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Home arrow newsitems arrow Macron on EU role in Mediterranean Safety+Energy (S/E) with Cyprus Leader, eyes Defense faces Turkey

Macron on EU role in Mediterranean Safety+Energy (S/E) with Cyprus Leader, eyes Defense faces Turkey

Written by ACM
jeudi, 23 juillet 2020
 
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*Strasbourg/Angelo Marcopolo/-  A "Sovereign and Géopolitical Europe" canNot Abandon to Foreign States the big "Security and Energy" Stakes in Mediterranean Sea, particularly at its South-Eastern Area, where EU Member States Cyprus and Greece must be Protected in front of Turkey's Bullying, which needs "Sanctions", stressed French President Emmanuel Macron, while receiving, at Elysée Palace in Paris, the President of Strategic Island Cyprus, Nicos Anastassiades, with whom he Wans to Boost Cooperation on Defense, before a crucial "MED-7" Summit, "at the End of August, or at the Beginning of September" 2020, as he announced Today, being partly but topically Echoed also from EU Parliament up to the USA etc., (See Infra).

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- Speaking shortly After an Exceptionaly Important EU Heads of State/Government Summit in Brussels, (See: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/euhardbutbigdealneedsmore.html, etc), where its Franco-German core succeeded to reach a 27 Member States' Agreement on a "Revival Plan and Budget", "Condition" for "a more Ambitious and Sovereign Europe", as he pointed out, Macron Focused, Now, on "the Great Importance, for All Europeans, of Our Borders (and) Our Sovereignity, particularly in (South) Eastern Mediterranean" :

 -  A "Vital" Area "for All Our (EU's) Countries, where Energy and Security Issues have Become Nowadays of Essential Importance, and are at the origin of Power Struggles, in particulalry of Turkey and Russia, which affirm themselves more and more, where the EU does Not Yet Count Enough", But "would commit a Grave Error IF it Left Our Security in the Mediterranean at the Hands of Other Actors" : "That's Not an Option for Europe, and, at any case, Not something that France might let it be", he Vowed.

=> - In this Context, Macron "Re-Confirm(ed), anew, France's Full Solidarity with Cyprus, as well as with Greece, in front of Violations of their Sovereignity by Turkey", as he Denounced. Indeed, "it's UnAcceptable for the Maritime Area of a State which is Member of Our (Europan) Union to be Violated or Threatened ! Those who do so, Must face Sanctions, and you can Count on France's Support on this matter", he promised. Because "Europe Must Protect its Sovereignity very, very Firmly".

    Turkey has, Notoriously, Harassed, (with WarShips) and Chassed Away an Italian "ENI" Energy Company's Ship due to Explore for more Oil/Gas Resources in EU Member Cyprus' Exclusive Economic Zone, repeatedly Threatened Many Others, Blocked off-shore Energy Explorations (including by France's "TOTAL", etc) with Arbitrary "Military Exercises" of the Turkish Navy, and Even, Provocatively, send, several Times, Its Own so-called "Exploration Ships", as "Barbaros" (sic !), etc. illegaly Inside Cyprus' EEZ. So that EU's Heads of State/Governments' Summits in Brussels have, Clearly and Repeatedly Condemned such Blatant Turkish Violations of the Interational Law of the Sea, even an EU Member's own Territorial Waters, (something that Ankara, nevertheless, Repeated, Afterwards, Also against Greece, in its EEZ at the Aegean Sea, Triggering Similar EU and USA Reactions). See relevant "Eurofora"s NewsReports from concerned EU Summits in Brussels, as, f.ex., at: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/macronimportanteustatementoncyprusturkey.html, etc.

    *** In Fact, EU disposes a Big New Potential in Natural Energy Sources (particularly Climate-Friendly Gas, withOut C02, etc) around EU Member Cyprus' Southern Coasts, to which are Added Also important Neighbouring Israel and Egypt's (probably Lebanon's too) similar UnderSea Resources, at the South-Eastern Mediterranean Round Hub, (Between 3 Continents), which has, basically, a Similar Geology to that of Oil/Gas - Rich "Gulf of Mexico", Thanks to which, the USA reportedly Covered Recently More than +50% of their Huge Energy Needs, soon Becoming (in Addition, Also, with some Other New Findings on Land) ... Exporters of Energy, for the 1st Time in their History !  Other Energy Resources are believed (already since 1974) to be at Greece's EEZ in the Aegean Sea, and, more Recently, around Creta Island, at the large.

