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Accueil arrow newsitems arrow EU Core Regions Franco-German Leaders Kretschman+Richert eye Science+Ethics, Reply to Eurofora shows

EU Core Regions Franco-German Leaders Kretschman+Richert eye Science+Ethics, Reply to Eurofora shows

Ecrit par ACM
Friday, 30 September 2016
franco_german_core_regions_presidents_kretschmann__richert_and_eucor_head_prof._schiewer_to__agg_eurofora_400

 
*Strasbourg/Great East Region HQ/Angelo Marcopolo/- Cooperation between ChristianDemocrats/EPP and "Greens" can Advance Well, f.ex. in Important and Ambitious Science/Technology and Education developments at the Horizon, including the Crucial Today World-wide Issue of Bio-Ethics, but also Others, perhaps more than before, as in Socio-Cultural Integration, Fight against Terrorism, etc, especially in the EU Core "Superior Rhine" ("OberRhine") area, as it results from Today's Meeting between German Baden-Wurtemberg's Länder and French Great East new big Region, as its Leaders, Winfried Kretschmann and Philippe Richert, respectively, where, Both Leaders, (recently Democraticaly Boosted by Brillantly Winning Political Elections just a few Months Earlier), Supported as one Man the New Head of the 1st Euro-Campus TransBorder link between Univesities and other Research Centers in Europe, (recently Created in Strasbourg, in the Presence and with the Support of the competent EU Commissioner in charge of Science/Research, Carlos Moedas,: See relevant Moedas' Statements to "Eurofora", at : http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/eusciencecomissioneronchinaandeuuniversitiesgroup.html), German Rector of nearby Freiburg University, Professor Hans-Jochen Schiewer, entrusting him to Reply to a Critical but Topical "Eurofora"s Question, at the Beginning of their Joint Press Conference, this Afternoon in Strasbourg, (See concrete Details Infra).


Significantly, in the Political play-Field, at this Crucial Period of Preparations for the Decisive on EU's Future, forthcoming National Elections in France and Germany on 2017, Both these two Leaders of Regions located at EU's Core have been recently re-Elected for the 1st Time mainly on an Original Basis, mutatis-mutandis, of one or another kind of Deal, in real Practice, between ChristianDemocrat/EPP and "Green" Voters, (See, f.ex. : .... +....)

franco_german_core_regions_presidents_kretschmann__richert_shake_hands_at_the_conclusion_of_strasbourg_meeting_eurofora_400


 A New Pathway, that "Eurofora" and various others (including, apparently, at least a Symbolic Encourangement, regarding Nature and Human Life protection Values, even by Pope Emeritus Benedict, in a landmark Speech at Berlin's Bundestag, back on 2011 : Comp. also Vatican Press Director Lombardi's relevant Statements to "Eurofora" at nearby Friburg, then, at : ..., apparently also in line with New Pope Francis' Spring 2013 landmark Statements on Human Life and Nature protection, already before his 2015 Encyclic  : Comp. f.ex. : ...),  have Speculated and projected also at a National Governement level, (under certain Important Conditions of main Substance : See, f.ex., already as Early as since 2010's Convention of the German "Greens", at : ....).


But without having so far reached any such Ground-Breaking Fresh New point anywhere in Europe or elsewhere in the World yet, (with a Few initial, However, but still only Partial, Exceptions, in Various situations, f.ex. in an 1st Attempt in Germany, back on Autumn 2013, as well as in Cyprus, Austria, etc).

-------------------

 

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Moreover, in Parallel, but Synchronous Moves, these Last Days, Both Winfried Kretschman and Philippe Richert have got a supplementary Symbolic Boost with various Exceptional Top Political Meetings, which seem to UpGrade their overall Political Standing : F.ex., Kretshcmann has just made an Official Visit in Paris Yesterday, where he met, inter alia, also with Prime Minister Manuel Valls and Foreign Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault, followed by a Collective Gathering and Exchanges with Civil Society, Religious and Political representatives in Strasbourg, Earlier this Morning. While, almost at the Same Time, Richert was also Meeting, Negociating and partialy Agreeing also with Prime Minister Valls at the Historic and Symbolic City of Reims, (now part of the New, "Great East" Region of Strasbourg, which was recently Extended from Alsace also to nearby Lorraine and Champagne-Ardennes adjacent areas, inter-Linking, from now on, the Borders of 5 European Core Countries : France, Germany, Switzerland, Luxembourg and Belgium).


