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Home arrow newsitems arrow EUSummit: Turkey Sanctions unless it Behaves on EUMed.Energy. But v 1st Jihadist Invasion of Europe?

EUSummit: Turkey Sanctions unless it Behaves on EUMed.Energy. But v 1st Jihadist Invasion of Europe?

Pisac ACM
01. 10. 2020.

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*Strasbourg/Angelo Marcopolo/- EU Summit clearly Warned Turkey with Sanctions if it doesn't Stop Bullying EU Energy Sources at Eastern Mediterranean Member States Cyprus and Greece during the Next Few Weeks or Months, But Offered Ankara a "positive" Cooperation Partnership with the EU, (while Carefuly Avoiding the term "Candidate"), If it Behaves.

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Simply Reading this EU Summit's Conclusions on Strategic Foreign Policy Issues, Agreed at MidNight in Brussels, after Long Discussions, mainly on Turkey, there are, at least 2 Key Observations, spontaneously, for any attentive observer and convinced European :

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(A)

- First of all, Let's sincerely Hope that this EU Summit's Double-Track, Carrot and Stick, Approach on Turkey's Bullying over EU Energy Resources at Eastern Mediterranean, around EU Member States Cyprus and Greece, (See, inter alia, also at: ..., etc), Might, Indeed, Work well.

- At any case, we shall all Know if it really works with Ankara, Already Long Before the "Latest" EU Time Deadline of December 2020...

EU Council's President Michel clearly showed that he Finally Agreed with "Eurofora"s earlier practical Observation, while speaking with an EU Council's Senior Official, Yesterday (See: .., etc), that If the relevant Debate had been Delayed as much as to Limit it Only at ...a working "Diner", then, there was an Obvious Risk Not to have Enough Time for any "In Depth" and "Thorough" Discussion of such a Delicate Issue, unless to Extend Further OverNight, perhaps even up to Early Morning, (as it has happened too Often in Brussels in the Past).

=> Thus, Michel, Suddenly, took the Initiative to Drasticaly Advance the Hour for Starting that Debate, approximately about 3 Hours Earlier, around 5 pm., instead of 8 pm.

However, Even this wasN't really Enough, since the Final EU Conclusions were Published after MidNight, i.e. After Many "Come and Go" between several UpDates of the Draft Text, until all involved had Agreed. (Certain Sources speak about 3 Successive Drafts).

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>>> At its Final Text, the EU Summit, from one side, stresses that "the EU has a Strategic interest in a Stable and Secure Environment in the Eastern Mediterranean".

=> "An absolute Requirement in this regard" is "Pursuing dialogue in good faith and abstaining from unilateral actions which run counter to the EU interests and violate international law and the sovereign rights of EU Member States". For that purpose, "All differences must be resolved through peaceful Dialogue and in accordance with international Law", EU Stresses. "In this context", the EU Summit "reiterates its full Solidarity with Greece and Cyprus, whose sovereignty and sovereign rights must be Respected".

+ In particular, Nowadays, "the European Council strongly Condemns Violations of the Sovereign rights of the Republic of Cyprus which must Stop. The European Council calls on Turkey to Abstain from similar actions in the future, in breach of international Law. The European Council underlines that delimitation of the Continental Shelf and Exclusive Economic Zone should be addressed through Dialogue and negotiation in Good Faith, in full respect of international law, and Calls on Turkey to accept the invitation by Cyprus to engage in Dialogue, with the objective of settling All Maritime-related disputes between Turkey and Cyprus".

=> On the Crucial Issue of Sanctions, this 10/2020 EU Summit, "Recalling and reaffirming i.a. its previous conclusions on Turkey of October 2019, in case of reNewed Unilateral actions or Provocations, in Breach of international Law, the EU will Use All the Instruments and the Options at its Disposal, (See: ..., etc), Including in accordance with Article 29 TEU and Article 215 TFEU, in order to Defend Its (EU's) Interests, and those of its Member States.

