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Inicio arrow newsitems arrow EU Parliament new President Tajani to EF on 3rd Issue about recent Mass Migration, eve of EU Summit

EU Parliament new President Tajani to EF on 3rd Issue about recent Mass Migration, eve of EU Summit

Escrito por ACM
21.06.17
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*Brussels/EU-Parliament/Angelo Marcopolo/- Replying to an "Eurofora" Question on the sidelines of a Press Conference in Brussels' PressRoom, the New President of EU Parliament, experienced former twice EU Commissioner and Long-Time MEP, Antonio Tajani, a ChristianDemocrat from Italy, (Comp. also Various Other Tajani Statements in Reply to "Eurofora" Questions also Earlier, on Different Issues, f.ex. from Space High-Tech, up to Economy and SMEs, etc), made it even more Clear that, in fact, the Organisation which is due to be the Most Democratic body of the EU, currently has a kind of Threefold approach on the "Hot" Topical Issue :


While being Adamant on Real Political Refugees' need for elementary Protection, and even Discussing some Economic Migrants' socio-economico-cultural Integration (partly in Europe, added to Wider Development Aid EU Policies at their Countries of Origin, mainly Africa etc, with some Interesting Ideas: See, f.ex., Infra), Nobody was Dupe, naturaly, also of the Risk that some, slyly push also various Traffick and other Criminal attempts, as Islamist Radicalization and even Deadly Islamist Terrorism, as a Growing Series of 2012 - 2017, unprecedented, Barbaric Incidents are proving.

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Tajani spoke Today with Journalists, including "Eurofora", in Brussels' Pressroom, well in direct Extension of his Joint Press Conference, held Earlier here, Together with EU Commission's President, Jean-Claude Juncker, and EU's High Representative for External and Security Action, former Foreign Minister of Italy, Federica Mogherini, (See relevant "Eurofora" Photo, right in the Middle of a High-Level Conference, precisely, on "Migration Management", at the Eve of a 2 Days-long EU Heads of State/Government Summit, here in Brussels, which is due to Discuss, and eventualy Decide, also on Migration Issues, in addition on the current Need to Boost EU's common Security/Defense, as well as certain Topical Foreign Policy issues.


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- "Eurofora" reminded to Tajani, in this Context, also Greek President Prokopis Pavlopoulos recent relevant Statements, in reply to MEPs' Questions, at CoE's PanEuropean Assembly in Strasbourg, (See: ....), in substance, that Real Refugees could be socio-culturaly Integrated, while Europe might also become Able to Cope even with several Economic Migrants, But, on the Contrary, Greek and Other CoastGuards at EU's External Borders, had Not yet the Necessary Capabilities that would enable them to really Check a growing part of various "Criminals", who are send by Smugglers, particularly through Turkey, (whose Authorities he Criticized for Allowing such things to happen from Territories that they Control. That's why, Pavlopoulos (who is the Unique Top Greek Official supported Both by the Rigt and the Left sides of the Political Spectrum) asked for a European level Response to Fix that Problem.

 

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    - "What exactly was that 3rd Issue ?", querried, carefuly but Interested to Know, the New President of EU Parliament.


     => Indeed, that's Part of several Cases that we (EU) are Discussing nowadays here, Antonio Tajani, soberly but Sharply and Positively, Replied immediately to the above-mentioned "Eurofora"'s Question, (Comp. Supra).


    + He also hinted that, at least partly, Greek President Pavlopoulos' concern, recently expressed at the PanEuropean CoE in Strasbourg, is, (in addition to Internal EU JHA Policy), related even with EU's Foreign Policy, (f.ex. on Turkish Authorities' alleged trend to Let mainly Turkish Smugglers select mostly some quite Thorny Groups of Mass irregular Migrants, while reportedly Discouraging Educated/Qualified or Christian Asylum Seekers, even if Facing Brutal Oppression by ISIL and Other Islamist Terrorists, as Brussels' EU Reports, leaked mainly to German mainsteam Medias, such "Die Welt", etc, have recently Revealed and Denounced).


         - Indeed, more Widely speaking, currently, the Fight against various TransNational Criminal Organisations attempting to Exploit Mass Irregular Migration, (f.ex., for Smuggling, even Traffick of Childrens' Organs abused in Transplantation "Markets", Sexual Abuses on Women, Children, etc), in addition to notorious claims about Islamist Terrorists' infiltration, etc), are an "Absolutely Important", Top "Priority" of Europe, EU's High Representative on Foreign and Security Policy, Federica Mogherini, stressed in reply to relevant Questions, earlierToday.


 + Significantly, such Moves come just after New USA President, Don Trump's 1st official Visits in Europe and to the Middle East, just after which, for the 1st  Time in History, even Arab Countries as Egypt, Jordany, Saudi Arabia, UAE, etc., Started to Jointly Denounce and punish with Sanctions, Qatar's role, particularly during the Last 5 or more Years, to Fund Both "Islamist Radicalism  Ideologies of Hate" and Violent Islamist Terrorism", as Trump clearly pointed out.