At Reims Philippe Richert also Chaired the 1st Annual Convention of the Brand New "Regions of France" union of 18 Regional Self-Administration Entities, that have seen Both their Competences and Territories considerably Extended since a Recent, partly Controversial but Important, Reform decided by the current National Government, and have Elected the Experienced, former Minister from Strasbourg as their President, (See relevant "Eurofora"s NewsReports, also from Reims, f.ex., at : http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/frenchregionspresidentricherttoeurofora.html , etc+). While also Winfried Kretschmann, after Recently holding the rotating Presidency of Germany's Federal "Bundesrat", (an equivalent to France's Senate, but Composed by the Federated regional States, alias "Länder", as Baden-Wurtemberg, etc), has now reportedly become, Personaly, one among the Most Popular Top Politicians in Germany Nation-wide.


- "Eurofora" asked Today both Presidents Kretschmann and Richert whether, from a Franco-German Cooperation point of view, at the Level of Both Regions strategically located at the Core of Europe, they might, perhaps, Agree, or Not, with a perceived Risk to Limit almost All Strasbourg area's High-Tech. public Funding to go Only on some Bio-Tech Projects, particularly on Genetics, Implants, etc, quasi-Totaly Excluding almost All Other Areas of modern Science and/or Technology, (Despite Strasbourg and Stuttgart areas', both Historic and Actual, valuable Potential also in several Other Scientific Issues, f.ex. relevant to European/PanEuropean Legal/Socio-Political recent developments, "Earth" Sciences, and Materials/Technologies related to Natural Environment, etc), as it became Surprisingly Obvious particularly during an Important, Recent Collective Top Meeting between Big Companies, University a.o. Experts, and Government Officials, with the Participation also of French Prime Minister Manuel Valls, together with Innovation and Digital affairs Minister Axelle LeMaire, at the prestigious "International Space University" here : See "Eurofora"s NewsReport from that Exceptional ISU Gathering, at : ....).


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In particular, after making some Introductive, general Statements, the 2 Franco-German Presidents of the "Great East" Region and "Baden-Wurtemberg" Länder, at EU's core, unexpectedly, despite the existence of a quite Big Number of Collegues Journalistes at their Press Conference", (Held Today Early Afternoon, at the Strasbourg HeadQuarters of the New, recently Extended "Great East" Region, (which Now links the Borders of 5 EU core Countries : France, Germany, Switzerland, Luxembourg and Belgium), gave to "Eurofora" a Chance to Start Raising the 1st Question from the Press :


- "Eurofora" Focused from the outset on  "Cooperation in Science", and Asked both Franco-German Leaders, whether they Thought that, "after the Recent Creation of "Euro-Campus" (in Universities and other Research Labos), in Addition to the Superior Rhine (OberRhein) overall Euro-Region Trans-Border Grouping, (between German, French and Swiss Neighbouring Regions of Great East, Baden-Wurtemberg and Bale), "High-Tech Projects Funding, even if it, naturaly, Included <<Bio-Technologies>>, nevertheless, should Not Be Limited Exclusively to them, But, on the Contrary, Extend also to some Other Important Areas", (such as, f.ex., those related to ReNewable Energies, Earth Sciences, and much more domains), "which have Both an Historic and Current Potential here ?"


-----------------------------------------------


    - Presidents Richert and Kretschmann, after Agreeing between them on the Best way to react to that "Eurofora"s Question, finaly decided to Point at Professor Schiewer, who is Rector of nearby German University of Freiburg, but also President of the "Superior Rhin" TransBorder Grouping of 3 Neighbouring Countries' Regions, and was Recently Elected even as Head of the Brand New Euro-Campus", as they Reminded, as he currently is the most Competent man in that area.

