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Home arrow newsitems arrow CoE Chair, Czech Foreign Minister Zaoralek to EF: Turkey v. Human Rights eve of Cyprus UN Conference

CoE Chair, Czech Foreign Minister Zaoralek to EF: Turkey v. Human Rights eve of Cyprus UN Conference

Written by ACM
Tuesday, 27 June 2017
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*Strasbourg/CoE/Angelo Marcopolo/-  President in office of the CoE for the period of May - November 2017, Czech Foreign Minister Lubomir Zaoralek, Experienced former President of the Parliament, and currently Candidate Prime Minister of the Country in the forthcoming October 2017 Election, for the Frontrunner ČSSD Party, replying Today to an "Eurofora" Question, at the Eve of an Important UN-Sponsored Multilateral Conferene on Cyprus' ReUnification, which opens Tomorrow at Nearby Switzerland, didn't seem very optimist as far as Turkey's readiness to comply with the PanEuropean Organisation for Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law standards nowadays.

However, for a just and sustainable Solution of the Cyprus' issue,  Respect by Turkey of ECHR's case-Law plays a crucial role, particularly on Refugees' Family Homes and Ancestral Land, as well as other Private Properties, (that the Turkish Invasion/Occupation Army Hinders them to Access since 1974, despite Many Condamnations of Ankara's Government by the ECHR), "Missing" Persons, etc., (in addition to some CoE's Democracy and Rule of Law principles).

- Soon, your Collegues from the EU will be actively Present (officialy as "Observers") to a UN-sponsored High-Level Political Conference for the Solution of Cyprus' issue, which Starts Tomorrow in Switzerland. But the CoE is not yet explicitly included, even is there are Important ECHR Judgements still pending for execution around Cyprus issue. How do you feel about that ? Would CoE's Committee of Ministers Follow more closely these UN Cyprus' Negotiations, particularly as far as Human Rights are concerned ?, "Eurofora" asked Zaoralek at the CoE in Strasbourg.


- CoE's President in office, after Carefuly Hearing "Eurofora"s above mentioned Question, (including by asking for a brief clarification etc), Did Not Exclude, a priori, that the PanEuropean Organisation's Highest Political body : Its Committee of Ministers, would, indeed, be closely following the forthcoming UN Conference on Cyprus, at least as far as its Human Rights' aspects are concerned.


- However, the current situation there is Not as good as we (CoE) would like it to be, "at these Times", he Warned Today, (27 June 2017).


- Indeed, "Previously, We (CoE) had some Hopes", Zaoralek revealed, "but now", things look different, he Criticaly but Realisticaly pointed out.


+ Asked by "Eurofora" to Clarify, he confirmed that this certainly "Concerns the Human Rights"' aspects of the overall issue.


 - "This is a Crucial Question", to which, CoE's Highest Political body, its "Commitee of Ministers, puts Particular Attention", Zaoralek stressed Earlier, as far as "the implementation of ECHR's Judgements" is concerned.


 He said that, speaking in Strasbourg at the Eve of a CoE Assembly's "Debate" on that issue, for which he "Congratulated" MEPs, based on a Report asking for "greater Transparency" in "the Supervision of the implementation of judgements", and a greater Role" for "Civil Society" (i.e. Including Medias, etc),  there, as well as, "in case of Strong Resistance by (a) respondent State",  to "Use the Procedures provided for by Article 46" of the PanEuropean Convention on Human Rights, according to which, whenever a State "Refuses to Abide by a Final Judgement", to "Refer to the ECHR the Question whether ... it Failed  to fulfil its Obligations". In that case ECHR could refer the case back to the Committee of Ministers for ...Measures to be taken" against the Recalcitrant State, (in this case : Turkey).


By a rare coincidence, CoE Assembly's public Debate and Votes on that Crucial matter has been scheduled on Thursday, June 29, i.e. just One Day after the forthcoming Opening of the UN sponsored Multilateral Conference on Cyprus issue, scheduled for Tomorrow, Wednesday 28 of June, at Crans Montana, in nearby Switzerland.


+ CoE's President in office Spoke to "Eurofora" Today around this issue, just "a Week" after "a Major Conference on the Binding effect of the judicial Decisions of the European Court of Human Rights, the Court of Justice of the European Union and national courts", which "took place ...in Brno, the Capital of the Czech Judiciary", as  "one of the most Prominent events of the Czech Chairmanship" of the CoE", including a "Discussion with Presidents of the Supreme and Constitutional Courts of the member States of the CoE, as well as with Judges of European courts and leading Academics", as he earlier reminded.

 
zaoralek_at_paces_hemicycle_eurofora_screenshot_400 


In this Context, "the Execution of ECHR's Judgments, and the approaches of Governments of member States to the Condemnatory "Pilot" Judgments", (as those, f.ex., which concern Greek Cypriot Refugees/Displaced Persons, and/or "Missing" Persons in Cyprus, etc), were "among (the) Topical Issues Discussed" on that occasion.