=> By the way, Tajani did not shy away from the recent Facts, when he acknowledged, later Today, (speaking to Journalists, including "Eurofora", in Brussels' EU Parliament's PressRoom, that, indeed, particularly after also the Recent various ISIS' Deadly Attacks throughout Europe and elsewhere in the World, Yes, "We are Facing a kind of War, especialy since ISIS is Losing around Raqua (Occupied Syria), starting to launch various Attacks in Different parts of the World: f.ex. from Europe to subSaharian Africa, Afghanista, or even Philippines, etc., as he observed.


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    Pointing out the Fact that he also spoked "after a Series of Attacks" these Last few Weeks, the competent EU Commissioner for Security Union, J. King, stressed that, Although Migration and Security should not be Mixed up as one single issue, nevertheless, "effective Integration, based on Values, are Key in Combatting Violent Extremism, Countering Radicalisation, and ensuring Security", as he characteristically stressed from the outset, into the EU High Level Conference here, Afterwards this Evening , (referring mainly to many People's expressed concerns, EarlierToday.


        + In this Context, 'EUROPOL"'s Director added, concerning also the above-mentioned Observation by Greek President Pavlopoulos, reminded to Tajani by "Eurofora", (Comp. Supra), that, in real Practice, "EuroPol's Officers" have just Started to Work Together with "FRONTEX's" Agents and EU CoastGuards, into Monitoring  EU's External Borders.

 

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    ++ Tajani, naturally, did not ommit at all, to Also Launch certain Vibrant Appeals for Well Deserved and Mutually Beneficial, Humanitarian Support to real Refugees, as well as Development Aid and various Economic Measures, Both inside and Outside of Europe, particularly at the Countries of Origin and/or Transit, in order to Help Succeed Mass Migrants' Lives there :


    - Not as a kind of "Slaves", but, on the contrary, while Respecting their Human Dignity, as they might get a Job, have a Home, a Family, etc., he evoked, especialy on the 1st point.


    - As for the 2nd -and quite Larger- point, Tajani stressed, that, at any case, Something Important must be done to Boost Development, particularly in Africa, etc., given also the Huge Mass of People who might be incited, Otherwise, to Move Towards Europe, in the Next Few Years, from Economic and Climate factors:  In this regard, he suggested even the Interesting Idea to use also Modern, High-Tech. Means for Space Monitoring, (such as "GALILEO", Earth Observation, etc), of the real Situation's developments on the Ground, (f.ex. about Mass Population Movements, devastated or revitalized Agricultural Lands,  etc). But also European "SMEs' Direct Cooperation" with African and/or Other affected Countries' own SMEs, (etc).


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    - In fact, our mainTask here is to Discuss with EU Citizens on Hot Topical Issues as recent Mass Migration, and bring the outcome into the EU Heads of State/Government's Brussels Summit, the next two Days, he pointed out, Later this Evening, in Conclusion of a well Attended, multifacet and multilevel, High-Level Conference on Migration Management Today, which gathered about 800 Participants from all over Europe.


    Tajani is, indeed, very Aware, also of the Fact that one among the Main Issues in the forthcoming European Elections of 2019, will also be that unprecedented Mass Migration. as he observed Earlier Today, (also as part of his Presidency's Duty to Start preparing well that Crucial 2019 Democratic Rendez-Vous, already "from the Beginning of 2017", as EU Parliament's Secretary General, Klaus Welle, had Warned "Eurofora", already as Early as since Autumn 2016, (See : ....), and its Strasbourg's Franco-German area's Press and information  Director Martinez, later Confirmed to "Eufofora", on March 2017.

 

(../..)

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("DraftNews", as already send to "Eurofora" Subscribers/Donors, earlier. A more accurate, full Final Version, might be published asap).

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People in Europe and the World expect from CoE to make a succes of its "Monitoring" for Human Rights and Democracy, despite difficulties, said Finland's President Tarja Halonen to "EuroFora" at a crucial moment for the mecanism built 15 years ago by the paneuropean organization which celebrates its 60th Anniversary in 2009.

Halonen, known as "Mother" of CoE's "Monitoring" mecanism, a long-time MEP and former Foreign Minister before becoming Finland's President, holds a long experience in the mattter, after also serving twice as CoE and EU Chairwoman in the past. That's why she is well placed to judge how CoE's "monitoring" should deal today with some crucial issues of importance both to CoE and to the EU.

The move came just a Month before a crucial, last visit to Turkey, scheduled for June, by the President of CoE''s "Monitoring" Committee, Ukranian MEP Serge Holovaty, to finalize his Report on Ankara, the CoE Member State with the longest Monitoring procedure. From its results depends its overall credibility.

