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Home arrow newsitems arrow CoE: Calls to Debate + put Turkey under Monitoring, with Concequences vis a vis EU

CoE: Calls to Debate + put Turkey under Monitoring, with Concequences vis a vis EU

Written by ACM
Friday, 20 January 2017
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*Strasbourg/CoE/Angelo Marcopolo/- CoE Assembly's (PACE) Powerful Political and Monitoring Committees have Both Officially asked for an "Urgent" Debate on Turkey, Next Week in Strasbourg, during the Plenary Winter 2017 Session of the PanEuropean Organisation, "Eurofora" was told by PACE's Director General, Wojcieck Sawicki from Poland, in Reply to one of our Questions, during the traditional Press Briefing of Strasbourg's Journalists, earlier Today Morning.

 
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The Head of Germany's Delegation to the PACE, ChristianDemocrat/EPP MEP Axel Fischer, speaking Previously to "Eurofora", had already Warned Twice that an Important Move on Turkey had been Scheduled inside CoE's Leading circles for January 2017, (See, f.ex. : ...+ ...).


But the Crucial point is the Fact that many MEPs reportedly wish, on that Occasion, to Push for a CoE Assembly Decision to put Turkey back under a Monitoring procedure, which is the Best Mechanism suited for CoE's Member Countries which don't yet fulfill all the Conditions of Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law, that are considered of essential importance for the PanEuropean Organisation's membership.


"Monitoring" was Created on 1996, precisely on the occasion of Turkey's case, when Ankara had Failed to meet the Requirements of a 1995 PACE Resolution which had Initialy Threatened the Turks with Sanctions, unless they Settled grave Human Rights Issues inside the Country, made Progress on Solving the Kurdish Conflict, Stopped War Threats at the Aegean Sea, Recognized the Armenian Genocide, Withdrew their Invasion/Occupation Troops from Cyprus, etc, in a Time Deadline of 6 Months. In order to Avoid Sanctions, Turkey was put, then, (on 1996), by PACE under a "Monitoring" procedure, practiced by a New Committee, Established then, for that unique purpose.


On 2004, when Turkey strived to Start controversial and unpopular "Accession" Negotiations with the EU, in order to be considered as Fulfilling EU's "Copenhagen" Criteria, had to push for CoE to Stop Monitoring Ankara. This was, indeed, done, under certain Conditions, that Ankara still has to fulfill, untl now, and, therefore, still remains, at  least, placed under a "Post-Monitoring" procedure.


However, an eventual Re-Opening of a fully-fledged "Monitoring" procedure would obviously EnDanger Ankara's controversial and unPopular EU bid nowadays, (since it would practicaly mean that Turkey Fails to Fulfill EU's "Copenhagen" Criteria : Comp. Supra).


That's Why the Turkish Government has currently Multiplied various Attempts to Prevent this from happening, Next Week in Strasbourg. Since Ankara, notoriously is not at all ready to Comply not even with CoE's Minimal Requirements, then, the Turkish Delegation to the PACE is currently obliged to multiply various anorthodox Attempts to Push Back MEPs' Moves towards re-Opening the Monitoring Procedure...


Initial Claims by some, that a Country Member of CoE since its Creation should Not be Pushed Back to "Monitoring", was naturaly Rejected, since Turkey is Not at all a Founding Member of the CoE, has been Already Submitted to "Monitoring" between 1996-2004 (Comp. Supra), and had Faced even Appeals to be Expulsed from the CoE, for Grave Failures to Respect its Basic Principles, (as even Greece during the period of the Colonels' regime of 1967 - 1974), already as Early as since the 1960ies, when former Prime Minister Menderes was Brutaly Lynched by Turkish Mobsters, (it was then CoE's own Director of Humab Rights, who had reportedly Called for Turkey's Dismissal, as well informed CoE's sources have Told "Eurofora").


 Then, the Turkish Delegation to the PACE claimed that they were still Occupied with Voting a Constitutiional Reform, so that they would be Obliged to be Exceptionaly Absent from Strasbourg Next Week, Asking to Postpone any PACE Vote concerning them... But, when it became Crystal-clear, (at the Latest, Today, Friday Morning), that CoE's Assembly deemed UnAcceptable for anyone to Block an Important Vote simply because a Member Country Accused to Fail in meeting its Obligations, would choose to be Absent at that Moment, suddenly, Ankara's Parliament ...rushed to Conclude Voting on its Constitutional Reforms, later on Friday, so that, now, Turkish MEPs could come on Monday to Strasbourg...


