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Inicio arrow newsitems arrow Top EU Scientists prefer RST International Cooperation to Trade War + prepare World Materials Summit

Top EU Scientists prefer RST International Cooperation to Trade War + prepare World Materials Summit

Escrito por ACM
31.05.13

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*Strasbourg/PMC/Angelo Marcopolo/- Most Top European Scientists would rather avoid a currently looming Trade War between EU and China on Solar Panels fabrication, and prefer to focus on High-Tech Research in Solar and/or other Renewable Energy Sources, finding better to accept Beijing's proposal for a mutually profitable Cooperation on Solar RST, which is in accordance with their wish to develop International Cooperation on Scientific and Technological Research, particularly with Strategic Global Partners, as it results from a series of Statements to "EuroFora" by several Key-note Speakers and/or Organizers of the 2013 Annual Mega-event, prepared in Strasbourg, with Thousands of participants from all Europe and the World, busy to work in more than 30 parallel Symposia, by the mainstream European Materials Research Society (EMRS), which has a long and extended experience also on Solar Panels' innovative materials' technology, and prepares a "World Summit", with Top Scientists from the EU, Russia, China, the USA, etc., later this year, for the 1st time at the Council of Europe.

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- Significantly, the first to clearly express to "EuroFora" a preference for such a Solution to the topical Controversy, (which currently shakes Brussels' EU Commission offices up to Paris; Berlin and Beijing's Foreign Ministry, carefully watched by various other Global Key Players, about threats to lift EU Taxes vis a vis cheap Solar Panels produced and exported by China with State AId accused to represent "Dumping", which reportedly risks to trigger counter-measures on a variety of European exports, going from reputed French Wines up to certain German Industrial products, etc), was Professor Jacques Amouroux himself (ENSCP), former President of the Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris, who knows well these issues, since, inter alia, he has also drafted earlier a landmark Report with a wide overview on all main Scientific and Technological developments and forseable prospects in Solar Energy for the French National Research Fund "ANR", while being, as usual, also very keen on RST' Economic/Social impact, (including on the need for Cheaper Solar Panels, given the still High Costs of Solar Energy as things stand until now.

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+ Unleash EU's potential in Scientific Research breakthoughs and boost it further by European and International Cooperation was also the preference of EMRS' President, Rodrigo Martins from Portugal, speaking later today to "EuroFora" : Some have even claimed that, by developing Fundamental Research, we could gather, in the Future, Audio and other Vibrations emanating from Earth towards the Space, and turn it into a kind of Energy, and various ideas remain yet to be explored on Renewables, including Solar : So, for Europe, it's indeed much better to focus its Exports rather on creating "Gray Matter", innovative assets, instead of sticking, at any price, to some already known Industrial products, which could be fabricated with less costs elsewhere, f.ex. Solar Panels in China. To "EuroFora"s Question if he's sure that enough of such RST Breakthroughs in the domain of Solar Energy are really expected Today, so that EU could approximately estimate its gains and losses in the foreseable Future, if it decided to drop Production of "classic", nowadays Solar Panels, from the Focus of its attention, in order to concentrate it on creating, instead, exportable High-Tech. RST Innovations in Solar as well as other Renewable Energy Sources, EMRS' President Martins, while carefulyt advising to contact also an EMRS member Scientist known to be more specialized in that precise area, nevertheless, firmly and optimistically withhold his above mentioned overall apparaisal, particularly from a point of view of EU's aim to progressively pass from production of objects, to creation of innovative ideas, applied also on RES and Global Trade matters.

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- Even if "this is also a Political Issue", on a specific area (Solar Panels and other EU products in the Wider Context of EU - China Trade relations), in which I'm not legally competent to take position officially, nevertheless, what is sure is that, as a matter of General Principle,today's EU Policy, including, f.ex., with the new EU MultiAnnual Framework programme "Horizon 2020" Program, etc, , is to support Europe's voluntary Transition from a classical Industrial Production to an Innovative Knowledge creation Society, considerd able to become, comparatively, much more Competitive in a Globalized World, confirmed to "EuroFora" EU Commission's representative, Research Programme Officer, from the Research and Innovation DG, focused particularly on Materials' Research and Innovation, Marcin Sadowski.

