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Home arrow newsitems arrow Globaly Growing on-line Cyber-Attacks on Media and Journalists, reach also Eurofora

Globaly Growing on-line Cyber-Attacks on Media and Journalists, reach also Eurofora

Автор ACM
Вторник, 23 Август 2016
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*Strasbourg/Angelo Marcopolo/- While PanEuropean CoE prepares a Landmark International Conference on its "Cyber-Crime" Convention of Budapest, later this Autumn, between the Estonian and Cyprus' rotating Presidencies of the 47-Member Countries' strong Organisation of Strasbourg, (Timely preceded by a "Freedom of Expression at the Internet" Euro-Atlantic Conference on September, organized Together with the OSCE), Alarming Reports about a New Wave of Politicaly-motivated Hackers' Attacks Targetting Media and Individual Journalists surfaced these Days both in the USA, Russia and Other Countries accross the World, strongly Denounced also by the Latest, 2016 Annual Report of Global "Committee to Protect Journalists", including also several News WebSites, from Australia to the Franco-Germano-Swiss area's "Eurofora", which, after a 2O15 "Defacement" Cyber-Attack, amidst a Long Series of Intermittent Attempts of "Account HiJacking" between late 2012 and August 2016, surprisingly Faced Now also a Brutal Peak in various Attempts to Hinder necessary Website UpDates, between 2012-2016, but also Steal Passwords and/or Block Access, amidst a sudden, Unprecedented Internet Harassment, as that which is Denounced by CPJ's Latest Report, in various Cases of Individual Journalists that some Politicaly-Motivated Attacks and/or Threats, often Hiring Criminal Hackers and/or "Trolls", attempt to Censor, Intimidate or Muzzle, for UnMentionable real Reasons, (See Infra).


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A new "Series of Cyber Breaches Targeting Reporters", was Denounced these Days by North American Media, which pointed f.ex. "at the New York Times and Other US News Organisations", revealed by "US Officials" now, but already "Detected in Recent Months" and "Investigated by the FBI and Other US Security Agencies".
Alarming Press Reports Focused on Internet "Hackers ... Targeting News Organisations", which Face "Intrusions" and Other Cyber "Attacks".


In Fact, Individual "Reporters were Targeted", but Not the Company's "Internal Systems", as a "Times"' Spokesperson reportedlty stressed".


These "Breaches...are Part of an apparent Surge in Cyber Attacks in the Past Year" (2015-2016), in "a Series of Recent Intrusions", where "US Intelligence Officials Believe" that, probably, Foreign "Spy Agencies are Using a Wave of Cyber Attacks ... to Gather Intelligence ...into the US Political System", CNN and other mainstream Media reported.


>>> "News Organizations are considered Top Targets, because they can yield Valuable Intelligence", f.ex. "on Reporter Contacts in the Government, as well as Communications and UnPublished Works with <<Sensitive>> Information".


While it's not excluded that at least some Aspects of those Latest Press Reports might, eventualy, be more or less Biaised by a current Dispute about Russia, between Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump, in their Competition for the Forthcoming US Presidential Election of November 2016, as even CNN warned in fine, Nevertheless, it's also a Fact that, already, a Wider Spectrum of Recently Aggravated Cyber-Atacks against various Journalists and Media around the World, had been already Denounced Earlier :

petersburg_web_media_on_internet_spying_400


In fact, the Issue about "Multiple Attempts to Spy on Journalists" and other "Cyber Attacks on Oppositionist Activists, goes Much Further than Recent Complaints, f.ex. by a Russian Journalist of Saint Petersburg's Internet Newspaper "Fontanka" to be allegedly a "Victim of a Cyber Attack to Steal his Personal Information", for which he reportedly Suspects a pro-regime "Billionaire" whom he had "mentioned" in "several Articles" that he had written recently.