    Cyprus, Egypt, and Israel have already Agreed in Delimitating their respective EEZ's (with Similar Negotiations evolving Later for Lebanon too), and are closely Cooperating Together on Common Energy Issues there, (Including with several Plans to Transfer Energy products into the EU, particularly with Israel, inter alia, also via the EU-Sponsored "East-MED" Pipeline project, and/or by Transforming Gas into Electricity on the spot, and Transporting it by an UnderSea Cable, as well as by Modern, High-Tech Ships able to carry Liquefied Natural Gas, LNG, etc). With the expected Result for Europe to have, in the foreseable Future, Energy DIRECTLY Transported into EU's Industrial Core, i.e. Faster, Safer, and Cheaper than if it had, Otherwise, to Cross various Intermediaries...  

s.e._med._energy_hub_eurofora_patchwork_400_02   

    Macron has Already Spoken with "Eurofora" on that Issue, (which We are Following Since 2000/2001 : See Our relevant Publications, then, at "TCWeekly", etc), as Early as Since he was Economy Minister, Back on 2015 in Strasbourg (See: ..., etc), but also, Later-on, as President of the Republic, on 2017, during the "G20" Summit in Hamburg, Germany, (See: ..., etc). A Recent, New Possibility to, Eventualy, Help Resolve the Current Problem of EU's Need for "Own Resources" from 2021, was, also, Suggested by "Eurofora" on the occasion of the Latest EU Summit's Conclusions in Brussels on 21 July 2020, (See: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/euhardbutbigdealneedsmore.html, etc).

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    + "We (EU) Face, Also, the fact that Sovereignity is at Stake in Libya too", where "we canNot just Let some Foreign Powers, whoever they might be, Violate the Arms' Embargo", firmly stressed the French President, (shortly after even a Franch Ship, participating in a relevant EU Mission, was notoriously Bullied by Turkish Warships when it tried to Check a Cargo Suspected to Smuggle Prohibited Weapons towards the Tripoli Camp in Libya, against the Benghazi one - the Biggest). That's why "the (EU) Operation <<IRINI>> (Versus Arms' Trafficking towards Libya) is one  of the European Replies, But it still Needs to be Strengthened, in order to gain in Credibility. It's a Necessary Condition in order to obtain a Cease-Fire, and trigger a real Impetus towards a Political Solution of the Libyan Conflict".

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(The Latest MED-7 Summit was organized in Cyprus on 2019)

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    => + "More widely speaking, EU Must engage in a Profound Analysis on the Security Issues in Mediterranean. In this Perspective, and in order to evoke All European matters", President Macron Announced his intention to "Welcome anew in France our Mediterranean Partners, on the occasion of a Summit of EU's Southern Countries, called "MED 7", towards the End of August or the Beginning of September" 2020, "which is Nowadays even More Important than Yesterday", as he pointed out.

    - Last, but not least, concerning "the Bilateral Relation" between France and Cyprus, ("which is Excellent", but "may be even More Deepened, particularly on Phrancophony and Economic Cooperation"), "it's well the Strategic area which  Structures our Relationship", Macron stressed, "Thanking the Cypriots for the Excellent Welcome that they offer to our (French) Navy, with, Already, some 20 SeaPort Calls in 2020" !

---------------------------------

    - Cyprus' President Anastassiades, "noted with Satisfaction" the French President's "role, which is Not Limited to Initiatives inside Europe, (as at the Recent EU Summit, Together wih Germany : Comp. Supra), But Extends and promotes France as a Pivot Country for Stability and Security in the ...Mediterranean", whenever, Unfortunately, Europe is Absent", as he observed, while Also "Thanking France for its Interest and always Firm Stance regarding the Solution of Cyprus' Issue".

 

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    => "In particular", he "Thank(ed)" Macron "for the Initiatives undertaken so that, at last, the Mediterranean woN't be an Area Under Control by either Turkey, or Other Powers, But Not of Europe !"

    - Indeed, "Your Initiatives show which Should be Europe's Role, i.e. Not to beLimited into Declarations, But, through initiatives, to take over a Leading role, and Support (EU) Member States", Anastassiades stressed.

