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Home arrow newsitems arrow CoE: European AudioVisual Production, CO-Productions+Exports Boom: Fairy Tales or Not ?

CoE: European AudioVisual Production, CO-Productions+Exports Boom: Fairy Tales or Not ?

Pisac ACM
21. 02. 2018.
coe__av_obs_400


*Strasbourg/Angelo Marcopolo/- It looked like a Fairy Tale ! However, the Reality is More Complex, but, anyway, Interesting...


 A Series of recent Statistics on European AudioVisual creations, published these Days by CoE's PanEuropean AV Observatory (EAVO)'s Experts in Strasbourg, at First Sight, Boom by Optimism :


- F.ex.: There was a Strong Growth of Film Production in Europe, during recent years ! European Co-Productions generated 3 Times More Cinema Admissions ! And European Films Released in Foreign Countries had Grown by +8,5% ! Etc...


It's not inaccurate. But it's not all...


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- Indeed, "Overall Production in Europe" was "Growing by + 47%", jumping from 1.444 feauture Films in 2007, up to 2124 in 2016.


However, it's mainly "Documentaries" which "Boomed, almost Doubling" (X 200 %) "to 698 Films in 2016". While "production of Feature Fiction" rose just for 1/3  ( X 33 %), which is not bad.


And among the 36 Countries that EAVO covers, it's "the Top 5 producing" which accounted for an absolute Majority : "53,6% of overall Production", (UK, France, Germany, Spain, Italy).


On the Contrary, "18 Countries produced Fewer than the average" (25 Films a Year), and 5 Countries' production "Declined", (even among the "Top" : f.ex. the UK, followed by Belgium, etc).


But it's also true that other "10 Countries more than Doubled their production volume", while "the Fastest Growth" was "Mostly .. located in Eastern Europe".


F.ex., Russia comes 6th, just After the "Top 5" (Comp. Supra), with more than 1.000 Films. To Note also Spain's Recent Growth, particularly on Documentaries. (While, on the Contrary, UK recently Lost the 1st Place)


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- European Co-Productions, indeed, generated "3 Times More Admissions" to Cinemas, "than purely National Films" : I.e., with 24,2% of the Total Production, they got 50,3% of Admissions, (with the UK sky-rocketing).

But, if the Particular case of UK's "GB inc." Companies is Excluded, (since they may have a Majority of Capital, or even All of it, coming from Abroad, resulting, in Fact, f.ex, in a ...American-American Production !), then, the above-mentioned Ration of 3 : 1, is Lowered to just 5 : 3, (and the relevant Percentage Diminishes from 317% Down to 171%).

=> Then, France comes First, followed by Germany and Spain, (while even the Czech Republic outnumbers the UK !)...


However, Co-Productions are Not used so much for Documentaries, (which are the Fastest-Growing AudioVisual products and stay predominantly National : Comp. Supra), but Mainly for Fiction features.
And, concerning Co-Productions with Foreign (Extra-European) Countries, it's Russia which Leads from the European continent, (bypassed only by the Particular case of the UK : Comp. Supra, and Followed by Spain and Portugal).


Last, but not least : Even inside Europe, Russia, which has a Comparatively Low Number of European Co-Productions, nevertheless, appears Interesting in practice, since it's almost the Only one to ...Always Fund the Majority of the Co-Production Costs !


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- As for the "Circulation of European Films Outside Europe", Indeed, the Number of those Released in Foreign Countries regularly Grows, from 2012 up to 2016, Jumbing from 509 Up to 650 Films per Year.

 


But, it's also a Fact that, on the Contrary, the Admissions in Cinemas, for these Films, Curiously ... Fall Down, from 131 Millions to Only 108 or even 82 Millions (between 2012 - 2015/2016) !

 

 Nevertheless, an Astonishingly Small Part of European Films Released in Foreign Countries (just 9%) has Managed to Attract ..90% of the Total of Admissions ! I.e. showing that Success on Europe's AV Exports is possible, but may depend also on Focusing on certain Key Products...


