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Home arrow newsitems arrow EUParliament slams Turkey Intrusion in Syrian Kurds areas: CeaseFire/Withdraw Army/No-Fly Zone(UNSC)

EUParliament slams Turkey Intrusion in Syrian Kurds areas: CeaseFire/Withdraw Army/No-Fly Zone(UNSC)

Pisac ACM
15. 03. 2018.
ep_votes_on_syria_resolution_eurofora_400
 
 
*Strasbourg/EU Parliament/Angelo Marcopolo/(UPDATED)- Just Hours after deadly Turkish Bombings on the surrounded Afrin city,  EU Parliament adopted a last minute Amendment in a New Resolution on Syria, expressing Deep Concern for Turkey's military Intervention in Syria's Kurdish canton of Afrin and other similar areas, calling Ankara to Withdraw its Troops, and, in the meantime, for a CeaseFire, (as UNSC has already asked).
 
 
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EU Elected Representatives (MEPs) also renew UN Security Council Resolutions' recent call for a "CeaseFire throughout Syria, therefore including Afrin", as a Senior UN Official had earlier made it clear in statements issued at New York (See: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/unsyriaceasefireviolaytedbyturkey.html ).
 
This is contained in a largely supported, new EU Parliament's Resolution on Syria in general, which was drafted jointly by 5 Political Groups, added to a Public Debate where Frederica Mogherini, EU Commission's vice-President and High Representative of EU Council (i.e. of all EU Heads of State/Governments, including France, the UK, Germany, Italy, etc), stressed, already on Tuesday that it concerns "FIRST, Akrin",
 
(given the real situation currently evolving on the ground : See http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/turkeyinsyriankurdishafrinnobordersbutinvasion.html). 
 
 
+ Today's EU Resolution also "Underlines that the EU should Consider All available Options ..., Including ... the Establishment of NO-FLY ZONES under a UNSC Resolution", (Article 13). 

This Fits particularly Well the case of Afrin, since, in principle, it's hard to find any legitimate interest for anyone among UNSC 5 Permanent Members to, eventually, oppose a Veto against an elementary Protection,
 
in Front of a Foreign Military Invasion by Turkey, Bombarding a Syrian Kurdish City which Hosts 700.000 People, including Refugees from Other Areas, is Notoriously Peaceful and the Only one to have Never Attacked anyone else, but, on the Contrary, has even Send and Sacrificed several among its Citizens in order to Help the US-led International Coalition to Fight Against the Deady Islamist Terrorists of ISIL's Coward Killers Targetting innocent Civilian People even throughout Europe, including Russia, in the USA and elsewhere in the World.

Already, inter alia, it's also former French President, Francois Hollande, just reportedly Suggested to, indeed, Establish such a "No-Fly Zone" in order to Protect Afrin's current 700.000 Inhabitants.  
 
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 In particular :

- The 28 Member States strong EU Parliament, for the 1st Time so Clearly, "Express(ed) Deep Concern at Turkey's Intervention", after its Plenary Adopted a Last-Minute Amendment, Today, Thursday 15 March 2018 in Strasbourg.

>>> Interestingly, (and very Topically), this important Addition concerns Not Only Afrin, but Also ALL Other Syrian Kurdish Territories, since the Adopted Text explicitly slams any "Turkey's Intervention in Areas of Syria which are controlled by Kurdish forces" :

=> I.e., also Elsewhere, f.ex. at Manbij, where Ankara notoriously Pressures the USA to Drop the Syrian Kurds and Replace them by Turkey's Military and/or its "Proxies" Jihadists Armed Gangs, etc.

+ Something that the Turkish President Erdogan has repeatedly Threatened to Extend throughout All Syrian areas near the Borders, Traditionally inhabited mainly by Kurdish People, affecting a Huge Territory, (and very Close to the areas where Syrian Kurds notoriously Fought many Hard Battles in order Both to Protect their Populations (f.ex. at Kobane, etc), and, Further, to Help the US-led International Coalition to Win the Fight against ISIS' Deadly Islamist Terrorists cowardly Targetting Civilian People, (f.ex. by Liberating even Raqqa City, until Deir-el-Zor, etc).