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Timely, Sadowski stressed that point to "EuroFora" just after holding the role of Key-note Speaker in a Half-Day Symposium specially consecrated to EU-Support to Materials' Research Projects, organized by the experienced EMRS' Secretary General Paul Siffert from Strasbourg (France),

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 and EMRS' immediate past President Francesco Priolo from Italy, with the active participation both of various RST Labos and Start-up a.o. Enterprises, etc., which gave a Wide overview of various concrete, and currently on-going Projects in Innovative Materials' Researcb and Development in Europe for a Spectacularly large Spectrum of potential Applications, (f.ex. from "BioMaterials for Tissue repair/regeneration", Breast Cancer Diagnosis, Industrial Products or Process, Critical Raw Materials' substitution, Post-Silicon Electronics, Car Industry, Renewable Energy by captured CO2, etc), as well as of various growing efforts to Network, Classify, Assess and help InterConnect or Coordinate all currently unfolding Projects on Innovative Materials throughout all the EU, due to provide also an overall view of Europe's RST Potential in that domain.

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- "The Good News is that Innovative Materials exist almost Everywhere" in European RST and Products. - But "the Bad News", is that they are distinctly Visible almost Nowhere !", characteristically resumed, on this occasion, the competent EU Commission's Senior Officer, pointing to the fact that almost All Modern Products use New Materials created by RST, but Consumers and the Large Public, even most Politicians, aren't but only rarely aware of that, mainly since the Publicity, the Look and the way to Use many Commercial Products focus on totaly Other, Different points of view, (f.ex. on the Rapidity of a new SmartPhone, but not on the Innovative Materials which help to achieve that result, etc).

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+ This double point of view was artfully and majestically illustrated, at a special ...Music Concerto in Strasbourg's Cathedral at the Beginning of this week, (co-organized in order to celebrate a Double : Scientific and Humanistic Anniversary, 30 Yeatrs since EMRS' establishement and a Century since the construction of a Welfare Hospital in Africa by Nobel-prize winner Doctor Albert Schweitzer), where German Scientist from Dresden, Wolfgang Skopura, artfully played several Musical pieces composed in 16 European Countries during more than 8 Centuries, with an Historic Organ of Silbermann, (who made his last Masterpiece at Dresden's Hofkirche, when he died on 1753), stressing the generally unknown fact that the main idea of Organs "was basically invented by ... Greek engineer Ktesibos at Alexandria about 246 BC", while in 757 AC, "after visitors from Byzantium Emperor's court brought a small organ to the Franconian king’s court", giving a "tremendous .. Impulse to the development of other keyboard instruments", later-on, "Organists" of the 15th-16th Century managed to convince Church Officials that its "spectacular" sound symbolized "the Battle between God and the Evil", triggering an astonishingly Fast, Europe-wide spread of the meanwhile Renovated Instrument from Spain to Poland, etc... As for the Practical point of view, Skopura presented during EMRS' 2013 Conference his RST work at Dresden University in repairing and restoring valuable, Historic Artpieces as Silbermann's and other Organs by special, Innovative treatments able to protect Steel from Corrosion, etc.

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- Is it also for such a Symbolic, Historical Inspiration that, recently, a brand-new "STIMULATE" Project for pan-European Media publications on "Advanced Materials"' for the General Public, was entrusted to ...Greek young Scientist Konstantinos Giannakopoulos, who briefly presented his Draft Plan at the Conclusion of EMPRS' 2013 Mega-Conference at Strasbourg's Palace of Music and Congresses (PMC) at the end of this "European Event" symposium ? At any case, Winner of an EU-wide Competition, Giannakopoulos told afterwords "EuroFora", (together with his mentor, "Democritos" MicroElectronics' Center's Research Director, Professor Argitis), that this original project aims to produce various Media Tools, including "an AV Documentary, an imaginative Game, as well as a short, Cinema-like, Fiction Film, with real Actors", due to be ready to use by EU-Media Partners a.o. in 2014.

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+ But, convinced of the Vital Need, according to the Wider Problematic revealed recently by the EU - China Solar Panel issue (Comp. Supra), EMRS intends, while continuing and steping up its efforts to actively contribute into Stimulating European Research and Innovation, also to help boost International Cooperation able to boost EU's links with other Key Global Actors, as experienced and ultra-active former long-time Director of Pan-European CoE's "EurOPA-Major Hazards" Agreement, Jean-Pierre Massué, a specialist in Science and Politics' interfaces, often active also at UNO's premisses in nearby Geneva, as well as past EMRS President and current EMF vice-President, speaking to "EuroFora", pointed at the preparation of an Exceptional, "World Summit" of Top Scientists in Materials Research throughout all Strategic Partners for International Cooperation, due to take place at the Council of Europe this Autumn.