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Experienced Press Freedom Watchdog, New York based, Global "Committee to Protect Journalists" (CPJ  : with which "Eurofora"s co-Founder had Succesfuly Cooperated already as Early as since 2004 on a thorny Affair pending at ECHR in Strasbourg about the Cold-Blood Murder of a Dissident Journalist, K. Adali, whose Wife had vainly Denounced that she was Threatened and Pressured to Drop her Complaint, until EuroJudges were Alerted and promptly Decided to hold a Public Audience, Resulting in a Landmark case Condemning Turkey's Authorities for blatantly Failing even to Investigate the Killing of that Journalist who was Criticizing Ankara's Policies, despite being a Turkish Cypriot living in the Occupied Territories of Cyprus held by Turkey's Military since the 1974 Bloody Invasion),  had  Warned against such a Growing Trend since 2013 :


 - "We have seen  (such) Attacks against Individual Journalists and against individual News Outlets Increasing over the last few years," the CPJ's F. deputy Director, Robert Mahoney, had Warned. This may occur even by Paying some e-Thugs : Indeed, Recently, it has become "very Cheap to Hire Criminal Hackers to mount such a(n)... Attack", so that, Nowadays, "Digital Security, Information Security is Vital," Mahoney told Journalists. "We have Reports ...of Journalists coming Under Attack, ...there were Attacks against News outlets (and)... We have seen whole Newspapers brought Down ... Because there's been an Attack", he Denounced.

 

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>>> In Fact, it's mainly Because "Criminal Hackers provide a Cheap and easy Way of Censoring the Press", that "Cyber Attacks against Journalists and Media ...have Increased", CPJ has observed.

 

+ In the Latest, 2016 Edition of CPJ's "Attacks on the Press" Annual YearBook, Published earlier this Summer,  Elisabeth Witchel, a Consultant for CPJ, who had also launched the Indepêndent Press Freedom NGO's  "Global Campaign Against Impunity", observes that "for Journalists, it's "easier said than done", when it comes to Face various Harrasments on the Web : Because, f.ex., "according to U.S. Journalist and Founder of (a specialized NewMedia Website) "Michele Ferrier ; ....- "If your Job is being Public as a Journalist, you canNot Avoid" that, including on "Social Media", (such as "Twitter" of "Facebook", Internet "Forums", etc), since "it's Expected to be OnLine in Many Capacities. Or if you are an independent OnLine News Provider, who are you going to call to step in for you?", she Wonders. Moreover, "Ignoring ... Threats can be Risky", while "There is No Safe Space OnLine, and Limited Recourse to just ... get Off the Computer".


-----------------------------

 

specialized_cybersecurity_news_website_hackmageddon_400

Recently, such Incidents reportedly included also "2 News WebSites, based in Australia, belonging to Fairfax Media, the Digital Age Editions, and Sudney Morning Herald" Newspaper, which have reportedy been "Hacked" on May 2016, resulting in a Lot of "EMail ... Accounts ...Being "Leaked OnLine", according to Specialized "Information Security" Global Website "HackMageddon"'s (founded by Italian Systems Expert Paolo Passeri in London) recent "Cyber Attacks Timeline" List.

 


On July 2016, "Single Individuals" come 4rth, and "News" Organisations 8th, among a large List of 18 Groups of "Targets" (Headed by Industry and Government Organizations) of "Cyber Attacks", in terms of Quantity of reported Incidents, according to the Latest Report of "HackMageddon"'s Monthly "Time Line", just Published in Mid-August.

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>>> But, in fact, famous News WebSite "Russia TV.com", and Press-feeding International "Wikileaks" Internet Activists, are among the Main Highlights of Cyber-Attacks' Targets, according to that Latest Report for the 2nd Half of July 2016, just Published by "HackMageddon", who points at Issues such as the Coup in Turkey and other Turkish Goverment Documents, as well as on the US Democratic Party's current leaks, while also, Top News-Surfing GOP US Presidential Candidate Donald Trump is also reportedly "always a Compelling Target" for some "quite Active" "Hactivists"...


