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Home arrow newsitems arrow CoE Syria Rapporteur Bakoyani on Turkish Invasion (as +US react): Stop Hostilities+Protect Civilians

CoE Syria Rapporteur Bakoyani on Turkish Invasion (as +US react): Stop Hostilities+Protect Civilians

Автор ACM
Friday, 26 January 2018
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*Strasbourg/CoE/Angelo Marcopolo/- As USA started to react, the same CoE Rapporteur who had succesfully launched the 1st Call to Save assieged Kobane City from ISIS' Deadly Islamist Terrorists cowardly Targetting even innocent Civilians, back on 2014 (See: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/coeforimmediateinternationalhelptosyriankurds.html, etc), Experienced former Foreign Minister Dora Bakoyanni, who has just become, this week in Strasbourg, the PanEuropean CoE Assembly's New Rapporteur on Syria, reportedly urged to Stop Hostilities, after Turkey's, much Criticized, Military Invasion in Syria's Kurdish Region at Afrin, and to Protect Civilian People.

 

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- Declaring to be "Extremely Worried, about the Situation in Afrin", (the Syrian Kurdish Region attacked by Turkey's Military and its Proxy Armed Gangs), COE's Rapporteur on Syria urged for "No Further Escalation of Hostilities" started by Ankara's Military Invasion a few Days ago, and Stressed that "it's Important to ... Protect Civilians", as well as to have an "Humanitarian Access" to that Region, according to an Official Publication made Today (Friday) by PACE's Political Affairs Committee, and Re-Published by CoE's General Communication Service.


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+ Meanwhile, Germany reportedly moved to Raise the Issue also inside NATO, (where Turkey's position has notoriously become more and more Controversial, particularly after buying Russian Anti-Air Missile System "S400", Blocking Western Politician's Access sometimes to Incirlik AirBase, sometimes to their own Troops manning "PATRIOT" Anti-Missile Systems lended to Turkey, Spying and/or Bullying NATO Member States on alleged Dissidents living in Europe, and now Attacking the International Coalition's Best local Allies against ISIL's Islamist Terrorists, etc).

 

 Earlier this week, French President Macron, "expressed ... his Concern, following the Turkish Military Intervention launched on Saturday in Afrin's area", said an Official Press Comuniqué published by Elysée Palace in Paris. In particular, Macron reminded the Need to ":


 - "Fight, as a matter of Priority, against ISIS, and All the Jihadist Forces present",


- "Ensure, for Civilian Populations the indispensable Humanitarian conditions"


- "Facilitate the on the spot conditions for a Sustainable Political Solution"
.
 

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- USA has also Denounced the Fact that Turkey's Military Invasion of Syria's Kurdish Region obviously risks to "Distract" attention from the recent Focus on totally Defeating ISIL's Deadly Islamist Terrorists :

- "“The Violence in Afrin Disrupts what was a relatively Stable Area in Syria, and Distracts from the International effort to Defeat ISIS", U.S. Defense Secretary, Jim Mattis, denounced.


- Therefore, Mattis "Urge(d) Turkey to exercice Restraint", Both "in the Miitary Action", "and" on the provocative "Rhetoric", (which, according to an "AP"'s "FactCheck", contains several UnTrue claims, which are Grossly Fake : F.ex. that "ISIS" would exist at Afrin's area, that Syrian Kurds would have "Attacked" Turkey : Both False, and so on)...


=> So that New US President Don Trump has just "expressed Concern about Destructive and False Rhetoric coming from Turkey", as an Official "White House" Press Readout revealed.


- US President Trump also "relayed (to Turkey's Erdogan) Concerns that Escalating Violence in Afrin, Syria, Risks UnderCutting our ... Goals in Syria : "All parties" "Must Focus ... on .. . Achieving the Lasting Defeat of ISIS" instead, the White House pointed out.


>>>That's why, the American President "Urged Turkey to DeEscalate, LImit its Military Actions, and Avoid Civilian Casualties", as well as "Increases to Displaced persons and Refugees".


Significantly, the "White House" listed what U.S. considers as "Terrorism" in that area, citting "ISIS, Al-Quaida, PKK and Iranian-sponsored Terrorism", but clearly Ommitting even to mention here, the Syrian Kurds of YPG, (who have Never Attacked Turkey until now, as an "AP FactCheck" reminded in parallel).


+ Moreover, Don Trump also "Urged Turkey to exercice Caution, and to Avoid any actions that might Risk Conflict between Turkish and American Forces" (sic !) in Syria's Kurdish region, (particularly after Erdogan threatened to Extend Turkey's Military Invasion even to adjacent areas, where U.S.A. Defense Officers are present)...