 

 

superior_rhine_eurocampus_president_professor_schiewer__eurofora_400

 


    - Professor Hans-Jochen Schiewer, Replying, thus, to "Eurofora"s above mentioned Question, "at First", he interestingly "Clarified" what he called "a MisUnderstanding" : In Fact, we have No Intention to be Limited into Only 1 Area of Science, such as "Bio-Tech" and so on, but, rather, to Cover, if not "All", at least, "Many Important Areas of cooperation between the 5 Universities" which are Now included in that New TransBorder Entity, he Stressed from the outset, as a matter of Principle.


    - Thus, among others, "f.ex., we have already presented a Project on Inter-Religious Studies, for EU Funding, and this Includes also the Science of Bio-Ethics", (i.e. one among the most Crucial Issues of Nowadays, considering the Huge Potential of New Inventions, but also of Eventual Risks for Human Beings and Society that many Bio-Technologies notoriously present Today),  the Head of Brand NewFranco-Germano-Swiss "Euro-Campus", observed, speaking also as a World-Famous Theologian, particularly at this moment, when Strasbourg University has just Elected, as its New President, also a Well-Known Theologian, Professor Deneken, (until recently, its 1st Vice-President : Comp. Deneken's various Replies to other Topical "Eurofora" Questions, at Various Other Occasions, Earlier, f.ex., recently on New University Libraries and Students/Researchers' well equiped Work-Areas, etc., at ... + ...).


    + "Moreover, we are currently Planifying the Future Creation of a Big Unit of (Scientific/Technological) Research Infrastructure at the Superior Rhine (OberRhein) Euro-Region, due to Focus mainly on Life-Sciences, New Materials, and Medical Technologies", Professor Schiewer also Anounced Today, in Reply to "Eurofora"s Question, (Comp. Supra).


    - French Strasbourg's "Great East" Region's President, Philippe Richert, added, later-on, that, "After an Initial <<Science Advance>> Project of 2011, estimated almost 15 Millions €, which Finaly gathered 10 Millions €", we aren Now at a 2nd <<Science Advance>> Project of 2016, which has Just Started" recently.


    - It includes also a 3,4 Millions € Financial Contribution by EU's <<INTERRREG>> Program, but Aims to Go much Further than that, particularly, f.ex., in the Cooperation between Big Infrastructures of Research and Higher Education entities, where we have, indeed, a Project to Create a Big Centre for Scientific Cooperation, with an estimated Total of some 250.000 €", Richert revealed, obviously pointing at the Same Direction as German Professor Schiewer's had just Anounced and HighLighted in Reply to "Eurofora"s Question earlier. (Comp. Supra).


    - "This will obviously give an Important New Impetus, with a New Dimension, at a New, much Bigger Scale", President Richert optimisticaly underlined, while also observing, however, that, for the Time being, "we (Franco-German Regions around Strasbourg) are Preparing Together that Perspective, whose Timeline has not yet started", as he noted Soberly.


    - In fact, "we have just Started with certain Projects of about 10 Millions €, After which, we'll Work for that (Above-mentioned) much Bigger Plan (Comp. Supra), in a Perspective which can become an Absolutely Exceptional Project for All the Area of Rhine river, (i.e. not only vis a vis Baden-Wurtemberg, but Also Rhenanie-Palatinat Lânder, from the German side, etc., as he HighLighted.


    -  "Its precise Timing has Not Yet been Fixed, but it could be Part of the Next EU Programming Period", (i.e. that whih Starts from 2020), Richert estimated.


    - As for Professor Schiewer, speaking anew on Behalf of President Kretschmann, he Noted, in this regard, that, at a 1st Stage, currently, a "Design Study, prepared under EU's INTERREG Program, would unfold "in 3 Years" Time, "After which, that Big (Franco-German) Research  Infrastructure Project should be officialy Endorsed by the National, French and German Plans, before being, Finaly, Inserted also at EU's RoadMap", (i.e., apparently, by the forthcoming Successor to EU's current "Horizon 2020" RST Program). So that "this is a Process of About 5 to 7 Years Time", he roughly estimated.

-------------------
 
great_east_region_president_philippe_richert_eurofora_400


    - This was, more or less, Confirmed also by President Richert, speaking Later-on anew to "Eurofora", at the Conclusion of Today's Press Conference, who Speculated that such a Big RST Project, "Might be Ready at about 7 Years", but while also observing that, "in fact, we are Working at an Horizon of almost a Decade", (i.e. about 2015-2025).