- HM observed "Multiple Cyber attacks carried on in the wake of the foiled Coup in Turkey",  "such as the DDoS  Attacks against Wikileaks and RT.com," but also ... Wikileaks was Crippled while leaking  295,000 emails allegedly hacked from AKP the Turkey ruling party", i.e. "the so-called <<Erdogan's E-Mails>>", whose "Publication" triggered another Serious Cyber-Attack, whose Mechanism is yet "UnKnown".


 
 rt_august_new_ddos_cyber_attacks_400
 

   Meanwhile, "RT" has Denounced even More Recent "Series of DDOS Attacks" also during August, - perhaps Linked with "Wikileaks"' (itself hit not only on July, but also in August,  by a reportedly very Nasty Cyber Attack) well known Anouncements on several forthcoming "revelations" about Hilary Clinton's hidden "private" emails.. 

 wikileaks_website_attacked_by_us_hackers_400

     The Latest relevant "Statistics" show "a Peak of Activity during the 2nd Week" of July 2016 for various such Attacks on the Internet, with "Cyber-Crime" ranking "on the Top of the Motivations behind Attacks chart", for the Second Time in a Row : 69% in June, it went Up to 72,4% on July 2016, (while "Cyber-Espionage" remains "Stable", at a 3rd Rank with almost 10%), according to HM's "Cyber Attacks Statistics" Monthly Publication.


    "Accounts Hijacking" Tops that List, in July as on June 2016, while "DDos", "Targeted Attacks" and "Defacement" come 3rd, 4rth and 5th, among a Total of 14 Ways to Breach Cyber Security.    "Politics" clearly Top that "Cyber Landscape", Followed by "Finance", "Culture"-"Sports", and "Terrorism", among 9 Categories, the Latest "HM" Publication confirmed.


-----------------------------------------------


=> For the Author of an upcoming (2016) Book on "Cyberactivism and Citizen Journalism" cases, and CPJ's Advocacy Director, Courtney Radsch, "the Best course of action for Journalists Under Attack, will be a Combination of Monitoring and potentially Responding to the Threats, and Reporting to (Internet) Platforms and/or Authorities".
In fact, "The artificiality of the online/offline dichotomy for ... journalists in the Digital Age, highlights the Need for a range of Solutions to addressing (also) OnLine Harassment and Abuse" :


- F.ex., "although ...people are learning what Tools could be effective When someone becomes Targeted, ..(-nevertheless), "If there is a large pool of people who Hate you, but others are interested in Swatting or Stalking or physically Abusive Attacks, ...make you Unaware of these Threats could put you at greater Risk", she observes, cittingTom Lowenthal, aC PJ's Technologist.


A "Journalist used to Deal with Trolls", Russia and Ukraine writer Lokurt, reportedly "said her co-Editor .. gets... Attacks aimed at him (which) .. Focus more ... on his Political position".


But, "only about 40 % of Journalists who were Harassed OnLine chose to Respond, and only about Half of them Confronted the Person OnLine", found a 2014 "Pew" Research Survey of OnLine Harassment in the US.


An "Independent Journalist ...who covers the Middle East" Hot Issue, and wrote a "Times"' Article, Nazish, reportedly  "Chronicled the Range of Threats and Violence ...Journalists ... Face" in certain Internet-related cases, , including her own story of "Intimidation during an Investigation on a Security-related Issue", "Following the Publication" of which, "she Faced a Barrage of Social Media Hate", including "Threats", some of which, "were really Specific" and "used specifically to Intimidate me".
In fact, "it is not always ... Strangers who Harass .. Journalists OnLine", since "some comments come (even) from ... Collegues and Sources who engage in ...(what) Exacerbates the Attacks".


 - Thus, f.ex., "Tracking down" those "posting Threats on (Web) pages", "and sending Screenshots" of their Wrongdoings at the Internet, was "an Australian Journalist's" way "to Combat ... Threats OnLine".  

- But, "Going Public", "Can Bring down even Greater OnLine Wrath and escalate into Violence", "as it has been the case with ...(a) Controversy in the US, which has caught .. Journalists Covering ... Violent OnLine" Thugs "who have Soughty to Destroy their Careers, and Pursue them OffLine", resulting in "a Harassment Campaign ...that included Attacks against Journalists ...Covering ..Threats of ..Death that Accompagnied the Vitriol".


However, another "Journalist ... who... was the Target of OnLine Attacks" just a few years ago, and "Continued to Receive Periodic Hate Messages, ..said Going Public made it Easier for her to Deal with it, on a Personal AND Professional level", CPJ's Book notes.


