others, (as it did in the Past, when it followed USA, f.ex. on Bosnia). On the contrary, "Europe should undertake its own responsibilities", he said, after a series of succes in stopping the War between Russia and Georgia, and organizing the 1st EuroZone's Summit in Paris, which incited the Washington DC G-20 Summit to extend similar decisions World-wide.  


    - "When you sweep it all under the carpet, prepare yourself for hard tomorrows", he warned. "What hinders decisions is the lack of Courage and Will, the fading away of Ideals", he stressed before EU Parliament's 2008 debate on Human Rights and Sakharov prize on Freedom of thought attributed by MEPs to Chinese cyber-dissident Hu Jia, followed by an EU - Turkey meeting on Friday.

    - "I don't abandon my convictions" and "I will take initiatives" on EU level also in 2009, Sarkozy announced later. "France will not stop having convictions and taking initiatives" on Europe. + "It's an Error to wish to pass over the Heads of those who are elected in their Countries" : "It's an integrism I always fought against"', he warned.
---------------------
French EU Presidency faced 4 unexpected Crisis :

- An institutional crisis, with the Irish "No" to EU Lisbon Treaty, just before it started. A geopolitical crisis, wth the threat of War between Russia and Georgia risking to throw Europe back to Cold-war divisions, on August. A World-wide Financial and Economic crisis, arriving at a bad moment before crucial 2009 EU elections. And even a Strasbourg's mini-crisis, with EU Parliament's roof curiously falling down, from unknown reasons, in a brand new building on August, provoking an unprecedented transfert of the 2 September Plenary Sessions...

But it wasn't enough to stop Sarkozy ! On the contrary, it stimulated him...
---------------------------------------

- "The better way to deal with the recent problems of EU institutions (as the "3 NO" by France, the Netherlands and Ireland) is to take them as a "Test" in order to find solutions closer to Citizens' concerns", said later in Strasbourg Sarkozy's new choice as Ministe for EU affairs, Bruno Le Maire.

- On the Institutional front, Sarkozy gave Time to the Irish to think about it, and stroke on December a deal including a New Referendum after the June 2009 EU Elections, in exchange of a promise to keep the rule of "one EU Commissioner for each EU Member Country", and some opt-outs on Defence and Fiscal EU policies, Abortion, etc. If the Irish get a "Yes" Majority, then the institutional package could be completed in 2010 or 2011 on the occasion of Croatia's probable EU accession.

He was accused in Strasbourg to upgrade EU Council and downgrade EU Commision, but he replied that "strong Political initiatives by EU Council reinforce also the more technical role of EU Commission, under the political-technical leadership of its President", all 3 "working together with EU Parliament".


- But, meanwhile, Sarkozy energetically spearheaded an Historic 1st Summit of EuroZone's 15 Heads of State and Government at EU's core, exceptionally enlarged to a partial participation of British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, on October 12 in Paris' Elysee palace, which started to tackle succesfully the growing world Financial crisis.

    It also paved the way for its endorsement by a subsequent Brussels' 27 EU Member States' gathering, before it all come to Washington's G-20 Summit. And "Europe was united, it asked for the 1st G-20 Summit, and it will also organise the next G-20 Summit on April in London", he observed.   

 But a Conference with EU, Russia, African and other Developing Countries, hosted in Strasbourg shortly after Washington G-20 Summit by the French EU Presidency, took a Resolution asking to enlarge participation to Global Economic Governance. Many found, indeed, illogic and unacceptable that f.ex. states as Turkey were given a seat at G-20 level, while all African Countries, and even the African Union itself, representing the greatest Continent on Earth, were excluded...


    Meanwhile, even USA''s "Paulson No 3" Plan, was, in fact, inspired by Europe's No 1 Plan", Sarkozy observed, largelly applauded by MEPs.

    And "Europe showed Solidarity" by mobilizing some 22 Billion credit for Hungary, 1,7 billion for Ukraine, as we do nowadays for Baltic States, etc., he added.

    The move on Economy was extended on December by an EU stimulus' plan totalling some 200 billion Euros, including 5 Billions released by EU Commission for big Projects, as well as various parallel National plans for Economic revival, (fex. 26 billions in France alone). They might appear limited, compared to USA President-elect Obama's reported plan to boost the American economy with 800 billion $, but at least succeded to overcome Europe's divisions for the first time on Economic governance, opening new horizons.

- The French President stressed even harder the unique role of an active EU Council's chairmanship, when he moved swiftly and efficiently, at the beginning of August, to succesfully stop War between Russia and Georgia, at the last minute, which threatened to bring Europe back to Cold War division.

"We (EU) also wanted to avoid a situation like in Bosnia, in the Past, when EU was absent, so that our American friends took their responsibilitues, and EU only followed", despite the fact that the conflict took place in Europe. Now, it was the EU who took its responsibilities".

