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Inicio arrow newsitems arrow EUParliament Budget Committee Head Arthuis to EF: +1 Billion € more to Turkey by EU, No States (2019

EUParliament Budget Committee Head Arthuis to EF: +1 Billion € more to Turkey by EU, No States (2019

Escrito por ACM
10.12.18

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*Strasbourg/EU Parliament/Angelo Marcopolo/- Experienced former Minister, Head of Political Party, and nowadays President of EU Parliament's powerful Budget Committee, Jean Arthuis, Replying to "Eurofora"'s Questions on the New EU Annual Budget for 2019, which is due to be Debated Tomorrow, Tuesday, and Voted on Wednesday, by EU Parliament's Plenary Session in Strasbourg, expressed, in general, his Satisfaction, about a notable Augmentation of EU Funds for some Popular EU Programs (See Infra), but Acknowledged, also, the Fact that he was Not Glad for an UnExpected "Push" by some inside EU Council, to Impose to this EU Budget to pay 2 Billions €, out of a Total of 3 Billions €, to Turkey's Controversial Blackmail Deal in order to Help Stop a     2015/2016 Mass Asylum Seekers/Irregular Migrants sudden "Tsunami" Massive Influx, instead of "Only" 1 Billion € Back on 2017/2018, the Rest coming from EU Member States' National Budgets.

 

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An overall Inter-Institutional Agreement on the 2019 EU Budget, between the European Council and the Parliament, was notoriously Negotiated with EU Council by Italian Socialist MEP Daniele Viotti and Experienced Austrian ChristianDemocrat/EPP MEP, Paul Rübig, and has just Received a "Green Light" in a Positive Vote by EU Parliament's Budget Committee's Members this Monday Evening, with 17 MEPs against 2, and 5 Abstentions.

 

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- President Arthuis, (a Centrist/Liberal  supporter of new French President Macron), told "Eurofora" that he was Glad because EU Parliament succeeded to get for 2019 some Bigger Sums of EU Funds, than what had been Initially proposed by EU Commission and/or EU Council, in such Flagship Popular European Programs, as "Erasmus" (for Young Students), Small/Medium Businesses, and "Horizon" (Scientific/Technological Research), etc., that co-Rapporteur Rübig had also Highlighted as Important Points, even more for this year, Speaking to "Eurofora" Earlier.

Moreover, some Millions €, among those initially earmarked for controversial and unpopular EU Accession candidacy by Turkey, had been "Freezed", also on 2019, for reasons of Human Rights Violations, anew, Arthuis confirmed.(Obviously, however, this could Not Compare with the ..3 Billions € that Turkey received from the EU, in Addition, since a 2015-2016 Blackmail : See Infra)...

 

Previously, however, Turkey had notoriously exerted a Blackmail on EU Council members, since Back on 2015, in the middle of an UnPrecedented and UnWarned, sudden Influx of +1,5 Million Mass Asylum Seekers/Irregular Migrants tresspassing inside Europe through Turkey, particularly a Sunday in Brussels, when, Moreoever, Deadly Islamist Terrorist Attacks, cowardly Targetting innocent Civilian People, had obliged to even Block Public and Private Transports DownTown... One of the Results was an EU Promise to Pay 3 Billions € to Turkey, in full Grants, each Year, (reportedly Agreed on 2015, and endorsed on March 2016).

 

This worked Despite the Fact that several EU Countries had, Meanwhile, decided and Succeeded to Close the Western Balkans Route for that Massive Asylum Seekers/Irregular Migrants UnPrecedented "Tsunami", suddenly tresspassing into Europe, through Turkey, (See concrete Facts and Proof from International, UNHCR + IOM Official Data, already Published by "Eurofora" since May 2016, at: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/unpopulareuvisafreefor80millionsturksuseless.html).


At the Beginning, it was mainly the EU Member States who advanced that Money, which did Not come from EU's normal Budget, so that, Last Year (2018), 2 Billions € came from National Budgets, and just 1 Billion € from EU's normal Budget, Arthuis reminded to "Eurofora".


- But, suddenly, this Time, some from EU Council "put it bluntly" to EU Parliament, asking, in a very "Sovereign way", from the normal EU Budget to pay the DOUBLE : i.e. 2 Billions € for Turkey on 2019, (in addition to just 1 Billion € from the States now).