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+ Mainstream North American NewsAgency "Bloomberg" has just published a Strong Criticism of the current Risk to "Betray" USA's recently proven "Best Allies" in that Strategic area, i.e. the Syrian Kurds, with Consequence for the USA to Never Find any Other new Ally, ready to fight efficiently, anywhere else in the World, at the foreseable Future...


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++ The Syrian Kurds have also, reportedly, launched a call for the Country's National Government in Damas, to Join Forces in order to Defend Syria's Territorial Integrity from the Turkish Military Invasion which pushes also some "Proxy" Armed Gangs opposed to Damas.


+++ Earlier this week in Strasbourg, PanEuropean COE's Parliamentary Assembly (PACE)'s Bureau, backed by at least the 4 Biggest Political Groups of MEPs, (the ChristianDemocrats/EPP, the Socialists, the Liberals, and the EuroLeft, etc), openly Supported a series of proposals asking Turkey to "immediately Stop" its Military Intervention, calling for a relevant UN SC Resolution, Measures to Save Civilian Peoples' Lives and care for new Refugees provoked by Ankara's troops invasion, as well as to Seek Peaceful Political Solutions, (See : ....).


=> The Next Meeting of CoE Assembly's Bureau will take place on March 2018 in Paris, immediately Followed by an Important PACE's "Standing Committee" subsequent Session, (which has, in principle, Equal Powers to PACE's Plenary sessions, as that which is scheduled for April 2018 in Strasbourg).


Both Moves will be Preceded by an Earlier Meeting of PACE's Political Affairs Committee, also in Paris, due to be Chaired by its Newly Elected President, the Experienced Dutch MEP Ria Oomen-Ruijten, from the Same ChristianDemocrat/EPP Political Group as PACE's New Rapporteur on Syria, mainstream MEP Dora Bakoyanis, (who, as Rapporteur, can Follow relevant developments and make Urgent Statements on her Mandate, whenever Necessary).

 

 +Meanwhile, the mainly Turkey-controlled "Opposition" in Syria, has just Refused to go to Sochi (Russia) for an Important Meeting on the Peace process in Syria.

Until now, that Meeting had been Interpreted as a Concession by Turkey to Russia, speculating that, in exchange, Moscow might have accepted to Close its Eyes on Ankara's eventual Military Intervention against Syrian Kurds.

But, Today, after that blunt Refusal, Russia has no more reasons for closing its eyee on Turkey's selfish wrongdoings, no more...

After the cowardly Killing of 2 Russian Pilots, stubbed behind the back while Fighting against ISIL's Islamist Terrorism at the Turkish-Syrian Borders near Afrin, (followed even by the Brutal Murder of the Russian Ambassador to Ankara, by a Turkish "Guard"), now it's also the Syrian Kurds, who had Dared Fight a Hard but Succesful  Struggle against ISIL's Deadly Islamist Terrorism, who are Stubbed behind the back by the Turkish Military and its Proxies... 

I.e. the Same who had notoriously profited from several Years of various illegal Trafficks to and from ISIL Terrorists, (f.ex. Jihadists, Arms, Oil/Gas, stolen Cultural Goods, etc), always in Total Impunity !          

  - Could, all this, be just a pure "Coincidence" ?...
                                                                                                   

                                                                                                                                     

 

(../..)

 

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People in Europe and the World expect from CoE to make a succes of its "Monitoring" for Human Rights and Democracy, despite difficulties, said Finland's President Tarja Halonen to "EuroFora" at a crucial moment for the mecanism built 15 years ago by the paneuropean organization which celebrates its 60th Anniversary in 2009.

Halonen, known as "Mother" of CoE's "Monitoring" mecanism, a long-time MEP and former Foreign Minister before becoming Finland's President, holds a long experience in the mattter, after also serving twice as CoE and EU Chairwoman in the past. That's why she is well placed to judge how CoE's "monitoring" should deal today with some crucial issues of importance both to CoE and to the EU.

The move came just a Month before a crucial, last visit to Turkey, scheduled for June, by the President of CoE''s "Monitoring" Committee, Ukranian MEP Serge Holovaty, to finalize his Report on Ankara, the CoE Member State with the longest Monitoring procedure. From its results depends its overall credibility.

This is a Test-case, because, in fact, it's in order to avoid Sanctions threatened against Turkey by a CoE's Assembly's April 1995 Resolution for grave Human Rights violations, Democracy gaps, the continuing Military Occupation in Cyprus, the unresolved Kurdish problem, Aegean differend with Greece, etc., that MEPs decided to create, for the 1st time on April 1996, a "Monitoring" proces, allegedly destinated to check, without excluding Countries who did not fulfill all CoE's standards.

