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Home arrow newsitems arrow EUSummit+Parliament+Germany+France Leaders Tajani+Merkel+Macron slam Turkey Violence (Varna RDV eve)

EUSummit+Parliament+Germany+France Leaders Tajani+Merkel+Macron slam Turkey Violence (Varna RDV eve)

Автор ACM
Пятница, 23 Март 2018
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*Brussels/EU-Summit/Angelo Marcopolo/- EU's 28 Heads of State/Government clearly slamed, during a 2 Days-long Summit in Brussels, Turkey's latest Violent Abuses against EU Member Cyprus' Energy, and the Turkish Military Invasion and Occupation of Syrian Kurdish Canton of Afrin, as well as other Provocations at EU's External Borders in Greece across the Aegean Sea, etc, just a Few Days before a Crucial EU - Turkey Bilateral Summit, exceptionaly organized in Varna, Bulgaria (the current EU Chair-holder) Next Week.


But a series of Blatant Rejections by Ankara of all relevant EU Parliament and/or EU Council's Decisions, added even to a Return of Deadly Islamist Terrorism, cowardly Targetting Civilian People, Today in France, (Despite the Heroism of some), added to some Pressure to eventually Water-down Varna's meeting with even more unpopular and controversial Concessions to Turkey, are obvious Challenges that Europe needs to Face efficiently, (See Infra).


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 - "The European Council strongly Condemns Turkey's continued illegal actions in the Eastern Mediterranean and the Aegean Sea, and underlines its Full Solidarity with Cyprus and Greece", concluded EU's 28 Heads of State/Government from Thursday Night, as far as Turkish GunBoats' Threats against European Energy Supplies' Security, and Protection of EU's External Borders are concerned, (See also Infra).


=> In consequence, the March 2018 EU Summit in Brussels "Urgently Calls on Turkey to Cease those Actions, and Respect the Sovereign Rights of Cyprus to Explore and Exploit its Natural Resources, in accordance with EU and International Law".


+ "In this Context", (and significantly "Recalling its Conclusions of October 2014 and the Declaration of 21 September 2005", already, prepared according to Statements made by the then Prime Minister of France to "Eurofora"s co-Founder a week earlier at UNO's HeadQuarters in New York, Published then at "TCWeekly"), the EU Summit also "Recalls Turkey's Obligation to Respect International Law, and Good Neighbourly Relations, and Normalise its Relations with all EU Member States, including the Republic of Cyprus", (a "minimal" Condition which had been Explicitly put by the EU in order to Start "Negotiations" with Turkey on its controversial and unpopular EU bid, already from 2005, but Not yet really fulfilled by Ankara)...


>>> Most Important, "the European Council will remain Seized of these Matters" during all the foreseable Future, this Brussels' Summit also Warned Ankara (See Infra).


++ In Addition, EU Leaders expressed (their) Grave Concern over the continuing Detention of EU Citizens in Turkey, including (even) 2 Greek Soldiers, (who were reportedly following the Footprints of Intruders on the Snow, inside Greek Territory at the Borders with Turkey on Evros River, surprisingly leading towards a ...Group of Turkish Soldiers in Turkey's side of the Border, who arrested them, closing them to Jail for a Too Long Time, even WithOut any Court Hearing and/or Decision yet).

These Crystal-Clear, Official "Conclusions" of EU Leaders on Turkey were adopted after Marathon-Long Discussions Over-Night from Thursday to Friday, Stopping only about ...2 o'clock a.m.. To the point that, as "Eurofora" witnessed on the spot, even German Chancellor Angie Merkel was, Exceptionally, led to Cancel her Usual Press-point on the Conclusions of the 1rst Day of Brussels' EU Summits, Contrary to what she was accustomed to do...


"Eurofora" was informed by EU Council's sources that this Turkey Discussion, late Thursday Night, (Despite substantial Earlier Preparations) had a supplementary Duration of at least one Hour-Long.
The rest of that Time, overnight, was spend on Other Foreign Policy issues, concerning mainly Relations with Russia and USA, (particularly on the thorny "Salisbury" alleged poisoning affair, and New US President Don Trump's imminent decision about Taxes on Steel a.o. Imports from certain Foreign Countries, including China, India, Mexico, Canada, etc, respectively).