----------------------------------------

- In the MeanTime, EU Parliament's adopted New Resolution clealry "Calls for a CEASEFIRE throughout Syria, therefore INCLUDING AFRIN", i.e. Explicitly Applying UN Security Council's latest Resolution on Syria, also in the case of that Syrian Kurdish Canton, currently Facing Deadly Aggressions by the Turkish Military Invasion.

+ Moreover, EU Parliament added, Today, a crystal-clear "Call on the Turkish Government to WITHDRAW ITS TROOPS", (Article 6). 

++ However, since the Word "Immediately", curiously was Not Included in the above-mentioned sentence, (Comp. Supra), Meanwhile, EU Parliament "Demands full Respect for Humanitarian Law, including the PROTECTION OF CIVILIANS", "Warn(ing) against further Deterioration of the ...Humanitarian Crisis", (in the Same Paragraph No 6, which refers to Syrian Kurdish Areas and particularly Afrin).

Because Reports about Civilian People's Casualties are Multiplying, as Turkish-led Armed Aggressions against Afrin City (where even Water was Cut off after a Turkish Attack) are Growing.

In a Premonitory way, EU Parliament also "Reminds ... that Hospital and Medical Personel are explicitly Protected under International Humanitarian Law" : Afrin, indeed, has Only 1 Hospital for Major Operations, to serve a Population of some 700.000...

-------------------------

+++ MEPs confirmed that they are "Seriously Worried about the ... Situation in Afrin", which is currently "Escalating", (as Turkish Military has practiclly Surrounded the City and Started Deadly Attacks against it).

++++ Current Risks, at Afrin, "include", f.ex., even a "possible Confrontation between Turkish Forces and Assad" (Syrian Government's Army), "or Russian Forces" too, while also "Tensions with the U.S." are "Rising", as far as Turkey's Claims to Extend even Further (towards Manbij, etc) its Military Intervention against precious and efficient Syrian Kurdish Allies of the US-led International Coalition against ISIS' Terrorists, (Comp. Supra).

+++++ In fact, "the Opening of New Fronts in Syria is Not in the Interest of Turkey's Security", critically Warns Ankara the EU Parliament, "Echo(ing) the position of the (EU Commission's) Vice-President and (EU Council's) High Representative" for External Action, Frederica Mogherini.

"Call(ing) on the Turkish Government to ... Play a Constructive Role in the Syrian Conflict", EU Parliament points out that this "is also in Turkey's National Interests".

++++++ But, at the Same Time, MEPs' Adopted Resolution also observes "Underlines" that "the Global Coalition against Daesh (ISIS) and Syrian Partner Forces (i.e. mainly the Kurdish-led "Syrian Democratic Forces") have made Significant Progress in the Campaign to Defeat Daessh (ISIS) in Syria", recently (mainly on 2017+).

+++++++ Last, but not least, concerning also Turkey's vociforous Claims around Enforced Population Replacements in the Historically Kurdish areas of Syria, EU Parliament "Demands Respect by all for the Right of Ethnic and Religious Groups and Minorities in Syria, includig Christias and Anyone Displaced, to Continue to live in, or Return to their Historical and Traditional HomeLands in Dignity, Equality and Safety, ...withOut being subjected to any kind of Coercion, Violence or Discrimination", (Article 11).

In Parallel, as a matter of General Principle, (particularly Useful here, Given Turkey's notorious Record on Serious and Massive Human Rights Violations, Genocides, etc), EU Parliament Calls for "Accountability" for the "Atrocity Crimes committed in Syria", f.ex. via "Universal Jurisdiction in Tackling Impunity", by "making Grave Violations of International Law an Offence under National Laws", by "Creating a Syrian War Crimes Tribunal", and/or a "European Network" against "Persons Responsible for Genocide, Crimes against Humanity, and War Crimes", etc., (Article 10).
 
-----------------------------
 
+ The Move comes shortly after French Minister for Europe and Foreign Affairs, Jean-Yves Le Drian, replying to 2 MP's relevant Questions at the National Assembly in Paris, Critically observed that there is "Absolutely Not any Excuse for Turkish troops' actions Deep Inside Afrin's zone", so far Away from the Turkish-Syrian "Borders". (I.e., almost Adopting "Eurofora"s recent Publication's Similar Observation : See ...).

