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Home arrow newsitems arrow EU-China Talks in Paris open Space H-T. Coop as EUParliament Votes on Space in STB eve of BRX Summit

EU-China Talks in Paris open Space H-T. Coop as EUParliament Votes on Space in STB eve of BRX Summit

Parašė ACM
Tuesday, March 26, 2019

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*Paris+Strasbourg+Brussels/Angelo Marcopolo/- Stronger than expected Announcements on emblematic Space High-Tech Cooperation with China, anchored on a larger Will for a Multilateral Global Governance, with Europe and China firmly involved, Marked the Spring 2019 Visit of Chinese President Xi Jinping to French President Emmanuel Macron, flanked by German Chancellor Angie Merkel, and EU Commission's President Jean-Claude Juncker, these days in Paris,

while, almost at the Same Time, EU Parliament in Strasbourg was Voting on an Inter-Institutional Agreement about EU's Future Space Policy and even the Creation of a specific EU Agency,

shortly before the forthcoming EU - China Summit on April 9, in Brussels.

Both Moves come shortly after a premonitory "Eurofora"'s Question/Reply Topical exchange with EU Commission's vice-President Jurki Katainen, Earlier this Month in Strasbourg, about current Prospects for EU - China Cooperation on Space, on the occasion of the adoption, then, of a wider Draft EU "Strategy" on China in general, (See: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/eucommissionvpresidentonchinaandspace.html).

But, how "Deep" will really be EU - China Cooperation, at least, on the most "Burning" Global Issues, when, in addition to "Peace", and "World" Trade or other matters, are Added also key References to "Humanity", particularly at a moment when even basic BioEthical values are at stake ? (See Infra)... 

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- "Our two Countries have Decided to Develop their Cooperation on Space, in the areas (not only) of Satellites" (as until recently), (but also) and "of Outer Space Exploration", announced Chinese President Xi Jinping, at a Press-point after a key bilateral France-China Summit, Yesterday in Paris' Elysée Palace, (on the Anniversary of 55 Years since De Gaulle recognized officially China, starting Diplomatic Relations).

- Since "our (Beijing's) Satellites have landed at the Hidden Side of the Moon" recently, "and we are preparing a Space Station" asap, therefore, "we are Ready to cooperate with France in these areas", Xi added in concreto.        

+ He was reacting positively to a Deal and a Proposal announced Earlier by French President Macron in this direction :

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- "On Space, after having Launched, on October 2018, our 1st Joint Observation Satellite (for Oceans+), We (China and France) have Concluded, Today, a Strategic Partnership on Astro-Physics, Environment Monitoring, Climate, and Space Exploration", had ambitiously revealed Macron.                                                         

- In this regard, the French President "Congratulated" China for its "Succesfull Landing at the Hidden Side of the Moon", recently, and stressed France's Will to Develop Partnership not only on Earth, but also around all other Celestial Bodies" too, as he characteristically highlighted.

This Macron's formula obviously opens towards Wider Perspectives, i.e. not only at the Moon (Comp. Supra), and/or at Planet Mars (where the EU has already a Project with Russia soon), as well as accross various other Space Objects flying inside and/or Beyond our Solar System, (as, f.ex., that Key big Asteroid that USA's NASA has recently crossed and observed in detail, for the 1st Time in History, before Flying Further across our Galaxy, making the Big Headline News Globally at New Year's Eve)...

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+ The Next Day, speaking at an Exceptional Joint, wider, Multilateral Event, including the Conclusions of a Conference on "Global Governance", Together with French and German Leaders, President Macron and Chancellor Merkel, as well as EU Commission's President Juncker, the Chinese President, significantly, expressed anew his Will to Advance EU - China Cooperation in the Key area of Space too :         

- "In the New Context" of "Major Challenges", with "Deficit(s) in (Global) Governance", "Trust", and "Peace" (including "protracted Coflicts", Islamist "Terrorism", "even against Women and Children", etc), as he denounced, Xi pleaded for "a concept of Common Security, cooperative and sustainable", where "Globalisation and (High-Tech) Innovations should  Benefit All Peoples of the World", hy "adopting a Higher View and  working to Strengthen our (EU - China) Cooperation", particularly by "Deepening" it in "areas such as ...Air-Space" etc., (as well as "accelerating" in "Digital, Artificial Intelligence", etc).