However, it's also True that these Numbers do Not take into Account the "VOD", on-line and Other Kinds of Releasing Audio-Visual products, (reportedly because there is Not yet a sufficient "Transparency" of those New and Booming ways of Distributing Films Worldwide, Nowadays).


So, as things stand, it's obviously the Uk which came recently First in Admissions of "European" Films Outside of Europe, Followed by France and Russia, (Comp. Supra).


As for the Markets where those Admissions take place, naturally USA comes First, closely followed by China, and, in a Distance, by Mexico, further away : Australia and South Korea, etc.


Among the Smaller Markets, just don't look for Countries as Turkey : Because there, Exceptionally, a large Absolute Majority of Films are simply ...Turkish ! Contrary to Most Other Countries in the World, where the Majority of Films released and seen come from Elsewhere.


On the Contrary, in the Pan-European area, the Russian Market for Films is seriously Growing Nowadays, according to CoE's Audio-Visual Observatory.

 

-----------------------

 

In other words, as the Number 1, Top Selling Abroad, European Film Co-Production indicates, (Picturing a ..."Cat" with "Nine Lives" : See relevant PHOTO), Fairy Tales or not (Comp. Supra), at least one thing seems clear : At any case, the European AudioVisual works have ... Many Lives !...

 

 

9_lives_top_selling_abroad_european_film_coproduction_coe_eavo__eurofora_400 

 

(../..)


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People in Europe and the World expect from CoE to make a succes of its "Monitoring" for Human Rights and Democracy, despite difficulties, said Finland's President Tarja Halonen to "EuroFora" at a crucial moment for the mecanism built 15 years ago by the paneuropean organization which celebrates its 60th Anniversary in 2009.

Halonen, known as "Mother" of CoE's "Monitoring" mecanism, a long-time MEP and former Foreign Minister before becoming Finland's President, holds a long experience in the mattter, after also serving twice as CoE and EU Chairwoman in the past. That's why she is well placed to judge how CoE's "monitoring" should deal today with some crucial issues of importance both to CoE and to the EU.

The move came just a Month before a crucial, last visit to Turkey, scheduled for June, by the President of CoE''s "Monitoring" Committee, Ukranian MEP Serge Holovaty, to finalize his Report on Ankara, the CoE Member State with the longest Monitoring procedure. From its results depends its overall credibility.

This is a Test-case, because, in fact, it's in order to avoid Sanctions threatened against Turkey by a CoE's Assembly's April 1995 Resolution for grave Human Rights violations, Democracy gaps, the continuing Military Occupation in Cyprus, the unresolved Kurdish problem, Aegean differend with Greece, etc., that MEPs decided to create, for the 1st time on April 1996, a "Monitoring" proces, allegedly destinated to check, without excluding Countries who did not fulfill all CoE's standards.

In the Past, the obliged withdrawal of Greece's Military regime and of its "Civil" cover-up out of the CoE had helped bring back Democracy in 1974. But, on the contrary, since April 1996, the idea was to "monitor" Human Rights' respect while keeping most concerned Countries inside the CoE. After Turkey's oldest example, this was extended also to several former "Eastern" European Countries, even if CoE's Assembly has imposed to some of them (fex. Ukraine, Russia, etc., after Belarus, Serbia, etc) various "Sanctions", that Ankara always avoided. Curiously more succesful even than .. USA itself, (a CoE "Observer" since 1995), which has been at least threatened with sanctions some years ago..

EU-effects of CoE's Monitoring process became obvious between 2001-2008, since the "closure" of this procedure, when CoE felt that a Country had met most of its Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law obligations, (i.e. the "Copenhagen Criteria" for the EU), helped trigger Negotiations with the EU for "Accession" or other closer relations : This occured already before the 2004 and 2007 EU Enlargements to former "Eastern" European Countries, as well as for the commencement of "accession" negotiations with Croatia, and of "open-ended" negotiations with Turkey in 2005.

    But a stricking new development are Holovaty's recent findings that on core Human Rights issues as Torture and Freedom of Expression, Turkey, even "5 Years after" CoE closed its "Monitoring", back in 2004, inciting EU to start accession Negotiations in 2005, still presents grave problems.

