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Accueil arrow newsitems arrow CoE Official points at Report citting EU-CoE Coop. versus Turkish Blockade of ECHR rulings Execution

CoE Official points at Report citting EU-CoE Coop. versus Turkish Blockade of ECHR rulings Execution

Ecrit par ACM
Thursday, 21 January 2021

 agg_at_coe_press_videoconference_with_sawicki_pace_eurofora_400

*Strasbourg/Angelo Marcopolo/- CoE Assembly's Experienced CEO, Wojciech Sawicki, speaking to "Eurofora" a.o. Journalists Invited to the Video-Press Briefing on the forthcoming 1st 2021 Plenary Session (25-28 January) of the PanEuropean, 47 Member Countries-strong (Russia included) Parliamentary body, under German Chairmanship (November 2020 - May 2021), Pointed to the Importance of a New Report on ECHR Judgements' Execution, which might Hold a "Key" on Solving the Deleterious for Basic Human Rights Problem of Turkey's stubborn Refusal to Implement ECHR's Judgements Condemning her on particularly "Hot" Issues, such as Cyprus' "Missing" People and Refugees from the Occupied Territories of the Island, even More than 45 Years since the 1974 Foreign Military Invasion by Ankara's Army, still Persisting at this Strategic EU Island until Nowadays.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Contrary to what has already happened in Other Areas of the World, including Even Latin America, etc., and Despite ECHR's Crystal-Clear Case Law, Nobody has yet been Found and Punished among those Responsible for Tragic Dramas inflicted by Turkey among more than 1.500+ Greek Cypriot "Missing" People and their Families, while Many ECHR's Judgements Condemning Turkey for blatant Violations of Cyprus' Refugees/Displaced People's Rights to their Family Homes and Properties, Still Remain Scandalously UnImplemented, withOut Restitutions, not even Full Indemnisation, (but Only 1 Partial Exception dating from 2004, made in Exchange of a Political Concession by the EU, then).

    But a New CoE Report's Recent "Addendum" on ECHR Judgements' Implementation might hold a "Key" in UnLocking Turkey's Stubborn Obstruction at "Hot" Human Rights Issues, such as "Missing" People or Refugees from Cyprus' Invaded and Occupied Territories still held by Ankara's Foreign Army.

    - Despite some Pressure to Stop PACE's Tradition for such Regular Reports, Public Debates and Resolutions voted by MEPs, on ECHR Judgements' Execution, Nevertheless, -"We (CoE's Assembly) Insist" to Continue doing so, Firmly Stressed the Experienced CoE's Senior Official, since this Obviously Allows to Openly Denounce various eventual Wrong-doings, Propose and/or Promote Alternative Solutions, Call for possible Sanctions against Too much Recalcitrant States, (as, particularly, Turkey, a.o.), etc, Instead of merely Swiping it all Under the Carpet...

    => In this case, the Latest "Addendum" to the bi-Annual PACE Report on ECHR Judgements' Application, Drafted by Cypriot MEP Eftymiou (an Atypical "Socialist"), indeed, contains a very Interesting Hypothesis :

    - In order to Overcome Turkey's Stubborn Refusal to Pay Any Financial Indemnisation of Greek Cypriot Refugees for the Persisting Usurpation of their Belongings at the Occupied Territories of Cyprus, a Refugee lodged a Legal Complaint allowing him, as well as other Victims, to seize an equivalent amount from EU Funds earmarked for Turkey's controversial and unpopular EU "Accession" bid...

 => After an Initial EU Commission's Refusal, that Case, originaly known as "Ramon v. Turkey", Recently came at EU's ECJ at nearby Luxembourg, where it's now Pending.

  It practicaly means that, Now, ECJ holds a "Key" able to UnBlock a Previously Deadlocked and Scandalous Situation, where Turkey was Refusing for Many Years to Implement ECHR's Judgements on Refugees' Homes and Properies, or "Missing" Persons' Families, etc., (Comp. Supra), withOut leaving, Until Now, Any Other Alternative to the CoE's Committee of Ministers, responsible for overseing ECHR Judgements' Execution, but Only an inevitably ..."Majochistic" Repetition of purely Verbative CoE's "Calls" upon Ankara to, at last, Honour its Commitments, with Turkey Always Refusing to do so, during too Many Years, withOut Any Sanction Yet... (See, f.ex., at: .., etc).

In Other Words, from now on, EU-CoE Cooperation Can Solve a serious Problem about ECHR Judgements' Respect by Turkey, which had Ridiculized recently the PanEuropean Mechanism for the protection of Human Rights.