A roadmap towards a new PanEuropean Security policy, before which all unilateral moves to place new Missiles (from USA or Russia) would be freezed, was proposed by Sarkozy after a meeting with Russian president Medvedev, at the eve of Washington DC's G-20 Summit.

Ukraine's "European" character was stressed at a Sarkozy - Jushenko Summit, September in Paris, while EU adopted on December an "Eastern policy", in which, "I'm convinced that our (EU's) future is to find with our Neighbours the conditions for Economic Development. Peace and Security, by explaining them that.. they must respect (Human Rights') Values, and adopt behaviors different from the Past", explained Sarkozy in Strasbourg.

Meanwhile, the "Union for the Mediterranean" was created, since July's Summit if 45 Heads of State and Government in Paris, as "an organisation for a permanent Dialogue, that we need", mainly in order to tackle the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, by bringing together, for the 1st time, Israelis and Arabs, where "Europe must be present, in order to avoid a frontal clash".

- "If Europe doesn't take its part for Peace in the Middle-East, nobody else will do that in our place", Sarkozy stressed.
-----------------------
    Meanwhile, other EU Agreements were brokered during the French EU Presidency on Immigration, (fex. common Asylum rules, etc), and Climat- Energy :

    - On Climat-Energy, the 2007 German EU Presidency had fixed a triple 20% aim for 2020 (20% renewable Energies, 20% reduction of CO2 emmission, 20% energy efficience/economies), and the 2008 French EU Presidecny realized that, making the necessary compromises in order to modernize EU's industry, but without throwing some former Central-Eastern European Countries into abrupt Economic break down risking "social explosion".

    - Defence-Security EU policy was mainly postponed for April 2009, since both German chancellor Merkel and French president Sarkozy want to strike a deal with the new American president Obama in Strasbourg's NATO Summit.

    However, with all these 4 unexpected Crisis diverting attention to other urgencies, People wil wonder now, what happened to the famous deal proposed by freshly-elected French President Sarkozy on Turkey's controversial EU bid, back on August 2007, to continue EU - Turkey negotiations, but on the double condition that core chapters, intrinsequally linked with EU Membership, will be excluded, and that a collective Reflexion and Debate on Europe's future would start before the end of 2008.

    It was meant to reply to the crucial question : What kind of Europe do we want in 10 or 20 Years from now : A large Market, or a Political Europe, with a popular identity ? In Sarkozy's thinking, presented in his 2 landmark speeches on Europe in Strasbourg, shortly before and after the 2007 Elections, (on February and July 2007), Turkey's controversial EU bid would be incompatible with the second choice.

    It's true that EU Commision's Chairman, Jose Barroso, (who had notoriously declared, as former Portuguese Prime Minister, that he found "nonsense" the idea that Europe might become equal to the US), had repeatedly tried to avoid that Sarkozy's criticism on Turkey might start winning a larger audience in Europe, preferring a discrete "wismens' committee" work. And that most of the personalities later chosen in order to participate in a Committee on Europe's Future, are too much linked with Socialist parties and/or American policies, to be really critical of USA's notorious wish to impose Turkey to the EU, as Sarkozy had noted himself since March 2007..

     - "It's on EU Council's presidency to take political initiatives. EU Commission has other competences", stressed Sarkozy. The "European Ideal" is to "build Europe with the States, not against them". "Ask Europeans to chose between their countries and Europe won't work. You don't choose between your two parents : We must add them together".

    "France and Germany have an Historic Duty to work together, precisely because of what happened to the Past. We have to work hand by hand. We cannot be separated.It goes beyond me and Mrs Merkel today, Mr Schroeder and Mr. Chirac yesterday. It's not a choice, it's a duty to Europe and to the World".  "We need Germany, as Germany needs Europe". Compromise is inevitable, here as everywhere, and each one made some steps towards eachother's positions.

    But "it's true that Mrs Merkel didn't chose her Socialist partners, while I chose mine", Sarkozy said, in an indirect hint that the Socialist Minister of Finance in Germany might be a cause of minor past disagreements in Economy, which were overcome in recent negotiations.

    "We (France and Germany) have particular duties in Europe", but "in a Europe of 27 Member States, it's not enough for France and Germany to agree between them.

    "I always thought that Great Britain has a special role to play in Europe. ... Now, everybody "saw what it cost payed the UK for having been too exclusively open towards the US (and) Financial services. Europe needs the UK, but also the UK needs Europe" :- "We were able to face the hardest moment of the Financial crisis because the UK clearly chose Europe", stressed Sarkozy, reminding Gordon Brown's exceptional participation to the Historic 1st Heads of State/Government Summit of EuroZone, October 12 in Paris (See EuroFora's Reportage from Elysee Palace then).

     - "Some look at Europe with old glasses aged 30 years ago. While we must look at her in relation to what it will be in 30 years" in the Future, Sarkozy concluded.

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