"One prominent Obstacle in getting ...Reporters to Talk about their Cases", f.ex. "about Threats to ..;Journalists", is, nevertheless, also the Fact that "Journalists who Speak out" about that, sometimes "are Publicly Humiliated, Harassed by Supporters of Politicians and the Establishment". Even "their Families and Collegues often Suffer along with them" in such cases.


"In many parts of the world, including countries that have special mechanisms to address online abuse, law enforcement Officials are Rarely Prepared to deal with these types of complaints". So that, "a Common Refrain among Journalists around the World" is that "the Police had No Idea how to Deal with these Attacks".


"In the US", Internet "Users can file Complaints with the <<Internet Crime Complaint Center>> (IC3), while elsewhere, "one of the few Legal Avenues available to Victims ...of On-Line Attacks", "Requires Victims to Send Copies of Offending Photos to the Authorities".


Indeed, among "Steps for Protection against OnLine Threats", are "Includ(ed) Saving Records of them, and Reporting Abuse to the Authorities".


 - "Interviews with Journalists and Increasing Controversy ...indicate that some Managers of Electronic and Social Media Platforms are Aware of the Need to Do More to Empower Users to Combat OnLine Abuse, But there is Disagreement over Whether the Intermediaries should play a More Proactive role - and, if so, How", while "all of the Major Platforms have been Criticized for Lack of Transparency on Reporting and Redress".


In several cases, "Reporting Abuse via a Social Media platform often Feels Futile, as Requests for Help go UnAnswered and Unacknowledged, say Journalists interviewed" by the CPJ "and who have Spoken Out on this topic".


- "Law Enforcement oOcials often suggest that Journalists facing OnLine Threats stay Off" the Internet, "But most Journalists consider this an ImPractical and InSufficient response", because "Journalists are Public Figures who Depend on Social Media both for Researching and Disseminating the News, as well as for Engaging with their Audience and Building their Public Profile. Responding to Attacks by Vacating their Social Media Space can actually Amplify the Abuse, which may then go UnRebutted, and have (even) Economic Repercussions for the Journalist".


"Few Statistics have been compiled about the Scope of OnLine Harassment and Threats", "but such Problems are Widespread according to Numerous Studies, including a ...Survey (co-Authored) by ... the International International News Safety Institute, as well as the work of the Association for Progressive Communications, and Extensive Anecdotal Evidence", observes CPJ's 2016 Annual Report published this Summer.


"Efforts to Combat and Address OnLine Abuse and ...Violence often emanate From the Developed World", "the study by a Best Practices Forum on Online Abuse and ...Violence" against certain Minorities, "at the 2015 Internet Governance Forum concluded."


"An IGF-sponsored Study ...on How to Counter Abuse OnLine", "Found that such Abuse as well as ...Violence <<Impede>> the Victims'  <<Right to Freedom of Expression, by creating Environments in which they do Not feel Safe to express themselves." Moreover, "Journalists who are also Minorities, or who are Foreign to the Countries in which they work, may face Additional Threats or Violence."
=> Indeed, "many ...Journalists who Face such Attacks feel Compelled to self-Censor", since their "Publishers do Not Always Respond" in the way, f.ex., of a "Newspaper (which) ... Publish(ed) a Supportive Editorial, and Provided ...with a Car to Transport ...To and From the Office" one of its Journalists who had been "Attacked OnLine for an ...Article that she Wrote ... while Working as Staff Reporter".


"After giving up Freelancing", that Journalist "began Working as a Staff Writer", and "said her Editor is Aware of what happened". Nevertheless, she "added : <<It still makes me Think Twice before I pitch an Article that talks about"some "Hot" Issues, but "That shouldN't happen."


+ Moreover, "among the Repercussions of the OnLine Attacks was that Editors Stopped accepting her Work. "I caN't work as a freelancer Anymore," she said to CPJ. "The OnLine Attackers Stripped her of that Livelihood".


=> On the Contrary, "Media Compagnies (should) Realize (that) it is really Essential that they Back up the People Working for them, whether they are Freelancers, or Not", the affected Journalist urged.


Speaking at "a Session" of Global "Internet Governance Forum" (IGF) in Brazil, on November 2015, former "Freelancer" Journalist Freitas, reminded that, initialy, "although her (1st) Editor Praised the Quality of (her) Article", nevertheless, "the Newspaper Declined to Publish it", so that "she Ended up Publishing the Article on (Bloggers' Website) "Huffington Post - Brasil"...