 Significant of the Importance that PACE currently Gives to that New Report for ECHR Judgements' Execution is also the Fact that it was the 1st Report citted at Today's Video-Press Briefing on the forthcoming 1st PACE Plenary Session for 2021, and is also Scheduled to be the 1st CoE's Report due to get Debated and Voted, Next Week, Starting from Tuesday, Jan. 26...

 


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    The incoming Swedish EU Presidency (July-December 2009) may still remain in favour of Turkey's controversial EU bid, despite June 2009 EU Elections' results, but it has "very strong demands on Turkey"'s obligation to respect EU Rules, said the Head of Swedish Foreign Ministry's Press Service, Cecilia Julin, to "EuroFora", reacting to critical Press reports.

    - "I know (that) the link is often made also to Sweden's position on Turkey"'s controversial EU bid. Indeed, "we (Swedish EU Presidency) are very much engaged in the future membership of Turkey, but not without fullfiling all the Criteria".

    - "It's very clear that we (Swedish EU Presidecny) have very Strong Demands on Turkey, in a sort of concept for Future membership of the Union, ...which will be a Long Process...", she stressed.

    This means, in particular, "the Copenhagen Criteria (on Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law), and also the adaptation to the Acquis of the European Union".

     - "If you listen to what Mr. Bildt (the Swedish Foreign Minister) says on Turkey at different occasions, it's very clear : We want Turkey to become part of the Union, in the Future. But we want it to fullfil all the Criteria : The Acquis of the European Union. That's very clear", she concluded.

    The Senior Official of the Swedish Foreign Ministry was reacting to critical Press Reports, from Brussels' Journalists invited by EU Commission's secretariat to Stockholm, who claimed that Bildt was abusing of a ..."Whip" (sic !) against Cyprus, by "threatening" the presence of UNO's Peace-keeping force at the "Green line" which separates the island's Government-controlled areas from the territories occupied by Ankara's army, if Nicosia didn't accept any political solution, regardless of Turkey's demands, before the end of 2009.

        Governing AKEL Party's new Secretary General, Andros Kyprianou, reacted by declaring that no-one can threat the People of Cyprus : -"We shall decide for our Future, and nobody else",  he reportedly said, asking to "keep calm". "In order to find a Solution soon, certain basic Principles must be respected", he stressed, calling those who feel an urgency to use their influence on Turkey. Other Political Parties were more critical.

    This was a reference to recently reported statements by Turkish Minister Bagis, Prime Minister Tayip Erdogan and Turkey's National Security Council (a Military-Political body), accused to push towards a partitionist "2 States" solution, contrary to UNO SC Resolutions for Cyprus' reunification.

    December 2009 is a crucial moment for EU's appraisal of Turkey's controversial EU bid, because EU Council has decided to review then Ankara's compliance with the European position on the recognition of Cyprus' Government, which was clearly set out by an EU reply of 21 September 2005 to Turkish Prime Minister Tayip Erdogan's claims, refusing to recognize even the existence of EU Member Cyprus, in controversial statements he made to London (former EU chair) on July 29, 2005.

    EU Parliament's latest Resolution on Turkey, adopted on March 2009 in Strasbourg, warned Ankara that "the non-fulfillment of Turkey's commitments... by December 2009, may further seriously affect the process of Negotiations" with the EU.

    In practice, the issue boils down to Ankara's "embargo" against Ships and Airplanes using Cyprus' seaports or airports at the strategic EU island, which traditionaly hosts one of the World's biggest Shipping flags. EU has already "freezed" 6 relevant Chapters in EU - Turkey Negotiations since December 2006, after Ankara refused to fullfil a commitment it had undertaken when EU had decided to open controversial "accession" negotiations with Turkey, back on December 2005.

    - "As far as EU - Turkey relations are concerned, it's clear that Turkey needs to fullfil its obligation of full, non-discriminatory implementation of the additional Protocol (to "EC-Turkey Association Agreement"),  This is an important issue....and should be addresseed as soon as possible as it clearly affects the pace of the accession negotiations.Issues covered by the Declaration of September 2005 will continue to be followed up, and progress is urgently awaited", warned earlier in Strasbourg the out-going Czech EU Presidency (former vice-Prime Minister Alexander Vodra).

    But the Head of the Swedish Foreign Ministry's Press Service, Cecilia Julin, dismissed "interpretations" by "some" that Foreign Minister Carl Bildt was reportedly "threatening" Cyprus with consequences on the UNFICYP, if it doesn't accept any solution until December 2009, while Turkey is reportedly delaying in an attempt to impose a partitionist "2 States" solution.

