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Inicio arrow newsitems arrow ECHR to hear Muslim Woman's plea against Sharia Law in EU Member Greece, while Erdogan visits

ECHR to hear Muslim Woman's plea against Sharia Law in EU Member Greece, while Erdogan visits

Escrito por ACM
29.11.17

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*Strasbourg/Angelo Marcopolo/- While, for the 1st Time in 65 Years, a Turkey's President will be Visiting Greece, where he wants to meet also with a Muslim Minority of Greek Citizens at a Province, ECHR's Great Chamber will hold a Public Hearing on Sharia's applicability in Europe nowadays, Next Week in Strasbourg, after a Complaint lodged by a Muslim Woman with Greek Citizenship who asks to Protect her Family's Right Not to be Submitted to Islamic Sharia Law, even against their Freely and Clearly Expressed Will.


Her Husband had decided, in a Will signed in front of a Notary, to leave all his belongings to his Wife. But, after his Death, some Relatives sued his Widow to the Courts, claiming that Sharia Law should Exclude the ordinary Civil Law, and, therefore, he would Not be Free to Decide about his own Inheritance, since Sharia would be Imposed instead.


The only Property, included in the Disputed Heritage, which could be used as a Home, is the Half of an Appartment, while he Widow of the Deceased Man denounces that his Relatives ask, in fact, to get for them 2/3 of her Husband's belongings.


0n August 2016, ECHR raised 2 Questions, to all parties involved, about the Respect of Human Righs to "Fair Trial" and "Private Property", vis a vis such claims to Impose Sharia Law on EU Citizens of Muslim confession, even against their will, and by Excluding the ordinary Civil Law applicable to all other EU Citizens living in Europe.


Sharia Law has been remplaced by ordinary Civil Law even inside Turkey itself, already since the 1920ies, but Ankara's Authorities reportedly persist to Claim that it should apply, nevertheless, to all the Muslim Minority with Greek Citizenship living in Western Thrace, which is part of the EU.


In the Past, such Decisions affecting Citizens' Rights in Society, as Settlements of Disputes about Alimonies, Guardianship, Emancipation of Minors, Wills and Inheritance, in addition to Separations and Divorce, etc., had been reportedly assigned to the Competence of Civil Servants appointed and monitored by the State of Greece. But after the 1920ies, they were transfered to Muslim Muftis, even if they tresspassed their strictly Religious duties.


This was Later Doubled also by a Parallel, separate Dispute, about the Choice of Muftis for the Muslim Minority of Greek Citizens living in Western Thrace (Greece), while Muftis educated in Turkey (whenever they might, eventually, officiate afterwards inside Europe, USA, or elsewhere in the World), are notoriously Chosen, Trained, Appointed and Monitored by Ankara's Government, (instead of any Independent Religious Community).


Initially, the embattled Widow won her cases to the 1st and 2nd Level Greek Courts from 2008-2011, which defended her Husband's Right to Freely Decide to whom he wants to transmit his personal Belongings, according to the Ordinary Civil Law applicable to all EU Citizens in Europe, by evoking the principles of Equality and Non-Discrimination, Freedom, Private Property, etc.


But, Later on 2013-2015, the Highest Courts in Greece accepted he Husband's Relatives' claim that Islamic Sharia Law should be Imposed to all Greek Citizens of Muslim Confession living at the Western Thrace Province, argying that this would still result from the 1920 Treaty signed at Shevres (France) and the 1923 Treaty of Lausane, as ECHR noted.


Meanwhile, the current Prime Minister of Greece, Alexis Tsipras, has reportedly prepared Recently a Draft Law which Confirms all Greek Citizens' Right to use, in Equal conditions as all other EU Citizens, the ordinary Civil Law and Courts, if they wish so, without being Obliged to be Submitted to Islamic Sharia Law, unless Members of that particular Muslim Minority ask for it.


'''Controversies against Recent Claims to apply the Islamic Sharia Law in Europe have reportedly Emerged not only in Bosnia-Herzegovina (Western Balkans), but even in core EU Member Countries cush as Germany and France (where this was Strongly Rejected), as well as (even "Hotter") in the UK, etc, almost in Parallel with the Rise and Decline of "Islamic State"'s Deadly Terrorists, cowardly Targetting innocent Civilian People in systematic Brutal Aggressions, (Decapitations, Bombings, Mass Shootings, Car/Lorry crashes over pedestrians, Axe/Knife/Manchette Attacks, etc).


So that Next Week's ECHR Public Hearing in Strasbourg has attracted a quite Widespread Attention, both accross Europe and elsewhere in the World, as far as General Principles of Human Rights may be affected, judging by Press Articles published on that issue, and the 3rd Party Interventions of relevant NGOs, such as that of "Christian Concern" (UK), Helsinki Monitor for Greece (GHM), Hellenic League for Human Rights, etc., with written observations.