"Immediately" after that, she "received Vicious Threats on social Media. Her "Personal information was put OnLine, (known as "Doxxing"), ...and she received packages filled with worms at her house. She Left Home for several weeks out of Fear for her, and her Family's Safety."


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"Eurofora" had initialy Faced Various such sly Cyber-Aggressions and other Internet-relatred Harassment since the 2nd Half of 2012, while several Hackers' Sly Attacks and other Web-related Incidents "Exploded" from the Beginning of 2015, becoming quite Dangerous in the Middle of this Summer 2016, (Comp. f.ex. Facts cited Supra).

In this regard, "Eurofora" was Invited to Participate in an Annual Conference of French Authorities, Scientists, Legal and Web Experts, held some Years ago in Strasbourg, (See, f.ex. :...), followed by another, more Recent Invitation also by a Private "Cyber-Security" Company at Meetings organised with SME Businesses during a Digital Technologies Mega-Event held near EU Pariiament's premisses here, as well as by an exceptional Invitation in an Important EU Conference on Internet Security at Lille City, held earlier this year (2016) with Key-note Speaker the EU Commissioner for Digital Economy and Society, Günter Oettinger, from Germany, (to which it became, unfortunately, practicaly Impossible to Attend, due to an Overlaping with EU Parliament and CoE Assembly's Plenary Sessions those Same Days).
 


(../..)


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***

("DraftNews", as already send to "Eurofora" Subscribers/Donors, earlier. A more accurate, full Final Version, might be Published asap).

***

(NDLR : Headline PICTURE = from "HackMageddon" Cyber-Security News Website's Latest Report for July 2016 incidents' "TimeLine", just published on Mid-August : Comp. Supra).

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Recent developments proved that Europe can suceed to overcome challenges by aiming at great objectives, and this is needed also in 2009, said EU chairman, French President Nicolas Sarkozy.

    - "It's in the name of Great Ideas, Projects, Ambition and Ideals, that EU can overcome" challenges, stressed Sarkozy at EU Parliament in Strasbourg, in conclusion of a dense 7 months EU Chairmanship. "It's even easier for Europe to have Great projects, able to overcome national egoism, instead of limiting itself only to small projects" (unable to do alike), he observed.     

- "Europe must remain Ambitious and understand that the World needs her to take Decisions". "The World needs a Strong Europe", which "thinks on its own, has convictions, its own responses, its imagination" : "A Europe which does not limit itself into following" others, (as it did in the Past, when it followed USA, f.ex. on Bosnia). On the contrary, "Europe should undertake its own responsibilities", he said, after a series of succes in stopping the War between Russia and Georgia, and organizing the 1st EuroZone's Summit in Paris, which incited the Washington DC G-20 Summit to extend similar decisions World-wide.  


    - "When you sweep it all under the carpet, prepare yourself for hard tomorrows", he warned. "What hinders decisions is the lack of Courage and Will, the fading away of Ideals", he stressed before EU Parliament's 2008 debate on Human Rights and Sakharov prize on Freedom of thought attributed by MEPs to Chinese cyber-dissident Hu Jia, followed by an EU - Turkey meeting on Friday.

    - "I don't abandon my convictions" and "I will take initiatives" on EU level also in 2009, Sarkozy announced later. "France will not stop having convictions and taking initiatives" on Europe. + "It's an Error to wish to pass over the Heads of those who are elected in their Countries" : "It's an integrism I always fought against"', he warned.
---------------------
French EU Presidency faced 4 unexpected Crisis :

- An institutional crisis, with the Irish "No" to EU Lisbon Treaty, just before it started. A geopolitical crisis, wth the threat of War between Russia and Georgia risking to throw Europe back to Cold-war divisions, on August. A World-wide Financial and Economic crisis, arriving at a bad moment before crucial 2009 EU elections. And even a Strasbourg's mini-crisis, with EU Parliament's roof curiously falling down, from unknown reasons, in a brand new building on August, provoking an unprecedented transfert of the 2 September Plenary Sessions...