    - "What occurs during These Days, and, certainly, During the Previous Months", as, f.ex., inter alia, also "the Violation of the Republic of Cyprus' EEZ", (by Turkish Ships), "the Threat to Settle Famagusta", (a City Evacuated by its Greek Cypriot Inhabitants, obliged to Fleed Turkey's Military Invasion and Occupation since 1974, while UNO called to Preserve those Refugees' Homes, that Turkey is Now Threatening to Usurpate on 2020), "what is Going on, Or was Done, in Syria, Iraq", (i.e. even More Turkish Military Invasions and Occupations), "these Days and Hours in Greece", (i.e. a culmunation of Turkish Army's Threats, after Provocations, at Aegean Sea), "and in Libya", (where the Turkish Army is the Only Foreign Force which Intruded inside that Country, Ostensibly Importing Weapons, and Even Many Islamist Armed Gangs of various Extremists from Syria, who have Already coincided with Massive and Grave Human Rights Violations Recently Denounced by the UNO, near Tripoli, including, f.ex., Civilian People being Chassed Away, Family Homes Looted and/or Destroyed, Civilians ill-treated or Killed, etc), "show that there is a Vacuum from Europe's side !", he Deplored.

    - "But, Also, that, through Your (France's) Initiatives, a Ray of Hope Emerges, for European People, and, particularly, for the Countries Affected by the Role that Europe Must Play", Cyprus' President added, Optimistically.

    - Last, but Not Least, he said to be "Glad to Seek Together how to Deepen further our (France-Cyprus) Bilateral Relations, which are Excellent, Based on the Franco-Cypriot Strategic Agenda which was Signed on 2016, and, mainly, how to further deepen the Economic and Cultural relations, and Particularly the Cooperation on Defense", he stressed.

    >>> Indeed, on this Obviously Crucial point, President Anastassiades "ensure(d) that Cyprus will Always be the Most Welcoming Country concerning the French Navy, and Not Only" that, (Comp. Supra). In general, Cyprus "was always, and Continues to be, a Country of real Stability and Security in the Region", he Vowed. Inter alia, f.ex., in particular, he Reminded also the Fact that "we (Cyprus) Helped, in the Past, for the Evacuation of Chemicals from Syria", (to the point that one of them, Stored at the Island for Too Long, Exploded there on 2011..., See "Eurofora"s NewsReport from Elysée Palace, during a Summit there with former French President Sarkozy, at: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/sarkozycounseloronhelptoinvestigatecyprusexplosion.html, and: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/cypruspeopleaskchristofiastoresign.html, etc), and "we Helped during many Crisis in the Middle East, as in the case of Lebanon, (i.e. on 2006, when former French President Chirac took a UNO Mandate to Lead an International Peace-Keeping Force, between the Lebanese and Israeli Borders, in order to Succesfully Stop a Deadly Rockets' Conflict Between the 2 Neighbouring Countries, with the Help, Also of an EU-led Naval Force Monitoring the Coasts, which was Hosted in Cyprus, under German Leadership, then Visited also by Chacellor Angie Merkel : See "Eurofora" co-Founder's NewsReport, with Replies to Our Questions from Elysée Palace's Press Spokesman, Published, then, at "The Cyprus Weekly", etc).

    +"And, Eventually, If Needed, We (Cyprus) Will ANew Contribute in This Direction", he Promised for the Future. "Thanks Also to our Bilateral Relations with all Neighbouring Countries", (i.e. Egypt, Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Jordany, Greece, Malta, etc. with the Only Exception, until now, of Turkey, which, notoriously, still Occupies illegaly a Part of the Island, since a 1974 Turkish Military Invasion and Occupation, insisting to Refuse even to have Normal Diplomatic Relations with the EU, UNO and CoE Member State of the Republic of Cyprus...).

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    *** In the MeanTime, the Strategically Located Island (Unique in the World to be Located at the Crossroads of 3 Continents : Europe, Asia, and Africa, as well as, directly Facing the Inter-Continental "Suez" Channel, etc), had its Defense Minister, Charalambos Petrides, meet officially in Paris, Earlier Today, with his French Counterpart, Florence Parly, Armies' Minister, (who had Already Visited Cyprus previously).