----------------------


- In Fact, it's "in view of our Monday (March 26) Meeting with (the Turkish) President Erdogan" (in Bulgaria), that EU "Leaders discussed Turkey, pointed out from the outset, at the Concluding Press Conference, on Friday, EU President Donald Trump.


=> "In this Context, the European Council strongly Condemned Turkey's continued illegal actions in the Eastern Mediterranean" (i.e. Ankara's GunBoats bullying European Ships from Italy to Explore EU Member Cyprus' Exclusive Economic Zone's underseas Natural Resources in Oil/Gas : See ...), "and the Aegean Sea", (i.e. various, persistent provocations over EU Member Greece's Sea Borders, which are also EU's External Borders vis a vis Turkey), he stressed.


>>> "This Issue Will be Raised in Varna, where we hope to have a Wide-ranging Discussion on EU - Turkey relations, and the way Ahead" : And, therefore, "I am Aware that it will Not be an Easy meeting...", Tusk Warned Ankara.


+ Because "the EU is Concerned not just with the the Situation in Eastern Mediterranean and the Aegean". But, Moreover, "Certainly a number of Other Complicated Issues will be Discussed in Varna", he Announced.


=> "Including Developments in Turkey" itself, (i.e. the Notorious Aggravation of Massive Violations of Human Rights of various Dissident or Critical People, which have already reached an Historic Record-High level, (Comp., f.ex., among many others, also : ... + ...), "and its (Ankara's) actions in Syria", (i.e. the Deadly Foreign Military Invasion and Occupation of Syrian Kurdish Afrin canton : See ...).


- Significantly, concerning Europe and Turkey, President Tusk, (following a notoriously Big Majority of European People's wish, repeatedly Expressed recently in both various Elections and Polls, etc), Limited that relationship to a Simple "Cooperation", Only in certain (undetermined) "Areas of Common Interest".


- Even there, however, "Still, ... we (EU and Turkey) Need to Find a Way to Talk to Each Other Openly", he chraracteristically observed, (particularly in front of Turkey's repeated Total Rejections of Both recent EU Parliament Resolutions and EU Heads of State/Governments' Conclusions, added, even, to several Provocations, rarely seen before...


-------------------------------------------


+ EU Parliament's President, Antonio Tajani, (an Experienced former Twice EU Commission's vice-President and Top MEP, who served also as Italy's Foreign Minister), Replying to relevant Questions at his Press Conference of Thursday Afternoon (Comp. also Other Tajani's Statements to "Eurofora" on this occasion at : ...), Both reminded his Earlier Call, last Week in Strasbourg, on the Need to Avoid Civilian People's casualties inside Syria, particularly during Turkey's Deadly Military Invasion/Occupation of the Syrian Kurdish Afrin canton, and Added, even more clearly now, a Fresh Call for Ankara to "Respect International Law", in this and other above-mentioned cases.


---------------------------------

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++ Speaking later on Friday Afternoon, in a Joint Press Conference, Together with German Chancellor Angie Merkel, French President Emmanuel Macron stressed from the outset that "this EU Summit was Important because it allowed to cover several Issues affecting, in fact, Both the European Model (i.e. Principles/Values)and its Sovereignity".


- Among others, (Comp. Supra), "Just a few Days before a Meeting betwen Presidents Tusk, Juncker (of EU Council and EU Commission, respectively), and of Prime Minister Borissov (from Bulgaria, current EU rotating Chair), with the (Turkish) President Erdogan", (Monday in Varna), "We (EU Leaders) have also Spoken, Yesterday Night, about Turkey", Macron observed, particularly, in this regard.


=> Thus, EU Leaders "have Stronly recalled EU's Concern vis a vis Turkey's Behavior nowadays, (Both) in Cyprus' Territorial Waters, and jn the Aegean Sea", the French President pointed out.


+ But "Also concerning its (Ankara's Military) Action inside the Syrian Territory, at the (predominantly Kurdiosh) Canton of Afrin", Macron clearly added, (Comp. Supra).


>>> Because, "I  remind" the fact "that this (Military) Turkish Intervention is Obviously Contrary to the United Nations (Security Council) Resolution 2401", he clearly Denounced, speaking of UNO's Top Body's recent, Unanimously adopted decision for a Cease-Fire throughout ALL Syria, (i.e. including Afrin).         