    His findings are of crucial importance after a 2008 CoE Resolution called, "if need be", to "seriously consider the possibility of Re-Opening the Monitoring procedure for Turkey" : A move which might affect Ankara's controversial EU bid, since EU Accession Negotiations are based on the Hypothesis that the Candidate fullfils the "Copenhagen Criteria" (See above)..
-------------------------
    Holovaty expressed his will to check  "Matters still Outstanding" and  those that he "didn't have an opportunity to discuss" at an earlier visit this year, "in order to discuss the more complex issues in greater depth", at his forthcoming New Visit to Ankara, before the December 2009 EU Summit.  This is all based on the 2004 CoE Resolution which stresses that, CoE "will continue.. post-monitoring Dialogue with the Turkish authorities,...in addition to a 12-points list,..and on any Other Matter that might arise in connection with Turkey’s Obligations as a CoE member state".

    CoE's Resolution also asks  from Turkey "to secure the proper Implementation of Judgements, particularly in the Cyprus v. Turkey InterState case", of 2001, which concerns also the plight of many Hundreds of MISSING People. It adds Turkey's obligations to "execute" ECHR's Judgements in the Loizidou case,..and in particular adopt General Measures to avoid repetition or continuation of Violations found by the Court" to the detriment of Refugees.

    Nevertheless, Holovaty said to "EuroFora" that "MISSING" persons,"might be included" and cannot be excluded, but he has yet to examine the situation "to find out  which issues will be raised" to the Turkish Government.

    Therefore, "EuroFora" asked Halonen, as the Historic "Mother" of CoE's Monitoring mecanism, if she thought that, "whenever there are grave Human Rights Violations, as fex. "MISSING" persons, attested even by ECHR's judgements, they should be always checked by a Monitoring process. Or could they be forgotten ?"
    
     - "We (CoE) must be, at the same time, Fair, Realistic, but not in the mind that "now we have Forgotten", etc., replied to "EuroFora"'s question Halonen, speaking as a matter of general principle.

    - "When we think of those People that are suffering from the lack of Democracy, of Human Rights, and of the Rule of Law", "we should find a base on how to deal with the (Monitoring) system more rapidly"', she stressed.

    - "Sometimes it's very difficult to combine Transparency and Effectivenes together, particularly in this specific case", she went on to say. But, "I have not found a (CoE Member) Country who could be insensitive in this sens", Halonen answered concerning grave Human Rights violations attested by the ECHR.

    - "I have no ready-made answer. I have the expectations that you, in the CoE, will, step by step, find the different types of the monitoring systems."

    Also "because this is a part of the UN's Post-Conflict system, (fex. when it comes to Cyprus' MISSING persons), and it's a more Global system". So that, "If we make a succes in Europe, the others will follow", throughout the World.  "But they expect that we (Europe) are this opportunity, this Opportunity to make a Succes", Halonen concluded.

    In addition, she advised to extend CoE's Monitoring to all its 47 Member States, "because, as long as we hear that, all these monitoring systems are "OK for the neighbor, but not for me", "it's very difficult" to understand. Something which could make easier to Compare...

    Finnish MEP Jaako Laakso, former CoE Rapporteur on the Occupied Territories of Cyprus and one of the 5 Signatories of the Historic CoE's call to create the "MONITORING" mecanism since 1996, was more specific :  - "We (CoE Assembly) have to find a way for the issue of Cyprus' MISSING People to be better followed", he stressed, anouncing his intention to "speak to Mr. Holovaty" about that. "There might be also other ways", added Laakso.

    - The 2008 "Year had been a very Bad one for Turkey with regard to Human Rights in general, and Freedom of Expression in particular", denounced, meanwhile, Holovaty's preliminary Post-Monitoringh Draft Report by Holovaty, published by the CoE on April 2009.