>>>Meanwhile, EU Leaders "will Continue to closely Monitor Developments and will revert accordingly, and take Decisions as appropriate". Such "Decisions" will be taken, "at the Latest, at its December (2020) meeting", fixed as Final Time Deadline for Turkey to behave (Comp. Supra).

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+ At any case, on Cyprus' Issue, the EUC "supports the speedy Resumption of Negotiations, under the auspices of the UN, and remains fully committed to a comprehensive Settlement of the Cyprus Problem, within the UN Framework and in accordance with the relevant UNSC Resolutions, including UNSC resolutions 550 (on Protecting the Sealed City of Famagusta from Threats of Usurpation of Greek Cypriot Refugees' Homes and Properties) and 789, and in line with the Principles on which the EU is founded", and it "Expects the same of Turkey". Meanwhile, "EU stands Ready to play an Active role in supporting the negotiations, including by appointing, upon resumption, a representative to the UN Good Offices Mission.

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+ From the Other Side, IF "Constructive efforts to Stop illegal Activities (of Turkey) vis-à-vis Greece and Cyprus are Sustained", (Comp. Supra),

this Brussels' EU Summit Proposes "the development of a Cooperative and mutually beneficial Relationship with Turkey", (alias "CRT", Carefully Avoiding to Speak about any Controversial and UnPopular Claim for a so-called "Candidacy" of Ankara to ever Enter into the EU)...

=> Then, EUC "has agreed to launch a Positive political EU-Turkey Agenda, with ....emphasis on the Modernisation of the Customs Union and Trade facilitation, people to people Contacts, High level Dialogues, continued cooperation on                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Migration issues, in line with the 2016 EU-Turkey Statement. EUC Seeks to "develop a proposal for re-Energising the EU-Turkey agenda to this effect".

- Meanwhile, EU Summit "Welcomes the recent (mainly NATO - related) Confidence Building Steps by Greece and Turkey, as well as the announcement that they will resume their direct exploratory talks, aiming at the delimitation of the Continental Shelf and Exclusive Economic Zone of the two countries", and considers that "these efforts need to be sustained and broadened"

+ Moreover, in Wider Terms, In Fine, the adopted Paper "calls for a Multilateral Conference on the Eastern Mediterranean", on the "Organisation"  of which it wants to "engage in Talks", since  Modalities, such as Participation, Scope and Timeline, will Need to be Agreed with All involved Parties". That MCEM "could address Issues on which Multilateral Solutions are Needed", as it Believes, "including maritime Delimitation, Security, Energy, Migration and economic Cooperation", it says.

However, it's Not yet Clear what such a ..3rd East Med. Body might, eventualy, have Better, Compared to the Already Existing "East Med. Forum", Auto-Organized by the concerned Countries themselves, which wish to Help Develop South-Eastern Mediterranan's Energy Resources and Tranport to mainland Europe, according to the International Law of the Sea, (Greece, Cyprus, Egypt, Israel, Lebanon, Palestine, Jordany, Italy and soon France, Open also to EU and USA Participation), currently HeadQuartered at Cairo. As for the "Delimitations" of EEZ, Most of them have Already been Negotiated, Agreed, Signed and Ratified, often since Many Years, by those Concerned Countries, and, according to UNO's International Law of the Sea, those Bilateral Agreements are Enough, withOut Needing to absolutely Re-Start from scratch, just in order to Impose some (UnKnown yet) "Multi"--lateral Deals. ...Unless a main Aim might be to Impose there Ankara (currently Absent from it) ! ++ As for Turkish President Erdogan, he has, also, just Called to set up an "International Organisation of Eastern Mediterraean", in a Letter send to Brussels (Except EU Members Greece and Cyprus...), where he Explicitly Seeks to Impose, in an Inter-Governemental Body, the Presence of the illegal Break Away Regime of the Occupied Territories of Cyprus, stil Controlled by Turkey's Military Invasion/Occupation Troops, which has been Notoriously Condemned by the UNO, and Not Recognized by Any Country in the World...