PACE's eventual Decision to Send Turkey Back to Monitoring can be taken with a Simple Majority of Votes, among those MEPs who are Present. At Present, inter alia, f.ex. Russia and Albania are still under PACE's Monitoring, and there is No Reason why Turkey be an Exception, other CoE's sources pointed out nowadays.


But the necessary Decision to Accept, before that, the above-mentioned Demand to hold an "Urgent" Debate on Turkey (Comp. Supra), reportedly Needs a Qualified, 2/3 Majority, in order to Change the Draft Agenda of the PACE, (even if it's Not yet Clear why PACE's Bureau hasn't yet Agreed with the Demand of the Political and Monitoring Committee to hold such a Debate, Neither If it Might, eventualy, do so, at least Now, i.e. when it meets on Early Monday Morning at 8.30 here).


However, the current Situation of the Turkish Government has notoriously become more and more Difficult abroad, and particularly vis a vis Europe, after the Recent notorious Massive Assaults against Human Rights of many Tens of Thousands of Judges, Civil Servants, Journalists, Educators, Policemen or Soldiers, Dismissed, Prosecuted, Arrested, etc, if not even Tortured, Raped, Lynched by Brutal Mobsters (as Many Photos, Videos and/or Testimonies reveal), even Elected MPs striped of their Immunity and prosecuted, etc, (which had Already Started Long Before that Strange, short-lived, 6 Hours-long, alleged "Coup" Attempt of July 2016, particularly against Press Freedom and against the Kurdish Minority, both Subjected to Harsh Measures since much Earlier than that), followed even by soem very Strange, Suspicious so-called "Terror Attacks" Killing Many Kurds and Other Dissidents, initialy near Kobane, at the South, and later, even more, in Ankara, Exclusively German a.o. Foreign Tourists in Istanbul, etc., closely Followed even by Military Invasions and Occupatlons of Foreign Lands inside Syria and/or Iraq, (in Both cases Against the Expressed Will of the Governments of those 2 Countries, which Condemned and Vigorously Protested, repeatedly, against the Turkish Army's Intrusions.. *
Recently, a Large Majority of MEPs in EU Parliament Voted and Adopted an Exceptional Resolution, on November 2016 in Strasbourg, Asking to "Freeze" EU - Turkey Negotiations, for the First Time in History..


+ In Addition, Many MEPs, (including even Several Top Mainstream Political Representatives, such as, f.ex. a former President of EU Parliament, as Buzek, most Main French Opposition Party "the Republicans"' MEPS, etc)Prefered, Exceptionaly, to Vote for certain Much Harder Sanctions against Turkey, (such as, f.ex., to Cut all EU Funds for Ankara, Not only "Freeze" but also "Stop" EU - Turkey Negotiations, etc., Even if those Alternative Choices had been Tabled by ...Marine Le Pen's new "ENF" !


For the 1st Time, it's even a Leader of the Left in France, such as MEP Melenchon, who Voted also for these "Harder" Sanctions against Turkey...


+ Moreover, more Recently, it's also a Top Socialist French Leader, the former Long-time Prime Minister Manuel Valls, who has just Anounced his Will to Put "Definitively an End" to Turkey's controversial and unpopular EU bid.


>>> Meawnhile, practicaly All Experts of the CoE, the experienced PanEuropean Organisation for Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law, after recently Visiting Turkey and Studying carefuly the Measures taken by Ankara's Governement, have Concluded that they are Manifestedly Excessive, grossly DisProportionate, and/or Otherwise Iillegal : From PACE's 2 Co-Rapporteurs, to the PanEuropean Commissioner on Human Rights Nils Muijnieks, up to the Top Jurists of CoE's prestigious "Venice Commission", for Democracy through Law, which has just Published a Damning overall Criticism of most Measures taken by the Turkish regime in its Conclusions adopted Last Month (December 2016), etc., so that there is No more any Doubt at all that what is really Happening nowadays in Turkey is Unacceptable for COE's Standards and Values.


