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Αρχική arrow newsitems arrow EU Commission Head Baroso +Energy Commissioner Oetinger to EuroFora on Desertec+TransGreen Solar RES

EU Commission Head Baroso +Energy Commissioner Oetinger to EuroFora on Desertec+TransGreen Solar RES

Έχει γραφτεί από ACM
Saturday, 17 April 2010

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    The biggest two recent High Technology Mega-Projects for Solar Power linking Africa to Europe accross the Mediterranean, Desertec and TransGreen, led mainly by Germany and France respectively, could be funded also by EU's anti-Crisis' Budget, and are complementary and useful for EU's policies, replied EU Commission's President  Barroso, and the competent Energy Commissioner Oettinger, to "EuroFora"'s questions, respectively.


    - "EuroFora" asked Jose Barroso, at a Press-point in Strasbourg, "what (he) thought about the New Technologies' projects Desertec and Transgreen" to produce and transport Electricity from Solar Energy at Africa's mega-Desert Sahara, accross the Mediterranean.


     - "I think that any project which aims to guarantee more Energy Security to Europe deserves our interest", Barroso replied to "EuroFora"'s question on Desertec and TransGreen.


    - "Now, I'm not going to pronounce myself, in concrete terms, on one project,  or pre-project", before EU decides to support it, EU Commission's President carefully said.


    - "But, as you know, in the framework of (EU's) reply to the (Global Financial) Crisis, (EU) Commission proposed to use 5 Billion €, which had not been used by the (European) Community's Budget for certain actions", he observed in particular.


     - "We have have placed there, precisely, certain actions in the domain of Energy Security and TransEuropean Networks, and sometimes also by linking European Countries to other (3rd) Countries", he added.


    - "We have placed that among the Priorities for funding such projects", EU Commission's President stressed.


    Hopefully, Barroso's new statements to "EuroFora" might open possibilities for more EU investment to both the TransGreen and Desertec, Environment-Friendly, High Tech. projects on the best Renewable Technology : that of the Sun, instead of risking to waste  Hundreds of Millions € of EU's funds to controversial Turkish Pipeline "Nabucco", still searching to find Gas from Central Asia, (even Iran), etc., despite the fact that it's too Long, too Expensive, Low-tech., exposed to Dangers of Conflicts, Political Blackmails, and/or Earthquakes, far away from E -controlled areas, despite various other (already existing and/or possible) Alternative Transport solutions, faster, safer and cheaper (Comp. "EuroFora"'s earlier publications).


Contrary to what a last year's, 2009 Draft of EU Commission's proposals (before "Transgreen"' was added to "Desertec")  had unfortunately indicated some Months earlier, before tEU Council and EU Parliament elect the New EU Commissioners...  

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                                                                                                                                             - "EuroFora" also asked new EU Commissioner on Energy, Gunter Oettering from Germany, if he found that "Franco-German projects Desertec and TransGreen can be complementary".


    - "Yes, I think Yes !", positively replied the competent EU Commissioner to "EuroFora"'s question.


    - "I think that both projects would stick together", fitting well in an overall trend. "Nobody says that it can't come" true in Future, Oettinger added.


     - However, "may be, we need (to advance in) Steps, therefore, may be not all in one moment.. But, in a longer  term, ", he methodically advised.


    - At any case, these two Strategic Mega-Projects concern a real "Partnership between the EU and Africa", the EU Commissioner on Energy stressed.


    - All this "is really good for Economic and Cultural (Scientific/Technologic) Policies", added Oettinger, who is well known, as former Prime Minister of the nearby German Federated State of Baden-Wurtemberg, for ambitions to develop "European Institutes of Technology, performant as new MIT(s)", as is called the famous American body.


    Speaking at a Conference in Strasbourg on EU's Energy policy, the competent EU Commissioner highlighted Europe's needs for the foreseeable Future and various  possible solutions.


    Oettinger, who stressed mainly the need for the EU to boost its internal Energy "Networks", also criticized the paradox that "we are paying for Windfarms to produce Electricity at the outer coasts of Scotland", towards the U.S., "but it isn't yet easy to transport Electricity not even from Strasbourg to Stuttgart", i.e. at Europe's heart !..

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   ( See also other Statements by EU Commission's President Barroso, and EU Energy Commissioner Oettinger, to "EuroFora", on other topical issues, in separate NewsReports, as well as longer draft texts already sent to "EuroFora"'s Subsrcibers/Donors).


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    The recent paradox of freezing EU Talks with front-runner Croatia, while continuing controversial EU - Turkey talks, despite Zagreb's acceptance of Refugees' Human Rights to return, that Ankara refuses fex. in Cyprus, while both have "Good Neighborhood" problems vis a vis Slovenia, or Greece, Cyprus and Armenia respectively, can it be justified by the non-fullfilment of EU criteria, as Slovenia says, or, is it "Double Standards" ?    

The question became unavoidable after statements by Presidents of Slovenia and Croatia, Tuerk and Mesic, respectively, to "EuroFora", exclusively or among Strasbourg's journalists this week at the CoE, on the sidelines of its 2009 Summer University for Political Schools, which topically brought them together as successive key-note speakers.


    Comming only a few Months before EU checks Turkey's compliance to its commitments on Cyprus, etc., scheduled for December 2009, this obviously has a special importance for the coherence of EU Enlargement's principles.

     Suspension of EU Negotiations is a normal consequence in case of a Candidate Country's failure to fullfil EU Conditions, such as "Good Neighborhood relations", stressed at first Slovenian President Danilo Tuerk, current CoE's chair.