-----------------------------


+ Indeed, Already as early as since February 28, even UNO's Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs, Jeffrey FELTMAN's (USA) Official Statements to the UN Securiy Council in New York, Strongly Criticized the fact that even that "Brief Respite that (UNO's SC) Unanimously Demanded, only Days Ago, in Resolution 2401, has Not Materialized" Everywhere in Syria, since, at least in certain areas, "The AirStrikes, shelling, and ground offensives continue" : "We (UNO) Need Implementation", But "that is Not Happening", as he Denounced.  


>>> In particular, concerning mainly the Syrian Kurdish Region of Afrin, Feltman stressed that "we (UN) canNot Forget that (UNSC's Unanimous) Resolution 2401 Demands a Cessation of hostilities Throughout (all) Syria".

=> But, Nevertheless, "Violence Continues in AFRIN", (that UNSG significantly Chose to Cite 1st), Idlib", etc, he Denounced. The First Area ("Afrin"), obviously concerns Directly Turkey's Military Attacks against Syrian Kurds and Pro-Government Syrian Forces, but Also the Second ("Idlib") involves, indirectly but surely, Turkey, since it concerns various Islamist Jihadists and outright Terrorists, who have been Concentrated and Piled up there, by Gathering the Remnants of Al-Quaida-like and/or ISIL's collapse, elsewhere in Syria, who have all been, in one way or another, notoriously tolerated and even Supported also by the Turkish Government...


- UNO's Political USG Denounced, for those Areas, (i.e. "Afrin" at First), "the Humanitarian challenges and Suffering of the People", and, even, went as far as to "Emphasize that Developments in these Areas will undoubtedly render the situation in Syria even more Complex", as he Warned.


-----------------------------------


+ Today, (Friday Noon), German Chancellor Angie Merkel, speaking side by side with French President Macron (Comp. Supra), also pointed at "the Discussion that We (EU Leaders) had Last Night (Thursday) on Issues regarding Turkey", while "Next Week there will be a Summit in Varna (Bulgaria) between the Presidens of the EU Institutions, the Bulgarian (EU Council's rotating) Chairmanship, and the Turkish President".


=> On this occasion, "We (EU Leaders) have Expressed our Concern with regard to Afrin, the Events in the Mediterranean around Cyprus, and also the Question of the 2 Greek Soldiers who are currently in Turkish Custody", she pointed out, (Comp. Supra).


>>> In fact, even if "we want a good Relationship with Turkey", the German Chancellor conceded, (withOut even mentioning, however, Ankara's controversial and unpopular EU bid), "Nevertheless, We (EU Leaders) have Very Big Concerns" on those Turkish actions, Merkel also Denounced.

+ Speaking just 1 Day Earlier at the Bundestag in Berlin, Angie Merkel rejected as "UnAcceptable what is happening in Afrin", (the Syrian Kurdish canton near the Borders with Turkey, which has recently Invaded and Occupied almost all of it), "where Thousands and Thousands of Civilian People face Attacks, obliged to Die or Flee", nowadays, she denounced.

=> "We (Germany) Condemn that, in the Strongest possible terms", Merkel firmly stressed then.

 

+Significantly, these Days during the EU Summit in Brussels, it's for the 1st Time (at least in "Eurofora" co-Founder's Memory, at the EU Summits that we have attended here since 2005), that, Exceptionally, a loud Public Demonstration against Turkey's Deadly Military Invasion and Occupation of the Syrian Kurdish Afrin canton, was tolerated by the Local Authorities, up to the Famous "Schuman Square", which is Located almost right in Front of EU Commission's and EU Council's HeadQuarters... 

--------------------------------------


But, Turkey's Reactions were Harsh and Astonishingly Negative, Rejecting Everything :


- Already, on EU Parliament's latest Resolution, adopted earlier in Strasbourg by almost All Political Groups against the Turkish Military Invasion/Occupation of the Syrian Kurdish canton of Afrin, (See: ...), Turkey's President Erdogan reportedly Replied by Claiming that "there is Nothing the European Parliament can tell us on this (sic !)"...