- Space's traditionally Emblematic prominent Worldwide Image, High-Tech innovative content, and notorious offspring Utilities Both for Security-Defense and Civil Economy boost, Fitted particularly Well in the Wider Strategic Context of China's declared Wish to Stand by an even Stronger Europe, in the middle of a "Multi-Polar World", as he stressed earlier, vowing that "China will resolutely Support the European Integration".

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- German Chancellor Angie Merkel, inter alia, after pointing to the "EU Presidency by Germany on 2021", during which she announced a new "EU - China Summit", she pleaded also for a "ReinForced Multilateralism", particularly at forthcoming "Reforms of UNO, WTO, etc", and including the "Triangle EU - China - USA", (since the success or failure of the current "USA-China" Trade "Talks" may Affect also Europe, as she warned).

+ In this context, Merkel added that, in her view, peaceful International "Competition" per se, may have also "Positive" aspects, since it Stimulates all players to "prove their Capacities", mainly through High-Tech "Innovations", (where Space would naturally be ideal for such a purpose).

(By the way, the current Political Will for an even Stronger Franco-German Integration, from EU up to UN matters, seems undeniable, as, inter alia, it results also by the Fact that French Foreign Minister Minister Drian, after this Elysée's Conference on "Global Governance", is due to go straight to Berlin, in order to participate in Tomorrow's Meeting of the German Government, before Flying to New York, where France and Germany are due to Start, for the 1st Time, a Joint 2 Months-long Presidency at UNO's Security Council, according to the recent Treaty of Aachen).

++ Experienced EU Commission's President, Jean-Claude Juncker, timely went on to add, at this juncture, his feeling that "China and Europe should Do something Big Together", nowadays, as he Stressed from the Outset, (even if most of the rest of his intervention focused mainly on Economy and Business' cooperation aspects).

+++ Meanwhile, by another again Timely "Coincidence", USA's new President, Don Trump, as if he seized the ball set flying by Merkel on the Positive aspects of Competition via High-Tech Innovations, in the Wider Context of the MultiPolar World ambiance Nowadays in Paris, (Comp. Supra), reportedly Extended recently even Further his declared Wish for NASA to Boost "Space Exploration", with an Exceptionally Big Budget, and Urged, inter alia, for a Prompt realisation of his Aim to put "Men on the Moon" Sooner than some had earlier scheduled (2024)...

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++++ Almost in Parallel, at EU Parliament in Strasbourg, by one more Coincidence, its Committee on Industry, Energy and Research (ITRE), chaired by the Polish Scientist, former EUP's President, Jerzy Buzek, Voted on Monday Evening to Adopt a "partial Agreement, resulting from Inter-Institutional Negotiations", between MEPs, EU Heads of State/Government, and EU Commissioners, for the Establishment of EU's "Space Program", as well as the Creation, for the 1st Time, of an "EU Agency for Space programs", (due to go well Beyond the pre-existing ESA, which always was, in principle, Independent from the EU).

This was done on the base of a relevant Report, drafted by mainstream Italian MEP Massimiliano Salini, from the same Political Group of ChristianDemocrats/EPP as also his compatriot, the current President of EU Parliament, Antonio Tajani, (himself a former EU Commissioner also ...on Space : Comp. f.ex., relevant Tajani's reply to "Eurofora"'s Question, f.ex., at: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/tajaniindustrygalileo.html, etc). Italy was (by a series of converging "Coincidences"...), this time, the 1st EU Country that Xi Visited in his 2019 European Trip, before Concluding in Paris' Multilateral meetings.

=> Boost EU's capacities for an "Autonomous Access to Space", and "Strengthen EU's Space Diplomacy, encourage International Cooperation to raise awareness of Space, promote EU Technology and Industry", as well as "foster ...reciprocity and fair competition at International level", were among the Amendments Voted and Adopted by MEPs in the ITRE Committee of EU Parliament in Strasbourg Yesterday (Monday) evening, (Comp. Supra).

+++++ The Next Step : EU - China Summit in Brussels, may Attract a Wider Interest, up to Top Level, on April 9, since, almost at the Same Time, EU Council has decided to hold also an Exceptional Heads of State/Government's Summit just 1 Day Earlier there, on "BREXIT", (on Monday, April 8).

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+ "Humanity"...