In the Past, the obliged withdrawal of Greece's Military regime and of its "Civil" cover-up out of the CoE had helped bring back Democracy in 1974. But, on the contrary, since April 1996, the idea was to "monitor" Human Rights' respect while keeping most concerned Countries inside the CoE. After Turkey's oldest example, this was extended also to several former "Eastern" European Countries, even if CoE's Assembly has imposed to some of them (fex. Ukraine, Russia, etc., after Belarus, Serbia, etc) various "Sanctions", that Ankara always avoided. Curiously more succesful even than .. USA itself, (a CoE "Observer" since 1995), which has been at least threatened with sanctions some years ago..

EU-effects of CoE's Monitoring process became obvious between 2001-2008, since the "closure" of this procedure, when CoE felt that a Country had met most of its Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law obligations, (i.e. the "Copenhagen Criteria" for the EU), helped trigger Negotiations with the EU for "Accession" or other closer relations : This occured already before the 2004 and 2007 EU Enlargements to former "Eastern" European Countries, as well as for the commencement of "accession" negotiations with Croatia, and of "open-ended" negotiations with Turkey in 2005.

    But a stricking new development are Holovaty's recent findings that on core Human Rights issues as Torture and Freedom of Expression, Turkey, even "5 Years after" CoE closed its "Monitoring", back in 2004, inciting EU to start accession Negotiations in 2005, still presents grave problems.

    His findings are of crucial importance after a 2008 CoE Resolution called, "if need be", to "seriously consider the possibility of Re-Opening the Monitoring procedure for Turkey" : A move which might affect Ankara's controversial EU bid, since EU Accession Negotiations are based on the Hypothesis that the Candidate fullfils the "Copenhagen Criteria" (See above)..
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    Holovaty expressed his will to check  "Matters still Outstanding" and  those that he "didn't have an opportunity to discuss" at an earlier visit this year, "in order to discuss the more complex issues in greater depth", at his forthcoming New Visit to Ankara, before the December 2009 EU Summit.  This is all based on the 2004 CoE Resolution which stresses that, CoE "will continue.. post-monitoring Dialogue with the Turkish authorities,...in addition to a 12-points list,..and on any Other Matter that might arise in connection with Turkey’s Obligations as a CoE member state".

    CoE's Resolution also asks  from Turkey "to secure the proper Implementation of Judgements, particularly in the Cyprus v. Turkey InterState case", of 2001, which concerns also the plight of many Hundreds of MISSING People. It adds Turkey's obligations to "execute" ECHR's Judgements in the Loizidou case,..and in particular adopt General Measures to avoid repetition or continuation of Violations found by the Court" to the detriment of Refugees.

    Nevertheless, Holovaty said to "EuroFora" that "MISSING" persons,"might be included" and cannot be excluded, but he has yet to examine the situation "to find out  which issues will be raised" to the Turkish Government.

    Therefore, "EuroFora" asked Halonen, as the Historic "Mother" of CoE's Monitoring mecanism, if she thought that, "whenever there are grave Human Rights Violations, as fex. "MISSING" persons, attested even by ECHR's judgements, they should be always checked by a Monitoring process. Or could they be forgotten ?"
    
     - "We (CoE) must be, at the same time, Fair, Realistic, but not in the mind that "now we have Forgotten", etc., replied to "EuroFora"'s question Halonen, speaking as a matter of general principle.

    - "When we think of those People that are suffering from the lack of Democracy, of Human Rights, and of the Rule of Law", "we should find a base on how to deal with the (Monitoring) system more rapidly"', she stressed.

    - "Sometimes it's very difficult to combine Transparency and Effectivenes together, particularly in this specific case", she went on to say. But, "I have not found a (CoE Member) Country who could be insensitive in this sens", Halonen answered concerning grave Human Rights violations attested by the ECHR.

    - "I have no ready-made answer. I have the expectations that you, in the CoE, will, step by step, find the different types of the monitoring systems."

    Also "because this is a part of the UN's Post-Conflict system, (fex. when it comes to Cyprus' MISSING persons), and it's a more Global system". So that, "If we make a succes in Europe, the others will follow", throughout the World.  "But they expect that we (Europe) are this opportunity, this Opportunity to make a Succes", Halonen concluded.

    In addition, she advised to extend CoE's Monitoring to all its 47 Member States, "because, as long as we hear that, all these monitoring systems are "OK for the neighbor, but not for me", "it's very difficult" to understand. Something which could make easier to Compare...

