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Pagina principale arrow newsitems arrow ECHR to hear Muslim Woman's plea against Sharia Law in EU Member Greece, while Erdogan visits

ECHR to hear Muslim Woman's plea against Sharia Law in EU Member Greece, while Erdogan visits

Scritto da ACM
Wednesday, 29 November 2017

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*Strasbourg/Angelo Marcopolo/- While, for the 1st Time in 65 Years, a Turkey's President will be Visiting Greece, where he wants to meet also with a Muslim Minority of Greek Citizens at a Province, ECHR's Great Chamber will hold a Public Hearing on Sharia's applicability in Europe nowadays, Next Week in Strasbourg, after a Complaint lodged by a Muslim Woman with Greek Citizenship who asks to Protect her Family's Right Not to be Submitted to Islamic Sharia Law, even against their Freely and Clearly Expressed Will.


Her Husband had decided, in a Will signed in front of a Notary, to leave all his belongings to his Wife. But, after his Death, some Relatives sued his Widow to the Courts, claiming that Sharia Law should Exclude the ordinary Civil Law, and, therefore, he would Not be Free to Decide about his own Inheritance, since Sharia would be Imposed instead.


The only Property, included in the Disputed Heritage, which could be used as a Home, is the Half of an Appartment, while he Widow of the Deceased Man denounces that his Relatives ask, in fact, to get for them 2/3 of her Husband's belongings.


0n August 2016, ECHR raised 2 Questions, to all parties involved, about the Respect of Human Righs to "Fair Trial" and "Private Property", vis a vis such claims to Impose Sharia Law on EU Citizens of Muslim confession, even against their will, and by Excluding the ordinary Civil Law applicable to all other EU Citizens living in Europe.


Sharia Law has been remplaced by ordinary Civil Law even inside Turkey itself, already since the 1920ies, but Ankara's Authorities reportedly persist to Claim that it should apply, nevertheless, to all the Muslim Minority with Greek Citizenship living in Western Thrace, which is part of the EU.


In the Past, such Decisions affecting Citizens' Rights in Society, as Settlements of Disputes about Alimonies, Guardianship, Emancipation of Minors, Wills and Inheritance, in addition to Separations and Divorce, etc., had been reportedly assigned to the Competence of Civil Servants appointed and monitored by the State of Greece. But after the 1920ies, they were transfered to Muslim Muftis, even if they tresspassed their strictly Religious duties.


This was Later Doubled also by a Parallel, separate Dispute, about the Choice of Muftis for the Muslim Minority of Greek Citizens living in Western Thrace (Greece), while Muftis educated in Turkey (whenever they might, eventually, officiate afterwards inside Europe, USA, or elsewhere in the World), are notoriously Chosen, Trained, Appointed and Monitored by Ankara's Government, (instead of any Independent Religious Community).


Initially, the embattled Widow won her cases to the 1st and 2nd Level Greek Courts from 2008-2011, which defended her Husband's Right to Freely Decide to whom he wants to transmit his personal Belongings, according to the Ordinary Civil Law applicable to all EU Citizens in Europe, by evoking the principles of Equality and Non-Discrimination, Freedom, Private Property, etc.


But, Later on 2013-2015, the Highest Courts in Greece accepted he Husband's Relatives' claim that Islamic Sharia Law should be Imposed to all Greek Citizens of Muslim Confession living at the Western Thrace Province, argying that this would still result from the 1920 Treaty signed at Shevres (France) and the 1923 Treaty of Lausane, as ECHR noted.


Meanwhile, the current Prime Minister of Greece, Alexis Tsipras, has reportedly prepared Recently a Draft Law which Confirms all Greek Citizens' Right to use, in Equal conditions as all other EU Citizens, the ordinary Civil Law and Courts, if they wish so, without being Obliged to be Submitted to Islamic Sharia Law, unless Members of that particular Muslim Minority ask for it.


'''Controversies against Recent Claims to apply the Islamic Sharia Law in Europe have reportedly Emerged not only in Bosnia-Herzegovina (Western Balkans), but even in core EU Member Countries cush as Germany and France (where this was Strongly Rejected), as well as (even "Hotter") in the UK, etc, almost in Parallel with the Rise and Decline of "Islamic State"'s Deadly Terrorists, cowardly Targetting innocent Civilian People in systematic Brutal Aggressions, (Decapitations, Bombings, Mass Shootings, Car/Lorry crashes over pedestrians, Axe/Knife/Manchette Attacks, etc).


So that Next Week's ECHR Public Hearing in Strasbourg has attracted a quite Widespread Attention, both accross Europe and elsewhere in the World, as far as General Principles of Human Rights may be affected, judging by Press Articles published on that issue, and the 3rd Party Interventions of relevant NGOs, such as that of "Christian Concern" (UK), Helsinki Monitor for Greece (GHM), Hellenic League for Human Rights, etc., with written observations.