-----------------------------------------

+ => Today's new Move, ostensibly Supported by Both Presidents Kretschmann and Richert, particularly on the Inclusion also of "Bio-Ethics" and several Other Areas of Modern Science/Technology, without Limiting public Funding Only to some "Bio-Tech" Interests alone, (Comp. Supra), comes Timely, inter alia, just After Prime Minister Valls' (France) statements to "Eurofora", 2 Days Earlier at Reims' 2016 RoF Convention, according to whom, most among the eagerly expected, Strategic and Long-Time Decisions on such exceptiobnaly Important Public Funding Choices among various possible Science/Technology Research/Development Projects, have NOT been Taken yet, i.e., leaving a Positive Impression that, probably, at least a Room for Fresh Debates and overall, more Balanced Compromises, might, indeed, Still Exist, enabling also to Take into Consideration several relevant Recent Developments, (See, f.ex. "Eurofora"s NewsReport with Valls' replies to our query at Reims : ......).

The Fact that, in a Spectacularly Harmonious Move, Both Presidents Kretschmann and Richert, not only Jointly Pointed at the "Superior Rhine"s and "EU-Campus" Head, Professor Schiewer, entrusting him to Start giving a Competent Reply to the above-mentioned "Eurofora"s Question, but Also, later-on took the Spontaneous Initiative to Express their Personal Support to Schiewer even by Spectacularly posing in front of Photo and TV Cameras (including, particularly, "Eurofora"'s) while Warmly Shaking Hands with him, for quite a Long time, (See relevant Photo), clearly indicates that, in that Reply to "Eurofora"s Query, he really Expressed Views which are Strongly Backed personaly by Kretschmann and Both 2 concerned Franco-German Leaders of this Core Euro-Region.

 

 

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----------------------------

    >>> Meanwhile, President Winfried Kretschmann, HighLighting an Interesting Political OverView of all relevant Topical Issues that he Discussed with Top French Officials (including the Prime Minister, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, and the President of French Regions' union, etc), as well as with Civil Society representatives, duringh his Exceptional 2 Days-Long Visit to Paris and Strasbourg, (Comp. Supra), stressed that he mainly Focused on (ISIS') "Terrorist threats against Europe, and (relevant) Security issues", as well as on how to "Manage the (Mass) Refugees/Migrants problem", but also to Respond to what he called some "Populists"' "Anti-EU" claims, (See also Infra).


    - While, Today, even "60 years of Peace and Freedoms in Europe are Now Threatened by (ISIS') Terrorism", (as he Kretschmann Denounced, particularly after an Unprecedented Series of Deadly Islamic Extremist Attacks Killing Innocent Civilian People, including Defenseless Women, Elders,Young Children, etc, even inside previously Peaceful Regional Trains or Cities in Neighbooring Baden-Wurtemberg and elsewhere in Bavaria, Switzerland, Austria, France, even the UK, etc, as we saw for the 1rst Time this Summer 2016,  also, at the Same Time, he expressed a "Hope" that "those who Come into Our Land, would become also able to be Integrated", as he pointed out.


    - That's why, inter alia, he intends to Send his "Culture and Education Minister to Visit Strasbourg" asap, Kretscmann anounced, while also Speaking in Favor of President Richert's call to Defend "Cultural Heritage" in "Cooperation" between Neighbouring Franco-German Regions, (including, also by a Joint Franco-German Project for the "Struthof" Center of "Memory" against NAZI Crimes at a Former Concentration Camp near Strasbourg, which has been officialy Inaugurated, since 2005, also as "European Centre for (the History) of Resistants-Deportees" by former Long-time French President Jacques Chirac : See relevant NewsReport by "Eurofora"s co-Founder at that Event, published then by "TCWeekly").


    - In particular, as things stand Today, "it's Important to create Enthousiasm among Young Peuple about Europe", Winfried Kretschmann observed, Urging also to "Speak More Often about the Good Things that we are Doing" thanks to EU Help, etc.