++Previously in Strasbourg, it was CoE's Secretary General, Thornbjorn Jagland himself, who, on the occasion of a Ceremony for the Beginning of the current, Czech Presidency of the PanEuropean Organisation, where "Eurofora" participated), Warned that "without Implementation of ECHR's Judgements, Rule of Law canNot Exist in Europe !"...


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    + But, meanwhile, it's also the Overall Human Rights' "Situation" in "Turkey", which "seems ... to be Deteriorating", and this "is one of the Most Serious Issues !", CoE President i.o. Zaoralek Criticaly observed.  

   
    - Indeed, "Extreme Care must be taken to respect the rights guaranteed by the European Convention on Human Rights", as far as the Turkish Authorities are concerned, in general, he Warned Earlier.


    + "Finally, securing Effective Political Progress is Vital" : "That Message has been conveyed a Number of Times to the Turkish Authorities" ... In general, "The Council of Europe’s Standards and Values must remain the Guiding Principles" Zaoralek concluded on Turkey, in Wider terms.


    + "In Addition" to CoE's Highest Political body : its "Committee of Ministers", it's also its "Secretary General" (Thornbjord Jagland), and "Not only the Czech Republic", but also several Other CoE Member Countries, which "Raise those Issues" also "on a Bilateral Level" vis a vis Ankara, he went on to say.


--------------------------------------------


    ++ Meanwhile, almost in Parallel, as far as it concerns, Moreover, Turkey's controversial Demand for Ankara's 1974 Invasion/Occupation Troops to remain at the Island even after an eventual ReUnification of Cyprus, in Addition to the Turkish Government's dangerous Claim for even more Unilateral Military Interventions in Cyprus, it's also the Greek Prime Minister, Alexis Tsipras, who, speaking this Week-End on the sidelines of the latest EU Summit in Brussels, reportedly found that "we never had so Many Allies" (among his 27 Collegues Heads of State/Government of EU Member Countries) against that.


    Indeed, inter alia, it was mainly Ankara's blunt insistance for such a quasi-Permanent Military Interventionism in a CoE and EU Member State as Cyprus, which had already Provoked a Long Suspension of the UN sponsored Political Multilateral Conference on Cyprus, shortly after it had just Started, for the 1st Time in History, Back on January 2017, in Geneva.


----------------------------------------


    +But it's also the above-mentioned issue of Greek Cypriot Refugees/Displaced People's Return back Home, which is in fact, one among the "Hottest" in the World :


    F.ex., among others, Experienced, Long Time UNHCR Top Official, Sergio de Mello, World-Famous for his Life-Time search of ways for real Refugees to become able to Return Back Home in various Continents, who became also UNO's High Commissioner for Refugees, and afterwards even for Human Rights in general, was Brutaly Murdered, together with Other UN Staff, by an Islamist Bomb Explosion at his Office at Bagdad, (where he had been exceptionaly send as UN Envoy for Iraq), shortly after Announcing a Big New Plan to Help Bring Back 400.000 Kurdish Refugees at the Northern Region of Iraq, facing Turkey's Borders...


    Later, it was revealed that those Deadly Bombers were Members, in fact, of a Group from which Emerged the Nowadays "ISIL" Islamist Terrorists : Those who have notoriously developed accross Turkey's Borders to Syria and/or Iraq, from where they routinely received, during Many Years, Recruits, Money, Weapons, and other Logistical Support !

+ And, Today, when a Growing List of 11 mainly Muslim Countries, including Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Senegal, etc., started to take Sanctions against Qatar, Accused also by New US President Don Trump to Fund Both Islamist Radicalisation and Terrorism, it's ...only Turkey which send Military Troops in the Arab Peninsula, taking Sides for Quatar, was ...Turkey.


---------------------------------------------------

coes_president_in_office_czech_fminister_zaoralek__agg_eurofora_400 


    Now, Zaoralek's above-mentioned Realism (Comp. Supra) seems confirmed also by the Fact that, indeed, EU Commission's President, Jean-Claude Juncker, (who had been Present at the Beginning of UNO's Cyprus Conference, back on January 2017, at Geneva), as he Recently Told "Eurofora" in EU Parliament in Strasbourg, (Comp:...), exceptionaly won't be present, this Time, at Crans  Montana, (at least Not for Now), where he will be represented by EU Commission's vice-President Timmermans, together with EU's High Representative for External Actions, Federica Mogerini, on Friday, June 30, when UNO's new Secretary General, Antonio Guterres, is due to arrive.