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>>> Moreover, Significantly, China's President Xi Jinping, during the above-mentioned Paris' events (Comp. Supra), also added, in his Concluding Statements, a stern Warning about the Fact that, Nowadays, "Humanity faces Major Challenges".

=> Therefore, plearing for "a New Form of International Relations", Xi, characteristically, Advanced even Further than his favorite (de Gaulle's) "Multi-polar World" issues, and vowed that the "Final Aim" should be an "Harmonious Cooperation of All Humanity".

+ This appeared to Join also French President Emmanuel Macron's initiative, to Invite the Chinese President, earlier this week, "at a Monument inspired by Ancient Greece", as he noted, "for a European ReNaissance" (Heading of his Recent public Call for the forthcoming EU Elections of May 2019 : See, f.ex. ...), because "I believe in the force of Symbols !", as he indicated :

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>>> Macron pointed by that at an Emblematic Historic Monument in South-Eastern France's Mediterranean Coast, known as "Villa Kerylos", built at the Begining of the 19th Century by Franco-Germano-Swiss Archeologist, Lawyer and Politician Theodor Reinach, who Designed it according to "what represented" for him "the very Essence of a Civilisation with an essentially Human face, like that of the (Ancient) Greeks" :

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- "A Model ... and a set of ...Values that ancient Greece has passed on to us (Modern Europe). The Greek Spirit was for him both Dream and Reality", stressed, later-on, his GrandSon, Fabrice Reinach.

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    Indeed, "Villa Kerylos", (nowadays a Museum managed by "Institut de France"), a Superbe 3 Floors' big Home with Garden at the Mediterranean Seaside, was thoroughly Designed and Furnished according to Plans reportedly found at "Delos", an Historic Island in the Middle of the Aegean Sea, which had notoriously served, during the Best Century of the Ancient Greek Civilisation, as the HeadQuarters of ...the 1st International Organisation  (a kind of ONU's precursor !) for Peace, Trade,  etc., throughout Many Nation-Cities, among the Eastern and Western Coasts of the Aegean, as well as its Islands, starting from shortly after the Ancient Greeks, United all Together, had just Succeeded to Defend Europe's External Borders at the East, towards Asia, (where Turkey is located nowadays).

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=> But Xi's above-mentioned, crucial References to "Humanity", (and Not Only to nowadays "World"), added to Macron's Initiative with a "Symbol" for the "Renaissance" of a "Civilisation with a Human face", (Comp. Supra), added to Merkel's "ChristianDemocrat/CDU" background, and, perhaps, even to Juncker's (another "ChristianSocial/EPP" politician), wish to do "Something Big Together", (Ibid), given Today's Context, may also Point at a probable Joint Concern, (which was Not Yet explicitated in these Top Talks, ahead of the forthcoming EU-China summit in Brussels, on April 8), about a much Needed common Action to SafeGuard the Humankind also from some UnPrecedented and Serious Threats currently Threatening, for the 1st Time in History, even its own Biological and BioEthical Existence as a Species :

- I.e., particularly after the Recent Birth of 2 Genetically Manipulated Babies in China, whose DNA had Scandalously undergone a Heritable "Gene Editing" affecting even their Next Generations by Artificial Interventions, from a Technocrat of Chinese Origin, but Educated, Guided and Publicized by some USA''s Networks mainly from the Former President Barack Hussein Obama's "Socialist/Liberal"("Democrat") Lobbies, (See, Facts mainly, at : http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/heritablegenemaniptrumpxihumanity.html , + ..., etc).

>>> Given the Serious Risks against Health, and even More to provoke, by Altering the GermLine, an irreversible and dangerous Division among Humans, across Different and/or Diverging Races, possibly Fabricated Artificially by some Technocrats in the foreseable Future, which could lead even to an Extinction of the Human Race as such, progressively Downgraded to a level Similar, more or less, to a kind of Animals, as many World-Famous Writers or Film Directors have already Warned since long,

=> the Chinese Government reportedly Condemned such a Dangerous practice, which is also OutLawed by the PanEuropean Convention on BioEthics (Biology, Medicine and Human Rights), known as "Oviedo Treaty" of the CoE, while New USA's President, Don Trump, (a Conservative), recently felt a need to Stress that Human Embryos ("the UnBorn Children") are "Created at the Image of God", for Christians, (See, f.ex.: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/usachinaontradeandbioethics.html, etc), as EU Parliament was holding, earlier this year in Strasbourg, a Plenary's Public Debate, with the participation of EU Commission, where MEPs asked for a "Global Ban" of such abhorrent practices, (See: ..., etc), in Parallel with a relevant Motion for a Resolution reportedly pushed mainly by the Biggest Political Group in EU Parliament, that of ChristianDemocrats/EPP, as its vice-President Pons told "Eurofora", (See, f.ex.: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/eppvpresidentandmepsongermlinemanipban.html, etc).

