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Accueil arrow newsitems arrow EU Defence Rapporteur (f. Minister) Paet to Eurofora : Space Tech Important for Autonomy

EU Defence Rapporteur (f. Minister) Paet to Eurofora : Space Tech Important for Autonomy

Ecrit par ACM
Wednesday, 25 October 2017
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*Strasbourg/Angelo Marcopolo/- EU Parliament's Rapporteur on the European Defence Union, experienced former Foreign Minister of Estonia, who currently Chairs the EU for the period of July - December 2017, Liberal MEP Urmas Paet, replying to an "Eurofora"s Question, confirmed the "Importance" of "Space" High-Tech for the Future Security of Europe.



- "Eurofora" observed the Fact that an EADS' Senior Official, former General, had told us that "Early Warning" Space Technology would be among the main Needs for a possible Autonomy of a European Defence policy.



Already in the Past, when, f.ex., big EU Countries (including mainly France, but also Germany and several others) got a UN Mandate for a succesful International Peace-Keeping operation between Israel and Lebanon, it was the US which had initially Offered to lend its Space Monitoring capabiities to its European Partners, we reminded, among others, asking Paet his view about such matters.



- "Indeed, Space Technologies will be very Important, for the European Defence", positively Replied the competent EU Parliament's Rapporteur to "Eurofora"s above-mentioned Question.



 - "However", due attention must also be given to the fact that "Space Tech. are, often, quite Expensive", he Carefully added.



 - Paets had earlier Advised, as a matter of General Principle, for All relevant EU Military and/or "Dual Technologies" Industries to avoid eventual excessive risks on the available EU Budgets.



- But, the Fact that EU has just Decided to set up, for the 1st Time in History, a European "Fund" for its own Defence policy Needs, is due to certainly Help Boost Europe's Security in the foreseeable Future, because it will contribute a Concrete and Practical, Permanent New Mechanism continuously working for that purpose, he also observed.



Notoriously, moreover, the USA has traditionaly used  its own Defence Commands to Big Industry also in order to, selectively, Boost High-Tech Innovations, often beneficial even for the development of subsequent Civil industrial applications helping the overall Economy.



- Both for this, and other practical reasons, the EU Parliament's competent Rapporteur expressed clear Optimism that, "for the 1st Time in History", after too Long Delays and/or Postponements in the Past, EU is Now expected to Mark some Real Advances ahead in the Creation of autonomous European Defence capabilities, from the coming years.



- But, it's going to be a long, unfolding Process, until it would be Completely achieved, Paet also warned, inviting for both Optimism and Voluntarism in the foreseeable Future.

 

- He, however, agreed that it might  not yet be adequate to speak about "Strategic Autonomy" for EU Defence, in order to avoid deceptions or provocations, since that would require much more Time and Political Decisions, later-on.

 

 - In this regard, EU Parliament's Rapporteur appeared enclined to consider another, more adequate term, for now, as. f.ex., that of "Operational Autonomy", recently used also by new French President Emmanuel Macron, etc., which could be, at least for the moment, both more realistic and flexible, able to move on further asap.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        

 


(../..)
 



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ECHR's President to "EuroFora" on Journalists Gongadze and Adali murders : Principles must apply to all States, without discrimination.


+ ECHR's Statistics on Freedom of Expression (See below).


 European Court of Human Rights' President, Jean-Paul Costa, questioned by "EuroFora" on Journalists' murders, as in Gongadze and Adali's cases etc., strongly stressed all CoE Member States' obligation to make efficient Investigations to find and punish those responsible, and underlined that ECHR's case-law's principles must apply to all without any discrimination.

His call was clearly supported by various Top MEPs who denounced a risk of "Double Standards" if some Journalists' murders are investigated, while others don't.

To avoid such risks, CoE's Parliamentary Assembly adopted a Resolution, on the occasion of Ukranian Journalist Gongadze's murder, "stressing", as a matter of general Principle, "the importance it attaches to the safety of Journalists and political activists, especially those linked to opposition groups, in ALL member states of the CoE". All "crimes against journalists and political activists must be investigated ... as a matter of priority, without political interference".