- The competent French Minister "Remind(ed) that the Fight Against ISIS  is the 1st Reason for (France's) Engagement in the Middle East, and it's also a National Security Priority".

>>> "But, we are Concerned by the Fact that Turkey's action may Result into Weakening the Pressure itshelf, on ISIS' remainining assets in Syria, while (reducing them) is is the main Stake".

+ Moreover, "UN Security Council Resolution 2401, ... concerns a Humanitarian Truce, which is Imposed to All, including Afrin", etc, he observed clearly.

- Last, but not least, "we (France) Recognize the Essential Role that the Kurds played for the Liberation of (ISIS' former "Capital" City) Raqqa", concluded Le Drian, (who, according to the Polls, is the Most Popular French Minister among all)...

Interestingly, the French Foreign MInister's Criticism of Turkey's Military Invasion even at the Center of Syrian Kurdish Afrin canton's Heartland, was Published, inter alia, also by UN SC Permanent Member China's main Press Agency "Xinhua", etc.

-----------------

- The Turkish Government reportedly Replied by Claiming that "there is Nothing the European Parliament can tell us on this"...

On this point, the Turks might have, at least Partly, got it Right :
 
In Fact, EU Parliament, also, clearly and explicitly Applies UNO Security Council's Latest Resolution on Syria, in the concrete (and obviously More Opposed to International Law) case of Turkey's Foreign Military Invasion inside Syria's Kurdish canton of Afrin.

- Turkish President Erdogan, reportedly also boasted that EU Parliament's "Statement will go in one Ear, and Out Other !" (sic)...

But that looks Wrong : In Fact, Both UNO's Security Council, and EU Parliament, as well as EU in general, (i.e. its Member States added, as France, Germany, the UK, Italy, and Other 24 Countries), have Various and Many Ways to exert Strong Pressure on Turkey for the Implementation of relevant UN SC Resolutions, and/or International Law's basic Principles, (including in order to Respect the Sovereignity of Independent Countries, as also certain Key Arab Countries, well inserted in Larger Networks,  have just Asked Ankara to do : See ...).

This includes a Wide Spectrum of Various possible Measures, ranging from Legal to Financial or Economic "Sanctions", up to Defence AId to the Syrian Kurds, if not outright Military Interventions, f.ex. by International Coalitions (as those Against Deadly Islamist Terrorists' Aggressions, Piracy, etc), and/or by imposing a "Non-Fly Zone" due to Protect People from being Killed by Unilateral AirStrikes and Bombardments, even from Foreign AirPlanes Illegaly Intruding Deep Inside anOther, Independent Country, and Brutally Trampling its Sovereignity Underfoot (Comp. Supra), etc.

=> - Inter alia, f.ex., it's also former French President, Francois Hollande, who has just, reportedly, Supported openly the idea of a "Non-Fly Zone" over Syria's Kurdish Canton of Afrin...

+ Moreover, this Strange (but also Tragic, because Deadly, including among a Growing Number of innocent Civilian People, notoriously Threatened also by Inhuman/Degrading Treatments by various Violent Islamist Extremists' Armed Gangs pushed by Turkey as its "Proxies", etc) Issue of Arfin, might Hold a Key :

- Indeed,  Turkey’s Minister for EU affairs, Omer Celik, cited by "Reuters", went as far as to, in fact, Accuse MEPs to be ... Supporters of Terrorism (sic ! ) :

 - "Calling on Turkey to Withdraw its Troops (from Afrin) is a clear Support for Terrorist organizations" (sic !), Mr. Celik claimed, criticizing the "Decision the EU Parliament has taken" Today... (Comp. Supra).

