english french german greek italian lithuanian russian serbian spanish
Home arrow newsitems arrow French Minister of Justice Belloubet to EF: -Debate on eventual New BioEthical Rules from 2018 ?

French Minister of Justice Belloubet to EF: -Debate on eventual New BioEthical Rules from 2018 ?

Written by ACM
Tuesday, 31 October 2017
new_french_minister_of_justice_eurofora_400


*Strasbourg/ECHR/Angelo Marcopolo/- It's from 2018 that should Start Debates on key BioEthical Issues, including in France, that President Macron Highlighted at the Conclusion of his Speech at the ECHR, earlier Today, (Promissing to Exclude "Brutality", and that People's "Conscience" will Not be "Silenced"), but Concrete Details still appear to remain quite floue, at least for the moment, as it results mainly from the Reply given given to "Eurofora" b the New French Miister of Justice, Nicole Belloubet (See Infra), in Strasbourg's "Palais des Droits de l'homme".


--------------------

macron_at_echr_turns_on_bioethics_400
(Macron, in fine, turned ECHR's attention towards BioEthics)
--------------


     - "Eurofora" had raised a Question to the Minister, during a Press-point with Journalists organized at the ECHR, just After French President Emmanuel Macron's long Speech there, Earler Today, (Comp. also, f.ex.: ...), about what he had Named (after Victor Hugo) as "more Promised Lands, than Conquered Plots", such as in "BioEthics", "Big Data", "Enhanced Man", etc, where, after "Essential Debates", particularly on "New Technologies", Human Rights would have to be Defended anew by fixing asap adequate Legal Rules, as he Highlighted in Conclusion.

 

macron_goes_on_about_bioethics_at_the_conclusion_of_his_echr_speech__eurofora_screenshot_400


    - Macron promised Today, in front of the ECHR, that "None of these Debates will ever occur with Brutality", "Neither Political Motivations would ever Silence the Conscience" of People, who will have to Deal with such "Innovations, at the Heart of our Society".

 

echrs_pressroom_during_macron_speech_eurofora_400

(President Raimondi + ECHR's PressRoom)

-------------------------

Because, "while France is Not Afraid of Scientific Innovations", at the same time, "it's Committed to ensure that Equality will be Respected, as well as the Fundamental Rights", in front of such "Issues of the Future", where "Europe will have to Fight", "in an "Extra-Territorial World, when even Humanity itself is on the Verge of being Transformed", (f.ex. in cases concerning "Surrogate Mothers", and/or "Children Born out of" our Country's Natural Procreations, etc., as ECHR's current President, Raimondi, had evoked before), "in order to Transmit Intact to the Next Generations" those basic Human "Rights that we must Always Adapt and ReVive", as he said in Conclusion.

 

macron_walked_his_way_from_coes_hq_to_echr_eurofora_400
 
(Macron walked his way from COE's HQ to the ECHR)
 
macron_walked_frm_coes_hq_to_echr_eurofora_400 
--------------------


      - "At which Time-Horizon ?", specifically asked "Eurofora", on such kind of issues, the New French Minister of Justice.


       - "As far as France is concerned, we have a Work which is done (in this area) by the National Committee on Ethics", Nicole Belloubet observed from the outset, in Reply.


    - So, "a Debate is due to take place on these (BioEthical) Issues, and especially a Parliamentary Debate", she added.


    - In particular, "Without any Doubt, there is a Reflexion which would Start during the Vote of the (New) Law on BioEthics", Minister Belloulet explained.


    - And this is expected "in One Year", i.e. during 2018, she Replied in concreto to the above-mentioned "Eurofora"'s Question.


    Without making it, however, Crystal Clear yet, whether all that will include also a Citizens' open and public Debate, and in which practical Conditions, Neither if the Entire Process might, or not, extend further on 2019, if necessary.


    - According to the Latest relevant Law, (that of 2011, when France also Ratified COE's PanEuropean "Oviedo" Convention on Human Rights and Bio-Medicine), that French Committee on Ethics in Life and Health Sciences, was Obliged to Organize "a Public Debate" Before "Any Project of Reform" on its core Issues.


    - But this was Limited Only "in the Form of <<Etats Généraux>>", i.e. through the Intermediary of a "Selection" of certain "Citizens" Only, supposed to "Represent" themselves the whole "Society, in its Diversity", who are, moreover, "Trained"  by some "Experts" appointed by the Public Authorities, and Simply "Edit an Opinion and Recommendations", which are Merely made "Public" at the End...