But it wasn't enough to stop Sarkozy ! On the contrary, it stimulated him...
---------------------------------------

- "The better way to deal with the recent problems of EU institutions (as the "3 NO" by France, the Netherlands and Ireland) is to take them as a "Test" in order to find solutions closer to Citizens' concerns", said later in Strasbourg Sarkozy's new choice as Ministe for EU affairs, Bruno Le Maire.

- On the Institutional front, Sarkozy gave Time to the Irish to think about it, and stroke on December a deal including a New Referendum after the June 2009 EU Elections, in exchange of a promise to keep the rule of "one EU Commissioner for each EU Member Country", and some opt-outs on Defence and Fiscal EU policies, Abortion, etc. If the Irish get a "Yes" Majority, then the institutional package could be completed in 2010 or 2011 on the occasion of Croatia's probable EU accession.

He was accused in Strasbourg to upgrade EU Council and downgrade EU Commision, but he replied that "strong Political initiatives by EU Council reinforce also the more technical role of EU Commission, under the political-technical leadership of its President", all 3 "working together with EU Parliament".


- But, meanwhile, Sarkozy energetically spearheaded an Historic 1st Summit of EuroZone's 15 Heads of State and Government at EU's core, exceptionally enlarged to a partial participation of British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, on October 12 in Paris' Elysee palace, which started to tackle succesfully the growing world Financial crisis.

    It also paved the way for its endorsement by a subsequent Brussels' 27 EU Member States' gathering, before it all come to Washington's G-20 Summit. And "Europe was united, it asked for the 1st G-20 Summit, and it will also organise the next G-20 Summit on April in London", he observed.   

 But a Conference with EU, Russia, African and other Developing Countries, hosted in Strasbourg shortly after Washington G-20 Summit by the French EU Presidency, took a Resolution asking to enlarge participation to Global Economic Governance. Many found, indeed, illogic and unacceptable that f.ex. states as Turkey were given a seat at G-20 level, while all African Countries, and even the African Union itself, representing the greatest Continent on Earth, were excluded...


    Meanwhile, even USA''s "Paulson No 3" Plan, was, in fact, inspired by Europe's No 1 Plan", Sarkozy observed, largelly applauded by MEPs.

    And "Europe showed Solidarity" by mobilizing some 22 Billion credit for Hungary, 1,7 billion for Ukraine, as we do nowadays for Baltic States, etc., he added.

    The move on Economy was extended on December by an EU stimulus' plan totalling some 200 billion Euros, including 5 Billions released by EU Commission for big Projects, as well as various parallel National plans for Economic revival, (fex. 26 billions in France alone). They might appear limited, compared to USA President-elect Obama's reported plan to boost the American economy with 800 billion $, but at least succeded to overcome Europe's divisions for the first time on Economic governance, opening new horizons.

- The French President stressed even harder the unique role of an active EU Council's chairmanship, when he moved swiftly and efficiently, at the beginning of August, to succesfully stop War between Russia and Georgia, at the last minute, which threatened to bring Europe back to Cold War division.

"We (EU) also wanted to avoid a situation like in Bosnia, in the Past, when EU was absent, so that our American friends took their responsibilitues, and EU only followed", despite the fact that the conflict took place in Europe. Now, it was the EU who took its responsibilities".

A roadmap towards a new PanEuropean Security policy, before which all unilateral moves to place new Missiles (from USA or Russia) would be freezed, was proposed by Sarkozy after a meeting with Russian president Medvedev, at the eve of Washington DC's G-20 Summit.

Ukraine's "European" character was stressed at a Sarkozy - Jushenko Summit, September in Paris, while EU adopted on December an "Eastern policy", in which, "I'm convinced that our (EU's) future is to find with our Neighbours the conditions for Economic Development. Peace and Security, by explaining them that.. they must respect (Human Rights') Values, and adopt behaviors different from the Past", explained Sarkozy in Strasbourg.

Meanwhile, the "Union for the Mediterranean" was created, since July's Summit if 45 Heads of State and Government in Paris, as "an organisation for a permanent Dialogue, that we need", mainly in order to tackle the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, by bringing together, for the 1st time, Israelis and Arabs, where "Europe must be present, in order to avoid a frontal clash".