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Massué, already from his long experience at the PanEuropean CoE and International Geneva, etc., in Global Synergy, mainly through Science - Politics - Industry links, to protect People against Natural and/or Man-made Major Catastrophes, (which are recently growing spectacularly, from the Armenian 1988, Turkish 1999, and Iranian 2003 Mass-Killing Earthquakes, to the 2003 French , 2010 Russian and 2013 Chinese Record-breaking, Deadly and vital Energy Infrastructure-threatening Heatwaves, USA's 2005 "Katrina" Hurricane,, the South-Asian 2004 and Japan/Fukushima 2011 Mega-"Tsunamis", as well as many other Tragic "Extreme Environment Events" (Huge Quakes 1976, 2008, Giant Rainfalls, Inondations and Mudslides, 2013 Heatwave, etc) in China and elsewhere in the World, who has often evoked, speaking to "EuroFora", also China's traditional and recent efforts to help develop New Technological means for Human Lives' and Installations' Safety by trying to prevent, predict, alleviate and/or restore after such Catastrophes, obviously is a key-Person for any contributions to boost PanEuropean and/or International Cooperation in manifold related domains, (including in order to ameliorate the current EU - China relations : Comp. Supra).

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Co-organized for the 1st time in the Pan-European Capital of Strasbourg, the "World Materials Summit"(WMS) was initiated in Portugal's capital city Lisbon on 2007, but developed further-on in China's economic capital Shanghai on 2009, and recently in USA's Washington DC on 2011, always held at the first half of October, before its forthcoming arrival at the CoE on 14-15/10/2013, in cooperation between the International Union of Material Research Societies and those of the EU, Russia, China, India, Africa and Brazil, as well as EU and CoE. Welcomed by the French Government and Alsace Region, it will incude keynote Speakers from a large variety of Top Decision-makers Worldwide, includiing, f.ex. EU Commissioner for Industry and Space Tajani (from Italy), FAO's Climate-Energy Director Yao, CEA's Research Director Crean, and Academy of Science's Heads from Russia : vice-President Alferov (Nobel Physics Laureat 2000), France : President Brechignac, Poland : President Kleiber, (also Chief of European Materials Forum : EFM), Morocco : Bousmina, India : Raj, (etc), USA's National Science Foundation's Director on Materias : Galvin, Brazil's CAPES President Giomaraes, MIT's Dresselhaus, and ENSCP's professor Amouroux, International Nuclear Fusion project ITER's Director : Orlandi ; European Science Foundation's President Olmling, EU Parliament's STOA Committee President : De Campos, and long-time EU Research Rapporteur Linkhor, as well as EU Parliament's Rapporteurs for "Horizon 2020" RST program, Carvalho, and on Shale Gas, Tzavela ; EU Council President's Chief Scientific advisor Glover, French Minister of Research : Fioraso, Alsace Region's vice-President on Economy, former Research + Trade Minister, long-time Head of France's Energy/Environment Agency ADEME : Loos, and other leading actors of relevant Big Economic Players such as BMW-Toyota, FIAT, VW, Areva, BASF, Audi, EON, Yingli (China), etc.

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Focusing now on Advanced Materials as a Key Enabling Technology for secure Energy and Sustainable Growth, able to transform Industries in Knowledge-intensive, (representing, just for Europe, an estimated Market Value of 646 Billions € back on 2008 and projected to grow up to over 1 Trillion € by 2015), the 2013 World Summit is due to deal with Topical issues such as : Rare Elements/Earths, Bio-Fuels, Carbon-Free Energy/CO2 ReCycling, Shale Gas, Synfuel and Future Cars, etc. by combining Keynote Presentations with Panel Discussions by top Experts and exchanges with invitees, in order to conclude on current Needs for International Cooperation, Top Scientists discussing how to power the World with Electricity, including from Solar RES, while also Reducing C02 in Atmosphere, followed by European/Global Policy Makers' final word, and resulting in concrete Recommendations on Scientific, Technological and Industrial issues with proposals for Inter-Governemental Cooperation, due to be Published and sent to International Policy-Makers and Key Economic Players.

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(NDLR : "DraftNews", as already sent, earlier, to "EuroFora"s subscribers/donors. A more accurate, full Final Verion might be published asap).