    Finnish MEP Jaako Laakso, former CoE Rapporteur on the Occupied Territories of Cyprus and one of the 5 Signatories of the Historic CoE's call to create the "MONITORING" mecanism since 1996, was more specific :  - "We (CoE Assembly) have to find a way for the issue of Cyprus' MISSING People to be better followed", he stressed, anouncing his intention to "speak to Mr. Holovaty" about that. "There might be also other ways", added Laakso.

    - The 2008 "Year had been a very Bad one for Turkey with regard to Human Rights in general, and Freedom of Expression in particular", denounced, meanwhile, Holovaty's preliminary Post-Monitoringh Draft Report by Holovaty, published by the CoE on April 2009.

    "Amnesty International believes that freedom of expression is not guaranteed given the various articles of the Criminal Code that restrict it. .. "For example, 1,300 Websites are said to have been closed down by the (Turkish) authorities in 2008" ! While "the new Turkish Criminal Code was used to bring a total of 1,072 proceedings between June 2005 and April 2008, and led to the conviction of 192 people", for expressing views. "Representatives of the Özgür Gündem newspaper, which specialises in Kurdish affairs, ..complained about Numerous Attacks on their Freedom of Expression ...as was everyone who advocated a settlement to the question by means other than the intervention of the army" "According to their figures, 19 Newspapers had been suspended 43 times between 4 August 2006 and 4 November 2008" !...

    Moreover, on 2008,  CoE's "Ministers adopted its 4rth Resolution on the execution of the judgments of the ECHR, ...and outstanding issues regarding 175 Judgements and decisions relating to Turkey delivered between 1996 and 2008...  concerning Deaths resulting from the excessive use of force by members of the Security forces, the failure to protect the right to life, the DIisappearance and/or death of individuals, Ill-Treatment and the Destruction of property". CoE's " Ministers urged the Turkish authorities ...to ensure that members of Security forces of all ranks can be prosecuted without administrative
authorisation" for "serious crimes". Holovaty reminded.

"Nonetheless", Holovaty heard anew of "Several cases of Violence committed last year (2008) by the (Turkish) security forces". Amnesty International speaks of Many Cases of ill-treatment and Torture in the prisons and by the police". "Including, fex."'the death of Engin Ceber, a young man of 29 who died on October 2008 as a result of the TORTURE allegedly inflicted on him by police officers, prison staff and members of the gendarmerie. He was part of a group of people arrested on September 2008 during a demonstration and Press Conference in Istanbul'. Proceedings against suspects are "on-going" in this case.

- " I therefore noted an Obvious Contradiction between the Government’s stated “zero tolerance” policy.... of Torture and other forms of ill-treatment, and the different testimonies given", denounced CoE's Rapporteur.  Turkish "authorities must make considerable efforts to guarantee that proper investigations are carried out into allegations of abuses by members of the security forces and that perpetrators are effectively punished" "In this respect, I have requested detailed Statistics on the number of Investigations, acquittals and convictions in cases involving allegations of abuse in order to show the positive impact of the measures taken to date", Holovaty said, repeating a permanently unsatisfied CoE's demand to Turkey since a Decade...

    - "The Political Crisis that shook the country in the spring of 2008 highlighted the Weaknesses of the (Turkish) Constitution", which comes from the Military regime of 1982, "and the Urgent Need of Reforms", stressed from the outset CoE's Rapporteur in 2009. In particular, "the ...Democratic functioning of state institutions, including the independence of the judicial system, are crucial", he observes.

    But, "the Electoral  system and the ways in which it is circumvented do not appear to give those elected complete Legitimacy, and tend to pervert the course of direct universal suffrage", denounces Holovaty, observing that, even 5 Years later, Turkey did not yet change the 10% nationwide Threshold for a party to take any seat, which is "far higher" than the "3%" maximum in Europe and already condemned as contrary to European Standards by the CoE.

    + Moreover, EU Parliament's 2009 Report on Turkey, drafted by Dutch MEP Ria Oomen-Ruijten and adopted in Strasbourg on March, expresses "Concern over the Failure of the (Turkish) Judiciary to prosecute cases of Torture and Ill-treatment, the Number of which is Growing". EU also "is concerned about continuing Hostility and Violence against Minorities" in Turkey. It also "calls on the Turkish Government to launch, as a matter of Priority, a Political Initiatve favouring a lasting Settlement of the Kurdish issue, (while "condemning violence.. and terrorist groups"). EU "regrets that No progress has been made on establishing full, systematic Civilian suprevisory functions over the (Turkish) Military".

    The final results of Holovaty's 2nd and last visit to Turkley will be known later this year, and, at any case, before EU's December 2009 Summit.

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