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(B) But, a Second "Hot" Key Point, in EU Summit's Foreign Policy Conclusions, is the Surprizing Lack of a Crystal-clear, Explicit and Strong Condemnation of what was just Proven to be the 1st Armed Invasion of Europe by Extremist Foreign "Jihadists" Mercenaries, notoriously Brought by Turkey in a Bloody Military Clash against Armenians, right from Syria, Libya, and/or elsewhere, these same Days.

- Certainly, pointing at "the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict" with Azerbaijan, this Brussels' EU Summit, at least, "Calls for an Immediate Cessation of Hostilities", "a Lasting CeaseFire", and "the Peaceful Settlement of the Conflict", where "the Loss of Life and the toll on the Civilian Population are Unacceptable", and "there can be Not ...Any External Interference", as it stresses.

But the, apparently, Hastily adopted Text, at around MidNight (Comp. Supra), does Not yet Specify What Kind of "Interference", How, and By Whom...

>>> However, after Manifold Initial Suspicions, it has, Finaly, been reportedly clearly Documented, by Various Converging Sources, and even Officialy Denounced by mainstream Top Political Leaders, that, indeed, Turkey brought in to Fight against Armenians, several Hundreds or Thousands of Foreign Armed Extremist Islamist Gangs, Paid as Mercenaries, (See Infra).

This is the 1st Armed Invasion of Modern Europe by Foreign "Jihadists".

Armenia is part of Europe Both in Geography, Religion (one of the 1st Christianized States), Culture, and History.

Turkey, Initially Started to abuse of Extremist Islamist Armed Gangs by Backing their Fight against Bashar Ashad's Government of Syria, between 2011-2015+.

But, progressively, Ankara Continued by Abusing of them Also in order to Attack, Robb, Torture, Kill or Chasse Away even Syrian Kurds, Christians, Armenians, Yazidi People, etc.

Turkey's Widely Systematic Backing of Deadly Extremis Islamist Terrorists, included even ISIL's Gangs Cowardly Targetting Innocent Civilian People, particularly by Offering them considerable Logistical Support, (f.ex., Militants' Transfert, Arms' Smuggling, Black Market Trade for Solen Cultural Heritage or Oil/Gas, Fake Passports/Falsified IDCards, Explosives/Rockets' provision, etc), has been Denounced and often Documented by Varous Sources, including Investigative Journlists, Human Rights NGOs, the Russian Defense Ministry, etc.

+Since 2018, Started Also the Turkish Army's Military Invasions/Occupations to Systematical abuse of Various such Islamist Extremist Armed Gangs as "Proxies", f.ex. at Afrin, Followed by the North-Eastern Region of Syrian Kurds on 2019, and Even at FarAway Libya, in Northern Africa, etc, on 2020.

=> Nowadays, it's initially American Investigative Journalist Lindsey Snell who reportedly Started, Earlier, to Find the First Traces of Islamist Extremist Mercenaries prepared to be Send by Turkey from Syria against Armenia, closely Followed by London-Based "SOHR" Human Rights' Watchdog, (specialized on Syria), which Multiplied relevant Original Newstories, soon Joined also by "the Guardian", "Reuters" and "AFP" Press Agencies, the Armenian Government, the Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov imself, and, these Days in Brussels, even French President Macron, (etc)...

France and Russia are the 2 out of 3 Countries traditionaly in charge of the Nagorno-Karabakh issue, the 3rd being the USA. Both reportedly Agreed that the Export of Armed Jihadst Mercenaries by Turkey at such a Deadly Conflict  is an Unacceptable Fact.

- Macron (Sure about Verified Facts) stressed that "Turkey crossed a Red Line", which is Incompatible even with its NATO Membership.

+ Meanwhile, anOther Worrying Revelation is that, as various Converging Testimonies prove, the Expedition of such Jihadist Mercenaries had, in fact, been Already Planned for much Earlier, and, Suddenly Postponed for Later, due to unknown reasons... In other words, it seems that this Deadly Conflict had been PreMeditated !