=> Thus, EU Parliament's "Statement will go in one Ear, and Out Other ! (sic)", Erdogan reportedly stressed.


+ Turkey’s Minister for EU affairs, Omer Celik, cited by "Reuters", went as far as to, in fact, Accuse MEPs to be ... Supporters of Terrorism (sic ! ) :


 - "Calling on Turkey to Withdraw its Troops (from Afrin) is a clear Support for Terrorist organizations" (sic !), Mr. Celik claimed, criticizing the "Decision the EU Parliament has taken".


Many International Observers, however, Critically Noted that Turkey had, initially, attempted to justify its Military Invasion of Syria's Kurdish Afrin Canton by Claiming that it Seeked Only to ensure the Safety of its Borders towards Syria, But, Later-on, its Army started to Intrude even at the Central Core of that Area, surrounding, Attacking and Occupying Afrin's Capital City itself, located at that Canton's Heartland, Far Away from the Borders ! (See : ...).


---------------------------------------------------------------


+ Moreover, Today (Friday), the EU 28 Heads of State/Government Summits' Conclusions on Turkey (Comp. Supra), were briefly Rejected as ..."UnAcceptable" (sic !), by Ankara's Foreign Ministry Spokesman.

 

++ The Turkish Foreign Ministry earlier droped the German Chancellor's criticism on Afrin by claiming that it had "Nothing to do with Reality", and would be tantamount to "Supporting Terrorist organisations" (sic !)... 


+++ In Addition, Turkish President Erdogan reportedly Phoned to French President Macron in order to Complain for the above-mentioned EU Summit's Decisions and his own words at the subsequent Press Conference with Merkel in Brussels, (Comp. Supra), that he Accused to be "Baseless", (after having, previously even Claimed to find "False Informations" in them)...


----------------------------------


- In Reply, Macron reportedly "stressed", Later Today, inter alia, also that "France had Clearly Expressed its Concern, already since the Turkish Military Intervention in the (Syrian Kurdis) Canton of Afrin, had been Launched", underlying, particularly, that "Nothing should Weaken the Pressure on (Deadly Islamist Terrorists of) ISIL's remaining means in Syria and Iraq", as an Official Press Release by the Elysée Palace in Paris pointed out on Friday Afternoon.


=> Most of all, the French President pointed at "the Need to ... give an Absolute Priority to the Fight against (the Deadly Islamist Terrorism of) ISIL", (as also USA's Authorities had reportedly done in parallel).


>>> Also Because "this is, for France (as also for other EU, Russia and/or American Countries, etc), an Issue of National Security !", Macron Strongly stressed Today.


* Significantly, the French President was Speaking just Hours since a New, Bloody Islamist Armed Terrorist Attack in France's Aude area, cowardly Targetting Civilian People, Killed 4 and Wounded a Dozen of innocent Victims.


- As he Earlier Denounced from the Beginning of his Press Conference here in Brussels, this New Deadly Islamist Terror Aggression Targetting Defenseless Civilians, "are Influenced and in Contact with ISIS or Other External (Foreign) forces Related to Islamist Terrorism", for the 1st Time after a Long Pause since ISIS had been almost Chassed Out of Syria by an US-led International Coalition, particularly under New US President Don Trump, notoriously Fighting in efficient Alliance mainly with the Syrian Kurds.


>>> But, obviously, as it had been Expected by several Observers, (including, even, USA's mainstream "Wall Street Journal", etc), the recent Deadly Turkish Military Invasion and Occupation of the Syrian Kurdish canton of Efrin, had Divided and Weakened that, until now, Succesfull Coalition against ISIS, mainly by Underminig Trust and by Diverting Kurdish People and Resources, from the Fight against Islamist Terrorism, towards the recent Need to Defend Afrin from Turkey's Deadly Military Invasion and Occupation (Comp. Supra)...


=> Indeed, its just a Few Days after even the centrally located Afrin City faced Deadly Turkish Attacks, (including by Artillery Shelling, Airplane Bombardments, Water/Elecricity Cuts, etc), that an ISIL-motivated, Armed Thug suddenly Started, anew, to Cowardly Target, Kill or Wound innocent Civilian People again, as in Today's Bloody Tragedy, (Comp. Supra).