----------------------------------
+ Kohl :
-------------------------------------------------


Last, but not least, "Eurofora" was informed that the PanEuropean Organisation for Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law (i.e. the CoE) was due to be Officialy Represented in the forthcoming Exceptional Strasbourg's Summit for the Orbituary and in Honour of the Historic German Chancelor Helmut Kohl, "Faher" of Germany's and all Europe's ReUnification, next Saturday, July 1st, at EU Parliament here, etc., precisely by the current CoE's President in office, Lubomir Zaoralek.


(../..)


***


("DraftNews", as already send to "Eurofora" Subscribers/Donors, earlier. A more accurate, full Final Version, might be published asap).


***




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 sarko_merkel_mieux

The official presentation of a "Program" respecting People's choices voted in the June 7, 2009 EU Elections, to be debated in EU Council and EU Parliament during its 1st Session on July in Strasbourg, is the No 1 Priority, according to Democratic principles, for the Franco-German axis, said the main winners at the ballot box, French President Nicolas Sarkozy and German Chancellor Angie Merkel.

They stressed  that the New EU Commission's President must have a "Program" in favor of an EU which "protects" its Citizens, regulates financial markets and aims at a "Political" Europe" : a wording they have used as incompatible with Turkey's controversial EU bid.

They also declared ready for a "political" endorsment of "Mr. Barroso's candidacy" in June's EU Council, considering that an official decision would have to be made after EU Parliament's debates and votes, possibly from next month (July), with the legally necessary final acceptance shortly after Lisbon Treaty's entry into force, hoped for September or October.


- "A Program, and Mr. Barroso" : This resumes, in substance, the anouncements made by Sarkozy and Merkel, on the question of current EU Commission's President, Barroso's declared wish to succeed to himself for a second mandate, to be extended during the following 5 years.

 In their 1st meeting after EU Elections, they observed that "the Franco-German axis counted in European Elections' campaign... But, we both keep a realistic view : We saw the number of those who abstained, and we must absolutely give them an answer. We also see the disilusionment of an important number of Europeans vis a vis Europe, and we are aware of the responsibilities we have".

sarko

 - The "Duty" of the new EU Commission's President, after June 7, 2009 EU Elections' result, "is to act for a Europe which protects the Europeans, to commit himself into working for a better Regulation of Financial transactions, ... and to have a Political will for Europe", underlined Sarkozy.

Therefore, "we have asked M. Barroso... to clarify, to officialy present the intentions he has", he anounced.

- "We want to speak also about the Programme", explained Merkel.

- "It's important that for the next EU Parliament's mandate (2009-2014) we take the right Decisions for Europe.  Obviously on Persons, but mainly Decisions on Issues", she stressed.

- "It's not simply a question of a Person, it's also a question of a Programme". We are "really asking Mr. Barroso to commit himself on a Program, and on Principles, on Values", Sarkozy added.

EU President-in-office, Czech Prime Minister Jan Fischer, accepted the Franco-German stance :

- "Barroso must present his Programme. The Czech Presidency agrees with that", Fischer reportedly said later, after meeting Sarkozy.

But Press reports from Brussels claimed that Barroso had preferred to be officially appointed by EU Council since June, (i.e. next week), "because this was implied by the current Treaty of Nice, according to him", and considered any delay until the possible ratification of the new, Lisbon Treaty on September/October, as "undemocratic".

- "At any case, independently of what Germany and France ask, it's also EU Parliament's wish". "We shall propose Mr Barroso's candidacy... But even in the framework of Nice Treaty, EU Parliament has to be associated in this Decision", the French President observed.

If this is correctly done, then "we support Mr. Barroso's candidature", and "if the (EU) Parliament agrees, we might ratify this decision since July", (i.e. next month), they both said.

smerkem_400

- "France and Germany support Baroso's candidacy, But we want to speak also on the Program. We believe that this Program should be established in close cooperation with EU Parliament, and that's why we have followed an appropriate way", said Merkel.  - If EU Parliament wants, this election can take place on July,  but this must be done in full agreement.

- "We shall support Mr. Barroso's candidacy, without doubt", said Sarkozy. "But we have asked from Mr. Barroso, as I told him yesterday, to put into detail.. his intentions, at the eve of his 2nd mandate, if the situation avails itself.


    France and Germany "don't want to take an Official Legal Decision by writting" during "the next (EU) Council" (on June 18-19), declared Sarkozy.  Because they prefer, at this stage, only "a Political decision" on June, "so that we (EU Council) can work together with EU Parliament", which starts to meet only Next Month, since July in Srasbourg, "leaving a Legal decision by writting for later".