- "Human Rights in Turkey are under Severe Attack, and the Enemy is the Turkish People's own Government",  strongly Denounced since the End of 2016, even USA Congress' Foreign Affairs Committee's President, Dana Rohrabacher, a Don Trump's faithfull, and Largely Popular among his main Electoral Base, who is considered by the New US President for the Job of State Department's Under Secretary of State, (equivalent to vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs).


The New USA State Secretary, Rex Tillison, during his recent Hearings at the Senate, stressed Both the Importance of Human Rights/Democracy issues for the New USA Foreign Policy of President Don Trump, as well as of the matters concerning the Security of American People.


In the current case of Turkey, Both these 2 Alarms are Ringing at Top "Red" now : Human Rights are obviously trampled underfeet, and Security itself has been notoriously Undermined by several Years of Blatant Complicity into providing Money, Foreign Fighters "Jihadists", and Weapons (even Heavy ones), etc. to various Violent Extremist Islamist Gangs operating accross the Turkish Borders to Syria and Iraq, etc., including, particularly, ISIS' atrocious BeHeaders Targetting even Innocent Civilian People, (who are Recently Spreading their Deadly Terror even inside Europe and in the USA)...


In Addition to More than 145 Journalists Jailed in Turkey, (a World Record High Today !), the Concrete Case of Rescapee Cem Dundar, (Cumhurriyet), currently Exiled in Europe, after having been Prosecuted and Jailed in Turkey, where his Wife is Obliged to stay Separated, since Ankara's Authorities DoN't let her Travel Abroad, is Eloquent, in this regard, as he Reminded Earlier this Week in Strasbourg, during our "Press Club"'s award of 2017 Prize in Franco-German "ARTE" RadioTV's Headquarters, near EU Parliament's and COE's Buildings :


- After Being Prosecuted and Condemned for having Published an Original, Investigative Reportage, whose Truthfulness had been, "however Verified", as he noted, Revealing that Agents of the Turkish State were Delivering Heavy Weapons (Explosive Rockets, etc) to Islamist Terrorist Gangs in Syria, (Hidden inside Trucks crossing the adjacent Turkish Border), merely "Because they Claimed that it was a "State Secret", as he told earlier "Eurofora", Dundar, afterwards, even saw most of his Lawyers and Judges being themselves Replaced, Dismissed, Prosecuted and/or Arrested, if not Fired upon by Armed Thugs, etc, as he Denounced this Wednesday...


Speaking Previously of Dundar's case, Turkish President Erdogan significantly did Not even Contest that his Turkish State's Secret Agents were Delivering Arms to Islamic Extremist Gangs, but reportedly Vowed to "crash" the likes of him..


- Dundar Expects from Western Democracies, and particularly from Europe, that they Act in order to "Warn Turkey", and make it Change its current methods, as he Said to "Eurofora" earlier. Meanwhile, he "does Not Exclude" that Political Dissidents who have found Refuge Abroad, (as himself in Berlin, Germany), might "Organize" themselves, including, eveb, by a kind of "Government in Exile" or "Something else", as he told this Week to "Eurofora" just after his Speech at Strasbourg's Press Club in ARTE's Headquarters (Comp. Supra).


Meanwhle, at least one thing is crystal-Clear : Both Human Rights and Security are Now Dangerously Compromised in Turkey, and Something serious enough must be done.
---------------------------


Meanwhile, CoE's Officials had enough Time and Opportunities to eventualy Coordinate Actions with their EU Counterparts, this Week in Strasbourg, (including EU Commission's President, Jean-Claude Juncker, who was here on Wednesday), during EU Parliament's latest Plenary Session, earlier this Week, where MEPs Elected their New EU Parliament's President, Antonio Tajani, a ChristianDemocrat/EPP, as Juncker, and Debated the incoming January - June new EU Presidency's Agenda, chaired by Malta, a Small/Medium EU Mediterranean Island-Country accustomed to Coordinate Actions also with Cyprus, which currently Chairs COE's Presidency for the Parallel Period of November 2016 - End May 2017.


EU - CoE "Cooperation" stood, indeed, High, mutatis-mutandis, inside CoE's "Palais de l'Europe", this Friday, January 20, 2017, in Strasbourg, as a kind of overall Ambiance, as "Eurofora" clearly felt, (Comp. f.ex. : .....).

