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Accueil arrow newsitems arrow EU/CoE Digital Resistance project=Double-Edged say Experts to EF among Vote/Data/CitizenConsultation

EU/CoE Digital Resistance project=Double-Edged say Experts to EF among Vote/Data/CitizenConsultation

Ecrit par ACM
lunedì, 16 aprile 2018
20180416_121402_400


*Strasbourg/CoE/Angelo Marcopolo/- Replying to an "Eurofora"s Question, the Leading Experts of a Pioneer EU/CoE's New Joint Program "Digital Resistance", Richard Heise and Bastian Vasen, from the Leibniz University of Hannover (Germany), agreed, in substance, that Internet is not only a vehicle of Challenges, (such as "Fake News", Spying on Personal Data, Bullying, Discrimination, Indoctrination/Manipulation, etc, but Also a potentialy Wonderful Tool Facilitating Verifications, Fack-Checking and Search of Truth, key Discoveries, World-wide Publications, Access to Knowledge, Overcome InEqualities, Fight against Censorship and for Freedom of Expression as well as Press/Medias' Freedom, etc.

 
eucoe_project_digital_resistance_eurofora_400 


Significantly, that Pioneer EU/CoE Project, backed by Teams from 5 Universities accross the EU (Austria, Germany, Italy, Romania and Greece), was officialy introduced during a PanEuropean Conference in the 47 Member Countries strong CoE (including Russia, etc), at the Beginning of EU Parliament's Plenary Session of April 2018 this week in Strasbourg, where MEPs are due to Discuss on Wednesday, April 18, 2018, also Topical Issues on Private/Personal Data Protection and Elections' Manipulation, with EU Commission and EU Council's Representatives, and just at the Eve of new French President Emmanuel Macron's official visit and Speech in EU Parliament, Tomorrow Morning, Tuesday, Aprl 17, before Launching, later-on, during the Afternoon, at the Vosges' Mountains, (See : ...), the 1st EU Citizens' Consultation in a 6 Months-Long Series (April - November 2018) on Europe's Future, (where Web's use was explicitly underlined, in Addition to actual Meetings, also in a Press Briefing organized by the Elysée Palace for Journalists including "Eurofora", during the Week-End).


- Indeed, that Education Project is due to Focus mainly on Young Students "up to 18" Years of Age, while Macron's Citizens Consultations (due to Extend throughout almost All EU Member Countries), reportedly would Start since 16 y.o.

And, even if the Bottom-Line seems still UnClear, as far as Age is concerned, on the contrary, at least one thing is certain : - F.ex., "among by 3 Sons, it's only the Youngest one who is really a fully-fledged "Internet Native !", as told "Eurofora" CoE's Experienced, Education Manager Christopher Reynolds (from the UK), in charge of all "Digital Citizenship Education" projects. Moreover, in fact, Internet Use, Nowadays Starts already from Small Kids of no more than 4 or 5 Years old, even Before they get into mainstream School, added Reynolds...


So that, even if it's true that the CoE had Previously Worked on some kind of "Digital Citizenship" and/or Internet Education projects, (f.ex. alreeady since 2014, etc, as he reminded to "Eurofora"), nevertheless, it's also a Fact that, as, f.ex., EU Commission's Policy and Investment's Strategist, at the Education/Culture DG, colorfully said, Smiling,: - "It's the 1st Time that I come to the COE in Strasbourg for such kind of projets"...


- However, this is Part of a much Wider, and quite Older Category of the PanEuropean Organization's "Cooperation" projects in the Human s"Capacity Building" sector, as the Compoetent CoE's Senior Official, Ms Arzu Burcu Tuner reminded to "Eurofora".


=> Indeed, a Brand New and Extended 2018 Edition of a relavant CoE's older Capacities Toolkit "Box", whose imminent Publication was Announced Today by Reynolds, surprinzingly, got, in just a few Minutes-Time, an overwhelming Majority among the Participants of this Conference from various European Countries, spontaneously Interested to Ask ... where, when and how could they have themselves at least one precious Copy asap !


Reynolds, trying to keep a Solid British "Cool" Temper, (since, anyway, as a CoE's Officer us Not persobally concerned by EU's "BREXIT" Time-Deadline related matters), diplomatically promised to inform all of them asap, but carefully declined to explicitltly name a precise Date/Hour of actual Delivery...

 

(../..)

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ECHR's President to "EuroFora" on Journalists Gongadze and Adali murders : Principles must apply to all States, without discrimination.


+ ECHR's Statistics on Freedom of Expression (See below).