At any case, those who might find, perhaps, that the Caucasus Mountains would be Too Far Away from the EU in order to be Dangerous for us, are certainly in Error :  

- Who could have Guessed, just 2 Years Ago, that; f.ex., an Asian Pakistani Armed Islamist Terrorist woukd Suddenly Find himself at Afrin's ancient Historic Monuments on 2018, the Next Year on the Mountains of Norh-Eastern Kurdish Region of Syria on 2019, and, just a Few Months' Later, at Far Away, North-African Libya's SeaCoasts (2020), Shortly Afterwards Zig-Zaging to the European Caucasus' Mountain Tops at Nagorno-Karabakh (10/2020) ?

=> In Consequence, it's Easy to Imagine such Armed Jihadists Arriving, Soon f.x. at Evros River's Greco-Turkish Borders in Europe, (i.e. Just at the Other Side of Turkey...). Afterwards at italy's Sicilian Coasts, Facing African Libya (Comp. Sypra). Closely Followed by Nearby Corsica French Island's Beaches, Next Stop at Neighbouring Spain's Catalonia, etc., etc, etc...

>>> If you don't pay Attention, it can Go very Fast !...


(../..)

("Draft-News")

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People in Europe and the World expect from CoE to make a succes of its "Monitoring" for Human Rights and Democracy, despite difficulties, said Finland's President Tarja Halonen to "EuroFora" at a crucial moment for the mecanism built 15 years ago by the paneuropean organization which celebrates its 60th Anniversary in 2009.

Halonen, known as "Mother" of CoE's "Monitoring" mecanism, a long-time MEP and former Foreign Minister before becoming Finland's President, holds a long experience in the mattter, after also serving twice as CoE and EU Chairwoman in the past. That's why she is well placed to judge how CoE's "monitoring" should deal today with some crucial issues of importance both to CoE and to the EU.

The move came just a Month before a crucial, last visit to Turkey, scheduled for June, by the President of CoE''s "Monitoring" Committee, Ukranian MEP Serge Holovaty, to finalize his Report on Ankara, the CoE Member State with the longest Monitoring procedure. From its results depends its overall credibility.

This is a Test-case, because, in fact, it's in order to avoid Sanctions threatened against Turkey by a CoE's Assembly's April 1995 Resolution for grave Human Rights violations, Democracy gaps, the continuing Military Occupation in Cyprus, the unresolved Kurdish problem, Aegean differend with Greece, etc., that MEPs decided to create, for the 1st time on April 1996, a "Monitoring" proces, allegedly destinated to check, without excluding Countries who did not fulfill all CoE's standards.

In the Past, the obliged withdrawal of Greece's Military regime and of its "Civil" cover-up out of the CoE had helped bring back Democracy in 1974. But, on the contrary, since April 1996, the idea was to "monitor" Human Rights' respect while keeping most concerned Countries inside the CoE. After Turkey's oldest example, this was extended also to several former "Eastern" European Countries, even if CoE's Assembly has imposed to some of them (fex. Ukraine, Russia, etc., after Belarus, Serbia, etc) various "Sanctions", that Ankara always avoided. Curiously more succesful even than .. USA itself, (a CoE "Observer" since 1995), which has been at least threatened with sanctions some years ago..

EU-effects of CoE's Monitoring process became obvious between 2001-2008, since the "closure" of this procedure, when CoE felt that a Country had met most of its Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law obligations, (i.e. the "Copenhagen Criteria" for the EU), helped trigger Negotiations with the EU for "Accession" or other closer relations : This occured already before the 2004 and 2007 EU Enlargements to former "Eastern" European Countries, as well as for the commencement of "accession" negotiations with Croatia, and of "open-ended" negotiations with Turkey in 2005.

    But a stricking new development are Holovaty's recent findings that on core Human Rights issues as Torture and Freedom of Expression, Turkey, even "5 Years after" CoE closed its "Monitoring", back in 2004, inciting EU to start accession Negotiations in 2005, still presents grave problems.