Costa was replying to "EuroFora"s question on the fact that, after CoE's Committee of Ministers, also CoE's Assembly had just adopted a Resolution on Gongadze murder case, based on an ECHR's judgement of 2005, asking a full Investigation from Ukraine, who has found and condemned  in 10 years of jail 2 executants, but not yet the instigators.

While nothing similar was yet done for dissident Turkish Cypriot Kutlu Adali's murder, with 5 bullets shot at his head out of his Family's home in the territories of Cyprus occupied by Ankara's army, despite another ECHR's judgement of the same year 2005, and despite Turkey's claim that nobody was found among those responsible for the murder, and that there was nothing more to do..

In order to be credible and efficient, CoE's mechanisms shouldn't find a way to at least ask for full investigations of all Journalists' murders anywhere they might be committed, without exceptions ?

adali_gongadze


- "On the larger question that you raised, I'd like to say, since we are in a period of stock-taking on ECHR's 50 Years, that the Court's case-law developed certain concepts ....such as the Positive obligations of States, part of which are also the procedural obligations", started to reply ECHR's President.

 - "Whenever Journalists, Lawyers, Defenders of Human Rights, or even simple Citizens are murdered, the States are held responsible, not only if its their own security forces' agents who committed these murders, but also if they didn't make sufficiently substantial and efficient Investigations", he stressed.

- "I want to strongly underline that we (ECHR) have found in many cases numerous violations of Articles 2 and 3 against States, ....(about) murders or torture, ...because they didn't make enough Investigations in order to try to find and punish those responsible".

- "We (ECHR) do that vis-a-vis all 47 (CoE) Member States, without any discrimination".

"Naturally, the circumstances in each particular case may be differend, and we can't ommit to apply the rules of proof, or the rules of criminal procedure".

"But we try, by all means, to apply these principles of our case-law, to all States", he concluded.

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      Costa's call was strongly supported by several Top CoE MEPs, from various Political areas


- "To investigate the murder of one Journalist, and not of another, looks like Double Standards", denounced the President of EuroLeft Group in CoE's Assembly, Dutch MEP Tiny Cox.  

- "What is the reason ? Politics or specificity of a case ? Of course, if Cyprus and Turkey are involved, it's always a Political case"..

- "Murders of Journalists should always be fully investigated, because killing Journalists is not only killing persons, but also killing Free Press".  "We (CoE's Assembly) should do our outmost to help People who are working on Free Press and they are under threat or murdered".

Because for Free Politics, Free Press is a pre-requisitive : Parliamentarians  cannot  function without a Free Press. Not investigating, is not protecting ourselves".

So we should investigate all Journalists' murders : We are talking about Gongadze, about the Cypriot man (Adali), about the Journalist murdered in Moscow one week ago, etc", Cox concluded

- "CoE can' look at these cases differently. CoE can't wear Blinckers  !".
- "If the one is investigated, so has to be also the other. Why there wasn't full investigation ? Why's that ?", wondered British  Socialist MEP, Alan Meale.

- "A good idea" would be to "make a Motion for Resolution", and "join all Journalists' murders. Adali and Gongadze etc", said to "EuroFora" EU Parliament Political affairs Committee's President, Goran Lindbland, ChristianDemocrat MEP from Sweden.


(See also earlier News at "EuroFora" on similar issues).
-------------------------------

ECHR's Statistics on Freedom of Expression :


    Almost Half of condemnations by ECHR for violations of Freedom of Expression in 2008, concern Turkey : 20 out of a total of 48 for all CoE's Member States.

    Russia, Poland, France and Moldova were condemned only 3 times. Romania, Greece, Portugal, 2 times, and the other CoE Member States only 1 time, or none.
--------------------
    During the last Decade : 1998 - 2008, Turkey was condemned for violating Freedom of Expression in ..169 cases, while Austria only in 24.

    France and Moldova in 14 and 13, respectively, closely followed by Russia and Poland with 11 and 10, respectively. The rest of CoE Member States had less than ten condemnations.    
    

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