+ And various Other Converging sources had Already Denounced, Recently, that, Shortly After Turkey's recent Military Invasion at Syria's Kurdish Afrin Canton, various ISIS' Attacks had suddenly re-Emerged Both inside Iraq and, mainly, Syria (Comp., f.ex., Facts cited at ... + ...).


++ Given also the Fact that Turkey had Notoriously Helped various Islamist Extremists' Armed Gangs, even Al-Queda-like Terrorists, as well as ISIS itself, to Exploit various illegal Trafficks of Weapons, Smuggling of Stolen Goods, including Oil/Gaz and Cultural Heritage, etc, Recruit of "Jihadists", Money Laundering, etc., for Many Years in the Past, mainly through Turkish territories, this New "Comme Back" of ISIS, precisely when Turkey Invaded and Occupied the Syrian Kurdish area of Afrin, should Not really be a Surprize...


+++ A Fortiori when Ankara has even been Accused, recently, to ..."re-Train" former ISIS' (and/or "Al-Queda"-like) Terrorists, in order to use them to Back its Armed Invasion/Occupation, precisely of Afrin.
---------------------------------


In such Circumstances, it would obviously be an Absurd Big Blunder if any EU Bureaucrat might, eventually, Fall to the Trap to Discuss, almost at the Same Time, UK's Withdrawal Out of the EU, (as this Brussel's Summit of March 2018 actually has just done here : Comp. Supra), AND ...Turkey's controversial and unpopular EU "Accession" bid !


And it would, certainly, be even Worse if, in Addition, anyone might, perhaps, commit the Same Bloody Errors that have notoriously done some in the Past, precisely at ...Varna, where the forthcoming EU - Turkey meeting is scheduled now (Comp. Supra) :


- Back on 1.444, a number of European Volunteer People and Soldiers had, indeed, arrived in Varna, in order to Try to Save the ailing Capital of the Byzantine Empire, Constaninople, surrounded, then, by Ottoman-Turk Troops. But, Some among them, finally preferred to remain Servile "to the (Turkish) "Sultan", while Others Betrayed their Promises, for some petty "Trade" interests... , Droping everything. The Result was to Abandon the remainder to be Slaughtered by the Ottoman Turks, who, immediately Afterwards, found a unique Opportunity even to Invade and Massacrate the Defenders of the over-Millenary Capital City of the Christian-Greek Byzantine Empire : Constantinople, soon Afterwards, on 1453. The Catastrophic Result of that Short-Sighted and Treacherous Cowardise, committed by Some in Varna,  notoriously was to practically Throw the Half of Europe into an UnPrecedented Foreign Occupation, Slavery, Massacers, Massive Oppression, Under-Development and Backwardness, during Many Centuries, seriously Hindering a semi-Occupied Europe's further Development, (as, f.ex., the World Famous UK Encyclopedia "Brittanica" reminds).


Until, Later-on, a Growing Series of European Armies' Vitories, started to Succesfully Defend, (f.ex. at Lepante : 1571, and Wien : 1.683, etc), and Afterwards Liberate, one after the other, most European Lands, (f.ex. netween Budapest : 1.689, and All Hungary : 1699, etc., up to Balkan Countries and most Greece : 1.821-1919), a very Long Time Afterwards...


---------------------------------------------
TODAY's HERO against Islamist Terror : BELTRAME, has unexpected EUROPEAN LINKS...
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The Hero of Today's Horrible Massacre committed by an Islamist Terrorist in Aude, (France), who cowardly Targetted innocent Civilian People, i.e. Gendarme Lieutenant-Colonel Arnauld Beltrame, who notoriously Sacrificed his own Life in order to Save that of Civilian Hostages, (by Taking their Place), is a well Known Physionomy also by "Eurofora"'s co-Founder: Indeed we were Surprized to find his Photo at Today's Headline News, with his UnForgetably Serious and Deep Eye-sight, that we've met and seen several times, during his Service at Elysée Palace in Paris, and/or as Key Member of the Security Team for the personal Protection of France's f. Presidents Jacques Chirac and Nicolas Sarkozy between 2006 and 2010.


