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Home arrow newsitems arrow CoE Chairman, Foreign Minister Kasulides +CLRAE President Mosler-Tornstrom to EF on Cyprus UN Talks

CoE Chairman, Foreign Minister Kasulides +CLRAE President Mosler-Tornstrom to EF on Cyprus UN Talks

Written by ACM
Wednesday, 29 March 2017
 
 
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*Strasbourg/CoE/Angelo Marcopolo/- Speaking exclusively to "Eurofora" just after his Address to CoE's Local/Regional Democray Watchdog (CLRAE) Plenary in Strasbourg, the President-in-office of the 47 Member Countries strong (including Russia, etc), PanEuropean Organisation's Highest Political Body (its Committee of Ministers), Experienced Long-Time Cyprus' Foreign Minister, and former Top MEP in EU Parliament, (in charge for Foreign/International Policy at the Biggest Political Group, that of ChristianDemocrats/EPP), Yannis Kasulides, indirectly but clearly, Warned Turkey against Prolonging its current Blockade of UN sponsored Talks for a Peaceful ReUnification of the Island, even after April 2017, (See Infra).


---------------


 Kasulides First reaction to relevant "Eurofora"s Questions, was to advise that, even if the situation was serious, nevertheless, we should "Not be Extremely Concerned" :


  - In fact, "Let's see if they would go as far as to Destroy (the Peaceful ReUnification Talks), and face the Consequences.  


 - "If they might Commit such an Error", on the Contrary, "we Will Never do that", (i.e.  Block the UN-sponsored Talks).


 - Instead, "We (Greek Cypriots) invite them to come back". (to the Negotiations' Table) :


=> "Comme back", (i.e. Return at the UN-sponsored Talks), "and We (all Cypriots Together : Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots, etc), "Shall Find something" to Solve that Deadlock, he Urged.


Kasulides, speaking further with "Eurofora", also Acknowledged the Fact that it was, Initialy and mainly the Excessive Demands by Ankara's Foreign Government at the Latest (and 1st ever) Multilateral Political Conference, convoked, under UN auspices, last December 2016-January 2017, at nearby Geneva, (particularly for the Turkish Invasion/Occupation Military Troops to remain in Cyprus, for Ankara to Maintain forever a Claim of Unilateral Intervention, evn by Force, and for 80 Millions Turks from Anatolia to get in Cyprus All and the Same Rights as EU Member States' Citizens only have in Europe, etc), which had already Started to Provoke Serious Problems to the UNO-sponsored Cyprus Peaceful ReUnification Talks.

 

- "That's why, Nobody should ever give them (i.e. to Ankara's Government of Mr. Erdogan etc) Pretexts", Afterwards, to even openly Block the UN Cyprus' Peace Talks, under any other, subsequent, hollow, hypocritical claim.


Long After the UN-sponsored Inter-Communal Talks for a Peacefil ReUnification of Cyprus had to be Postponed "Sine Die", when Ankara presented its own Political Claims, for the 1st Time so Officialy and Explicitly, suddenly, the Turkish Cypriot Leader Akinci searched a (Comparatively Lenient) Hollow Pretext (f.ex. on an Amendment, tabled by a Small Rightist Party inside a routine Bill reviewing the List of ...Public Holidays (sic !), that the Executive Power of the Government and the President of Cyprus, canNot Legaly Oppose, because of the Principle of Separation of Powers), in order to Stop Participating in any UN-sponsored Cyprus' Talks, until now.


On Sunday, however, the UN Secretary General's Envoy in Cyprus hosts an Exceptional, "Social Event" with a Dinner Bringing Together Cyprus' President Anastasiades and Turkish Cypriot Leader Akinci, with obvious aim to discuss the resumption of the official Talks.


President Anastassiades has already warned that any, eventual, Attempt to put some kind of "Pre-Conditions" (f.ex. disguised in the form of "CBMs" etc) Before being able to re-open the Talks, would be doomed to failure, since the only normal course would be to simply and Directly re-Start the UN-sponsored Talks for a Peaceful ReUnification of the island, without any more Delays.