    >>> On the Contrary, even the National Committee's own "Debates", and any other Preparatory Work, Before Final Decisions on BioEthics, are held ...Only Behind Closed Doors !


    However, around 2011, the French Authorities had Also Organized a real previous Public Debate on the latest BioEthical Issues at Stake, Open to All interested Citizens, which used the Modern Internet Technologies in the form of a Web "Forum" accessible to all involved, (almost as "Eurofora"s Project had already Suggested Earlier)...


    => That Move had managed to Attract a great Number of active Citizens, who Published various, more or less Critical Views in many Thousands of Pages, all Transparent, Readable and Answerable at the Web, whjere they were classified according to the Main Issues at stake.


But certain Regretable Confusions (mainly by a few Intermediaries) on the Precise Date of Closure of that Public Consultaton in that Web Forum on BioEthics, had unfortunately pushed some to Miss that Rendez-vous...


-------------------------------------


 - CoE's PanEuropean "Oviedo" Convention on Human Rights and Bio-Medicine, (applicable also in France), asks, under the Heading "Public Debate" (Article 28), for all "the Fundamental Questions raised by the Developments of Biology and Medicine", to be "the subject of :


(A) "Consultation", concerning "their Possible Application", and


(B) "of Public Discussion", "in the Light ... of relevant Medical, Social, Economic and Legal Implications".

 

+ According to its "Explanatory Report", CoE's "Oviedo" Convention, even if it gives a Large Margin of Discretionary Appreciation to States on how exactly to organize such events, nevertheless, it also "Prompts ... to create Greater Public Awareness of the fundamental Questions raised by the Application of Biology and Medicine", as well as it stresses that "Society's Views must be Ascertained ...with Regard to Problems concerning its members as a whole".
 

I.e. something which, apparently, includes Prior Information of concerned Citizens, as well as to Collect and Take into Account their main Observations : Elements which could serve as a Legal Basis also for an eventual Judicial Control on the Way that States use their Discretionary Powers, in order to avoid eventual Abuse.

----------------------------


    In France, the "National Committee on Ethics for Life and Health Sciences" is a prestigious Consultatif body, initially Created by former Long-Time President Francois Mitterand (Socialist), back on 1983, precisely on a core BioEthical Issue : I.e. just after the 1st Birth artificically obtained by "In Vitro Fertilisation" ("IVF") in the country on 1982...


    Most Facts clearly indicate that, in real Practice, each one of its successive Presidents more or less "Coincided" with a New ... political President of the Republic : F.ex. Mitterand (Socialist) with Prof. Jean Bernard (1983 - 1993), while his successor, Jean-Paul Changeux (1993_1998) partly coincides with a Transition towards the Beginning of Center-Right's Jacques Chirac (1995-2007). The latter was notoriously obliged to a "CoHabitation" with Socialist Prime Minister Lionel Jospin between 1995-2001, but, even if he was Re-Elected for 2002 - 2007, nevertheless, Prof. Didier Sicard remained at the Head of that Ethics Committee, (probably chosen by the previous Cohabitation). So that it seems that it was Only Prof. Alain Grimfeld (2008-2012) who has been Freely Elected by the Right side of the Political Spectrum, during Nicolas Sarkozy's presidency (2007-2012). But Socialist Francois Hollande (2012-2017) obviously chose Prof. Chose Jean-Claude Ameisen (2012-2016), and, Curiously, even his Successor, Prof. Jean-François Delfraissy (2016 - ?), whose mandate exceptionally Extends deep inside Emmanuel Macron's New Presidency (2017-2022)...


---------------------------


Nicole Belloubet made it clear, indirectly but surely, that she was speaking to "Eurofora" Today for what might happen in the foreseeable Future in France itself.


But, recently, CoE's BioEthical Committee's President, Dr. Beatrice Ioan from Romania, confirmed to "Eurofora" her intention to present, by a Coincidence also on 2018, an agreed full "Action Plan" Draft on how to Regulate crucial New Challenges faced by Human Rights in front of Fast-Evolving New Bio-Medical Technologies, at the PanEuropean level of all CoE's 47 Member States and perhaps beyond, (See : http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/coebioethicsactionplananddebatesonnewtech.html).


And it's also true that Macron himself evoked, Earlier Today, in his Speech at the ECHR, rather a series of Europe-Wide Dimension Issues, including, particularly, on "BioEthics", on which Strasbourg's Organisation might, eventually, conclude its collective Decision-making process by its Committee of Ministers somewhere near its forthcoming Presidency by France on 2019, (Comp.: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/coesgandnewfrenchpresidentonrussia.html ).