+ Moreover, Arnauld Beltrame's links to Europe have an astonishingly Strong, Historic Symbolism:


Indeed, his Conversion back to Chrisianism had reportedly occured at 2008 : - I.e. the Year of a landmark Official Visit of f. Pope Benedict in France, which Chaired then the EU. This had given Him a chance to raise the Topical Issue of the conditions of EU Citizens' adherence to European Ideals, focusing mainly on the Defence and Development of basic Human Rights.  (Comp. "Eurofora"s NewsReports from Elysée Palace, Notre Dame de Paris, and Lourdes, then, at : ...).


+In Addition, since then, Beltrame had become, reportedly, fascinated also by the study and rediscovery of Europe's Historic Christian roots.


++ And he has just chosen to Risk and Sacrifice his own Life for that of Innocent Civilian People, cowardly aggressed and taken Hostages by a Radicalized petty Thug obviously manipulated and turned into Fanatic Islamist Murderer by ISIL's Deadly Terrorists, atrocious BeHeaders and cowards systematically Targetting Defenseless innocent Civilians, exactly on the Day of the Conclusions of EU Heads of State/Government's Summit, here in Brussels, which notoriously Discussed both Turkey's recent Violent Threats and/or Aggressions, at the Eve of a Crucial forthcoming EU - Turkey Summit in Varna (Bulgaria) Next Week, as well as €uroArea's foreseable Future.


Last, but not least, Beltrame was reportedly Engaged with Mariell, his Future Wife, at Brittany's Abbay "Notre Dame of Timadeuc", (Burned Down by a Criminal, but Restored Afterwards, it Won a "Resistance Award" for Helping during the 2nd World War, the Resistance to NAZIsm at Rohan area : Origin of ...Strasbourg's Historic "Rohan Palace", located near CoE's and EU Parliament's Buildings), during 2016's Easter : I.e. almost as Nowadays, et this Eve of 2018's Easter, when he Engaged for Ever with the History of Humanity.


A ReNovated and Authentic European History, where the Past is inseparably Linked to the Present and its current struggles for Europe's Future.


It should Not be neither Forgotten, nor Betrayed anew at Varna, (Comp. Supra), but rather, Nowadays, adequately Honored and Vindicated.

(../..)

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Recent developments proved that Europe can suceed to overcome challenges by aiming at great objectives, and this is needed also in 2009, said EU chairman, French President Nicolas Sarkozy.

    - "It's in the name of Great Ideas, Projects, Ambition and Ideals, that EU can overcome" challenges, stressed Sarkozy at EU Parliament in Strasbourg, in conclusion of a dense 7 months EU Chairmanship. "It's even easier for Europe to have Great projects, able to overcome national egoism, instead of limiting itself only to small projects" (unable to do alike), he observed.     

- "Europe must remain Ambitious and understand that the World needs her to take Decisions". "The World needs a Strong Europe", which "thinks on its own, has convictions, its own responses, its imagination" : "A Europe which does not limit itself into following" others, (as it did in the Past, when it followed USA, f.ex. on Bosnia). On the contrary, "Europe should undertake its own responsibilities", he said, after a series of succes in stopping the War between Russia and Georgia, and organizing the 1st EuroZone's Summit in Paris, which incited the Washington DC G-20 Summit to extend similar decisions World-wide.  


    - "When you sweep it all under the carpet, prepare yourself for hard tomorrows", he warned. "What hinders decisions is the lack of Courage and Will, the fading away of Ideals", he stressed before EU Parliament's 2008 debate on Human Rights and Sakharov prize on Freedom of thought attributed by MEPs to Chinese cyber-dissident Hu Jia, followed by an EU - Turkey meeting on Friday.

    - "I don't abandon my convictions" and "I will take initiatives" on EU level also in 2009, Sarkozy announced later. "France will not stop having convictions and taking initiatives" on Europe. + "It's an Error to wish to pass over the Heads of those who are elected in their Countries" : "It's an integrism I always fought against"', he warned.
---------------------
French EU Presidency faced 4 unexpected Crisis :

- An institutional crisis, with the Irish "No" to EU Lisbon Treaty, just before it started. A geopolitical crisis, wth the threat of War between Russia and Georgia risking to throw Europe back to Cold-war divisions, on August. A World-wide Financial and Economic crisis, arriving at a bad moment before crucial 2009 EU elections. And even a Strasbourg's mini-crisis, with EU Parliament's roof curiously falling down, from unknown reasons, in a brand new building on August, provoking an unprecedented transfert of the 2 September Plenary Sessions...