Erdogan (as well as his Government's Ministers) have been notoriously Hindered to Speek in Public Meetings of Turkish Immigrants recently in EU Countries such as the Netherlands, Germany, etc., after Harsh Criticism and various Troubles, but Foreign Minister Cavusoglou was authorized to do so inside a Building in France, and now the Turkish President asked and was authorized by Athens' Government to meet Greek Citizens of Muslim Confession at a Province located near the Borders between EU Members Greece and Bulgaria with Turkey, in Western Thrace, (North-East Greece).

 

(../..)


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Facing a 70% Abstention threat in 2009 Election, EU endorses EuroFora's idea for Citizens' debates on crucial EU decisions !

- Different views on "Europe's Future", should be debated among Citizens at June 2009 EU Elections, thanks to political Parties' "Manifestos", says EU Parliament's Report


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
A main idea, initiated and promoted by EuroFora's founders since 1997: the vital need to develop European Citizens' democratic right to actively participate in multilingual debates on EU decisions, is formally endorsed by the EU from 2009 !

The move is a key attempt to overcome "catastrophic" Polls which warn that only ...30% of Citizens are ready to vote in the forthcoming June 2009 EU Election !  This was revealed by EU Commission's vice-president, in charge of Communication policy, Margot Wallstrom, during a "hot" meeting of EU Parliament's Committee on Culture and Education, during the December 2008 Strasbourg session.

Wallstrom faced criticism, but also suggestions from various MEPs, naturally worried by Abstention threats which herself found even "worse" than in 1999 or 2004...

A Report on "Active Dialogue with Citizens",examined at the same time, presented some useful practical tips, on "facilitating Interviews"; etc., but also a  potentialy important call to "incorporate the conclusions of ...debates...into (EU) policies, and take into consideration the expectations that Citizens have of the EU when deciding". An amendment even implies that Citizens' participation in debates on EU decisions is a democratic "Right".

More importantly, it finds that  a Debate "on the Future of Europe", (as French President Nicolas Sarkozy has asked since 2007), would be a good idea " for the 2009 European parliamentary Elections", because "clarifying the political differences between the EU political parties would help citizens to identify themselves with, and choose between various concepts", for which "all parties (should) present their Manifesto".

A "Joint political declaration on Communicating Europe in Partnership", co-signed by "the European Parliament, Council and ... Commission", confirms that they "attach the utmost importance to improving communication on EU issues", by "enabling European citizens to exercise their right to participate in the democratic life of the Union, in which decisions are taken as openly as possible and as closely as possible to the citizens, observing the principles of pluralism, participation, openness and transparency".

This should "enable Citizens to exercise their right to express their views and to participate actively in the public Debate on European Union issues", while also "promoting the respect of multilingualism". In this regard, EU confirms its "wish to develop synergies with national, regional and local authorities as well as with representatives of Civil Society".

    It's since 1997 that a group of EuroFora's founders have officially presented a pioneer Project (then called "EIW", for "Europe in the World"), which aimed to develop Strasbourg's "Polyphonic music", by providing "Interactive information", on "main issues ... during the Decision-making process of European Organizations which engage in Transparent and Public Democratic Debates"

    This should be done, inter alia, by "exploring the potential of New Communication Tools (mainly Internet)", as well as classic-form debates, the 1997 EIW pioneer project's anounced in its "Synopsis". It was formally "accepted for evaluation" by EU Commission in Brussels in order to be examined for a grant in the framework of the "Research/Technology/Development (RTD) Programme in the field of Information Technologies", then called "ESPRIT", as a "Best Practice Pilot Project".

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        But the vital, urgent Political need for EU to search new, efficient ways to reach the People and interact with European Citizens, was really felt in Brussels and elsewhere only after the unprecedented in History 1999 and 2004 Majority Abstention in EU Elections, followed by 3 "NO" in Referenda in France, the Netherlands and Ireland, on 2005 and 2008...
    In this New Political Landscape, we prepared a new, actualised and more developed version of our initial idea, in a simplified and more efficient form, thanks also to a large Experience accumulated during many years of EU/CoE/UNO Press work and Multi-lingual debates, with the New project "EuroFora" :

    On 2006 we presented in Public its main lines during Questions/Replies that we raised at two Press Conferences by EU Commission President, Jose Baroso, and mainly EU Commission's vice-President, in charge of Communication policy, Margot Wallstrom, together with EU Parliament's vice-president, Alejo Vidal-Quadras, in Strasbourg, (Videos available), and we reminded it at various brief contacts with Commissioner Wallstrom in 2007 and 2008.

    Meanwhile, a new Text was also presented for "EuroFora" Project mainly to certain Political and other personalities, at European, National or Regional/Local level, mainly in 2007, but also in 2008..

    Now, after the unexpected 2008 Irish "NO", and before the 2009 EU Elections, which are due to be of exceptionally crucial importance for Europe's Future, the moment has obviously come to launch that project, progressively, but in real practice.

    Whoever really cares for Europe and its Citizens is welcome to join, in one way or another. Only anti-European, anti-democratic, obscure or ignorant groups might oppose or attempt to "steal" and deviate the main idea.

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