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    + By a Timely Coincidence, Macron's and Anastassiades' above-mentioned Topical Concerns vis a vis Turkey's Bullying, were Also Echoed at EU Parliament, in Brussels :

manfred_weber_president_of_epp_group_of_meps_01
 

    Speaking just Before a Public MEPs' Debate, with EU Council and EU Commission's Leaders, Michel and Von der Leyen, on the Outcome of the Latest EU Summit, the experienced President of the Biggest Political Group of MEPs, that of ChristianDemocrats/EPP, Manfred Weber, from Germany, strongly Slamed Turkey's behavior on the "very Urgent Issue" of "the Situation in the Mediterranean Sea", as he stressed.

- "We saw the Military Actions from the Turkish side, (now against Greece, but also, earlier, vis-a-vis Cyprus), we Also saw the decisions on the Hagia Sophia, which is an example of religious Chauvinism that such a Symbol and as a Monument of Peace and reconciliation is now changed", (from a 1.110 Years Old Christian Church, into a Mosque), Weber Denounced from the outset.

- "This is Not only a Greek–Turkish issue, it is not only a Cyprus–Turkish issue, it is a European–Turkish issue !", he underlined.  

=> - "That's Why", "We (EU) have to give Clear Signals that we Stand on the Side of Our (European) Citizens in Greece and in Cyprus", Weber Urged, Stressing that this was said in "the presence of President Michel and President von der Leyen". At any case, "we should keep the Dialogue open (vis a vis Ankara), no doubt about this".

>>> "But, Now it is the Time to Act, probably also to consider Sanctions Against Turkey. We (EU) have to Act and we have to act Now !", he Urged.

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usa_state_department_400 

    ++ Moreover, it's Even USA's Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs, Philip Reeker, who, Speaking on Turkey, Later Today, he reportedly Stressed,  that - "We (USA) are Concerned about Actions that are Provocative and Raise Tensions".

    - "Indeed, "US is Deeply Concerned about Turkey’s stated plans to Survey for natural Resources in Areas over which Greece and Cyprus Assert Jurisdiction in the Eastern Mediterranean", he confirmed.

    => As a Consequence, USA is "Urging the Turkish Authorities to HOLD operations that Raise Tensions", USA's Key competent Foreign Policy Top Official reiterated, (while Also reportedly Confirming, inter alia, that the Greek Island of Kastelorizo, Near the Turkish Coasts, Between EU Members Greece and Cyprus,  has an UnderSea Shelf, according to the International Law of the Sea).

 

(../..)

 

("Draft-News")

 

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Recent developments proved that Europe can suceed to overcome challenges by aiming at great objectives, and this is needed also in 2009, said EU chairman, French President Nicolas Sarkozy.

    - "It's in the name of Great Ideas, Projects, Ambition and Ideals, that EU can overcome" challenges, stressed Sarkozy at EU Parliament in Strasbourg, in conclusion of a dense 7 months EU Chairmanship. "It's even easier for Europe to have Great projects, able to overcome national egoism, instead of limiting itself only to small projects" (unable to do alike), he observed.     

- "Europe must remain Ambitious and understand that the World needs her to take Decisions". "The World needs a Strong Europe", which "thinks on its own, has convictions, its own responses, its imagination" : "A Europe which does not limit itself into following" others, (as it did in the Past, when it followed USA, f.ex. on Bosnia). On the contrary, "Europe should undertake its own responsibilities", he said, after a series of succes in stopping the War between Russia and Georgia, and organizing the 1st EuroZone's Summit in Paris, which incited the Washington DC G-20 Summit to extend similar decisions World-wide.  


    - "When you sweep it all under the carpet, prepare yourself for hard tomorrows", he warned. "What hinders decisions is the lack of Courage and Will, the fading away of Ideals", he stressed before EU Parliament's 2008 debate on Human Rights and Sakharov prize on Freedom of thought attributed by MEPs to Chinese cyber-dissident Hu Jia, followed by an EU - Turkey meeting on Friday.