But it wasn't enough to stop Sarkozy ! On the contrary, it stimulated him...
---------------------------------------

- "The better way to deal with the recent problems of EU institutions (as the "3 NO" by France, the Netherlands and Ireland) is to take them as a "Test" in order to find solutions closer to Citizens' concerns", said later in Strasbourg Sarkozy's new choice as Ministe for EU affairs, Bruno Le Maire.

- On the Institutional front, Sarkozy gave Time to the Irish to think about it, and stroke on December a deal including a New Referendum after the June 2009 EU Elections, in exchange of a promise to keep the rule of "one EU Commissioner for each EU Member Country", and some opt-outs on Defence and Fiscal EU policies, Abortion, etc. If the Irish get a "Yes" Majority, then the institutional package could be completed in 2010 or 2011 on the occasion of Croatia's probable EU accession.

He was accused in Strasbourg to upgrade EU Council and downgrade EU Commision, but he replied that "strong Political initiatives by EU Council reinforce also the more technical role of EU Commission, under the political-technical leadership of its President", all 3 "working together with EU Parliament".


- But, meanwhile, Sarkozy energetically spearheaded an Historic 1st Summit of EuroZone's 15 Heads of State and Government at EU's core, exceptionally enlarged to a partial participation of British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, on October 12 in Paris' Elysee palace, which started to tackle succesfully the growing world Financial crisis.

    It also paved the way for its endorsement by a subsequent Brussels' 27 EU Member States' gathering, before it all come to Washington's G-20 Summit. And "Europe was united, it asked for the 1st G-20 Summit, and it will also organise the next G-20 Summit on April in London", he observed.   

 But a Conference with EU, Russia, African and other Developing Countries, hosted in Strasbourg shortly after Washington G-20 Summit by the French EU Presidency, took a Resolution asking to enlarge participation to Global Economic Governance. Many found, indeed, illogic and unacceptable that f.ex. states as Turkey were given a seat at G-20 level, while all African Countries, and even the African Union itself, representing the greatest Continent on Earth, were excluded...


    Meanwhile, even USA''s "Paulson No 3" Plan, was, in fact, inspired by Europe's No 1 Plan", Sarkozy observed, largelly applauded by MEPs.

    And "Europe showed Solidarity" by mobilizing some 22 Billion credit for Hungary, 1,7 billion for Ukraine, as we do nowadays for Baltic States, etc., he added.

    The move on Economy was extended on December by an EU stimulus' plan totalling some 200 billion Euros, including 5 Billions released by EU Commission for big Projects, as well as various parallel National plans for Economic revival, (fex. 26 billions in France alone). They might appear limited, compared to USA President-elect Obama's reported plan to boost the American economy with 800 billion $, but at least succeded to overcome Europe's divisions for the first time on Economic governance, opening new horizons.

- The French President stressed even harder the unique role of an active EU Council's chairmanship, when he moved swiftly and efficiently, at the beginning of August, to succesfully stop War between Russia and Georgia, at the last minute, which threatened to bring Europe back to Cold War division.

"We (EU) also wanted to avoid a situation like in Bosnia, in the Past, when EU was absent, so that our American friends took their responsibilitues, and EU only followed", despite the fact that the conflict took place in Europe. Now, it was the EU who took its responsibilities".

A roadmap towards a new PanEuropean Security policy, before which all unilateral moves to place new Missiles (from USA or Russia) would be freezed, was proposed by Sarkozy after a meeting with Russian president Medvedev, at the eve of Washington DC's G-20 Summit.

Ukraine's "European" character was stressed at a Sarkozy - Jushenko Summit, September in Paris, while EU adopted on December an "Eastern policy", in which, "I'm convinced that our (EU's) future is to find with our Neighbours the conditions for Economic Development. Peace and Security, by explaining them that.. they must respect (Human Rights') Values, and adopt behaviors different from the Past", explained Sarkozy in Strasbourg.

Meanwhile, the "Union for the Mediterranean" was created, since July's Summit if 45 Heads of State and Government in Paris, as "an organisation for a permanent Dialogue, that we need", mainly in order to tackle the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, by bringing together, for the 1st time, Israelis and Arabs, where "Europe must be present, in order to avoid a frontal clash".