    => That's one reason more, for which "Science", "a Beautiful Example of Franco-German TransBorder Cooperation" inside the EU, that "Must be Deepened even Further" Nowadays, would get at least "7 Millions €" more, at the Beginning of a "2nd Advance on Sciences" during the "Next Years", as he Anounced, near "Eurofora"s above mentioned relevant Question, (Comp. Supra).


    - "It's Important to Oppose Something Positive", also to those "Populist, Anti-European Rightists", as he called them, who are recently Growing in Germany and elsewhere throughout several EU Countries Today, he Warned.


    - Indeed, Experienced Kretschmann also Acknowledged the Fact that, Nowadays, it appears to have become "Very Difficult" to Struggle "Against Populists" mainly "of the Right", (as he callled them), since we are still "withOut any Ready-made Solution" which has Not Yet been Found, on that growing "Problem", (as Recent National Polls and Regional Elections in Germany have clearly revealed).


>>> In Fact, the Real Issue seems to be a much more Profound Movement spectacularly Spreading accross People's political views recently, as it is observed, mutatis-mutandis, not only in Germany, but also in several other European Countries, and even at the USA...
Comp., f.ex., mainstream German Newspaper "Die Welt"'s Graphics on the History of Electoral Votes at Berlin's Federated Länder, published recently, which Reveal that a Growing Number of People have been Searching to Find one or anOther New Political Party which might Care Better for Citizens' real Concerns, than some Elite Politicians of the Biggest Established Parties used to do, already during a Long Period of Time, from the ...mid-1970ies up to 2016 !

 

 

historic_evolution_of_berlin_votes_400

 


A probable Sign of the Fact that, perhaps, Something much More Fundamental, than what most superficial observers believe, might be really Happening, during, already, a Longer Period of Time, revealing a possibly More Important, "Structural" Change, that has Not Yet been clearly Elucidated, strongly Needing to ReVitalize Political Democracy nowadays.

 


(../..)
 


***


("DraftNews", as already send to "Eurofora"s Subscribers/Donors, earlier. A more accurate, full Final Version, might be published asap).


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People in Europe and the World expect from CoE to make a succes of its "Monitoring" for Human Rights and Democracy, despite difficulties, said Finland's President Tarja Halonen to "EuroFora" at a crucial moment for the mecanism built 15 years ago by the paneuropean organization which celebrates its 60th Anniversary in 2009.

Halonen, known as "Mother" of CoE's "Monitoring" mecanism, a long-time MEP and former Foreign Minister before becoming Finland's President, holds a long experience in the mattter, after also serving twice as CoE and EU Chairwoman in the past. That's why she is well placed to judge how CoE's "monitoring" should deal today with some crucial issues of importance both to CoE and to the EU.

The move came just a Month before a crucial, last visit to Turkey, scheduled for June, by the President of CoE''s "Monitoring" Committee, Ukranian MEP Serge Holovaty, to finalize his Report on Ankara, the CoE Member State with the longest Monitoring procedure. From its results depends its overall credibility.

This is a Test-case, because, in fact, it's in order to avoid Sanctions threatened against Turkey by a CoE's Assembly's April 1995 Resolution for grave Human Rights violations, Democracy gaps, the continuing Military Occupation in Cyprus, the unresolved Kurdish problem, Aegean differend with Greece, etc., that MEPs decided to create, for the 1st time on April 1996, a "Monitoring" proces, allegedly destinated to check, without excluding Countries who did not fulfill all CoE's standards.

In the Past, the obliged withdrawal of Greece's Military regime and of its "Civil" cover-up out of the CoE had helped bring back Democracy in 1974. But, on the contrary, since April 1996, the idea was to "monitor" Human Rights' respect while keeping most concerned Countries inside the CoE. After Turkey's oldest example, this was extended also to several former "Eastern" European Countries, even if CoE's Assembly has imposed to some of them (fex. Ukraine, Russia, etc., after Belarus, Serbia, etc) various "Sanctions", that Ankara always avoided. Curiously more succesful even than .. USA itself, (a CoE "Observer" since 1995), which has been at least threatened with sanctions some years ago..

