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Home arrow newsitems arrow New Austrian Chancellor+Next EU Chair Kurz to Eurofora on Turkey: the Question is: -Which Measures ?

New Austrian Chancellor+Next EU Chair Kurz to Eurofora on Turkey: the Question is: -Which Measures ?

Written by ACM
Friday, 23 March 2018
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*Brussels/EU-Summit/Angelo Marcopolo/- The New Chancellor of Austria, and Next EU Chairman-in-office for the period of July-December 2018, Sebastian Kurz, Leader of the ChristianDemocrat/EPP Party ÖVP, speaking to "Eurofora" at the conclusion of EU Heads of State/Government's Summit of March 2018 in Brussels, and shortly after Turkey droped, with contempt, crystal-clear Calls recently by EU Parliament and even now by the European Council, about Stopping Military Attacks in Syria's Kurdish canton of Afrin, Armed Provocations against Greece in the Aegean Sea, and, particularly, Bullying by Turkish GunBoats Hindering European Ships to Explore EU Member Cyprus' Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) for Natural Energy Resources, as Gas etc, (notoriously needed by EU Industry, Electricity and/or Transports Nowadays, particularly since Older Findings at the Northern Sea are Declining), sharply Observed that, rebus sic standibus, in fact, the Main Question Today is Not so much IF EU should React, but, rather, with "Which Measures", it should do so....


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 - "Eurofora" observed the Fact that Turkey just Droped Both EU Parliament's latest Resolution in Strasbourg, and EU Heads of State/Governments latest Conclusions in Brussels, which had slamed, particularly, Ankara's GunBoats Bullying against Peaceful Research and/or Exploitation of EU Member Cyprus' Natural Energy Resources inside it's Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), but also Dangerous Army Provocations at the Aegean Sea, as well as the Bloody Military Invasion/Occupation of Syria's Kurdish Canton Afrin, (etc).              

=> Don't you think that some Concrete Measures should be Taken, in order to Convince Ankara to respect EU's Decisions ?", we asked.


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- "My Position on Turkey is very Clear and Strong", (indeed, may be the strongest in the EU), spontaneously reacted the News Austrian Chancellor to "Eurofora"s above-mentioned Question.


-  In consequence, - "You don't need to Convince me !", Sebastien Kurz stressed from the outset, particularly as far as Turkey's controversial and unpopular EU bid is concerned.


=> So that, the real Question, Nowadays, is, not so much "IF", but, instead : - "Which Concrete Measures ?...", the Next EU Chairman-in-office (from July 2018) pointed out, sharply Returning the main Question back to "Eurofora"...


- Genuinely Surprized, initially we simply reacted by observing that "there are Many Kind of possible Measures, such as Symbolic ones, and/or Financial, Political, or even Others", in such a case, and modestly adding that such Decisions are not for journalists but for Political Leaders to take :- Points on which he agreed, thoughtfull... 


+ Subsequently, Kurz did Not Deny a General European Interest to ensure Security of Energy Supplies, by Protecting EU Countries' Freedom to Explore and have Direct Access to probable Oil/Gas Energy Natural Resources eventually located at EU Member Cyprus' EEZ, instead of abandoning all that to the mercy of Turkey's Violent Bullying against European Ships (starting from Italian ENI's), as "Eurofora" had suggested.

Indeed, inter alia, it's also a Fact that, f.ex., the First ever joint EU Defence Policy operation, has been organized - and Still Works, already since 2008 - for the Protection of Ship Navigation from Piracy Attacks around the Sea-Coasts of Somalia, leading to the Suez Channel, notoriously Strategic mainly for Oil/Gas Energy Transports, (which cross EU Member Country Cyprus' EEZ a their subsequent route towards Europe's core, Afterwards in the Mediterranean)... 

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>>> + Meanwhile, New Ambassador/Permanent Representative of Austria to the CoE, former Long-Time CFSP Senior Official in Austria's Foreign Policy at Vienna, Dr. Gerhard Jandl, Replying to a Similar "Eurofora"s Question, earlier at EU Parliament in Strasbourg, highlighted the Next Austrian EU Presidency's Will to Boost also "Defence Policy aspects for the Security of EU's Energy Supplies", as he characteristically said regarding Turkey's GunBoats Bullying (Comp. Supra).