This is a Test-case, because, in fact, it's in order to avoid Sanctions threatened against Turkey by a CoE's Assembly's April 1995 Resolution for grave Human Rights violations, Democracy gaps, the continuing Military Occupation in Cyprus, the unresolved Kurdish problem, Aegean differend with Greece, etc., that MEPs decided to create, for the 1st time on April 1996, a "Monitoring" proces, allegedly destinated to check, without excluding Countries who did not fulfill all CoE's standards.

In the Past, the obliged withdrawal of Greece's Military regime and of its "Civil" cover-up out of the CoE had helped bring back Democracy in 1974. But, on the contrary, since April 1996, the idea was to "monitor" Human Rights' respect while keeping most concerned Countries inside the CoE. After Turkey's oldest example, this was extended also to several former "Eastern" European Countries, even if CoE's Assembly has imposed to some of them (fex. Ukraine, Russia, etc., after Belarus, Serbia, etc) various "Sanctions", that Ankara always avoided. Curiously more succesful even than .. USA itself, (a CoE "Observer" since 1995), which has been at least threatened with sanctions some years ago..

EU-effects of CoE's Monitoring process became obvious between 2001-2008, since the "closure" of this procedure, when CoE felt that a Country had met most of its Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law obligations, (i.e. the "Copenhagen Criteria" for the EU), helped trigger Negotiations with the EU for "Accession" or other closer relations : This occured already before the 2004 and 2007 EU Enlargements to former "Eastern" European Countries, as well as for the commencement of "accession" negotiations with Croatia, and of "open-ended" negotiations with Turkey in 2005.

    But a stricking new development are Holovaty's recent findings that on core Human Rights issues as Torture and Freedom of Expression, Turkey, even "5 Years after" CoE closed its "Monitoring", back in 2004, inciting EU to start accession Negotiations in 2005, still presents grave problems.

    His findings are of crucial importance after a 2008 CoE Resolution called, "if need be", to "seriously consider the possibility of Re-Opening the Monitoring procedure for Turkey" : A move which might affect Ankara's controversial EU bid, since EU Accession Negotiations are based on the Hypothesis that the Candidate fullfils the "Copenhagen Criteria" (See above)..
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    Holovaty expressed his will to check  "Matters still Outstanding" and  those that he "didn't have an opportunity to discuss" at an earlier visit this year, "in order to discuss the more complex issues in greater depth", at his forthcoming New Visit to Ankara, before the December 2009 EU Summit.  This is all based on the 2004 CoE Resolution which stresses that, CoE "will continue.. post-monitoring Dialogue with the Turkish authorities,...in addition to a 12-points list,..and on any Other Matter that might arise in connection with Turkey’s Obligations as a CoE member state".

    CoE's Resolution also asks  from Turkey "to secure the proper Implementation of Judgements, particularly in the Cyprus v. Turkey InterState case", of 2001, which concerns also the plight of many Hundreds of MISSING People. It adds Turkey's obligations to "execute" ECHR's Judgements in the Loizidou case,..and in particular adopt General Measures to avoid repetition or continuation of Violations found by the Court" to the detriment of Refugees.

    Nevertheless, Holovaty said to "EuroFora" that "MISSING" persons,"might be included" and cannot be excluded, but he has yet to examine the situation "to find out  which issues will be raised" to the Turkish Government.

    Therefore, "EuroFora" asked Halonen, as the Historic "Mother" of CoE's Monitoring mecanism, if she thought that, "whenever there are grave Human Rights Violations, as fex. "MISSING" persons, attested even by ECHR's judgements, they should be always checked by a Monitoring process. Or could they be forgotten ?"
    
     - "We (CoE) must be, at the same time, Fair, Realistic, but not in the mind that "now we have Forgotten", etc., replied to "EuroFora"'s question Halonen, speaking as a matter of general principle.

    - "When we think of those People that are suffering from the lack of Democracy, of Human Rights, and of the Rule of Law", "we should find a base on how to deal with the (Monitoring) system more rapidly"', she stressed.

    - "Sometimes it's very difficult to combine Transparency and Effectivenes together, particularly in this specific case", she went on to say. But, "I have not found a (CoE Member) Country who could be insensitive in this sens", Halonen answered concerning grave Human Rights violations attested by the ECHR.

    - "I have no ready-made answer. I have the expectations that you, in the CoE, will, step by step, find the different types of the monitoring systems."

    Also "because this is a part of the UN's Post-Conflict system, (fex. when it comes to Cyprus' MISSING persons), and it's a more Global system". So that, "If we make a succes in Europe, the others will follow", throughout the World.  "But they expect that we (Europe) are this opportunity, this Opportunity to make a Succes", Halonen concluded.