 European Court of Human Rights' President, Jean-Paul Costa, questioned by "EuroFora" on Journalists' murders, as in Gongadze and Adali's cases etc., strongly stressed all CoE Member States' obligation to make efficient Investigations to find and punish those responsible, and underlined that ECHR's case-law's principles must apply to all without any discrimination.

His call was clearly supported by various Top MEPs who denounced a risk of "Double Standards" if some Journalists' murders are investigated, while others don't.

To avoid such risks, CoE's Parliamentary Assembly adopted a Resolution, on the occasion of Ukranian Journalist Gongadze's murder, "stressing", as a matter of general Principle, "the importance it attaches to the safety of Journalists and political activists, especially those linked to opposition groups, in ALL member states of the CoE". All "crimes against journalists and political activists must be investigated ... as a matter of priority, without political interference".

Costa was replying to "EuroFora"s question on the fact that, after CoE's Committee of Ministers, also CoE's Assembly had just adopted a Resolution on Gongadze murder case, based on an ECHR's judgement of 2005, asking a full Investigation from Ukraine, who has found and condemned  in 10 years of jail 2 executants, but not yet the instigators.

While nothing similar was yet done for dissident Turkish Cypriot Kutlu Adali's murder, with 5 bullets shot at his head out of his Family's home in the territories of Cyprus occupied by Ankara's army, despite another ECHR's judgement of the same year 2005, and despite Turkey's claim that nobody was found among those responsible for the murder, and that there was nothing more to do..

In order to be credible and efficient, CoE's mechanisms shouldn't find a way to at least ask for full investigations of all Journalists' murders anywhere they might be committed, without exceptions ?

adali_gongadze


- "On the larger question that you raised, I'd like to say, since we are in a period of stock-taking on ECHR's 50 Years, that the Court's case-law developed certain concepts ....such as the Positive obligations of States, part of which are also the procedural obligations", started to reply ECHR's President.

 - "Whenever Journalists, Lawyers, Defenders of Human Rights, or even simple Citizens are murdered, the States are held responsible, not only if its their own security forces' agents who committed these murders, but also if they didn't make sufficiently substantial and efficient Investigations", he stressed.

- "I want to strongly underline that we (ECHR) have found in many cases numerous violations of Articles 2 and 3 against States, ....(about) murders or torture, ...because they didn't make enough Investigations in order to try to find and punish those responsible".

- "We (ECHR) do that vis-a-vis all 47 (CoE) Member States, without any discrimination".

"Naturally, the circumstances in each particular case may be differend, and we can't ommit to apply the rules of proof, or the rules of criminal procedure".

"But we try, by all means, to apply these principles of our case-law, to all States", he concluded.

imag0335_400


      Costa's call was strongly supported by several Top CoE MEPs, from various Political areas


- "To investigate the murder of one Journalist, and not of another, looks like Double Standards", denounced the President of EuroLeft Group in CoE's Assembly, Dutch MEP Tiny Cox.  

- "What is the reason ? Politics or specificity of a case ? Of course, if Cyprus and Turkey are involved, it's always a Political case"..

- "Murders of Journalists should always be fully investigated, because killing Journalists is not only killing persons, but also killing Free Press".  "We (CoE's Assembly) should do our outmost to help People who are working on Free Press and they are under threat or murdered".

Because for Free Politics, Free Press is a pre-requisitive : Parliamentarians  cannot  function without a Free Press. Not investigating, is not protecting ourselves".

So we should investigate all Journalists' murders : We are talking about Gongadze, about the Cypriot man (Adali), about the Journalist murdered in Moscow one week ago, etc", Cox concluded

- "CoE can' look at these cases differently. CoE can't wear Blinckers  !".
- "If the one is investigated, so has to be also the other. Why there wasn't full investigation ? Why's that ?", wondered British  Socialist MEP, Alan Meale.

- "A good idea" would be to "make a Motion for Resolution", and "join all Journalists' murders. Adali and Gongadze etc", said to "EuroFora" EU Parliament Political affairs Committee's President, Goran Lindbland, ChristianDemocrat MEP from Sweden.


(See also earlier News at "EuroFora" on similar issues).
-------------------------------

ECHR's Statistics on Freedom of Expression :


    Almost Half of condemnations by ECHR for violations of Freedom of Expression in 2008, concern Turkey : 20 out of a total of 48 for all CoE's Member States.

    Russia, Poland, France and Moldova were condemned only 3 times. Romania, Greece, Portugal, 2 times, and the other CoE Member States only 1 time, or none.
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    During the last Decade : 1998 - 2008, Turkey was condemned for violating Freedom of Expression in ..169 cases, while Austria only in 24.

    France and Moldova in 14 and 13, respectively, closely followed by Russia and Poland with 11 and 10, respectively. The rest of CoE Member States had less than ten condemnations.    
    

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