However, Macron spoke about "Promised Lands", as he described the Issues to which he refered, instead of speaking about "New Rules", even on Classical or simply Older Issues.Meanwhile, at an Exceptionally Important PanEuropean/International Conference on BioEthics, Last Week in Strasbourg, (See: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/coebioethicsactionplananddebatesonnewtech.html), the Experienced President of CoE's PanEuropean Inter-Governemental Committee on Human Rights, Brigitte Konz, advised to be Carefull :


    - Attention to our Classical, Basic Legal Texts, which already Exist Before recent New-BioTech developments : Because, "If some Touch upon them, then, Afterwards,we Risk, perhaps, to have Less Protection" for Human Righs, she rightfully Warned...

In case, indeed, that some Minority Lobbies might, eventually, attempt to Exploit a Majority's ignorance and/or current Apathy in order to exert Pressure on Decision-Makers to Change real "Human Rights", into a kind of ... "Trans-Human" or even "Post-Human" rights" !.. (Comp., f.ex.:  http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/biotechasnuclearbombsglobalfightforhumanity.html ).

 

 echr_red_carpet_eurofora_400

(ECHR's Red Carpet .."Post-Macron", as "Post-Human": Wasn't it better when he was here ?)

--------------------------------------------
Belloubet
--------------------------------------------


The New French Minister of Justice is a fully-fledged Legal University Expert in general Public Law, who has served since 2013 also to the Country's supreme Court : the "Constitutional Council", competent even to judge Complaints for alleged Violation of the PanEuropean Convention of Human Rights, before they might, eventually, arrive at the ECHR in Strasbourg.


Belloubet served at the CC. under the Presidencies of 2 Political HeavyWeights, Both former key Ministers and National Assembly Speakers : Mainly Center-Right's politician Jean-Louis Debré (a "Gaullist") until 2016, but also Socialist Laurent Fabius, (Comp. various Press Statements to "Eurofora"s co-Founder, made in the Past by both Debré and Fabius, f.ex. at : http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/franceconstitutionalcourtpresidentongermanbvg.html + http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/fabiusonmalisecuirityanddevelopment.html , http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/fabiusonsyrianopposition.html, etc).

 fabius_at_the_echr_400

Fabius was present, Today, at that ECHR's event, (together with the other 2 French Highest Court's Heads).

frances_3_supreme_courts_heads_incl._fabius_400

(Fabius, CC Head, with Highest Administrative + Civil Court's Heads, at ECHR - CoE)

---


While also a former Socialist politician, mainly at Regional level, (including on Education, Unversities, etc), on the National level, Nicole Belloubet is widely considered to be personally close to the several times former Top Minister (of Culture, Education, etc), Jack Lang, an atypical Socialist, initially PhD Candidate in Public Law with the Same Director as "Eurofora"s co-Founder : Experienced former Dean of Strasbourg's University, Professor Jean Waline, (Son of Historic Legal Scientist Marcel Waline), and former President of the International Institute for Human Rights "René Cassin",  currently Author of regular New Editions of the "Classic" and Popular (ex-"Rivero") Manual on "Administrative Law", estimated to be one of the Best in France. After having made various Press Statements as Minister to "Eurofora"s co-Founder in the Past, Lang joined on 2007 a National "Committee on Institutions' Modernisation" which proposes part of Reforms adopted under former French President Nicolas Sarkozy, who appointed him later as Envoy to Cuba and North Korea on 2009, becoming also UNO's International Law Expert against Piracy on 2010. He is Now, since his nomination by former French President Francois Hollande on 2013, President of the prestigious "Institute on the Arab World" in Paris, where he had Personally invited "Eurofora" on November 2015 to an Exceptional Meeting with the NOBEL Peace Prize winners from Tunisia's Civil Society NGOs, (at which we regretted to have been practically hindered to attend, inter alia, also because of a Time-lapse due to a Coincidence with an Important CoE's Conference on Risks faced by Journalists and "Freedom of Expression" organized in Strasbourg at the Same Date : Comp., among others, also, f.ex.: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/iachrcoebookandefjsgonjournalismdefinition.html + http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/ifjvpresidentcoespeakeronbusinesmediaagainstjournalismincrisisera.html + http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/unfreespeechrapporteurkayaonrisksofbillsonradicalism.html , etc).

 

 

(../..)