      * The Fact that Syria's Kurdish canton of Afrin is located in anOther, Independent Country, (where Damascus' Government has repeatedly Protested Officially for such a Blatant Violation of its Sovereignity), and, Most Important, that Afrin was, until now, the More "Peaceful" and "Stable" area of Syria, (as even USA's Defence Secretary Mattis has reportedly observed), where more than "360.000 Displaced People" (including Arabs, Alevi, Yazidi, Christians, Armenians, etc) had sought and found Refuge there for Years, (as International Humanitarian NGOs, "Wikipedia", and many others had noted), as well as that "Afrin NEVER Attacked Turkey", as various MEPs and French MPs have stressed (f.ex. also at the French National Assembly, earlier this Week, in Paris, etc), obviously leave Mr. Celik and all the Turkish Government, indifferent, (Comp. Supra).

    But, just a Look at the Facts, starting by those showing the Way that the Turkish Deadly Military Invasion Evolved inside Afrin, (See relevant MAP, herewith), obviously Raise critical Questions :

    - F.ex., Why Turkey's 1st Move inside Afrin's area, just AFTER, initially Extending its Military Occupation along a Thick Land Strip accross All the BORDERS, between Turkey and Syria, (as Ankara's Government had Claimed - to NATO, France, US, etc-  that it would be its Unique Aim), Suddenly pushed its Army to penetrate even Far Away from the Turkish Borders, Inside Afrin, Until it Reached Alepo's area, (contolled by Damascus Government's Syrian Army), in a way which Cut Off IDLIB's adjacent Enclave and Separated it from Afrin ? (See MAP).

    >>> IDLIB, (located also Near the Turkish Borders, close to the Mediterranean Sea), was, notoriously the Area from where almost all Armed Islamist Terrorist Attacks hd Started, (particularly those of "Al Queda"-like Gangs, but also "ISIS"' Precursors, etc), already as Early as since 2011-2012, (i.e. since the inFamous "Benghazi" Massacre of USA's Diplomats and other Agents, which still remains Ill-Elucidated, but also since the First illegal "Arms-Trafficking" Ship Transports bringing Weapons to various Violent Islamist Extremist Gangs, had Started). Later-on, and "mainly Recently, Idlib has also become a kind of "SnakePit" full of Failed former Islamist Terrorists and/or Other Violent Jihadists", who have Progressively Gathered there, (even Transported by Buses hired by Damascus' Syrian Government, etc), Whenever any Part of Syrian Land was Liberated by ISIS, Al-Queda, and/or Other Islamist Terrorists, etc., according to Systematic last-minute Deals, (f.ex. from Aleppo to Raqqa, Eastern Ghouta and/or Other Damascus' Suburbs, as even just a few Days ago, etc). So that, Nowadays, Idlib reportedly Hosts the Biggest Over-Concentration of various Islamist Extremists and Terrorists from All-over Syria, including more than +30.000 Armed Jihadists !

    => Therefore, After ISIS' Collapse from Raqqa to Deir-el-Zor, etc., it was, notoriously, around Idlib that the main Efforts of the Syrian Government and its Allies (Russia, Lebanese, Iranian Shiites, Popular Forces, etc) were Focused, as the Next Important Push for the Liberation of the Country from the Last Remains of Foreign and Local Armed Jihadists, ...just Before Turkey invaded Afrin.

        >>> A simple Look at a Map is enough in order to realize that, in Fact, IDLIB was located, in relation to Afrin (at its Northen side), and Damascus' + Allied Forces, (at its Southern side), at the Beginning of 2018, almost as ... RAQQA had been during ISIS' "Caliphat", just before being Liberated by Kurds and the US-led International Coalition in 2017 !    

    Indeed, IF the Syrian Kurds of AFRIN (at the North-WEST) had the Time and the Will to Help Damascus' National Syrian Army and its Allies (Russia included, etc), to Free IDLIB from the Last important Islamist Extremists' Stronghold, notoriously Full of AL-QUEDA-like Jihadists, Many Foreigners,

 - mutatis-mutandis, as the Other Syrian Kurds of KOBANE (at the North-EAST) had just done, by Helping the US-Led International Coalition to Free RAQQA + El Zohr from the Retreating ISIS' Terrorists, them too full of Foreigners -