    In addition, she advised to extend CoE's Monitoring to all its 47 Member States, "because, as long as we hear that, all these monitoring systems are "OK for the neighbor, but not for me", "it's very difficult" to understand. Something which could make easier to Compare...

    Finnish MEP Jaako Laakso, former CoE Rapporteur on the Occupied Territories of Cyprus and one of the 5 Signatories of the Historic CoE's call to create the "MONITORING" mecanism since 1996, was more specific :  - "We (CoE Assembly) have to find a way for the issue of Cyprus' MISSING People to be better followed", he stressed, anouncing his intention to "speak to Mr. Holovaty" about that. "There might be also other ways", added Laakso.

    - The 2008 "Year had been a very Bad one for Turkey with regard to Human Rights in general, and Freedom of Expression in particular", denounced, meanwhile, Holovaty's preliminary Post-Monitoringh Draft Report by Holovaty, published by the CoE on April 2009.

    "Amnesty International believes that freedom of expression is not guaranteed given the various articles of the Criminal Code that restrict it. .. "For example, 1,300 Websites are said to have been closed down by the (Turkish) authorities in 2008" ! While "the new Turkish Criminal Code was used to bring a total of 1,072 proceedings between June 2005 and April 2008, and led to the conviction of 192 people", for expressing views. "Representatives of the Özgür Gündem newspaper, which specialises in Kurdish affairs, ..complained about Numerous Attacks on their Freedom of Expression ...as was everyone who advocated a settlement to the question by means other than the intervention of the army" "According to their figures, 19 Newspapers had been suspended 43 times between 4 August 2006 and 4 November 2008" !...

    Moreover, on 2008,  CoE's "Ministers adopted its 4rth Resolution on the execution of the judgments of the ECHR, ...and outstanding issues regarding 175 Judgements and decisions relating to Turkey delivered between 1996 and 2008...  concerning Deaths resulting from the excessive use of force by members of the Security forces, the failure to protect the right to life, the DIisappearance and/or death of individuals, Ill-Treatment and the Destruction of property". CoE's " Ministers urged the Turkish authorities ...to ensure that members of Security forces of all ranks can be prosecuted without administrative
authorisation" for "serious crimes". Holovaty reminded.

"Nonetheless", Holovaty heard anew of "Several cases of Violence committed last year (2008) by the (Turkish) security forces". Amnesty International speaks of Many Cases of ill-treatment and Torture in the prisons and by the police". "Including, fex."'the death of Engin Ceber, a young man of 29 who died on October 2008 as a result of the TORTURE allegedly inflicted on him by police officers, prison staff and members of the gendarmerie. He was part of a group of people arrested on September 2008 during a demonstration and Press Conference in Istanbul'. Proceedings against suspects are "on-going" in this case.

- " I therefore noted an Obvious Contradiction between the Government’s stated “zero tolerance” policy.... of Torture and other forms of ill-treatment, and the different testimonies given", denounced CoE's Rapporteur.  Turkish "authorities must make considerable efforts to guarantee that proper investigations are carried out into allegations of abuses by members of the security forces and that perpetrators are effectively punished" "In this respect, I have requested detailed Statistics on the number of Investigations, acquittals and convictions in cases involving allegations of abuse in order to show the positive impact of the measures taken to date", Holovaty said, repeating a permanently unsatisfied CoE's demand to Turkey since a Decade...

    - "The Political Crisis that shook the country in the spring of 2008 highlighted the Weaknesses of the (Turkish) Constitution", which comes from the Military regime of 1982, "and the Urgent Need of Reforms", stressed from the outset CoE's Rapporteur in 2009. In particular, "the ...Democratic functioning of state institutions, including the independence of the judicial system, are crucial", he observes.

    But, "the Electoral  system and the ways in which it is circumvented do not appear to give those elected complete Legitimacy, and tend to pervert the course of direct universal suffrage", denounces Holovaty, observing that, even 5 Years later, Turkey did not yet change the 10% nationwide Threshold for a party to take any seat, which is "far higher" than the "3%" maximum in Europe and already condemned as contrary to European Standards by the CoE.

    + Moreover, EU Parliament's 2009 Report on Turkey, drafted by Dutch MEP Ria Oomen-Ruijten and adopted in Strasbourg on March, expresses "Concern over the Failure of the (Turkish) Judiciary to prosecute cases of Torture and Ill-treatment, the Number of which is Growing". EU also "is concerned about continuing Hostility and Violence against Minorities" in Turkey. It also "calls on the Turkish Government to launch, as a matter of Priority, a Political Initiatve favouring a lasting Settlement of the Kurdish issue, (while "condemning violence.. and terrorist groups"). EU "regrets that No progress has been made on establishing full, systematic Civilian suprevisory functions over the (Turkish) Military".

    The final results of Holovaty's 2nd and last visit to Turkley will be known later this year, and, at any case, before EU's December 2009 Summit.

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