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Speaking exclusively to "EuroFora", the New EU Parliament's President, former Polish Prime Minister, ChristianDemocrat/EPP MEP Jerzy Busek, welcomed proposals by EuroFora about innovative ways for EU Citizens to attend EU debates before important final decisions which affect people's lives.

- "We (EU Parliament) must be transparent", Buzek stressed from the outset.  "We must have clear answers also for delicate questions. If we don't touch a problem, you must know why, and when shall we decide in the nearest future".. "Because "we (EU) must think about Europeans, first of all : They don't understand well what is going on in the EU. So, it's our duty to inform them, to make discussions here more interesting".

"EuroFora" congratulated President Buzek for the anouncement he made, from the 1st day of his election in Strasbourg (on Tuesday, 14 July 2009), on his intention to make  transparent debates, exchanges of views, etc. before the final adoption of decisions in EU Parliament's Plenary, when issues are evolving inside Committees, (See earlier publication).

And we reminded, in this regard, that "EuroFora" has been advocating a project for EU Citizens' active involvement in pluralist EU debates before important EU decisions, since more than a Decade : 1997-2007+

- "Thank you. We (EU Parliament), indeed, have exciting debates", Buzek replied. But, in practice, "without a possibility for our Citizens to see them, not even by the Press, the Radio or TV, etc., because it is in Committees", he regreted.

- "But, they (i.e. Media, Citizens, etc) might interact with you, with MEPs, etc, May be we can imagine something", "EuroFora" proposed.

- "Yes, (but) it needs, a quite new idea", Buzed observed.

- "Why not through some innovations ?", "EuroFora" suggested.

- "Innovation ? That's it. Fantastic  New Information Technologies !", Buzek realized.

- "Precisely, "EuroFora" has such a project, since more than a Decade (1997-2009), to use new technologies for public debates before major EU decisions are taken", we reminded.

- "If you have such proposals, please come to us, come to us. We must" do something, agreed the new EU Parliamen's President.

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    This fits with Buzek's main stance, expressed at EU Parliament's plenary earlier this week in Strasbourg, that the European Union must succeed to overcome a "Crisis of Trust" vis a vis EU Citizens. (See previous EuroFora publication).

    For that purpose, obviously information and debates are valuable, but purely instrumental, procedural means which can help focus on, and highlight a substantial content, attractive to EU Citizens, which needs to be determined by other, political, and not mediatic factors.  

    Buzek spoke about the urgent need to overcome the Global Economic Crisis,  the struggle for Human and Civic Rights, Democracy, etc., the Eastern Partnership, links with Russia, strategic partnership with USA and emerging countries, etc.

    But he also used (while speaking both to "EuroFora" and other Media) the expression : "The Europeans", for EU Citizens. This points right towards what several important EU leaders (including French President Sarkozy, German Chancellor Merkel, etc) have started to highlight particularly during the recent years : That there is a vital need, and an historic opportunity, for the development of a European Conscience, to stimulate e renaissance of a European Identity able to attract Popular support, for the EU to become a strong player in a Multopolar World : In other words, the revitalisation of a project for a "Political Europe".

    By a coincidence, this was indirectly but surely reminded, earlier in Strasbourg, by another ... Busek (this time with a "s") : 

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    Speaking to more than 650 participants from CoE's member countries, at the conclusion of the 2009 Summer University of its Political Schools, Erhard Busek, (with an "s"), former vice-Chancellor of Austria and EU Coordinator for South-Eastern Europe, pointed at the current need to revitalize Europe's "Identity", forged by Greek philosophy and Roman Law, Christian values and Enlightment's ideas, etc. through the ages.     

- "We have almost the same name with Jerzy Buzek (EU Parliament's new President, who is a former Polish Prime Minister), because both our Families come ...from  the same village, located at the Heart of Europe, which was often shared between Poland, Germany and the Czech Republic. But my family emmigrated a long time ago to Austria, while Jerzy Buzek's family remained in Poland", explained f. vice-Chancellor Erhard Busek to "EuroFora".   

 An astonishingly concrete and simple example of European Integration from the grassroots : Starting by EU Citizens, i.e. those "Europeans", that EU Parliament's new President, Jerzy Buzek (this time with a "z"), wants to bring alongside MEP's decision-making proces, (according to "EuroFora"'s main idea : Comp. supra)...

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