EU-effects of CoE's Monitoring process became obvious between 2001-2008, since the "closure" of this procedure, when CoE felt that a Country had met most of its Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law obligations, (i.e. the "Copenhagen Criteria" for the EU), helped trigger Negotiations with the EU for "Accession" or other closer relations : This occured already before the 2004 and 2007 EU Enlargements to former "Eastern" European Countries, as well as for the commencement of "accession" negotiations with Croatia, and of "open-ended" negotiations with Turkey in 2005.

    But a stricking new development are Holovaty's recent findings that on core Human Rights issues as Torture and Freedom of Expression, Turkey, even "5 Years after" CoE closed its "Monitoring", back in 2004, inciting EU to start accession Negotiations in 2005, still presents grave problems.

    His findings are of crucial importance after a 2008 CoE Resolution called, "if need be", to "seriously consider the possibility of Re-Opening the Monitoring procedure for Turkey" : A move which might affect Ankara's controversial EU bid, since EU Accession Negotiations are based on the Hypothesis that the Candidate fullfils the "Copenhagen Criteria" (See above)..
-------------------------
    Holovaty expressed his will to check  "Matters still Outstanding" and  those that he "didn't have an opportunity to discuss" at an earlier visit this year, "in order to discuss the more complex issues in greater depth", at his forthcoming New Visit to Ankara, before the December 2009 EU Summit.  This is all based on the 2004 CoE Resolution which stresses that, CoE "will continue.. post-monitoring Dialogue with the Turkish authorities,...in addition to a 12-points list,..and on any Other Matter that might arise in connection with Turkey’s Obligations as a CoE member state".

    CoE's Resolution also asks  from Turkey "to secure the proper Implementation of Judgements, particularly in the Cyprus v. Turkey InterState case", of 2001, which concerns also the plight of many Hundreds of MISSING People. It adds Turkey's obligations to "execute" ECHR's Judgements in the Loizidou case,..and in particular adopt General Measures to avoid repetition or continuation of Violations found by the Court" to the detriment of Refugees.

    Nevertheless, Holovaty said to "EuroFora" that "MISSING" persons,"might be included" and cannot be excluded, but he has yet to examine the situation "to find out  which issues will be raised" to the Turkish Government.

    Therefore, "EuroFora" asked Halonen, as the Historic "Mother" of CoE's Monitoring mecanism, if she thought that, "whenever there are grave Human Rights Violations, as fex. "MISSING" persons, attested even by ECHR's judgements, they should be always checked by a Monitoring process. Or could they be forgotten ?"
    
     - "We (CoE) must be, at the same time, Fair, Realistic, but not in the mind that "now we have Forgotten", etc., replied to "EuroFora"'s question Halonen, speaking as a matter of general principle.

    - "When we think of those People that are suffering from the lack of Democracy, of Human Rights, and of the Rule of Law", "we should find a base on how to deal with the (Monitoring) system more rapidly"', she stressed.

    - "Sometimes it's very difficult to combine Transparency and Effectivenes together, particularly in this specific case", she went on to say. But, "I have not found a (CoE Member) Country who could be insensitive in this sens", Halonen answered concerning grave Human Rights violations attested by the ECHR.

    - "I have no ready-made answer. I have the expectations that you, in the CoE, will, step by step, find the different types of the monitoring systems."

    Also "because this is a part of the UN's Post-Conflict system, (fex. when it comes to Cyprus' MISSING persons), and it's a more Global system". So that, "If we make a succes in Europe, the others will follow", throughout the World.  "But they expect that we (Europe) are this opportunity, this Opportunity to make a Succes", Halonen concluded.

    In addition, she advised to extend CoE's Monitoring to all its 47 Member States, "because, as long as we hear that, all these monitoring systems are "OK for the neighbor, but not for me", "it's very difficult" to understand. Something which could make easier to Compare...

    Finnish MEP Jaako Laakso, former CoE Rapporteur on the Occupied Territories of Cyprus and one of the 5 Signatories of the Historic CoE's call to create the "MONITORING" mecanism since 1996, was more specific :  - "We (CoE Assembly) have to find a way for the issue of Cyprus' MISSING People to be better followed", he stressed, anouncing his intention to "speak to Mr. Holovaty" about that. "There might be also other ways", added Laakso.