 - Will all this Alert also EU Council's Leadership, timely and adequately before the forthcoming EU - China Summit of April 8 in Brussels, so that such Crucial Nowadays' Issues affecting all "Humanity", (according to President Xi's Words : Comp. Supra), can be seriously Discussed and Efficiently settled, (before it becomes too late) ?

At least, on the occasion of both China's recent Landing at the Dark Side of the Moon, and EU's New Space Program, coinciding with Xi's nowadays Visit to Italy and France, including the Symbolic Ancient Greek Civilisation Monument of "Villa Kerylos", eve of a Franco-German + EU Commission meeting in Paris on Global Governance, where "Humanity" was a Key Word more that Twice, (Comp. Supra),

- People can only Hope that such a North Mediterranean Wind might Help also incite the forthcoming EU - China Summit of April 8 in Brussels, to Inspire itself from the Introductory Words of World Famous American Rock Group "Pink Floyd"'s most Popular Long Play Disk, precisely titled :

..."At the Dark Side of the Moon", and Starting by the Call :  - "... DoN't be Afraid to Care !"...

pink_floyd__dark_side_of_the_moon__original_cover_prismlightcolors_400  

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DLOth-BuCNY

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I.e., as EU Council's President Donald Tusk from Poland, certainly Remembers : Similar to a Key Phrase by former Long-Time Pope John-Paul II, also from Poland, who Fought up to his Last Days in Life to Safeguard some elementary Human Values in BioEthics, including against Genetic Manipulations of Human Embryos, at an International Level, mainly via UNO+...

+ An Interesting point also for the Forthcoming Debate and Vote, in CoE's PanEuropean Parliamentary Assembly in Strasbourg, of a new Report on CoE - UNO Cooperation betweeen UNO and the 47 Member Countries-strong (including Russia+) PanEuropean Organisation for Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law, during its Plenary Session of this Spring, Later on Mid-April 2019.

 

(../..)

 

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People in Europe and the World expect from CoE to make a succes of its "Monitoring" for Human Rights and Democracy, despite difficulties, said Finland's President Tarja Halonen to "EuroFora" at a crucial moment for the mecanism built 15 years ago by the paneuropean organization which celebrates its 60th Anniversary in 2009.

Halonen, known as "Mother" of CoE's "Monitoring" mecanism, a long-time MEP and former Foreign Minister before becoming Finland's President, holds a long experience in the mattter, after also serving twice as CoE and EU Chairwoman in the past. That's why she is well placed to judge how CoE's "monitoring" should deal today with some crucial issues of importance both to CoE and to the EU.

The move came just a Month before a crucial, last visit to Turkey, scheduled for June, by the President of CoE''s "Monitoring" Committee, Ukranian MEP Serge Holovaty, to finalize his Report on Ankara, the CoE Member State with the longest Monitoring procedure. From its results depends its overall credibility.

This is a Test-case, because, in fact, it's in order to avoid Sanctions threatened against Turkey by a CoE's Assembly's April 1995 Resolution for grave Human Rights violations, Democracy gaps, the continuing Military Occupation in Cyprus, the unresolved Kurdish problem, Aegean differend with Greece, etc., that MEPs decided to create, for the 1st time on April 1996, a "Monitoring" proces, allegedly destinated to check, without excluding Countries who did not fulfill all CoE's standards.

In the Past, the obliged withdrawal of Greece's Military regime and of its "Civil" cover-up out of the CoE had helped bring back Democracy in 1974. But, on the contrary, since April 1996, the idea was to "monitor" Human Rights' respect while keeping most concerned Countries inside the CoE. After Turkey's oldest example, this was extended also to several former "Eastern" European Countries, even if CoE's Assembly has imposed to some of them (fex. Ukraine, Russia, etc., after Belarus, Serbia, etc) various "Sanctions", that Ankara always avoided. Curiously more succesful even than .. USA itself, (a CoE "Observer" since 1995), which has been at least threatened with sanctions some years ago..