- "We didn't like that", since, moreover, "EU Parliament and EU Counci are Both Equal Parts of EU's Budget Authorities", in principle, "but, since several Collegues (MEPs) didn't want problems nowadays, we decided to accept", President Arthuis told us.


=> However, "Eurofora" raised the Obvious Question, where EU Parliament found all that Money, (+200% !), suddenly asked for Turkey for 2019 (i.e. 2 Billions €, instead of 1, from EU Funds, and no more States' Funds, Comp. Supra) ? Are there any Other Important EU Activities/Programs, which might "Suffer" from such a last-minute Manoeuvre ?


According to some Other EU Parliament's sources, that Supplementary +1 Billion € for 2019 would have been taken from various EU Funds initially scheduled for Chapters 3 = 4 of EU's Annual Budget, both from Internal ane External Activities, (but withOut Specifying yet clearly enough)...


However, in such circumstances, various Concrete Hypothesis could give an Idea of what this might really mean in Practice, f.ex. by Questioning whether any Important EU Program or Activity might, perhaps, have been Affected.


Inter alia, f.ex., at anOther Report, scheduled for Debate and Vote by EU Parliament during this Same Week, MEPs Dream for a Europe with "Autonomous access to SPACE", and even "Independence" in Space High-Tech., as relevant Amendments stress from the Start of active Young Italian MEP Massimiliano Salini's Draft on EU's "Space Agency" and its "Program".


Inter alia, f.ex., "Galileo" and "Copernicus" Programs should not only "Continue", but "they Must also be Improved", in order to "remain at the Forefront in view of New Technology Developments and the Transformations in the digital and information and communications technology domains, meet the New Needs of users", EU Commission and Parliament agreed.


But, even if the "Exploration of Outer Space", and "SST", etc., are evoked by that Report, on the Contrary, the Words "Human Space Flight", "Austronaut and "Planet", etc, seem, Curiously, Absent in that, otherwise interesting Paper, despite the fact that they are, notoriously, Key in order to Boost Space Technologies, while New US President Don Trump's NASA reportedly comes Back to such "Classic" Plans in the foreseable Future, (including, f.ex., Preparations for Moon and/or Mars' Landings, etc), and China ambitiously aims to catch up the soonest...


Could it be due to a Restriction of EU Funds, (naturally related also to the presence, or not, of a Strong Political Will, and Ambitious overall Vision for Europe), at the Same Time that EU Parliament is apparentlly Obliged to seek to make several Economies Sparing EU earmarked Funds also for Turkey's +1 Billion € More per Year, (i.e. 2 Billions € for Turkey during this Year 2019, instead of 1 Before, out of 3 Billions € in Total : Comp. Supra), Contrary to what was reportedly expected ?


Inter alia, also the Experience of a key Previous INTW of President Arthuis, but Also of various Other European Space Programs' related Top Experts, in the recent Past, naturaly Raises such Critical Questions, (Comp., f.ex., also : http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/eufundsforturkeyonlyifconditions.html , etc)...


F.ex., among various other relevant Facts, "Eurofora" remembers also that, according to Top Space Experts, Europe would be Glad to have around just ...Half a Billion €, or, elsewhere, 1,2 Billion €, in order to Fund some Ambitious Programs concerning Planets' Exploration, Human Space Flight projects, etc.


Should Europeans be obliged to lose such Strategic Chances, for a 2nd Time, just because of a blunt Turkish Blackmail on 2015/2016 (Comp. Supra) ?

 

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  Ten Years of ECHR : 1998 - 2008 show need of Revival in 2009-2010 coinciding with 2009 EU Election
   

A threefold, coordinated move by new Top French Political actors in the 2009 EU Parliament Elections, expressed in Strasbourg a will to boost Europe's Political dimension close to Citizens' concerns, going from protection of Economy to defence of Human Rights.    

The move met an exceptional ECHR's call for a "revival" of Human Rights' protection mechanism', in a Mega-Conference, early 2010.   

Obviously focusing on June 2009 Elections to EU Parliament, it involved from the outset the recently nominated "dual" Head of French Governing Party (UMP)  Michel BARNIER and Rachida DATI :

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     - "As President Sarkozy has clearly said, we (France) are in favor of a Strong, Sovereign and Independent, Political Europe, which protects its Citizens, and not for a large Super-Market, nor for a Europe under influence",

    "This goes for everything, including Energy", added to "EuroFora" the experienced former EU Commissioner, Minister of Foreign affairs, currently of Agriculture and Sarkozy's new pick as Leader of the Governing party UMP to EU 2009 Election, Michel BARNIER                                              .                             