-------------------------------------------

Multi-lingual Interface

Statistics

Visitors: 30644927

Archive

Login Form





Remember me

Lost your Password?
No account yet? Create account

Syndicate

RSS 0.91
RSS 1.0
RSS 2.0
ATOM 0.3
OPML

Other Menu

swed_eu_400

    The incoming Swedish EU Presidency (July-December 2009) may still remain in favour of Turkey's controversial EU bid, despite June 2009 EU Elections' results, but it has "very strong demands on Turkey"'s obligation to respect EU Rules, said the Head of Swedish Foreign Ministry's Press Service, Cecilia Julin, to "EuroFora", reacting to critical Press reports.

    - "I know (that) the link is often made also to Sweden's position on Turkey"'s controversial EU bid. Indeed, "we (Swedish EU Presidency) are very much engaged in the future membership of Turkey, but not without fullfiling all the Criteria".

    - "It's very clear that we (Swedish EU Presidecny) have very Strong Demands on Turkey, in a sort of concept for Future membership of the Union, ...which will be a Long Process...", she stressed.

    This means, in particular, "the Copenhagen Criteria (on Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law), and also the adaptation to the Acquis of the European Union".

     - "If you listen to what Mr. Bildt (the Swedish Foreign Minister) says on Turkey at different occasions, it's very clear : We want Turkey to become part of the Union, in the Future. But we want it to fullfil all the Criteria : The Acquis of the European Union. That's very clear", she concluded.

    The Senior Official of the Swedish Foreign Ministry was reacting to critical Press Reports, from Brussels' Journalists invited by EU Commission's secretariat to Stockholm, who claimed that Bildt was abusing of a ..."Whip" (sic !) against Cyprus, by "threatening" the presence of UNO's Peace-keeping force at the "Green line" which separates the island's Government-controlled areas from the territories occupied by Ankara's army, if Nicosia didn't accept any political solution, regardless of Turkey's demands, before the end of 2009.

        Governing AKEL Party's new Secretary General, Andros Kyprianou, reacted by declaring that no-one can threat the People of Cyprus : -"We shall decide for our Future, and nobody else",  he reportedly said, asking to "keep calm". "In order to find a Solution soon, certain basic Principles must be respected", he stressed, calling those who feel an urgency to use their influence on Turkey. Other Political Parties were more critical.

    This was a reference to recently reported statements by Turkish Minister Bagis, Prime Minister Tayip Erdogan and Turkey's National Security Council (a Military-Political body), accused to push towards a partitionist "2 States" solution, contrary to UNO SC Resolutions for Cyprus' reunification.

    December 2009 is a crucial moment for EU's appraisal of Turkey's controversial EU bid, because EU Council has decided to review then Ankara's compliance with the European position on the recognition of Cyprus' Government, which was clearly set out by an EU reply of 21 September 2005 to Turkish Prime Minister Tayip Erdogan's claims, refusing to recognize even the existence of EU Member Cyprus, in controversial statements he made to London (former EU chair) on July 29, 2005.

    EU Parliament's latest Resolution on Turkey, adopted on March 2009 in Strasbourg, warned Ankara that "the non-fulfillment of Turkey's commitments... by December 2009, may further seriously affect the process of Negotiations" with the EU.

    In practice, the issue boils down to Ankara's "embargo" against Ships and Airplanes using Cyprus' seaports or airports at the strategic EU island, which traditionaly hosts one of the World's biggest Shipping flags. EU has already "freezed" 6 relevant Chapters in EU - Turkey Negotiations since December 2006, after Ankara refused to fullfil a commitment it had undertaken when EU had decided to open controversial "accession" negotiations with Turkey, back on December 2005.

    - "As far as EU - Turkey relations are concerned, it's clear that Turkey needs to fullfil its obligation of full, non-discriminatory implementation of the additional Protocol (to "EC-Turkey Association Agreement"),  This is an important issue....and should be addresseed as soon as possible as it clearly affects the pace of the accession negotiations.Issues covered by the Declaration of September 2005 will continue to be followed up, and progress is urgently awaited", warned earlier in Strasbourg the out-going Czech EU Presidency (former vice-Prime Minister Alexander Vodra).

    But the Head of the Swedish Foreign Ministry's Press Service, Cecilia Julin, dismissed "interpretations" by "some" that Foreign Minister Carl Bildt was reportedly "threatening" Cyprus with consequences on the UNFICYP, if it doesn't accept any solution until December 2009, while Turkey is reportedly delaying in an attempt to impose a partitionist "2 States" solution.

    On the contrary, Julin, stressed that "Sweden has strong demands on Turkey'"s respect of "Copenhagen Criteria and EU Acquis".