-----------------------------------

 

Earlier, replying also to a MEP's Question on "the Outcome of Geneva Talks", Kasulides reminded the fact that, even if, "it has been always our aime to seek a Negotiated settlement on the Problem of Cyprus, and that ..Hopes for a Succesful Outcome, after having Tried for Many Years unuccesfully, had been Enhanced through the Election of a New Turkish Cypriot Leader. And, indeed, a lot of Progress has been Achieved, through (UN-sponsored) Negotiations between the two Leaders, until we came to a Culmination, with an International Conference in Geneva"

- But, "Unfortunately, the Timing came to Coincide with the Internal Situation in Turkey, ... Depending on the Referendum of the 16th of April" 2017, (notoriously seeked by Turkish President Erdogan in order to considerably Augment his Powers). "I believe that this is one of the Reasons thet there is a Delay".


 - "Because, what is Important Now, is to have Answers (particularly) on the Security situation" (in a ReUnified Cyprus in the foreseeable Future).
- On the Contrary, "We (Greek Cypriots) are Prepared to seek an Agreement in a Compromise to Share Political Power wih the Turkish Cypriot Community, on the Basis of Equality, in a System of Bi-Communal and Bi-Zonal Federation"


- "But, for us, this will only have a Meaning, if we Know that the Turkish Army is WithDrawing from Cyprus, (and a so-called) Right of Unilateral Military Intervention from the Old (Post-Colonial, 1960 London) Treaties (of to be rescinded", he underlined. Thus, "it would be very Easy to arrive to a Settlement, if the System of Security, makes Both Greek and Turkish Cypriots, equaly Secured".


 - "The two Leaders are Meeting again Next Sunday, But I think that we should Expect Results Only after the 16th of April" 2017, he Concluded, (i.e. After Ankara's regime Rendez-Vous, since it's mainland Turkey's policy which seem to Dictate developments related to the Occupied Territories of Cypus, that it controls since the 1974 Military Invasion and Occupation of the Northern Part of the Island).


-------------------------------------
+ CLRAE's President, speaking to Eurofora, Agrees with Kasulides :
-------------------------------------------

 
 
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+ Meanwhile, it's Interesting to note the Fact that, even Before those Kasulides' 2 Statements, CoE's Local and Regional Democracy watchdog "CLRAE"s new President, Gudrun Mösler-Törnström from Austria, reacting to an "Eurofora" Question about an eventual ReUnification of Cyprus' Capital City Nicosia, appeared practicaly oriented by Similar, forthcoming Political Time Deadlines :


- "Concerning Cyprus, We'd Better Wait until the April Referendum in Turkey", about Constitutional Reforms wished by Turkish President Tayip Erdogan, (notoriously in order to Concentrate even More Power in the Hands of the Presidential Administration), she advised.


Gudrun, who is from Salzburg, smiled Friendly when she heard that "Eurofora" was at Mozart's Birthplace, and UNESCO's World Heritae site, nowadays a Hub for Trans-Alpian Train networks linking Italy to Northern Europe, at precisely 6.15 a.m. Yesterday Early Morning, while Returning from Rome's exceptional EU-27 Heads of State/Government Summit for the 60th Anniversary of the EU, in our way Back Home to Strasbourg, CoE's Headquarters, precisely in order to Catch up with CLRAE's Spring 2017 Plenary Session.


2 Young Ladies had then Anxiously queried "Eurofora"s practical Help to find out what was the Precise Timing for Salzburg, Eager to Arrive on Time, mutatis-mutandis, almost as Now, Cyprus' UN-sponsored Talks would Better Advance, instead of staying Deadlocked since that Withdrawal of the Turkish side (Comp. Supra), in order, at least, to Mark a Breakthrough well Before the pre-Electoral Campaign Starts for the Next Presidential Election of February 2018...