    His findings are of crucial importance after a 2008 CoE Resolution called, "if need be", to "seriously consider the possibility of Re-Opening the Monitoring procedure for Turkey" : A move which might affect Ankara's controversial EU bid, since EU Accession Negotiations are based on the Hypothesis that the Candidate fullfils the "Copenhagen Criteria" (See above)..
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    Holovaty expressed his will to check  "Matters still Outstanding" and  those that he "didn't have an opportunity to discuss" at an earlier visit this year, "in order to discuss the more complex issues in greater depth", at his forthcoming New Visit to Ankara, before the December 2009 EU Summit.  This is all based on the 2004 CoE Resolution which stresses that, CoE "will continue.. post-monitoring Dialogue with the Turkish authorities,...in addition to a 12-points list,..and on any Other Matter that might arise in connection with Turkey’s Obligations as a CoE member state".

    CoE's Resolution also asks  from Turkey "to secure the proper Implementation of Judgements, particularly in the Cyprus v. Turkey InterState case", of 2001, which concerns also the plight of many Hundreds of MISSING People. It adds Turkey's obligations to "execute" ECHR's Judgements in the Loizidou case,..and in particular adopt General Measures to avoid repetition or continuation of Violations found by the Court" to the detriment of Refugees.

    Nevertheless, Holovaty said to "EuroFora" that "MISSING" persons,"might be included" and cannot be excluded, but he has yet to examine the situation "to find out  which issues will be raised" to the Turkish Government.

    Therefore, "EuroFora" asked Halonen, as the Historic "Mother" of CoE's Monitoring mecanism, if she thought that, "whenever there are grave Human Rights Violations, as fex. "MISSING" persons, attested even by ECHR's judgements, they should be always checked by a Monitoring process. Or could they be forgotten ?"
    
     - "We (CoE) must be, at the same time, Fair, Realistic, but not in the mind that "now we have Forgotten", etc., replied to "EuroFora"'s question Halonen, speaking as a matter of general principle.

    - "When we think of those People that are suffering from the lack of Democracy, of Human Rights, and of the Rule of Law", "we should find a base on how to deal with the (Monitoring) system more rapidly"', she stressed.

    - "Sometimes it's very difficult to combine Transparency and Effectivenes together, particularly in this specific case", she went on to say. But, "I have not found a (CoE Member) Country who could be insensitive in this sens", Halonen answered concerning grave Human Rights violations attested by the ECHR.

    - "I have no ready-made answer. I have the expectations that you, in the CoE, will, step by step, find the different types of the monitoring systems."

    Also "because this is a part of the UN's Post-Conflict system, (fex. when it comes to Cyprus' MISSING persons), and it's a more Global system". So that, "If we make a succes in Europe, the others will follow", throughout the World.  "But they expect that we (Europe) are this opportunity, this Opportunity to make a Succes", Halonen concluded.

    In addition, she advised to extend CoE's Monitoring to all its 47 Member States, "because, as long as we hear that, all these monitoring systems are "OK for the neighbor, but not for me", "it's very difficult" to understand. Something which could make easier to Compare...

    Finnish MEP Jaako Laakso, former CoE Rapporteur on the Occupied Territories of Cyprus and one of the 5 Signatories of the Historic CoE's call to create the "MONITORING" mecanism since 1996, was more specific :  - "We (CoE Assembly) have to find a way for the issue of Cyprus' MISSING People to be better followed", he stressed, anouncing his intention to "speak to Mr. Holovaty" about that. "There might be also other ways", added Laakso.

    - The 2008 "Year had been a very Bad one for Turkey with regard to Human Rights in general, and Freedom of Expression in particular", denounced, meanwhile, Holovaty's preliminary Post-Monitoringh Draft Report by Holovaty, published by the CoE on April 2009.