=> then, most Probably, the Overall Syrian Conflict might have Become (Comparatively) much More Easy to Solve, (than what it is until now), with a Negotiated POLITICAL SOLUTION, at nearby Geneva and/or Elsewhere, as the Opposition to the current Regime in Damascus, would have been Liberated from Extremist Islamist Violent and Armed Thugs' Gangs, outright Terrorists ("ISIS" and/or "Al-QUEDA"-like), etc., (Most of them Notoriously Backed and/or Manipulated from various Foreign "Puppet-Masters"),  Focusing mainly on Peaceful (even if Hard) Disagreements to Bridge,

(withOut more innocent Civilian People and Other Victims' Killed or Maimed Bodies atrociously Pilling up, among Destructions and various Brutal, Inhuman/Degrading Treatments, Horrible Threats, particularly by some uncontrolled, Monstruous "Jihadists" pictured in their own Videos Cowardly Sullying killed People's Corpses, and/or Trumpling Under Foot POWs or other Traped People, Committing War Crimes with Total Impunity)...

=> By Rushing, immediately, to (FIRST of all) Cover IDLIB's Snakepit from the Syrian Kurds of Afrin (Comp. Supra), and Afterwards Launching a Sly, Open Aggression, Deep Inside the Syrian Kurdish Canton's Central Heartland, against its Capital City, (where Hundreds of Thousands of Displaced Civilian People had recently seeked Refuge), even Cutting Water, Severing Electricity, Phone/Internat Communications for a Total Population or, reportedly, some 700.000 People living nowadays at Afrin, according to Mainstream Medias,
 
Turkey apparently seeked to Save the Real Terrorists, but Destroy one of the (Comparatively) Most Innocent and Peacefull Areas of nowadays Syria, in Total Disregard for EU's and UNO's Resolutions, as well as Basic International Law and Human Rights Values.

          
 
(../..)
 
 
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Recent developments proved that Europe can suceed to overcome challenges by aiming at great objectives, and this is needed also in 2009, said EU chairman, French President Nicolas Sarkozy.

    - "It's in the name of Great Ideas, Projects, Ambition and Ideals, that EU can overcome" challenges, stressed Sarkozy at EU Parliament in Strasbourg, in conclusion of a dense 7 months EU Chairmanship. "It's even easier for Europe to have Great projects, able to overcome national egoism, instead of limiting itself only to small projects" (unable to do alike), he observed.     

- "Europe must remain Ambitious and understand that the World needs her to take Decisions". "The World needs a Strong Europe", which "thinks on its own, has convictions, its own responses, its imagination" : "A Europe which does not limit itself into following" others, (as it did in the Past, when it followed USA, f.ex. on Bosnia). On the contrary, "Europe should undertake its own responsibilities", he said, after a series of succes in stopping the War between Russia and Georgia, and organizing the 1st EuroZone's Summit in Paris, which incited the Washington DC G-20 Summit to extend similar decisions World-wide.  


    - "When you sweep it all under the carpet, prepare yourself for hard tomorrows", he warned. "What hinders decisions is the lack of Courage and Will, the fading away of Ideals", he stressed before EU Parliament's 2008 debate on Human Rights and Sakharov prize on Freedom of thought attributed by MEPs to Chinese cyber-dissident Hu Jia, followed by an EU - Turkey meeting on Friday.

    - "I don't abandon my convictions" and "I will take initiatives" on EU level also in 2009, Sarkozy announced later. "France will not stop having convictions and taking initiatives" on Europe. + "It's an Error to wish to pass over the Heads of those who are elected in their Countries" : "It's an integrism I always fought against"', he warned.
---------------------
French EU Presidency faced 4 unexpected Crisis :

- An institutional crisis, with the Irish "No" to EU Lisbon Treaty, just before it started. A geopolitical crisis, wth the threat of War between Russia and Georgia risking to throw Europe back to Cold-war divisions, on August. A World-wide Financial and Economic crisis, arriving at a bad moment before crucial 2009 EU elections. And even a Strasbourg's mini-crisis, with EU Parliament's roof curiously falling down, from unknown reasons, in a brand new building on August, provoking an unprecedented transfert of the 2 September Plenary Sessions...