    On the contrary, Julin, stressed that "Sweden has strong demands on Turkey'"s respect of "Copenhagen Criteria and EU Acquis".

    Meanwhile, Sweden  is "concerned" about the risk of "Stalemate" in Cyprus' Talks, but is well aware that "the main responsibilities lie with the two leaders and the UNO", Europe playing only a role of "facilitator".

    After carefully verifying, the Head of Swedish Foreign Ministry's Press Service, stressed to "EuroFora" that Bildt's reference to UNFICYP "was not linked to a Threat", and dismissed those who "interpreted" it so.

    On the contrary, the Swedish EU Presidency acknowledged the fact that Peace Talks are mainly for the UN and the leaders of the Cypriot communities, EU's role being limited into that of a "facilitator".

    As for Turkey's reported attempts to impose a "2 States' solution", the Head of the Swedish Foreign Ministry's Press Service sharply replied by stressing that Turkey must respect the "EU Acquis" rules.

    In particular :

    - "Basically he (Bildt) underlined that it's the leaders of the two communities in Cyprus and the UN that have the main responsibilities for solving the problem", started to say the Swedish Senior Official to "EuroFora", referring to the above-mentioned "briefing".

    - "But the EU had a role in sort of pointing out the benefits and facilitating a little bit the outcome for the settlement of the whole Cyprus' issue", she added.

    - "And he did state the Fact, that the rest of the World (i.e. USA, etc) will, of course, look at the differend issues which are at the table, and the future of the UN Peace keeping force is part of what is at the table", she admitted.

    - "I understand that some have interpreted that as a Threat, by the Swedish Minister" "But", in reality, "it's a statement of a Fact, that, when we'll look at the differend issues, one of the issues on which we shall have to take a stand on, is the future of the UN Peace keeping force in Cyprus".

    Indeed, one of the questions usually raised for a Solution of Cyprus' issue is what International and/or European or other Guarantees, by a Peace-keeping force, might be needed afterwards, eventually for a transitory period.

    Questioned anew by "EuroFora" whether (according to critical Press Reports) this could be taken as a veiled warning that, if Cyprus didn't accept any Turkish demand for any solution whatever, it might be left alone to face Ankara's Military Invasion/Occupation, she denied :

    - "He (Bildt) didn't say it in that way"... "It was not linked to a threat, or anything like that", the Head of the Swedish Foreign Ministry's Press Service stressed.

    On the contrary, "he (Bildt) underlined that the main responsibility lies with the parties concerned on the island". "The EU can try to facilitate and show the benefits of reaching a settlement. But also, when the EU and the rest of the World (i.e. USA) will have to look at it, they will look at all the Facts on the table, and the presence of the UN Peace-keeping force is one".

    And "he (Bildt) didn't speak about that at all", she replied to "EuroFora" question on Turkey's reported attemps to impose, in one way of another, a partitionist "2 States solution".

    Asked whether Bildt's aim was to incite both parties to move forward efficiently, she agreed :

    - In fact, "the EU is really very concerned with the Stalemate in the situation. Yes !", the Head of Sweden's Foreign Ministry's Press Service anounced. That's why Bildt "was hoping for the two parties (i.e. for Turkey's also) to engage and break, a little-bit, the present stalemate, come to a solution of the issue" of Cyprus.

    But, replying  to a "EuroFora"s question on the risk, denounced by several politicians in case of strict Time Deadlines, for Turkey to provoke a stalemate and wait for the time to come to impose a partitionist "2 States' solution", she reacted by pointing at Turkey's obligation to respect "EU Acquis" :

    - "Turkey must fullfil the EU Acquis : That's clear !", the Swedish Senior Official stressed.

    More details are expected when Swedish Prime Minister Reinfeldt will debate his Programme with new MEPs at EU Parliament's plenary mid-July in Strasbourg, that he has visited already in 2008.

    Foreign Minister Carl Bildt became familiar with Strasbourg's CoE last year, when Sweden chaired the PanEuropean organization of Human Rights. As EU chairman-in-office, he will also chair the 27-member States strong EU Group inside the 47-member States strong CoE.

    Minister for EU affairs, Cecilia Malmstrom is well known at EU Parliament, where she has been an active MEP of the Liberal Group for many years, following also Press Freedom issues.

    Both have already made various statements at "EuroFora", on differend topical matters.

    ***

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