By a Timely Coincidence, it's during the Period of the forthcoming Austrian EU Presidency (July - December 2018) that the Next Oil/Gas Exploration at EU Member Cyprus' EEZ has been Scheduled at the Block Number 10, by American Giant Company EXXON-MOBIL, (while a Return of Italian ENI's Drilling Ship at the Block Number 3 has not been excluded at all by the Company, which has already Declared its intention to Continue its Succesful Oil/Gas Explorations there, particularly after the Strong Official Conclusions of this EU Heads of State/Government Summit in Brussels).

 

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Last, but not least, New Austrian Ambassador/Permanent Representative to the CoE, Dr. Gerhard Jandl's ahove-mentioned Speech on EU's Security-Defence Policy at the eve of the forthcoming Austrian EU Presidency (July-December 2018), made at the Invitation of New MEP Lukas Mandl, Chairman of "PanEuropa" Working Group in EU Parliament, came shortly after an Exceptional PESCO Event on the sidelines of December 2017 EU Summit, which even included several Maritime Surveillance and Other Sea-related Security/Defence Projects, including UnderSeas, etc. (See "Eurofora" NewsReport from the spot, at : http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/euhistoricdefenceevent.html ).

 

 

(../..)


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("DraftNews", as already send to "Eurofora" Subscribers/Donors, earlier. A more accurate, full Final Version, might be published asap).


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 slovenian__croatian_presidents_at_coe_400

    The recent paradox of freezing EU Talks with front-runner Croatia, while continuing controversial EU - Turkey talks, despite Zagreb's acceptance of Refugees' Human Rights to return, that Ankara refuses fex. in Cyprus, while both have "Good Neighborhood" problems vis a vis Slovenia, or Greece, Cyprus and Armenia respectively, can it be justified by the non-fullfilment of EU criteria, as Slovenia says, or, is it "Double Standards" ?    

The question became unavoidable after statements by Presidents of Slovenia and Croatia, Tuerk and Mesic, respectively, to "EuroFora", exclusively or among Strasbourg's journalists this week at the CoE, on the sidelines of its 2009 Summer University for Political Schools, which topically brought them together as successive key-note speakers.


    Comming only a few Months before EU checks Turkey's compliance to its commitments on Cyprus, etc., scheduled for December 2009, this obviously has a special importance for the coherence of EU Enlargement's principles.

     Suspension of EU Negotiations is a normal consequence in case of a Candidate Country's failure to fullfil EU Conditions, such as "Good Neighborhood relations", stressed at first Slovenian President Danilo Tuerk, current CoE's chair.

    But, regarding EU's Criteria,  there shouldn't be any "Double Standards",  reacted Croatian President Stjepan Mesic, commenting the fact that Turkey's controversial EU negotiations continue, while they were recently "freezed" in the case of Croatia, an "unquestionably European Country", which oficially accepts to respect Refugees Human Rights, contrary to Ankara's notorious refusals or reluctance.                                       

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           - "EU itself has set as a Criterium (for EU Enlargement) the "Good Neighborhood relations",  and their absence justifies the "Suspension" EU Negotiations, (f.ex. with Croatia), because of a Border dispute affecting the territorial integrity of an EU Member Country, stressed Slovenian President, Danilo Tuerk, CoE's Chairman in office (May - November 2009), speaking to Journalists in Strasbourg including "EuroFora".    

Questioned earlier what "consequences on EU's Enlargement policy" can have the "Ban on EU Membership Negotiations", imposed to Croatia, Tuerk replied that "this question comes down to the fulfillement of (EU) Criteria for membership. One has to look at each Candidate Country ., from the point of view whether it fullfils the Criteria that EU has set. One of them are Good Neighborhood Relations, I'd like to remind. And also, there are other factors, such as Justice, Home affairs, Rule of Law, and others".


    - "Now, ..Candidate Countries are at Different Levels of fulfillement of Criteria", he observed.