(../..)

 

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 sarko_merkel_mieux

The official presentation of a "Program" respecting People's choices voted in the June 7, 2009 EU Elections, to be debated in EU Council and EU Parliament during its 1st Session on July in Strasbourg, is the No 1 Priority, according to Democratic principles, for the Franco-German axis, said the main winners at the ballot box, French President Nicolas Sarkozy and German Chancellor Angie Merkel.

They stressed  that the New EU Commission's President must have a "Program" in favor of an EU which "protects" its Citizens, regulates financial markets and aims at a "Political" Europe" : a wording they have used as incompatible with Turkey's controversial EU bid.

They also declared ready for a "political" endorsment of "Mr. Barroso's candidacy" in June's EU Council, considering that an official decision would have to be made after EU Parliament's debates and votes, possibly from next month (July), with the legally necessary final acceptance shortly after Lisbon Treaty's entry into force, hoped for September or October.


- "A Program, and Mr. Barroso" : This resumes, in substance, the anouncements made by Sarkozy and Merkel, on the question of current EU Commission's President, Barroso's declared wish to succeed to himself for a second mandate, to be extended during the following 5 years.

 In their 1st meeting after EU Elections, they observed that "the Franco-German axis counted in European Elections' campaign... But, we both keep a realistic view : We saw the number of those who abstained, and we must absolutely give them an answer. We also see the disilusionment of an important number of Europeans vis a vis Europe, and we are aware of the responsibilities we have".

sarko

 - The "Duty" of the new EU Commission's President, after June 7, 2009 EU Elections' result, "is to act for a Europe which protects the Europeans, to commit himself into working for a better Regulation of Financial transactions, ... and to have a Political will for Europe", underlined Sarkozy.

Therefore, "we have asked M. Barroso... to clarify, to officialy present the intentions he has", he anounced.

- "We want to speak also about the Programme", explained Merkel.

- "It's important that for the next EU Parliament's mandate (2009-2014) we take the right Decisions for Europe.  Obviously on Persons, but mainly Decisions on Issues", she stressed.

- "It's not simply a question of a Person, it's also a question of a Programme". We are "really asking Mr. Barroso to commit himself on a Program, and on Principles, on Values", Sarkozy added.

EU President-in-office, Czech Prime Minister Jan Fischer, accepted the Franco-German stance :

- "Barroso must present his Programme. The Czech Presidency agrees with that", Fischer reportedly said later, after meeting Sarkozy.

But Press reports from Brussels claimed that Barroso had preferred to be officially appointed by EU Council since June, (i.e. next week), "because this was implied by the current Treaty of Nice, according to him", and considered any delay until the possible ratification of the new, Lisbon Treaty on September/October, as "undemocratic".

- "At any case, independently of what Germany and France ask, it's also EU Parliament's wish". "We shall propose Mr Barroso's candidacy... But even in the framework of Nice Treaty, EU Parliament has to be associated in this Decision", the French President observed.

If this is correctly done, then "we support Mr. Barroso's candidature", and "if the (EU) Parliament agrees, we might ratify this decision since July", (i.e. next month), they both said.

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- "France and Germany support Baroso's candidacy, But we want to speak also on the Program. We believe that this Program should be established in close cooperation with EU Parliament, and that's why we have followed an appropriate way", said Merkel.  - If EU Parliament wants, this election can take place on July,  but this must be done in full agreement.

- "We shall support Mr. Barroso's candidacy, without doubt", said Sarkozy. "But we have asked from Mr. Barroso, as I told him yesterday, to put into detail.. his intentions, at the eve of his 2nd mandate, if the situation avails itself.


    France and Germany "don't want to take an Official Legal Decision by writting" during "the next (EU) Council" (on June 18-19), declared Sarkozy.  Because they prefer, at this stage, only "a Political decision" on June, "so that we (EU Council) can work together with EU Parliament", which starts to meet only Next Month, since July in Srasbourg, "leaving a Legal decision by writting for later".

    - "If the Conditions are fuillfiled in EU Parliament, we (EU Council) are ready to give the agreement and make it offficial", said Merkel

    - "But, now we are working in the base of Nice Treaty. If tommorow we want to work in the spirit of Lisbon Treaty, we have to find a proper way", she added.