But it wasn't enough to stop Sarkozy ! On the contrary, it stimulated him...
---------------------------------------

- "The better way to deal with the recent problems of EU institutions (as the "3 NO" by France, the Netherlands and Ireland) is to take them as a "Test" in order to find solutions closer to Citizens' concerns", said later in Strasbourg Sarkozy's new choice as Ministe for EU affairs, Bruno Le Maire.

- On the Institutional front, Sarkozy gave Time to the Irish to think about it, and stroke on December a deal including a New Referendum after the June 2009 EU Elections, in exchange of a promise to keep the rule of "one EU Commissioner for each EU Member Country", and some opt-outs on Defence and Fiscal EU policies, Abortion, etc. If the Irish get a "Yes" Majority, then the institutional package could be completed in 2010 or 2011 on the occasion of Croatia's probable EU accession.

He was accused in Strasbourg to upgrade EU Council and downgrade EU Commision, but he replied that "strong Political initiatives by EU Council reinforce also the more technical role of EU Commission, under the political-technical leadership of its President", all 3 "working together with EU Parliament".


- But, meanwhile, Sarkozy energetically spearheaded an Historic 1st Summit of EuroZone's 15 Heads of State and Government at EU's core, exceptionally enlarged to a partial participation of British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, on October 12 in Paris' Elysee palace, which started to tackle succesfully the growing world Financial crisis.

    It also paved the way for its endorsement by a subsequent Brussels' 27 EU Member States' gathering, before it all come to Washington's G-20 Summit. And "Europe was united, it asked for the 1st G-20 Summit, and it will also organise the next G-20 Summit on April in London", he observed.   

 But a Conference with EU, Russia, African and other Developing Countries, hosted in Strasbourg shortly after Washington G-20 Summit by the French EU Presidency, took a Resolution asking to enlarge participation to Global Economic Governance. Many found, indeed, illogic and unacceptable that f.ex. states as Turkey were given a seat at G-20 level, while all African Countries, and even the African Union itself, representing the greatest Continent on Earth, were excluded...


    Meanwhile, even USA''s "Paulson No 3" Plan, was, in fact, inspired by Europe's No 1 Plan", Sarkozy observed, largelly applauded by MEPs.

    And "Europe showed Solidarity" by mobilizing some 22 Billion credit for Hungary, 1,7 billion for Ukraine, as we do nowadays for Baltic States, etc., he added.

    The move on Economy was extended on December by an EU stimulus' plan totalling some 200 billion Euros, including 5 Billions released by EU Commission for big Projects, as well as various parallel National plans for Economic revival, (fex. 26 billions in France alone). They might appear limited, compared to USA President-elect Obama's reported plan to boost the American economy with 800 billion $, but at least succeded to overcome Europe's divisions for the first time on Economic governance, opening new horizons.

- The French President stressed even harder the unique role of an active EU Council's chairmanship, when he moved swiftly and efficiently, at the beginning of August, to succesfully stop War between Russia and Georgia, at the last minute, which threatened to bring Europe back to Cold War division.

"We (EU) also wanted to avoid a situation like in Bosnia, in the Past, when EU was absent, so that our American friends took their responsibilitues, and EU only followed", despite the fact that the conflict took place in Europe. Now, it was the EU who took its responsibilities".

A roadmap towards a new PanEuropean Security policy, before which all unilateral moves to place new Missiles (from USA or Russia) would be freezed, was proposed by Sarkozy after a meeting with Russian president Medvedev, at the eve of Washington DC's G-20 Summit.

Ukraine's "European" character was stressed at a Sarkozy - Jushenko Summit, September in Paris, while EU adopted on December an "Eastern policy", in which, "I'm convinced that our (EU's) future is to find with our Neighbours the conditions for Economic Development. Peace and Security, by explaining them that.. they must respect (Human Rights') Values, and adopt behaviors different from the Past", explained Sarkozy in Strasbourg.

Meanwhile, the "Union for the Mediterranean" was created, since July's Summit if 45 Heads of State and Government in Paris, as "an organisation for a permanent Dialogue, that we need", mainly in order to tackle the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, by bringing together, for the 1st time, Israelis and Arabs, where "Europe must be present, in order to avoid a frontal clash".