The Last Time that the Turkish side had Openly Refused to join UN-sponsored Talks on Cyprus was Back on September 2001 :
- In particular, then, the former Turkish Cypriot Leader Rauf Denktash, backed by Ankara's Government, had openly Refused an Official and Written Invitation by the UN Secretary General (then Koffi Annan), to Start a New Round of Cyprus' Talks, for a Solution Based on pertinent UN SC Resolutions, in New York, the 12th of September 2001.


Everybody was, then, Expecting a Harsh Sanction on Turkey for its blunt Refusal to cooperate, (particularly from the UN or the EU, CoE, etc.), and "Eurofora"s co-Founder had just contacted CoE's Secretary General, then Walter Schwimmer, on that Pending Issue, already from the Sunday before, who had given as a Rendez-Vous for "Monday Afternoon", (i.e. at the Eve of that Crucial Time Deadline), in order to have enough Time to "Consult the Ambassadors", Permanent Representatives to the CoE, of Cyprus and Turkey, etc. at the Morning, in view of Issuing an Official Statement, as Schwimmer had promised us.


But, that Monday Afternoon (in Europe), was notoriously Disrupted, in an exceptionaly Brutal manner, by the 9/11 Mass Deadly Terror Attack, particularly at UNO's Headquarters, New York City, right at the Eve of that Crucial, September 12, Rendez-vous, organized there by  UNO's Secretary General on Cyprus' issue. So that, when "Eurofora"'s Co-Founder called  the Mobile Phone of the Long-Time then, Experienced President of CoE Assembly's Political affairs Committee, Hungarian MP Andras Barsony, (subsequently Ambassador to Ukraine, etc), for a Similar Question, we were Astonished to receive as Reply, his immediate Predictio, that, After 911, the Cyprus Issue would become, initialy "Freezed", and, later-on Re-Launched "on a Different Basis" (Comp. Supra, and the subsequent, 2002-2004 "Paris + Burgestock"  Deadlock).


- Meanwhile, the then Turkish Cypriot Leader, Rauf Denktash, had reportedly Laughed at Cyprus President, then Glafcos Clerides, anounced attempt, on the Contrary, to Travel to New York in order to be Present in Reply to UNO SG's Invitation for a New Round of Cyprus' Talks in UNO's Headquarters on September 12, 2001, by curiously Boasting that ..."Clerides will Only make a Somersaught" or "a Tumble" ("a Culbute" in French) "in the Air" (sic !)...


But when this almost Happened as Rauf Denktash had Sarcasticaly Predicted - since Clerides' Airplane was Blocked and Hindered to Land in New York, by an Astonishingly Precise Coincidence in Timing with the 911 Terror Attacks at the World Trade Center in New York, which provoked an immediate Security Order to Ground all Airplanes then Flying over USA's airspace, added to a Closure of UNO's Headquarters' Building, i.e. Obliging de facto to Cancel UNO Secretary General Koffi Anna's official Invitation for New Cyprus' Talks, and, therefore, practicaly Covering Up Turkey's blunt Refusal (Comp. Supra), Nobody Laughed anymore...

- Later-on, "Eurofora"s co-Founder raised 2 relevant Topical Questions, concerning that Astonishing and Crucial "Coincidence", between the unprecedented 911 Terror Attack, Eve of an also Unprecedented UN SG Invitation for Cyprus' Talks, also at New York, exceptionaly Droped by the Turkish side, (which obviously Risked, inter alia, also to Cost for Ankara a probable EU Sanction, f.ex. by Droping Turkey's controversial and unpopular EU bid, which had just started, only 1 Year Earlier), on the Occasion of 2 Successive Press Conferences inside UNO's New York Headquarters on 2005, i.e. during an Exceptionaly Important UNO Heads of States/>Governments' Summit for the 60th Anniversary of the International Organisation and its Reform (which Created, f.ex. the World Council for Human Rights, at nearby Geneva, etc), followed by UNO's General Assembly's annual plenary session.