    - " Croatia is obviously the closest to that. I'm rather optimistic : I think that in the coming Months we'll have an opportunity to look at all these issues constructively and hopefully we'll be able to make progress". "My main concern, at this point, is the situation in Bosnia : We haven't seen enough progres domesticaly. We haven't seen enough during ..political parties within their country.We need a New Energy, a new energetic move towards the Candidature for EU membership. "Other (Western Balkan) Countries (Serbia, Montenegro, FYROM, Albania) have been making soaring Progress, and I think that they should be ready, in a few Years, for the Candidate status".

    - "As far as the Western Balkans are concerned, .. nobody should be left outside" the EU, Slovenian's President concluded, ommitting to mention Turkey's controversial EU bid.

    - "This process may be seen as Slow, but..  Slovenia has also has also been exposed to various "Booms of Slowness" in our accession period. But now we can say that the process was relatively quick, because changes which occur after becoming EU member, are quite large, and they require proper Preparations before the (EU) membership becomes a new factor, an impacting line for a new (EU) member country".
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EU "Solidarity" ?
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Slovenian statements made some participants from certain 3rd Countries as FYROM, etc. claim that "the Principle of EU Solidarity" would "produce a.. rising European Union Nationalism (sic !), against Non-EU Countries", as they said, asking unhappy foreign countries to form a "bloc" to exert pressure on the EU...    

But Croatian President Stjepan Mesic dismissed that, supporting "EU Integration", "after the Economy also in Political" issues, as "the achievement" of our times. In EU there is "diversity, but it's United", he stressed, "EU has to be United so that it can become a central factor of Peace" also at the surrounding areas, he replied.

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Speaking later exclusively to "EuroFora", the experienced twice President of Croatia, former President of the International "Non-Aligned" movement, denounced "Double Standards" in the way EU treats recently Croatia compared to Turkey :   

 - "I think that there shouldn't be Double Standards", stressed the Croatian President, in reply to a Question comparing the freeze of EU - Croatia talks, with the continuation of EU - Turkey talks, despite the fact that Croatia is an "unquestionably European country", while Turkey's EU bid is notoriously controversial.


    Mesic was reacting to the observation that, even if he confirmed his "respect of Refugees' Human Rights to return, etc. (See infra), nevertheless, EU talks are suspended with Croatia.. While for oher, controversial candidates, who refuse to respect Refugees' Rights to return, etc., as fex. Turkey does in occupied Cyprus and elsewhere, EU negotiations continue".

    - "I believe that Croatia's accession will confirm that all European Countries who fulfill all of the Conditions and achieve European Standards, have to join the EU. There shouldn't be any Double Standards", went on to add in reply President Mesic.

    In this relation, Croatia's President found "of paramount importance", CoE's "mechanisms enforcing ECHR's judgements"
    
    - "On Refugees and Displaced persons, the process will be completed only after the last person demanding to return will be allowed to do so !", President Mesic Croatia stressed earlier, setting a general standard of obvious importance also for otherr candidates, as f.ex. Turkey, often accused to exclude or heavily restrict Greek Cypriot Displaced persons' return to their Family Homes and ancestral land, provoke difficulties to Turkish-Kurd IDPs return to their home regions at the South-East, etc.

    Some "2.000 People are still reported Missing" in former Yugoslavia, for some Years, (as in Cyprus, modern Europe's oldest case, for 3 Decades. Nagorno-Karabach, Tcecnya in Russia, etc, more recently), and Investigations "will only be completed after establishing the fate of the last one of them", he added.
    
    Speaking earlier on "War Crimes", President Mesic stressed that "Leaders are responsible for (the) Wars (of the Past), not the People", and called against Impunity :  "Individuals have to be held Responsible for Crimes. International Penal Tribunals have to persecute those individuals", perpetrators of War Crimes, he underlined.

    Such statements naturally made Mesic rather popular at ECHR, whose President, French EuroJudge, Professor Jean-Paul Costa, looked particularly smiling when he welcomed him later on Wednesday afternoon, after Slovenian President Daniko Tuerk earlier this week.
           

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