    "Amnesty International believes that freedom of expression is not guaranteed given the various articles of the Criminal Code that restrict it. .. "For example, 1,300 Websites are said to have been closed down by the (Turkish) authorities in 2008" ! While "the new Turkish Criminal Code was used to bring a total of 1,072 proceedings between June 2005 and April 2008, and led to the conviction of 192 people", for expressing views. "Representatives of the Özgür Gündem newspaper, which specialises in Kurdish affairs, ..complained about Numerous Attacks on their Freedom of Expression ...as was everyone who advocated a settlement to the question by means other than the intervention of the army" "According to their figures, 19 Newspapers had been suspended 43 times between 4 August 2006 and 4 November 2008" !...

    Moreover, on 2008,  CoE's "Ministers adopted its 4rth Resolution on the execution of the judgments of the ECHR, ...and outstanding issues regarding 175 Judgements and decisions relating to Turkey delivered between 1996 and 2008...  concerning Deaths resulting from the excessive use of force by members of the Security forces, the failure to protect the right to life, the DIisappearance and/or death of individuals, Ill-Treatment and the Destruction of property". CoE's " Ministers urged the Turkish authorities ...to ensure that members of Security forces of all ranks can be prosecuted without administrative
authorisation" for "serious crimes". Holovaty reminded.

"Nonetheless", Holovaty heard anew of "Several cases of Violence committed last year (2008) by the (Turkish) security forces". Amnesty International speaks of Many Cases of ill-treatment and Torture in the prisons and by the police". "Including, fex."'the death of Engin Ceber, a young man of 29 who died on October 2008 as a result of the TORTURE allegedly inflicted on him by police officers, prison staff and members of the gendarmerie. He was part of a group of people arrested on September 2008 during a demonstration and Press Conference in Istanbul'. Proceedings against suspects are "on-going" in this case.

- " I therefore noted an Obvious Contradiction between the Government’s stated “zero tolerance” policy.... of Torture and other forms of ill-treatment, and the different testimonies given", denounced CoE's Rapporteur.  Turkish "authorities must make considerable efforts to guarantee that proper investigations are carried out into allegations of abuses by members of the security forces and that perpetrators are effectively punished" "In this respect, I have requested detailed Statistics on the number of Investigations, acquittals and convictions in cases involving allegations of abuse in order to show the positive impact of the measures taken to date", Holovaty said, repeating a permanently unsatisfied CoE's demand to Turkey since a Decade...

    - "The Political Crisis that shook the country in the spring of 2008 highlighted the Weaknesses of the (Turkish) Constitution", which comes from the Military regime of 1982, "and the Urgent Need of Reforms", stressed from the outset CoE's Rapporteur in 2009. In particular, "the ...Democratic functioning of state institutions, including the independence of the judicial system, are crucial", he observes.

    But, "the Electoral  system and the ways in which it is circumvented do not appear to give those elected complete Legitimacy, and tend to pervert the course of direct universal suffrage", denounces Holovaty, observing that, even 5 Years later, Turkey did not yet change the 10% nationwide Threshold for a party to take any seat, which is "far higher" than the "3%" maximum in Europe and already condemned as contrary to European Standards by the CoE.

    + Moreover, EU Parliament's 2009 Report on Turkey, drafted by Dutch MEP Ria Oomen-Ruijten and adopted in Strasbourg on March, expresses "Concern over the Failure of the (Turkish) Judiciary to prosecute cases of Torture and Ill-treatment, the Number of which is Growing". EU also "is concerned about continuing Hostility and Violence against Minorities" in Turkey. It also "calls on the Turkish Government to launch, as a matter of Priority, a Political Initiatve favouring a lasting Settlement of the Kurdish issue, (while "condemning violence.. and terrorist groups"). EU "regrets that No progress has been made on establishing full, systematic Civilian suprevisory functions over the (Turkish) Military".

    The final results of Holovaty's 2nd and last visit to Turkley will be known later this year, and, at any case, before EU's December 2009 Summit.

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2009 EU Elections were won by Parties against Technocracy and Turkey's controversial EU bid, while the 1999-2004 Majority Abstention trend decelerated. What should be done in 2009-2014 ?

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