    - "Of course it's Legally complicated, because we are going to make a Political proposal to the forthcoming Council, for an EU Commission's President, on the basis of Nice Treaty : So, we (EU Council) will not appoint the Commissioners. Only the President.  If EU Parliament agrees, it could endorse this position on July", explained Sarkozy.

    But, on Autumn, "if Ireland ratifies Lisbon Treaty, there will be, at any case, a 2nd Decision, to appoint the Commission's President, this time on the basis of Lisbon treaty, and then, we, the EU Member States, would have to appoint (also) the EU Commissioners", he added.

    As for the precise Timing :  - "Everything is suspended until the Irish vote... Now, we must all make everything possible to help Ireland to say "Yes"" to Lisbon Treaty... The Irish Referendum, ..will take place either on September or on October. It's a Question which depends on the Irish. And,  then, we shall have the Choice of the Candidates for the permanent Institutions of Europe".

    However, "if Ireland says No, we, French and Germans, have to assume our responsibilities, and we'll do so", he concluded.

    But British and Swedish governments were reportedly eager to have a final EU Council decision on Barroso since this month, on June's European Council. While the other EU Member Countries are divided, several of them preferring to wait until EU Parliament pronounces itself, on July, and/or until Lisbon Treaty might be ratified by Ireland at the beginning of the Autumn. Barroso's current mandate ends on November.

    There are also various, contradictory and/or unpredictable reactions inside EU Parliament vis a vis Barroso's wish to continue a 2nd mandate, because many MEPs are openly or secretly opposed, reluctant, or hesitating.

    In the biggest EU Countries, as France and Germany, EU Citizens voted on June 2009 EU Elections for a renovated, non-technocratic but Political Europe which cares for its Citizens, with an Identity, Values and Borders, declared incompatible with Turkey's controversial EU bid, by mainstream, pro-European Governing Parties. Similar choices were also supported in several other small or medium EU Countries.

    On the contrary, whenever, in other Countries, Governing and other mainstream Parties didn't make these choices or eluded them, EU Citizens massively voted for euro-Sceptics whenever they were the only ones to to promise anti-bureacratic change and oppose Turkey's demand to enter into the EU, (f.ex. in the UK, Netherlands, etc).

    It's seems to be an Open Question whether Sarkozy and Merkel's conditions will be really accepted by Barroso, who was appointed on 2004 in a different political context, (with Socialist Prime Ministers in Germany, France, etc), had rejected in the Past the idea of EU becoming "equal to the USA" as "ridiculous", and pushed for Turkey's contoversial EU bid, trying to "soften" or contain the changes desired by the People who voted for Merkel and Sarkozy with another policy vis a vis Turkey on 2005 in Germany and on 2007 in France, as they did all over Europe on 2009.

    In addition to many EPP Governments, it's 3 remaining Socialist Prime Ministers : Gordon Brown in the UK, Zapatero in Spain, and Socrates in Prortugal, who support Barroso, as well as Liberal Swedish Prime Minister Reinfeldt. But their Parties lost the June 2009 EU Elections.

    Questioned whether there was still "Time" for "other" possible "Candidates", Sarkozy and Merkel did not deny, nor made any comment on that, but simply said that "it's not for us to make publicity for any candidates. We anounced our choice ("A Program, and Mr. Barroso"). But we respect any other candidate".

    Among various other names cited are former Belgian Prime Minister Verhofstadt, former UNO's Human Rights Commissioner Mary Robinson of Ireland, Italian former EU Commission's vice-President Monti, etc. Meanwhile, Luxembourg's PM Juncker, (who had been unanimously accepted by EU Council for EU Commission's Presidency on 2004, but refused), announced his intention to resign from "EuroGroup"'s Chair. Thus, he might be available for another Top EU job.

    As "EuroFora"'s "opinion" said (See publication dated 9/6/09) : - "If the current candidates (i.e. Barroso, etc) to the Top EU jobs promise and guarantee to respect People's democratic choices, then, it's OK".

"Otherwise, Europe must find new candidates, really motivated and able to implement these democratic choices of the People."

    Because, "in Democracy, the forthcoming choices for EU's Top Jobs,...should be made according to EU Citizens' Votes in June 7, 2009 European Elections, and main EU Governments' strategic policies".
        

***

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