    - "I don't abandon my convictions" and "I will take initiatives" on EU level also in 2009, Sarkozy announced later. "France will not stop having convictions and taking initiatives" on Europe. + "It's an Error to wish to pass over the Heads of those who are elected in their Countries" : "It's an integrism I always fought against"', he warned.
---------------------
French EU Presidency faced 4 unexpected Crisis :

- An institutional crisis, with the Irish "No" to EU Lisbon Treaty, just before it started. A geopolitical crisis, wth the threat of War between Russia and Georgia risking to throw Europe back to Cold-war divisions, on August. A World-wide Financial and Economic crisis, arriving at a bad moment before crucial 2009 EU elections. And even a Strasbourg's mini-crisis, with EU Parliament's roof curiously falling down, from unknown reasons, in a brand new building on August, provoking an unprecedented transfert of the 2 September Plenary Sessions...

But it wasn't enough to stop Sarkozy ! On the contrary, it stimulated him...
---------------------------------------

- "The better way to deal with the recent problems of EU institutions (as the "3 NO" by France, the Netherlands and Ireland) is to take them as a "Test" in order to find solutions closer to Citizens' concerns", said later in Strasbourg Sarkozy's new choice as Ministe for EU affairs, Bruno Le Maire.

- On the Institutional front, Sarkozy gave Time to the Irish to think about it, and stroke on December a deal including a New Referendum after the June 2009 EU Elections, in exchange of a promise to keep the rule of "one EU Commissioner for each EU Member Country", and some opt-outs on Defence and Fiscal EU policies, Abortion, etc. If the Irish get a "Yes" Majority, then the institutional package could be completed in 2010 or 2011 on the occasion of Croatia's probable EU accession.

He was accused in Strasbourg to upgrade EU Council and downgrade EU Commision, but he replied that "strong Political initiatives by EU Council reinforce also the more technical role of EU Commission, under the political-technical leadership of its President", all 3 "working together with EU Parliament".


- But, meanwhile, Sarkozy energetically spearheaded an Historic 1st Summit of EuroZone's 15 Heads of State and Government at EU's core, exceptionally enlarged to a partial participation of British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, on October 12 in Paris' Elysee palace, which started to tackle succesfully the growing world Financial crisis.

    It also paved the way for its endorsement by a subsequent Brussels' 27 EU Member States' gathering, before it all come to Washington's G-20 Summit. And "Europe was united, it asked for the 1st G-20 Summit, and it will also organise the next G-20 Summit on April in London", he observed.   

 But a Conference with EU, Russia, African and other Developing Countries, hosted in Strasbourg shortly after Washington G-20 Summit by the French EU Presidency, took a Resolution asking to enlarge participation to Global Economic Governance. Many found, indeed, illogic and unacceptable that f.ex. states as Turkey were given a seat at G-20 level, while all African Countries, and even the African Union itself, representing the greatest Continent on Earth, were excluded...


    Meanwhile, even USA''s "Paulson No 3" Plan, was, in fact, inspired by Europe's No 1 Plan", Sarkozy observed, largelly applauded by MEPs.

    And "Europe showed Solidarity" by mobilizing some 22 Billion credit for Hungary, 1,7 billion for Ukraine, as we do nowadays for Baltic States, etc., he added.

    The move on Economy was extended on December by an EU stimulus' plan totalling some 200 billion Euros, including 5 Billions released by EU Commission for big Projects, as well as various parallel National plans for Economic revival, (fex. 26 billions in France alone). They might appear limited, compared to USA President-elect Obama's reported plan to boost the American economy with 800 billion $, but at least succeded to overcome Europe's divisions for the first time on Economic governance, opening new horizons.

- The French President stressed even harder the unique role of an active EU Council's chairmanship, when he moved swiftly and efficiently, at the beginning of August, to succesfully stop War between Russia and Georgia, at the last minute, which threatened to bring Europe back to Cold War division.

"We (EU) also wanted to avoid a situation like in Bosnia, in the Past, when EU was absent, so that our American friends took their responsibilitues, and EU only followed", despite the fact that the conflict took place in Europe. Now, it was the EU who took its responsibilities".

A roadmap towards a new PanEuropean Security policy, before which all unilateral moves to place new Missiles (from USA or Russia) would be freezed, was proposed by Sarkozy after a meeting with Russian president Medvedev, at the eve of Washington DC's G-20 Summit.

Ukraine's "European" character was stressed at a Sarkozy - Jushenko Summit, September in Paris, while EU adopted on December an "Eastern policy", in which, "I'm convinced that our (EU's) future is to find with our Neighbours the conditions for Economic Development. Peace and Security, by explaining them that.. they must respect (Human Rights') Values, and adopt behaviors different from the Past", explained Sarkozy in Strasbourg.