    "Amnesty International believes that freedom of expression is not guaranteed given the various articles of the Criminal Code that restrict it. .. "For example, 1,300 Websites are said to have been closed down by the (Turkish) authorities in 2008" ! While "the new Turkish Criminal Code was used to bring a total of 1,072 proceedings between June 2005 and April 2008, and led to the conviction of 192 people", for expressing views. "Representatives of the Özgür Gündem newspaper, which specialises in Kurdish affairs, ..complained about Numerous Attacks on their Freedom of Expression ...as was everyone who advocated a settlement to the question by means other than the intervention of the army" "According to their figures, 19 Newspapers had been suspended 43 times between 4 August 2006 and 4 November 2008" !...

    Moreover, on 2008,  CoE's "Ministers adopted its 4rth Resolution on the execution of the judgments of the ECHR, ...and outstanding issues regarding 175 Judgements and decisions relating to Turkey delivered between 1996 and 2008...  concerning Deaths resulting from the excessive use of force by members of the Security forces, the failure to protect the right to life, the DIisappearance and/or death of individuals, Ill-Treatment and the Destruction of property". CoE's " Ministers urged the Turkish authorities ...to ensure that members of Security forces of all ranks can be prosecuted without administrative
authorisation" for "serious crimes". Holovaty reminded.

"Nonetheless", Holovaty heard anew of "Several cases of Violence committed last year (2008) by the (Turkish) security forces". Amnesty International speaks of Many Cases of ill-treatment and Torture in the prisons and by the police". "Including, fex."'the death of Engin Ceber, a young man of 29 who died on October 2008 as a result of the TORTURE allegedly inflicted on him by police officers, prison staff and members of the gendarmerie. He was part of a group of people arrested on September 2008 during a demonstration and Press Conference in Istanbul'. Proceedings against suspects are "on-going" in this case.

- " I therefore noted an Obvious Contradiction between the Government’s stated “zero tolerance” policy.... of Torture and other forms of ill-treatment, and the different testimonies given", denounced CoE's Rapporteur.  Turkish "authorities must make considerable efforts to guarantee that proper investigations are carried out into allegations of abuses by members of the security forces and that perpetrators are effectively punished" "In this respect, I have requested detailed Statistics on the number of Investigations, acquittals and convictions in cases involving allegations of abuse in order to show the positive impact of the measures taken to date", Holovaty said, repeating a permanently unsatisfied CoE's demand to Turkey since a Decade...

    - "The Political Crisis that shook the country in the spring of 2008 highlighted the Weaknesses of the (Turkish) Constitution", which comes from the Military regime of 1982, "and the Urgent Need of Reforms", stressed from the outset CoE's Rapporteur in 2009. In particular, "the ...Democratic functioning of state institutions, including the independence of the judicial system, are crucial", he observes.

    But, "the Electoral  system and the ways in which it is circumvented do not appear to give those elected complete Legitimacy, and tend to pervert the course of direct universal suffrage", denounces Holovaty, observing that, even 5 Years later, Turkey did not yet change the 10% nationwide Threshold for a party to take any seat, which is "far higher" than the "3%" maximum in Europe and already condemned as contrary to European Standards by the CoE.

    + Moreover, EU Parliament's 2009 Report on Turkey, drafted by Dutch MEP Ria Oomen-Ruijten and adopted in Strasbourg on March, expresses "Concern over the Failure of the (Turkish) Judiciary to prosecute cases of Torture and Ill-treatment, the Number of which is Growing". EU also "is concerned about continuing Hostility and Violence against Minorities" in Turkey. It also "calls on the Turkish Government to launch, as a matter of Priority, a Political Initiatve favouring a lasting Settlement of the Kurdish issue, (while "condemning violence.. and terrorist groups"). EU "regrets that No progress has been made on establishing full, systematic Civilian suprevisory functions over the (Turkish) Military".

    The final results of Holovaty's 2nd and last visit to Turkley will be known later this year, and, at any case, before EU's December 2009 Summit.

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2009 EU Elections were won by Parties against Technocracy and Turkey's controversial EU bid, while the 1999-2004 Majority Abstention trend decelerated. What should be done in 2009-2014 ?

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