The 1rst, which Coincided both with the Day After the 5th Anniversary of the 9/11 Tragedy, dramaticaly commemorated by Victims' Families and Friends at "Ground Zero", where we had just participated, soon after the Publicaton of NIST's Report on the "World Wide Center" strange Collapse Controversy, but also with the precise Anniversary of the September 12, 2001 UN SG official Invitation for New Cyprus' Talks, dropped by Turkey (Comp. Supra), was a Press Conference organized on September 12, 2005, by UNO's Press Director and UN SG's Spokesman, Steffan Dujarric, (also Currently serving anew in that Top UNO Job on 2017).


+ The 2nd, one Week Later : a Sunday, was, on the Contrary, an Exceptional Press Conference, by embattled then President of Cyprus, Tassos Papadopoulos, (who Died curiously Later-on), After a Week, Together with the then Head of UNO's Communication and Information unit, Shashi Tharoor from India, who became, only 1 Year Later : on 2006, the No 2 succesful Candidate for that Top Job, just behind Ban Ki Moon himself...

However, at any case, those notoriously Controversial 9/11 Barbarous Terror Mass Attacks at New York, which coincided astonishingly with cerain Crucial Cyprus' Events concerning Turkey's abrupt behavior, around UNOs NY Headquarters, (Comp. Supra), occured just After a Decade of former US President Bill Clinton's Administration, (during which 2 Bloody Wars had been provoked in Europe, at former Yugoslavia, etc.

On the Contrary, Nowadays, the New US President, for the Period of 2017 - 2022 is named Don Trump.

(../..)

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Recent developments proved that Europe can suceed to overcome challenges by aiming at great objectives, and this is needed also in 2009, said EU chairman, French President Nicolas Sarkozy.

    - "It's in the name of Great Ideas, Projects, Ambition and Ideals, that EU can overcome" challenges, stressed Sarkozy at EU Parliament in Strasbourg, in conclusion of a dense 7 months EU Chairmanship. "It's even easier for Europe to have Great projects, able to overcome national egoism, instead of limiting itself only to small projects" (unable to do alike), he observed.     

- "Europe must remain Ambitious and understand that the World needs her to take Decisions". "The World needs a Strong Europe", which "thinks on its own, has convictions, its own responses, its imagination" : "A Europe which does not limit itself into following" others, (as it did in the Past, when it followed USA, f.ex. on Bosnia). On the contrary, "Europe should undertake its own responsibilities", he said, after a series of succes in stopping the War between Russia and Georgia, and organizing the 1st EuroZone's Summit in Paris, which incited the Washington DC G-20 Summit to extend similar decisions World-wide.  


    - "When you sweep it all under the carpet, prepare yourself for hard tomorrows", he warned. "What hinders decisions is the lack of Courage and Will, the fading away of Ideals", he stressed before EU Parliament's 2008 debate on Human Rights and Sakharov prize on Freedom of thought attributed by MEPs to Chinese cyber-dissident Hu Jia, followed by an EU - Turkey meeting on Friday.

    - "I don't abandon my convictions" and "I will take initiatives" on EU level also in 2009, Sarkozy announced later. "France will not stop having convictions and taking initiatives" on Europe. + "It's an Error to wish to pass over the Heads of those who are elected in their Countries" : "It's an integrism I always fought against"', he warned.
---------------------
French EU Presidency faced 4 unexpected Crisis :

- An institutional crisis, with the Irish "No" to EU Lisbon Treaty, just before it started. A geopolitical crisis, wth the threat of War between Russia and Georgia risking to throw Europe back to Cold-war divisions, on August. A World-wide Financial and Economic crisis, arriving at a bad moment before crucial 2009 EU elections. And even a Strasbourg's mini-crisis, with EU Parliament's roof curiously falling down, from unknown reasons, in a brand new building on August, provoking an unprecedented transfert of the 2 September Plenary Sessions...

But it wasn't enough to stop Sarkozy ! On the contrary, it stimulated him...
---------------------------------------

- "The better way to deal with the recent problems of EU institutions (as the "3 NO" by France, the Netherlands and Ireland) is to take them as a "Test" in order to find solutions closer to Citizens' concerns", said later in Strasbourg Sarkozy's new choice as Ministe for EU affairs, Bruno Le Maire.