Erdogan (as well as his Government's Ministers) have been notoriously Hindered to Speek in Public Meetings of Turkish Immigrants recently in EU Countries such as the Netherlands, Germany, etc., after Harsh Criticism and various Troubles, but Foreign Minister Cavusoglou was authorized to do so inside a Building in France, and now the Turkish President asked and was authorized by Athens' Government to meet Greek Citizens of Muslim Confession at a Province located near the Borders between EU Members Greece and Bulgaria with Turkey, in Western Thrace, (North-East Greece).

 

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Speaking exclusively to "EuroFora", the New EU Parliament's President, former Polish Prime Minister, ChristianDemocrat/EPP MEP Jerzy Busek, welcomed proposals by EuroFora about innovative ways for EU Citizens to attend EU debates before important final decisions which affect people's lives.

- "We (EU Parliament) must be transparent", Buzek stressed from the outset.  "We must have clear answers also for delicate questions. If we don't touch a problem, you must know why, and when shall we decide in the nearest future".. "Because "we (EU) must think about Europeans, first of all : They don't understand well what is going on in the EU. So, it's our duty to inform them, to make discussions here more interesting".

"EuroFora" congratulated President Buzek for the anouncement he made, from the 1st day of his election in Strasbourg (on Tuesday, 14 July 2009), on his intention to make  transparent debates, exchanges of views, etc. before the final adoption of decisions in EU Parliament's Plenary, when issues are evolving inside Committees, (See earlier publication).

And we reminded, in this regard, that "EuroFora" has been advocating a project for EU Citizens' active involvement in pluralist EU debates before important EU decisions, since more than a Decade : 1997-2007+

- "Thank you. We (EU Parliament), indeed, have exciting debates", Buzek replied. But, in practice, "without a possibility for our Citizens to see them, not even by the Press, the Radio or TV, etc., because it is in Committees", he regreted.

- "But, they (i.e. Media, Citizens, etc) might interact with you, with MEPs, etc, May be we can imagine something", "EuroFora" proposed.

- "Yes, (but) it needs, a quite new idea", Buzed observed.

- "Why not through some innovations ?", "EuroFora" suggested.

- "Innovation ? That's it. Fantastic  New Information Technologies !", Buzek realized.

- "Precisely, "EuroFora" has such a project, since more than a Decade (1997-2009), to use new technologies for public debates before major EU decisions are taken", we reminded.

- "If you have such proposals, please come to us, come to us. We must" do something, agreed the new EU Parliamen's President.

buzek_chairing_400 

    This fits with Buzek's main stance, expressed at EU Parliament's plenary earlier this week in Strasbourg, that the European Union must succeed to overcome a "Crisis of Trust" vis a vis EU Citizens. (See previous EuroFora publication).

    For that purpose, obviously information and debates are valuable, but purely instrumental, procedural means which can help focus on, and highlight a substantial content, attractive to EU Citizens, which needs to be determined by other, political, and not mediatic factors.  

    Buzek spoke about the urgent need to overcome the Global Economic Crisis,  the struggle for Human and Civic Rights, Democracy, etc., the Eastern Partnership, links with Russia, strategic partnership with USA and emerging countries, etc.

    But he also used (while speaking both to "EuroFora" and other Media) the expression : "The Europeans", for EU Citizens. This points right towards what several important EU leaders (including French President Sarkozy, German Chancellor Merkel, etc) have started to highlight particularly during the recent years : That there is a vital need, and an historic opportunity, for the development of a European Conscience, to stimulate e renaissance of a European Identity able to attract Popular support, for the EU to become a strong player in a Multopolar World : In other words, the revitalisation of a project for a "Political Europe".

    By a coincidence, this was indirectly but surely reminded, earlier in Strasbourg, by another ... Busek (this time with a "s") : 

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    Speaking to more than 650 participants from CoE's member countries, at the conclusion of the 2009 Summer University of its Political Schools, Erhard Busek, (with an "s"), former vice-Chancellor of Austria and EU Coordinator for South-Eastern Europe, pointed at the current need to revitalize Europe's "Identity", forged by Greek philosophy and Roman Law, Christian values and Enlightment's ideas, etc. through the ages.     

- "We have almost the same name with Jerzy Buzek (EU Parliament's new President, who is a former Polish Prime Minister), because both our Families come ...from  the same village, located at the Heart of Europe, which was often shared between Poland, Germany and the Czech Republic. But my family emmigrated a long time ago to Austria, while Jerzy Buzek's family remained in Poland", explained f. vice-Chancellor Erhard Busek to "EuroFora".   

 An astonishingly concrete and simple example of European Integration from the grassroots : Starting by EU Citizens, i.e. those "Europeans", that EU Parliament's new President, Jerzy Buzek (this time with a "z"), wants to bring alongside MEP's decision-making proces, (according to "EuroFora"'s main idea : Comp. supra)...

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