    But, regarding EU's Criteria,  there shouldn't be any "Double Standards",  reacted Croatian President Stjepan Mesic, commenting the fact that Turkey's controversial EU negotiations continue, while they were recently "freezed" in the case of Croatia, an "unquestionably European Country", which oficially accepts to respect Refugees Human Rights, contrary to Ankara's notorious refusals or reluctance.                                       

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           - "EU itself has set as a Criterium (for EU Enlargement) the "Good Neighborhood relations",  and their absence justifies the "Suspension" EU Negotiations, (f.ex. with Croatia), because of a Border dispute affecting the territorial integrity of an EU Member Country, stressed Slovenian President, Danilo Tuerk, CoE's Chairman in office (May - November 2009), speaking to Journalists in Strasbourg including "EuroFora".    

Questioned earlier what "consequences on EU's Enlargement policy" can have the "Ban on EU Membership Negotiations", imposed to Croatia, Tuerk replied that "this question comes down to the fulfillement of (EU) Criteria for membership. One has to look at each Candidate Country ., from the point of view whether it fullfils the Criteria that EU has set. One of them are Good Neighborhood Relations, I'd like to remind. And also, there are other factors, such as Justice, Home affairs, Rule of Law, and others".


    - "Now, ..Candidate Countries are at Different Levels of fulfillement of Criteria", he observed.

    - " Croatia is obviously the closest to that. I'm rather optimistic : I think that in the coming Months we'll have an opportunity to look at all these issues constructively and hopefully we'll be able to make progress". "My main concern, at this point, is the situation in Bosnia : We haven't seen enough progres domesticaly. We haven't seen enough during ..political parties within their country.We need a New Energy, a new energetic move towards the Candidature for EU membership. "Other (Western Balkan) Countries (Serbia, Montenegro, FYROM, Albania) have been making soaring Progress, and I think that they should be ready, in a few Years, for the Candidate status".

    - "As far as the Western Balkans are concerned, .. nobody should be left outside" the EU, Slovenian's President concluded, ommitting to mention Turkey's controversial EU bid.

    - "This process may be seen as Slow, but..  Slovenia has also has also been exposed to various "Booms of Slowness" in our accession period. But now we can say that the process was relatively quick, because changes which occur after becoming EU member, are quite large, and they require proper Preparations before the (EU) membership becomes a new factor, an impacting line for a new (EU) member country".
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EU "Solidarity" ?
------------------------------   

Slovenian statements made some participants from certain 3rd Countries as FYROM, etc. claim that "the Principle of EU Solidarity" would "produce a.. rising European Union Nationalism (sic !), against Non-EU Countries", as they said, asking unhappy foreign countries to form a "bloc" to exert pressure on the EU...    

But Croatian President Stjepan Mesic dismissed that, supporting "EU Integration", "after the Economy also in Political" issues, as "the achievement" of our times. In EU there is "diversity, but it's United", he stressed, "EU has to be United so that it can become a central factor of Peace" also at the surrounding areas, he replied.

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Speaking later exclusively to "EuroFora", the experienced twice President of Croatia, former President of the International "Non-Aligned" movement, denounced "Double Standards" in the way EU treats recently Croatia compared to Turkey :   

 - "I think that there shouldn't be Double Standards", stressed the Croatian President, in reply to a Question comparing the freeze of EU - Croatia talks, with the continuation of EU - Turkey talks, despite the fact that Croatia is an "unquestionably European country", while Turkey's EU bid is notoriously controversial.


    Mesic was reacting to the observation that, even if he confirmed his "respect of Refugees' Human Rights to return, etc. (See infra), nevertheless, EU talks are suspended with Croatia.. While for oher, controversial candidates, who refuse to respect Refugees' Rights to return, etc., as fex. Turkey does in occupied Cyprus and elsewhere, EU negotiations continue".

    - "I believe that Croatia's accession will confirm that all European Countries who fulfill all of the Conditions and achieve European Standards, have to join the EU. There shouldn't be any Double Standards", went on to add in reply President Mesic.

    In this relation, Croatia's President found "of paramount importance", CoE's "mechanisms enforcing ECHR's judgements"
    
    - "On Refugees and Displaced persons, the process will be completed only after the last person demanding to return will be allowed to do so !", President Mesic Croatia stressed earlier, setting a general standard of obvious importance also for otherr candidates, as f.ex. Turkey, often accused to exclude or heavily restrict Greek Cypriot Displaced persons' return to their Family Homes and ancestral land, provoke difficulties to Turkish-Kurd IDPs return to their home regions at the South-East, etc.

    Some "2.000 People are still reported Missing" in former Yugoslavia, for some Years, (as in Cyprus, modern Europe's oldest case, for 3 Decades. Nagorno-Karabach, Tcecnya in Russia, etc, more recently), and Investigations "will only be completed after establishing the fate of the last one of them", he added.
    
    Speaking earlier on "War Crimes", President Mesic stressed that "Leaders are responsible for (the) Wars (of the Past), not the People", and called against Impunity :  "Individuals have to be held Responsible for Crimes. International Penal Tribunals have to persecute those individuals", perpetrators of War Crimes, he underlined.

    Such statements naturally made Mesic rather popular at ECHR, whose President, French EuroJudge, Professor Jean-Paul Costa, looked particularly smiling when he welcomed him later on Wednesday afternoon, after Slovenian President Daniko Tuerk earlier this week.
           

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