- On the Institutional front, Sarkozy gave Time to the Irish to think about it, and stroke on December a deal including a New Referendum after the June 2009 EU Elections, in exchange of a promise to keep the rule of "one EU Commissioner for each EU Member Country", and some opt-outs on Defence and Fiscal EU policies, Abortion, etc. If the Irish get a "Yes" Majority, then the institutional package could be completed in 2010 or 2011 on the occasion of Croatia's probable EU accession.

He was accused in Strasbourg to upgrade EU Council and downgrade EU Commision, but he replied that "strong Political initiatives by EU Council reinforce also the more technical role of EU Commission, under the political-technical leadership of its President", all 3 "working together with EU Parliament".


- But, meanwhile, Sarkozy energetically spearheaded an Historic 1st Summit of EuroZone's 15 Heads of State and Government at EU's core, exceptionally enlarged to a partial participation of British Prime Minister Gordon Brown, on October 12 in Paris' Elysee palace, which started to tackle succesfully the growing world Financial crisis.

    It also paved the way for its endorsement by a subsequent Brussels' 27 EU Member States' gathering, before it all come to Washington's G-20 Summit. And "Europe was united, it asked for the 1st G-20 Summit, and it will also organise the next G-20 Summit on April in London", he observed.   

 But a Conference with EU, Russia, African and other Developing Countries, hosted in Strasbourg shortly after Washington G-20 Summit by the French EU Presidency, took a Resolution asking to enlarge participation to Global Economic Governance. Many found, indeed, illogic and unacceptable that f.ex. states as Turkey were given a seat at G-20 level, while all African Countries, and even the African Union itself, representing the greatest Continent on Earth, were excluded...


    Meanwhile, even USA''s "Paulson No 3" Plan, was, in fact, inspired by Europe's No 1 Plan", Sarkozy observed, largelly applauded by MEPs.

    And "Europe showed Solidarity" by mobilizing some 22 Billion credit for Hungary, 1,7 billion for Ukraine, as we do nowadays for Baltic States, etc., he added.

    The move on Economy was extended on December by an EU stimulus' plan totalling some 200 billion Euros, including 5 Billions released by EU Commission for big Projects, as well as various parallel National plans for Economic revival, (fex. 26 billions in France alone). They might appear limited, compared to USA President-elect Obama's reported plan to boost the American economy with 800 billion $, but at least succeded to overcome Europe's divisions for the first time on Economic governance, opening new horizons.

- The French President stressed even harder the unique role of an active EU Council's chairmanship, when he moved swiftly and efficiently, at the beginning of August, to succesfully stop War between Russia and Georgia, at the last minute, which threatened to bring Europe back to Cold War division.

"We (EU) also wanted to avoid a situation like in Bosnia, in the Past, when EU was absent, so that our American friends took their responsibilitues, and EU only followed", despite the fact that the conflict took place in Europe. Now, it was the EU who took its responsibilities".

A roadmap towards a new PanEuropean Security policy, before which all unilateral moves to place new Missiles (from USA or Russia) would be freezed, was proposed by Sarkozy after a meeting with Russian president Medvedev, at the eve of Washington DC's G-20 Summit.

Ukraine's "European" character was stressed at a Sarkozy - Jushenko Summit, September in Paris, while EU adopted on December an "Eastern policy", in which, "I'm convinced that our (EU's) future is to find with our Neighbours the conditions for Economic Development. Peace and Security, by explaining them that.. they must respect (Human Rights') Values, and adopt behaviors different from the Past", explained Sarkozy in Strasbourg.

Meanwhile, the "Union for the Mediterranean" was created, since July's Summit if 45 Heads of State and Government in Paris, as "an organisation for a permanent Dialogue, that we need", mainly in order to tackle the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, by bringing together, for the 1st time, Israelis and Arabs, where "Europe must be present, in order to avoid a frontal clash".