Meanwhile, the "Union for the Mediterranean" was created, since July's Summit if 45 Heads of State and Government in Paris, as "an organisation for a permanent Dialogue, that we need", mainly in order to tackle the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, by bringing together, for the 1st time, Israelis and Arabs, where "Europe must be present, in order to avoid a frontal clash".

- "If Europe doesn't take its part for Peace in the Middle-East, nobody else will do that in our place", Sarkozy stressed.
-----------------------
    Meanwhile, other EU Agreements were brokered during the French EU Presidency on Immigration, (fex. common Asylum rules, etc), and Climat- Energy :

    - On Climat-Energy, the 2007 German EU Presidency had fixed a triple 20% aim for 2020 (20% renewable Energies, 20% reduction of CO2 emmission, 20% energy efficience/economies), and the 2008 French EU Presidecny realized that, making the necessary compromises in order to modernize EU's industry, but without throwing some former Central-Eastern European Countries into abrupt Economic break down risking "social explosion".

    - Defence-Security EU policy was mainly postponed for April 2009, since both German chancellor Merkel and French president Sarkozy want to strike a deal with the new American president Obama in Strasbourg's NATO Summit.

    However, with all these 4 unexpected Crisis diverting attention to other urgencies, People wil wonder now, what happened to the famous deal proposed by freshly-elected French President Sarkozy on Turkey's controversial EU bid, back on August 2007, to continue EU - Turkey negotiations, but on the double condition that core chapters, intrinsequally linked with EU Membership, will be excluded, and that a collective Reflexion and Debate on Europe's future would start before the end of 2008.

    It was meant to reply to the crucial question : What kind of Europe do we want in 10 or 20 Years from now : A large Market, or a Political Europe, with a popular identity ? In Sarkozy's thinking, presented in his 2 landmark speeches on Europe in Strasbourg, shortly before and after the 2007 Elections, (on February and July 2007), Turkey's controversial EU bid would be incompatible with the second choice.

    It's true that EU Commision's Chairman, Jose Barroso, (who had notoriously declared, as former Portuguese Prime Minister, that he found "nonsense" the idea that Europe might become equal to the US), had repeatedly tried to avoid that Sarkozy's criticism on Turkey might start winning a larger audience in Europe, preferring a discrete "wismens' committee" work. And that most of the personalities later chosen in order to participate in a Committee on Europe's Future, are too much linked with Socialist parties and/or American policies, to be really critical of USA's notorious wish to impose Turkey to the EU, as Sarkozy had noted himself since March 2007..

     - "It's on EU Council's presidency to take political initiatives. EU Commission has other competences", stressed Sarkozy. The "European Ideal" is to "build Europe with the States, not against them". "Ask Europeans to chose between their countries and Europe won't work. You don't choose between your two parents : We must add them together".

    "France and Germany have an Historic Duty to work together, precisely because of what happened to the Past. We have to work hand by hand. We cannot be separated.It goes beyond me and Mrs Merkel today, Mr Schroeder and Mr. Chirac yesterday. It's not a choice, it's a duty to Europe and to the World".  "We need Germany, as Germany needs Europe". Compromise is inevitable, here as everywhere, and each one made some steps towards eachother's positions.

    But "it's true that Mrs Merkel didn't chose her Socialist partners, while I chose mine", Sarkozy said, in an indirect hint that the Socialist Minister of Finance in Germany might be a cause of minor past disagreements in Economy, which were overcome in recent negotiations.

    "We (France and Germany) have particular duties in Europe", but "in a Europe of 27 Member States, it's not enough for France and Germany to agree between them.

    "I always thought that Great Britain has a special role to play in Europe. ... Now, everybody "saw what it cost payed the UK for having been too exclusively open towards the US (and) Financial services. Europe needs the UK, but also the UK needs Europe" :- "We were able to face the hardest moment of the Financial crisis because the UK clearly chose Europe", stressed Sarkozy, reminding Gordon Brown's exceptional participation to the Historic 1st Heads of State/Government Summit of EuroZone, October 12 in Paris (See EuroFora's Reportage from Elysee Palace then).

     - "Some look at Europe with old glasses aged 30 years ago. While we must look at her in relation to what it will be in 30 years" in the Future, Sarkozy concluded.

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