    Meanwhile, Sweden  is "concerned" about the risk of "Stalemate" in Cyprus' Talks, but is well aware that "the main responsibilities lie with the two leaders and the UNO", Europe playing only a role of "facilitator".

    After carefully verifying, the Head of Swedish Foreign Ministry's Press Service, stressed to "EuroFora" that Bildt's reference to UNFICYP "was not linked to a Threat", and dismissed those who "interpreted" it so.

    On the contrary, the Swedish EU Presidency acknowledged the fact that Peace Talks are mainly for the UN and the leaders of the Cypriot communities, EU's role being limited into that of a "facilitator".

    As for Turkey's reported attempts to impose a "2 States' solution", the Head of the Swedish Foreign Ministry's Press Service sharply replied by stressing that Turkey must respect the "EU Acquis" rules.

    In particular :

    - "Basically he (Bildt) underlined that it's the leaders of the two communities in Cyprus and the UN that have the main responsibilities for solving the problem", started to say the Swedish Senior Official to "EuroFora", referring to the above-mentioned "briefing".

    - "But the EU had a role in sort of pointing out the benefits and facilitating a little bit the outcome for the settlement of the whole Cyprus' issue", she added.

    - "And he did state the Fact, that the rest of the World (i.e. USA, etc) will, of course, look at the differend issues which are at the table, and the future of the UN Peace keeping force is part of what is at the table", she admitted.

    - "I understand that some have interpreted that as a Threat, by the Swedish Minister" "But", in reality, "it's a statement of a Fact, that, when we'll look at the differend issues, one of the issues on which we shall have to take a stand on, is the future of the UN Peace keeping force in Cyprus".

    Indeed, one of the questions usually raised for a Solution of Cyprus' issue is what International and/or European or other Guarantees, by a Peace-keeping force, might be needed afterwards, eventually for a transitory period.

    Questioned anew by "EuroFora" whether (according to critical Press Reports) this could be taken as a veiled warning that, if Cyprus didn't accept any Turkish demand for any solution whatever, it might be left alone to face Ankara's Military Invasion/Occupation, she denied :

    - "He (Bildt) didn't say it in that way"... "It was not linked to a threat, or anything like that", the Head of the Swedish Foreign Ministry's Press Service stressed.

    On the contrary, "he (Bildt) underlined that the main responsibility lies with the parties concerned on the island". "The EU can try to facilitate and show the benefits of reaching a settlement. But also, when the EU and the rest of the World (i.e. USA) will have to look at it, they will look at all the Facts on the table, and the presence of the UN Peace-keeping force is one".

    And "he (Bildt) didn't speak about that at all", she replied to "EuroFora" question on Turkey's reported attemps to impose, in one way of another, a partitionist "2 States solution".

    Asked whether Bildt's aim was to incite both parties to move forward efficiently, she agreed :

    - In fact, "the EU is really very concerned with the Stalemate in the situation. Yes !", the Head of Sweden's Foreign Ministry's Press Service anounced. That's why Bildt "was hoping for the two parties (i.e. for Turkey's also) to engage and break, a little-bit, the present stalemate, come to a solution of the issue" of Cyprus.

    But, replying  to a "EuroFora"s question on the risk, denounced by several politicians in case of strict Time Deadlines, for Turkey to provoke a stalemate and wait for the time to come to impose a partitionist "2 States' solution", she reacted by pointing at Turkey's obligation to respect "EU Acquis" :

    - "Turkey must fullfil the EU Acquis : That's clear !", the Swedish Senior Official stressed.

    More details are expected when Swedish Prime Minister Reinfeldt will debate his Programme with new MEPs at EU Parliament's plenary mid-July in Strasbourg, that he has visited already in 2008.

    Foreign Minister Carl Bildt became familiar with Strasbourg's CoE last year, when Sweden chaired the PanEuropean organization of Human Rights. As EU chairman-in-office, he will also chair the 27-member States strong EU Group inside the 47-member States strong CoE.

    Minister for EU affairs, Cecilia Malmstrom is well known at EU Parliament, where she has been an active MEP of the Liberal Group for many years, following also Press Freedom issues.

    Both have already made various statements at "EuroFora", on differend topical matters.

    ***

Polls

2009 EU Elections were won by Parties against Technocracy and Turkey's controversial EU bid, while the 1999-2004 Majority Abstention trend decelerated. What should be done in 2009-2014 ?

Results

SMF Recent Topics SA

Copyright (c) 2007-2009 EIW/SENAS - EuroFora.net. All rights reserved. ISSN 1969-6361.
Powered by Elxis - Open Source CMS.