- "If Europe doesn't take its part for Peace in the Middle-East, nobody else will do that in our place", Sarkozy stressed.
-----------------------
    Meanwhile, other EU Agreements were brokered during the French EU Presidency on Immigration, (fex. common Asylum rules, etc), and Climat- Energy :

    - On Climat-Energy, the 2007 German EU Presidency had fixed a triple 20% aim for 2020 (20% renewable Energies, 20% reduction of CO2 emmission, 20% energy efficience/economies), and the 2008 French EU Presidecny realized that, making the necessary compromises in order to modernize EU's industry, but without throwing some former Central-Eastern European Countries into abrupt Economic break down risking "social explosion".

    - Defence-Security EU policy was mainly postponed for April 2009, since both German chancellor Merkel and French president Sarkozy want to strike a deal with the new American president Obama in Strasbourg's NATO Summit.

    However, with all these 4 unexpected Crisis diverting attention to other urgencies, People wil wonder now, what happened to the famous deal proposed by freshly-elected French President Sarkozy on Turkey's controversial EU bid, back on August 2007, to continue EU - Turkey negotiations, but on the double condition that core chapters, intrinsequally linked with EU Membership, will be excluded, and that a collective Reflexion and Debate on Europe's future would start before the end of 2008.

    It was meant to reply to the crucial question : What kind of Europe do we want in 10 or 20 Years from now : A large Market, or a Political Europe, with a popular identity ? In Sarkozy's thinking, presented in his 2 landmark speeches on Europe in Strasbourg, shortly before and after the 2007 Elections, (on February and July 2007), Turkey's controversial EU bid would be incompatible with the second choice.

    It's true that EU Commision's Chairman, Jose Barroso, (who had notoriously declared, as former Portuguese Prime Minister, that he found "nonsense" the idea that Europe might become equal to the US), had repeatedly tried to avoid that Sarkozy's criticism on Turkey might start winning a larger audience in Europe, preferring a discrete "wismens' committee" work. And that most of the personalities later chosen in order to participate in a Committee on Europe's Future, are too much linked with Socialist parties and/or American policies, to be really critical of USA's notorious wish to impose Turkey to the EU, as Sarkozy had noted himself since March 2007..

     - "It's on EU Council's presidency to take political initiatives. EU Commission has other competences", stressed Sarkozy. The "European Ideal" is to "build Europe with the States, not against them". "Ask Europeans to chose between their countries and Europe won't work. You don't choose between your two parents : We must add them together".

    "France and Germany have an Historic Duty to work together, precisely because of what happened to the Past. We have to work hand by hand. We cannot be separated.It goes beyond me and Mrs Merkel today, Mr Schroeder and Mr. Chirac yesterday. It's not a choice, it's a duty to Europe and to the World".  "We need Germany, as Germany needs Europe". Compromise is inevitable, here as everywhere, and each one made some steps towards eachother's positions.

    But "it's true that Mrs Merkel didn't chose her Socialist partners, while I chose mine", Sarkozy said, in an indirect hint that the Socialist Minister of Finance in Germany might be a cause of minor past disagreements in Economy, which were overcome in recent negotiations.

    "We (France and Germany) have particular duties in Europe", but "in a Europe of 27 Member States, it's not enough for France and Germany to agree between them.

    "I always thought that Great Britain has a special role to play in Europe. ... Now, everybody "saw what it cost payed the UK for having been too exclusively open towards the US (and) Financial services. Europe needs the UK, but also the UK needs Europe" :- "We were able to face the hardest moment of the Financial crisis because the UK clearly chose Europe", stressed Sarkozy, reminding Gordon Brown's exceptional participation to the Historic 1st Heads of State/Government Summit of EuroZone, October 12 in Paris (See EuroFora's Reportage from Elysee Palace then).

     - "Some look at Europe with old glasses aged 30 years ago. While we must look at her in relation to what it will be in 30 years" in the Future, Sarkozy concluded.

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