    - The 2008 "Year had been a very Bad one for Turkey with regard to Human Rights in general, and Freedom of Expression in particular", denounced, meanwhile, Holovaty's preliminary Post-Monitoringh Draft Report by Holovaty, published by the CoE on April 2009.

    "Amnesty International believes that freedom of expression is not guaranteed given the various articles of the Criminal Code that restrict it. .. "For example, 1,300 Websites are said to have been closed down by the (Turkish) authorities in 2008" ! While "the new Turkish Criminal Code was used to bring a total of 1,072 proceedings between June 2005 and April 2008, and led to the conviction of 192 people", for expressing views. "Representatives of the Özgür Gündem newspaper, which specialises in Kurdish affairs, ..complained about Numerous Attacks on their Freedom of Expression ...as was everyone who advocated a settlement to the question by means other than the intervention of the army" "According to their figures, 19 Newspapers had been suspended 43 times between 4 August 2006 and 4 November 2008" !...

    Moreover, on 2008,  CoE's "Ministers adopted its 4rth Resolution on the execution of the judgments of the ECHR, ...and outstanding issues regarding 175 Judgements and decisions relating to Turkey delivered between 1996 and 2008...  concerning Deaths resulting from the excessive use of force by members of the Security forces, the failure to protect the right to life, the DIisappearance and/or death of individuals, Ill-Treatment and the Destruction of property". CoE's " Ministers urged the Turkish authorities ...to ensure that members of Security forces of all ranks can be prosecuted without administrative
authorisation" for "serious crimes". Holovaty reminded.

"Nonetheless", Holovaty heard anew of "Several cases of Violence committed last year (2008) by the (Turkish) security forces". Amnesty International speaks of Many Cases of ill-treatment and Torture in the prisons and by the police". "Including, fex."'the death of Engin Ceber, a young man of 29 who died on October 2008 as a result of the TORTURE allegedly inflicted on him by police officers, prison staff and members of the gendarmerie. He was part of a group of people arrested on September 2008 during a demonstration and Press Conference in Istanbul'. Proceedings against suspects are "on-going" in this case.

- " I therefore noted an Obvious Contradiction between the Government’s stated “zero tolerance” policy.... of Torture and other forms of ill-treatment, and the different testimonies given", denounced CoE's Rapporteur.  Turkish "authorities must make considerable efforts to guarantee that proper investigations are carried out into allegations of abuses by members of the security forces and that perpetrators are effectively punished" "In this respect, I have requested detailed Statistics on the number of Investigations, acquittals and convictions in cases involving allegations of abuse in order to show the positive impact of the measures taken to date", Holovaty said, repeating a permanently unsatisfied CoE's demand to Turkey since a Decade...

    - "The Political Crisis that shook the country in the spring of 2008 highlighted the Weaknesses of the (Turkish) Constitution", which comes from the Military regime of 1982, "and the Urgent Need of Reforms", stressed from the outset CoE's Rapporteur in 2009. In particular, "the ...Democratic functioning of state institutions, including the independence of the judicial system, are crucial", he observes.

    But, "the Electoral  system and the ways in which it is circumvented do not appear to give those elected complete Legitimacy, and tend to pervert the course of direct universal suffrage", denounces Holovaty, observing that, even 5 Years later, Turkey did not yet change the 10% nationwide Threshold for a party to take any seat, which is "far higher" than the "3%" maximum in Europe and already condemned as contrary to European Standards by the CoE.

    + Moreover, EU Parliament's 2009 Report on Turkey, drafted by Dutch MEP Ria Oomen-Ruijten and adopted in Strasbourg on March, expresses "Concern over the Failure of the (Turkish) Judiciary to prosecute cases of Torture and Ill-treatment, the Number of which is Growing". EU also "is concerned about continuing Hostility and Violence against Minorities" in Turkey. It also "calls on the Turkish Government to launch, as a matter of Priority, a Political Initiatve favouring a lasting Settlement of the Kurdish issue, (while "condemning violence.. and terrorist groups"). EU "regrets that No progress has been made on establishing full, systematic Civilian suprevisory functions over the (Turkish) Military".

    The final results of Holovaty's 2nd and last visit to Turkley will be known later this year, and, at any case, before EU's December 2009 Summit.

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