- "If Europe doesn't take its part for Peace in the Middle-East, nobody else will do that in our place", Sarkozy stressed.
-----------------------
    Meanwhile, other EU Agreements were brokered during the French EU Presidency on Immigration, (fex. common Asylum rules, etc), and Climat- Energy :

    - On Climat-Energy, the 2007 German EU Presidency had fixed a triple 20% aim for 2020 (20% renewable Energies, 20% reduction of CO2 emmission, 20% energy efficience/economies), and the 2008 French EU Presidecny realized that, making the necessary compromises in order to modernize EU's industry, but without throwing some former Central-Eastern European Countries into abrupt Economic break down risking "social explosion".

    - Defence-Security EU policy was mainly postponed for April 2009, since both German chancellor Merkel and French president Sarkozy want to strike a deal with the new American president Obama in Strasbourg's NATO Summit.

    However, with all these 4 unexpected Crisis diverting attention to other urgencies, People wil wonder now, what happened to the famous deal proposed by freshly-elected French President Sarkozy on Turkey's controversial EU bid, back on August 2007, to continue EU - Turkey negotiations, but on the double condition that core chapters, intrinsequally linked with EU Membership, will be excluded, and that a collective Reflexion and Debate on Europe's future would start before the end of 2008.

    It was meant to reply to the crucial question : What kind of Europe do we want in 10 or 20 Years from now : A large Market, or a Political Europe, with a popular identity ? In Sarkozy's thinking, presented in his 2 landmark speeches on Europe in Strasbourg, shortly before and after the 2007 Elections, (on February and July 2007), Turkey's controversial EU bid would be incompatible with the second choice.

    It's true that EU Commision's Chairman, Jose Barroso, (who had notoriously declared, as former Portuguese Prime Minister, that he found "nonsense" the idea that Europe might become equal to the US), had repeatedly tried to avoid that Sarkozy's criticism on Turkey might start winning a larger audience in Europe, preferring a discrete "wismens' committee" work. And that most of the personalities later chosen in order to participate in a Committee on Europe's Future, are too much linked with Socialist parties and/or American policies, to be really critical of USA's notorious wish to impose Turkey to the EU, as Sarkozy had noted himself since March 2007..

     - "It's on EU Council's presidency to take political initiatives. EU Commission has other competences", stressed Sarkozy. The "European Ideal" is to "build Europe with the States, not against them". "Ask Europeans to chose between their countries and Europe won't work. You don't choose between your two parents : We must add them together".

    "France and Germany have an Historic Duty to work together, precisely because of what happened to the Past. We have to work hand by hand. We cannot be separated.It goes beyond me and Mrs Merkel today, Mr Schroeder and Mr. Chirac yesterday. It's not a choice, it's a duty to Europe and to the World".  "We need Germany, as Germany needs Europe". Compromise is inevitable, here as everywhere, and each one made some steps towards eachother's positions.

    But "it's true that Mrs Merkel didn't chose her Socialist partners, while I chose mine", Sarkozy said, in an indirect hint that the Socialist Minister of Finance in Germany might be a cause of minor past disagreements in Economy, which were overcome in recent negotiations.

    "We (France and Germany) have particular duties in Europe", but "in a Europe of 27 Member States, it's not enough for France and Germany to agree between them.

    "I always thought that Great Britain has a special role to play in Europe. ... Now, everybody "saw what it cost payed the UK for having been too exclusively open towards the US (and) Financial services. Europe needs the UK, but also the UK needs Europe" :- "We were able to face the hardest moment of the Financial crisis because the UK clearly chose Europe", stressed Sarkozy, reminding Gordon Brown's exceptional participation to the Historic 1st Heads of State/Government Summit of EuroZone, October 12 in Paris (See EuroFora's Reportage from Elysee Palace then).

     - "Some look at Europe with old glasses aged 30 years ago. While we must look at her in relation to what it will be in 30 years" in the Future, Sarkozy concluded.

Polls

2009 EU Elections were won by Parties against Technocracy and Turkey's controversial EU bid, while the 1999-2004 Majority Abstention trend decelerated. What should be done in 2009-2014 ?

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