EU-effects of CoE's Monitoring process became obvious between 2001-2008, since the "closure" of this procedure, when CoE felt that a Country had met most of its Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law obligations, (i.e. the "Copenhagen Criteria" for the EU), helped trigger Negotiations with the EU for "Accession" or other closer relations : This occured already before the 2004 and 2007 EU Enlargements to former "Eastern" European Countries, as well as for the commencement of "accession" negotiations with Croatia, and of "open-ended" negotiations with Turkey in 2005.

    But a stricking new development are Holovaty's recent findings that on core Human Rights issues as Torture and Freedom of Expression, Turkey, even "5 Years after" CoE closed its "Monitoring", back in 2004, inciting EU to start accession Negotiations in 2005, still presents grave problems.

    His findings are of crucial importance after a 2008 CoE Resolution called, "if need be", to "seriously consider the possibility of Re-Opening the Monitoring procedure for Turkey" : A move which might affect Ankara's controversial EU bid, since EU Accession Negotiations are based on the Hypothesis that the Candidate fullfils the "Copenhagen Criteria" (See above)..
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    Holovaty expressed his will to check  "Matters still Outstanding" and  those that he "didn't have an opportunity to discuss" at an earlier visit this year, "in order to discuss the more complex issues in greater depth", at his forthcoming New Visit to Ankara, before the December 2009 EU Summit.  This is all based on the 2004 CoE Resolution which stresses that, CoE "will continue.. post-monitoring Dialogue with the Turkish authorities,...in addition to a 12-points list,..and on any Other Matter that might arise in connection with Turkey’s Obligations as a CoE member state".

    CoE's Resolution also asks  from Turkey "to secure the proper Implementation of Judgements, particularly in the Cyprus v. Turkey InterState case", of 2001, which concerns also the plight of many Hundreds of MISSING People. It adds Turkey's obligations to "execute" ECHR's Judgements in the Loizidou case,..and in particular adopt General Measures to avoid repetition or continuation of Violations found by the Court" to the detriment of Refugees.

    Nevertheless, Holovaty said to "EuroFora" that "MISSING" persons,"might be included" and cannot be excluded, but he has yet to examine the situation "to find out  which issues will be raised" to the Turkish Government.

    Therefore, "EuroFora" asked Halonen, as the Historic "Mother" of CoE's Monitoring mecanism, if she thought that, "whenever there are grave Human Rights Violations, as fex. "MISSING" persons, attested even by ECHR's judgements, they should be always checked by a Monitoring process. Or could they be forgotten ?"
    
     - "We (CoE) must be, at the same time, Fair, Realistic, but not in the mind that "now we have Forgotten", etc., replied to "EuroFora"'s question Halonen, speaking as a matter of general principle.

    - "When we think of those People that are suffering from the lack of Democracy, of Human Rights, and of the Rule of Law", "we should find a base on how to deal with the (Monitoring) system more rapidly"', she stressed.

    - "Sometimes it's very difficult to combine Transparency and Effectivenes together, particularly in this specific case", she went on to say. But, "I have not found a (CoE Member) Country who could be insensitive in this sens", Halonen answered concerning grave Human Rights violations attested by the ECHR.

    - "I have no ready-made answer. I have the expectations that you, in the CoE, will, step by step, find the different types of the monitoring systems."

    Also "because this is a part of the UN's Post-Conflict system, (fex. when it comes to Cyprus' MISSING persons), and it's a more Global system". So that, "If we make a succes in Europe, the others will follow", throughout the World.  "But they expect that we (Europe) are this opportunity, this Opportunity to make a Succes", Halonen concluded.

    In addition, she advised to extend CoE's Monitoring to all its 47 Member States, "because, as long as we hear that, all these monitoring systems are "OK for the neighbor, but not for me", "it's very difficult" to understand. Something which could make easier to Compare...

    Finnish MEP Jaako Laakso, former CoE Rapporteur on the Occupied Territories of Cyprus and one of the 5 Signatories of the Historic CoE's call to create the "MONITORING" mecanism since 1996, was more specific :  - "We (CoE Assembly) have to find a way for the issue of Cyprus' MISSING People to be better followed", he stressed, anouncing his intention to "speak to Mr. Holovaty" about that. "There might be also other ways", added Laakso.