    - "If the Conditions are fuillfiled in EU Parliament, we (EU Council) are ready to give the agreement and make it offficial", said Merkel

    - "But, now we are working in the base of Nice Treaty. If tommorow we want to work in the spirit of Lisbon Treaty, we have to find a proper way", she added.

    - "Of course it's Legally complicated, because we are going to make a Political proposal to the forthcoming Council, for an EU Commission's President, on the basis of Nice Treaty : So, we (EU Council) will not appoint the Commissioners. Only the President.  If EU Parliament agrees, it could endorse this position on July", explained Sarkozy.

    But, on Autumn, "if Ireland ratifies Lisbon Treaty, there will be, at any case, a 2nd Decision, to appoint the Commission's President, this time on the basis of Lisbon treaty, and then, we, the EU Member States, would have to appoint (also) the EU Commissioners", he added.

    As for the precise Timing :  - "Everything is suspended until the Irish vote... Now, we must all make everything possible to help Ireland to say "Yes"" to Lisbon Treaty... The Irish Referendum, ..will take place either on September or on October. It's a Question which depends on the Irish. And,  then, we shall have the Choice of the Candidates for the permanent Institutions of Europe".

    However, "if Ireland says No, we, French and Germans, have to assume our responsibilities, and we'll do so", he concluded.

    But British and Swedish governments were reportedly eager to have a final EU Council decision on Barroso since this month, on June's European Council. While the other EU Member Countries are divided, several of them preferring to wait until EU Parliament pronounces itself, on July, and/or until Lisbon Treaty might be ratified by Ireland at the beginning of the Autumn. Barroso's current mandate ends on November.

    There are also various, contradictory and/or unpredictable reactions inside EU Parliament vis a vis Barroso's wish to continue a 2nd mandate, because many MEPs are openly or secretly opposed, reluctant, or hesitating.

    In the biggest EU Countries, as France and Germany, EU Citizens voted on June 2009 EU Elections for a renovated, non-technocratic but Political Europe which cares for its Citizens, with an Identity, Values and Borders, declared incompatible with Turkey's controversial EU bid, by mainstream, pro-European Governing Parties. Similar choices were also supported in several other small or medium EU Countries.

    On the contrary, whenever, in other Countries, Governing and other mainstream Parties didn't make these choices or eluded them, EU Citizens massively voted for euro-Sceptics whenever they were the only ones to to promise anti-bureacratic change and oppose Turkey's demand to enter into the EU, (f.ex. in the UK, Netherlands, etc).

    It's seems to be an Open Question whether Sarkozy and Merkel's conditions will be really accepted by Barroso, who was appointed on 2004 in a different political context, (with Socialist Prime Ministers in Germany, France, etc), had rejected in the Past the idea of EU becoming "equal to the USA" as "ridiculous", and pushed for Turkey's contoversial EU bid, trying to "soften" or contain the changes desired by the People who voted for Merkel and Sarkozy with another policy vis a vis Turkey on 2005 in Germany and on 2007 in France, as they did all over Europe on 2009.

    In addition to many EPP Governments, it's 3 remaining Socialist Prime Ministers : Gordon Brown in the UK, Zapatero in Spain, and Socrates in Prortugal, who support Barroso, as well as Liberal Swedish Prime Minister Reinfeldt. But their Parties lost the June 2009 EU Elections.

    Questioned whether there was still "Time" for "other" possible "Candidates", Sarkozy and Merkel did not deny, nor made any comment on that, but simply said that "it's not for us to make publicity for any candidates. We anounced our choice ("A Program, and Mr. Barroso"). But we respect any other candidate".

    Among various other names cited are former Belgian Prime Minister Verhofstadt, former UNO's Human Rights Commissioner Mary Robinson of Ireland, Italian former EU Commission's vice-President Monti, etc. Meanwhile, Luxembourg's PM Juncker, (who had been unanimously accepted by EU Council for EU Commission's Presidency on 2004, but refused), announced his intention to resign from "EuroGroup"'s Chair. Thus, he might be available for another Top EU job.

    As "EuroFora"'s "opinion" said (See publication dated 9/6/09) : - "If the current candidates (i.e. Barroso, etc) to the Top EU jobs promise and guarantee to respect People's democratic choices, then, it's OK".

"Otherwise, Europe must find new candidates, really motivated and able to implement these democratic choices of the People."

    Because, "in Democracy, the forthcoming choices for EU's Top Jobs,...should be made according to EU Citizens' Votes in June 7, 2009 European Elections, and main EU Governments' strategic policies".
        

***

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