- "If Europe doesn't take its part for Peace in the Middle-East, nobody else will do that in our place", Sarkozy stressed.
-----------------------
    Meanwhile, other EU Agreements were brokered during the French EU Presidency on Immigration, (fex. common Asylum rules, etc), and Climat- Energy :

    - On Climat-Energy, the 2007 German EU Presidency had fixed a triple 20% aim for 2020 (20% renewable Energies, 20% reduction of CO2 emmission, 20% energy efficience/economies), and the 2008 French EU Presidecny realized that, making the necessary compromises in order to modernize EU's industry, but without throwing some former Central-Eastern European Countries into abrupt Economic break down risking "social explosion".

    - Defence-Security EU policy was mainly postponed for April 2009, since both German chancellor Merkel and French president Sarkozy want to strike a deal with the new American president Obama in Strasbourg's NATO Summit.

    However, with all these 4 unexpected Crisis diverting attention to other urgencies, People wil wonder now, what happened to the famous deal proposed by freshly-elected French President Sarkozy on Turkey's controversial EU bid, back on August 2007, to continue EU - Turkey negotiations, but on the double condition that core chapters, intrinsequally linked with EU Membership, will be excluded, and that a collective Reflexion and Debate on Europe's future would start before the end of 2008.

    It was meant to reply to the crucial question : What kind of Europe do we want in 10 or 20 Years from now : A large Market, or a Political Europe, with a popular identity ? In Sarkozy's thinking, presented in his 2 landmark speeches on Europe in Strasbourg, shortly before and after the 2007 Elections, (on February and July 2007), Turkey's controversial EU bid would be incompatible with the second choice.

    It's true that EU Commision's Chairman, Jose Barroso, (who had notoriously declared, as former Portuguese Prime Minister, that he found "nonsense" the idea that Europe might become equal to the US), had repeatedly tried to avoid that Sarkozy's criticism on Turkey might start winning a larger audience in Europe, preferring a discrete "wismens' committee" work. And that most of the personalities later chosen in order to participate in a Committee on Europe's Future, are too much linked with Socialist parties and/or American policies, to be really critical of USA's notorious wish to impose Turkey to the EU, as Sarkozy had noted himself since March 2007..

     - "It's on EU Council's presidency to take political initiatives. EU Commission has other competences", stressed Sarkozy. The "European Ideal" is to "build Europe with the States, not against them". "Ask Europeans to chose between their countries and Europe won't work. You don't choose between your two parents : We must add them together".

    "France and Germany have an Historic Duty to work together, precisely because of what happened to the Past. We have to work hand by hand. We cannot be separated.It goes beyond me and Mrs Merkel today, Mr Schroeder and Mr. Chirac yesterday. It's not a choice, it's a duty to Europe and to the World".  "We need Germany, as Germany needs Europe". Compromise is inevitable, here as everywhere, and each one made some steps towards eachother's positions.

    But "it's true that Mrs Merkel didn't chose her Socialist partners, while I chose mine", Sarkozy said, in an indirect hint that the Socialist Minister of Finance in Germany might be a cause of minor past disagreements in Economy, which were overcome in recent negotiations.

    "We (France and Germany) have particular duties in Europe", but "in a Europe of 27 Member States, it's not enough for France and Germany to agree between them.

    "I always thought that Great Britain has a special role to play in Europe. ... Now, everybody "saw what it cost payed the UK for having been too exclusively open towards the US (and) Financial services. Europe needs the UK, but also the UK needs Europe" :- "We were able to face the hardest moment of the Financial crisis because the UK clearly chose Europe", stressed Sarkozy, reminding Gordon Brown's exceptional participation to the Historic 1st Heads of State/Government Summit of EuroZone, October 12 in Paris (See EuroFora's Reportage from Elysee Palace then).

     - "Some look at Europe with old glasses aged 30 years ago. While we must look at her in relation to what it will be in 30 years" in the Future, Sarkozy concluded.

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2009 EU Elections were won by Parties against Technocracy and Turkey's controversial EU bid, while the 1999-2004 Majority Abstention trend decelerated. What should be done in 2009-2014 ?

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