    - The 2008 "Year had been a very Bad one for Turkey with regard to Human Rights in general, and Freedom of Expression in particular", denounced, meanwhile, Holovaty's preliminary Post-Monitoringh Draft Report by Holovaty, published by the CoE on April 2009.

    "Amnesty International believes that freedom of expression is not guaranteed given the various articles of the Criminal Code that restrict it. .. "For example, 1,300 Websites are said to have been closed down by the (Turkish) authorities in 2008" ! While "the new Turkish Criminal Code was used to bring a total of 1,072 proceedings between June 2005 and April 2008, and led to the conviction of 192 people", for expressing views. "Representatives of the Özgür Gündem newspaper, which specialises in Kurdish affairs, ..complained about Numerous Attacks on their Freedom of Expression ...as was everyone who advocated a settlement to the question by means other than the intervention of the army" "According to their figures, 19 Newspapers had been suspended 43 times between 4 August 2006 and 4 November 2008" !...

    Moreover, on 2008,  CoE's "Ministers adopted its 4rth Resolution on the execution of the judgments of the ECHR, ...and outstanding issues regarding 175 Judgements and decisions relating to Turkey delivered between 1996 and 2008...  concerning Deaths resulting from the excessive use of force by members of the Security forces, the failure to protect the right to life, the DIisappearance and/or death of individuals, Ill-Treatment and the Destruction of property". CoE's " Ministers urged the Turkish authorities ...to ensure that members of Security forces of all ranks can be prosecuted without administrative
authorisation" for "serious crimes". Holovaty reminded.

"Nonetheless", Holovaty heard anew of "Several cases of Violence committed last year (2008) by the (Turkish) security forces". Amnesty International speaks of Many Cases of ill-treatment and Torture in the prisons and by the police". "Including, fex."'the death of Engin Ceber, a young man of 29 who died on October 2008 as a result of the TORTURE allegedly inflicted on him by police officers, prison staff and members of the gendarmerie. He was part of a group of people arrested on September 2008 during a demonstration and Press Conference in Istanbul'. Proceedings against suspects are "on-going" in this case.

- " I therefore noted an Obvious Contradiction between the Government’s stated “zero tolerance” policy.... of Torture and other forms of ill-treatment, and the different testimonies given", denounced CoE's Rapporteur.  Turkish "authorities must make considerable efforts to guarantee that proper investigations are carried out into allegations of abuses by members of the security forces and that perpetrators are effectively punished" "In this respect, I have requested detailed Statistics on the number of Investigations, acquittals and convictions in cases involving allegations of abuse in order to show the positive impact of the measures taken to date", Holovaty said, repeating a permanently unsatisfied CoE's demand to Turkey since a Decade...

    - "The Political Crisis that shook the country in the spring of 2008 highlighted the Weaknesses of the (Turkish) Constitution", which comes from the Military regime of 1982, "and the Urgent Need of Reforms", stressed from the outset CoE's Rapporteur in 2009. In particular, "the ...Democratic functioning of state institutions, including the independence of the judicial system, are crucial", he observes.

    But, "the Electoral  system and the ways in which it is circumvented do not appear to give those elected complete Legitimacy, and tend to pervert the course of direct universal suffrage", denounces Holovaty, observing that, even 5 Years later, Turkey did not yet change the 10% nationwide Threshold for a party to take any seat, which is "far higher" than the "3%" maximum in Europe and already condemned as contrary to European Standards by the CoE.

    + Moreover, EU Parliament's 2009 Report on Turkey, drafted by Dutch MEP Ria Oomen-Ruijten and adopted in Strasbourg on March, expresses "Concern over the Failure of the (Turkish) Judiciary to prosecute cases of Torture and Ill-treatment, the Number of which is Growing". EU also "is concerned about continuing Hostility and Violence against Minorities" in Turkey. It also "calls on the Turkish Government to launch, as a matter of Priority, a Political Initiatve favouring a lasting Settlement of the Kurdish issue, (while "condemning violence.. and terrorist groups"). EU "regrets that No progress has been made on establishing full, systematic Civilian suprevisory functions over the (Turkish) Military".

    The final results of Holovaty's 2nd and last visit to Turkley will be known later this year, and, at any case, before EU's December 2009 Summit.

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