  - Human Rights are important because they are at the Heart of the Political Europe that we aspire for : I.e. a Europe able to act and protect its Citizens, stressed also the New French Minister for European affairs, Bruno LE MAIRE, while meeting Strasbourg's Journalists at his first visit to the CoE.   

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This is one of the main interests for CoE, which is also a natural place for cooperation between EU countries and Russia or Turkey, which was recently helpful at the Middle East crisis, he added.

The move gained momentum with French Minister of Justice, Rachida Dati's main observations at ECHR's 5Oth Anniversary :   

- "While we are seeking Europe's Borders and Identity, you (ECHR) remind us also of its Values", Human Rights, Dati noted.   

Citizens seek more and more often ECHR's help, and the tempo accelerates, Europa awaits a symbol, while national legal orders are not freezed   

And she expressed "support" to ECHR President Jean-Paul Costa's call to satisfy the vital need to revigorate the PanEuropean Court by deciding big changes at a High-Level Conference open to a large audience, a kind of "Etats Generaux" of Human Rights, at the beginning of 2010.       

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It's not so much the recently growing number of applications for Russia or Ukraine etc, which seems to be Costa's main concern : In fact, the cases declared "admissible" are much fewer...    

But rather the persistent violations of Human Rights, sometimes very grave (ie. murders, torture, abritrary deprivation of liberty, oppression of freedom of speech, destructions of homes/properties, etc), despite numerous, repeated condemnations by ECHR. So that CoE's Ministers, due to "supervise execution" of ECHR's judgements, are overloaded.   

F.ex. most Media noted that Turkey still remains, even in 2008, the 1st among 47 CoE member States in the number of condemnations by ECHR :  257, compared to 233 for Russia, with a population more than the double..    

The problem is that it's not the 1st time at all : During all the last Decade 1998-2008, Turkey was condemned by ECHR much more than any other State, and for particularly grave violations :   

- 1.652 condemnations, compared to 605 for Russia, 548 for Poland, 494 for France, 476 for Ukraine, etc.   

Italy's second place with 1.394 condemnations is a misleading false appearance : In fact, most of them (999) concern mere "procedural delays" in national courts. Same for France.   

On the contrary, Turkey was condemned 180 times for Killings, 192 times for Torture or Inhuman/Degrading treatments, 340 times for arbitrary deprivation of Liberty, 528 times for "Unfair trial", and 169 times for oppression of Freedom of speech, (etc). And the latest, 2008 numbers, indicate no change in this trend, (See supra).   

The current Spanish CoE Presidency (November 2008 - May 2009) has made of the implementation of ECHR's judgements its 1st Priority.   

ECHR's President, Jean-Paul Costa, stressed in its 2009 Annual Press Conference, CoE Member States' obligation to implement the judgements, according to Article 46 of the European Convention on Human Rights.   

Moreover, if CoE's Committee of Ministers delays to ensure implementation, then, the repetition of violations in similar cases provokes a multiplication of complaints tabled to the Court, which overload the mecanism for the protection of Human Rights, denounced Costa.          

A series of Debates on "the situation of Human Rights in Europe", focusing on the "need to fight against Impunity" of perpetrators of grave crimes, is  currently prepared by CoE's Parliamentary Assembly for the session of June 2009.  

The final Timing comes shortly AFTER the EU Elections, but the main Reports should have been adopted before.

Meanwhile, French President Sarkozy and German Chancelor Merkel's recent call "for a Political Europe" in 2009 EU Elections (See earlier "correspondence from Paris, Elysee Palace), seems more and more endorsed also by other EU Countries' Top MEPs :

Thus, f.ex., EU Parliament's 1st vice-President, Greek MEP Mrs Rodi KRATSA, speaking to "EuroFora", agreed that 2009 EU Election would be a "naturally good" opportunity to debate what really interests EU Citizens : "The Future of a Political Europe, able to face the Economic Crisis, with a Culture and identity which attracts the People"

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(Photo taken earlier during Sarkozy's 1st visit at EU Parliament, in 2007 : Sarkozy and Merkel's Ideas for a Political Europe inspire also other EU politicians accross the continent)..
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