- "If Europe doesn't take its part for Peace in the Middle-East, nobody else will do that in our place", Sarkozy stressed.
-----------------------
    Meanwhile, other EU Agreements were brokered during the French EU Presidency on Immigration, (fex. common Asylum rules, etc), and Climat- Energy :

    - On Climat-Energy, the 2007 German EU Presidency had fixed a triple 20% aim for 2020 (20% renewable Energies, 20% reduction of CO2 emmission, 20% energy efficience/economies), and the 2008 French EU Presidecny realized that, making the necessary compromises in order to modernize EU's industry, but without throwing some former Central-Eastern European Countries into abrupt Economic break down risking "social explosion".

    - Defence-Security EU policy was mainly postponed for April 2009, since both German chancellor Merkel and French president Sarkozy want to strike a deal with the new American president Obama in Strasbourg's NATO Summit.

    However, with all these 4 unexpected Crisis diverting attention to other urgencies, People wil wonder now, what happened to the famous deal proposed by freshly-elected French President Sarkozy on Turkey's controversial EU bid, back on August 2007, to continue EU - Turkey negotiations, but on the double condition that core chapters, intrinsequally linked with EU Membership, will be excluded, and that a collective Reflexion and Debate on Europe's future would start before the end of 2008.

    It was meant to reply to the crucial question : What kind of Europe do we want in 10 or 20 Years from now : A large Market, or a Political Europe, with a popular identity ? In Sarkozy's thinking, presented in his 2 landmark speeches on Europe in Strasbourg, shortly before and after the 2007 Elections, (on February and July 2007), Turkey's controversial EU bid would be incompatible with the second choice.

    It's true that EU Commision's Chairman, Jose Barroso, (who had notoriously declared, as former Portuguese Prime Minister, that he found "nonsense" the idea that Europe might become equal to the US), had repeatedly tried to avoid that Sarkozy's criticism on Turkey might start winning a larger audience in Europe, preferring a discrete "wismens' committee" work. And that most of the personalities later chosen in order to participate in a Committee on Europe's Future, are too much linked with Socialist parties and/or American policies, to be really critical of USA's notorious wish to impose Turkey to the EU, as Sarkozy had noted himself since March 2007..

     - "It's on EU Council's presidency to take political initiatives. EU Commission has other competences", stressed Sarkozy. The "European Ideal" is to "build Europe with the States, not against them". "Ask Europeans to chose between their countries and Europe won't work. You don't choose between your two parents : We must add them together".

    "France and Germany have an Historic Duty to work together, precisely because of what happened to the Past. We have to work hand by hand. We cannot be separated.It goes beyond me and Mrs Merkel today, Mr Schroeder and Mr. Chirac yesterday. It's not a choice, it's a duty to Europe and to the World".  "We need Germany, as Germany needs Europe". Compromise is inevitable, here as everywhere, and each one made some steps towards eachother's positions.

    But "it's true that Mrs Merkel didn't chose her Socialist partners, while I chose mine", Sarkozy said, in an indirect hint that the Socialist Minister of Finance in Germany might be a cause of minor past disagreements in Economy, which were overcome in recent negotiations.

    "We (France and Germany) have particular duties in Europe", but "in a Europe of 27 Member States, it's not enough for France and Germany to agree between them.

    "I always thought that Great Britain has a special role to play in Europe. ... Now, everybody "saw what it cost payed the UK for having been too exclusively open towards the US (and) Financial services. Europe needs the UK, but also the UK needs Europe" :- "We were able to face the hardest moment of the Financial crisis because the UK clearly chose Europe", stressed Sarkozy, reminding Gordon Brown's exceptional participation to the Historic 1st Heads of State/Government Summit of EuroZone, October 12 in Paris (See EuroFora's Reportage from Elysee Palace then).

     - "Some look at Europe with old glasses aged 30 years ago. While we must look at her in relation to what it will be in 30 years" in the Future, Sarkozy concluded.

Polls

2009 EU Elections were won by Parties against Technocracy and Turkey's controversial EU bid, while the 1999-2004 Majority Abstention trend decelerated. What should be done in 2009-2014 ?

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