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Home arrow In Brief arrow New Italian Foreign Minister Moavero speaks for a Strong Europe closer to the People (earlier at EF)

New Italian Foreign Minister Moavero speaks for a Strong Europe closer to the People (earlier at EF)

Written by ACM
Thursday, 31 May 2018
moavero_at_headline_news_on_italian_government_team_eurofora_screenshot_from_mediaset_400



*Strasbourg/Angelo Marcopolo/- In Nowadays Context, it seems a Good Surprize Move by the New Italian Government, to choose, at the Last Minute, as New Italian Foreign Minister, Enzo Moavero, who has clearly Expressed to "Eurofora" a Political Will for a Strong Europe, Closer to EU Citizens, (See Infra).


Moavero (who served previously as EU Affairs Secretary of State), has, indeed, already Replied to relevant, key "Eurofora"s Questions at EU Parliament in Strasbourg,  (see: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/italianeuministermoaveroneuropeanpublicspace.html) , as had Also done, Earlier, his initial "Mentor", former Prime Minister and Top Expert Mario Monti, (See: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/mariomonti.html), who had even participated here Later in an Exceptionnal TriPartite Summit between France, Germany and Italy, with Nicolas Sarkozy, Angie Merkel and himself, (Comp. "Eurofora"s NewsReport from that Threefold Summit at: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/sarkozymerkelmontistrasbourgsummit.html, etc).


That TriPartite Franco-German-Italian Summit on 2011 in Strasbourg played, in fact, an Important Role for the Governance of €uroArea, to which it Contributed among a Wider Series of Relevant, Top Political Moves, made mainly Between August 2011 and March 2012, (Adde, among Many Others, also, f.ex.: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/sarkozymerkeleurozoneintegration.html, http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/merkelsarkozymontistart.html, http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/eugrowthfastmeasures.html, etc).


The New Foreign Minister of Italy had notoriously served initially Prime Ministers Monti and Letta, but Recently his Centrist Party reportedly Approached the Former Long-Time Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi's Center-Right "Forza Italia" Party, which had entered into a succesful Coalition of the Unity of (All) the Right, Together with Matteo Salvini (currently New vice-Prime Minister), Head of "Lega"'s Rightists, and Georgia Meloni's "Fratelli d'Italia" Party, Winning about 38 % of the Votes, while the Other Part of Nowaday's Anti-Establishment and UnPrecedented Coalition, Bepe Grillo''s "5 Stars Movement", got 32%, (See: http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/italianelectionresultsanalysis.html).


Being, basically, a University Professor in Law, Moavero has Also an Extensive Service inside EU Institutions, including at various Top Responsibility Posts in EU Commission in Brussels (including as Deputy Secretary General, etc), as Judge in EU's Court of Justice in Luxembourg, etc. He had, indeed, sincerely Impressed "Eurofora" as a Real Top European Senior Official, by his apparent Sense of the European General Interest, as well as by the Clarity, Expertise, Diplomatic Expression, but also Substance of his Measured, even if Bold Statements on Key Political Issues for Europe's foreseeable Future.


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Italian Medias Hailed, Today, this Last-Minute Choice for Moavero as Foreign Minister, by Placing it in FrontPage Top Headline News, of similar Importance Together with the Confirmation of Giuseppe Conte as Prime Minister, and the notoriously "Hotly" Debated Change for Paolo Savona from Economy to EU Affairs, (See, f.ex., relevant PHOTO).  


Mainstream Newspaper "Repubblica" even Observed that a Last-Minute Top Compromise between the "5 Stars"-"Lega"+ Coalition and Italian President Mattarella, concerning the Precise Job for Professor Savona, (for whom, particularly Matteo Salvini, appeared to Insist), also, Finally, brought Moavera on the Foreign Ministry, (Just After having been Earlier considered to Return on EU Affairs), particularly soon After a 15 Minutes Phone Conversation between Conte (himself, naturally, Always staying in touch with Di Maio and Salvini) and ... French President Emmanuel Macron !


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Moavero has demonstrated a rare Clarity in his way to Formulate even Complex Issues, f.ex. during a Collective Meeting with exclusively Italian-Speaking People in EU Parliament in Strasbourg, that he had, Astonishingly Succeeded to make even "Eurofora"s co-Founder, (who doesn't know but Only roughly some Basics about the Italian Language, that we had Tried to Learn, Only during a too Short Period of Time, in a very Remote Past), nevertheless, ... Understand quite a Lot of what he said, if not Almost all of it, at least in Substance...


Our Encounter (a Press RDV) had taken place just after his Keynote Speech at the Plenary Session of an Exceptional Paneuropean Event, here :  the "European Financial Forum", co-organized by the prestigious French School of Public Administration Top Managers ENA, together with the European School of Business "ECSP-Europe" and EU Parliament, with the moto : "European Identity - Global Perspectives".


- Questioned by "Eurofora", then, on his Vision of the Political component in the Financial/Economic Reforms needed by the EU, (as he had Highlighted earlier), Moavero stressed, from the outset, that "the 1st point to be strengthened, from a Political point of view, is the Democratic Accountability, the Democratic Legitimacy of EU Institutions", and this should be done "by a greater Involvement of (EU) Citizens", which "is (of)Essential" Importance.


- Interestingly, (particularly as far as "Eurofora"s Project for EU Citizens - EU Decision Makers' web Debates Before Measures are taken which Affect their Lives and/or Society at large), Moavero, (who Already was then Italy's EU Affairs Minister), Supported the Idea that "(EU) Citizens (should) fully Understand the Meaning" of "European Parliament'"s work, including, naturally, on "Election" Time, but also have a "Possibility for them to Contribute ...to the Future Legislation, to the future Equilibrium and Policies of the EU", as he characteristically said.


- That's the Main Reason for which "the Democratic Accountabilty and the Democratic Legitimacy of the EU is clearly the most Important element", Nowadays, and, for that purpose, "A European Public Debate Space is essential : We need to involve the Citizens. And we need Citizens' Consensus" in order "to increase the experience of the European Integration", Moavero had significantly Added.


He was Replying to a relevant "Eurofora"s Question, precisely, about "the Development of a "European Public Space of Debates"  (the "Öffentlichkeit", dear  to the famous German Political Philosophe Jurgen Habermas, of nearby Frankfurt), and he made it Clear that, - "Yes, of course", this was the Key Issue.


 - A Fortiori when some much Needed Legal Changes, Both in EU and National Institutions, on the foreseeable Future, have as a pre-Condition of "Fundamental Importance", a Political Democratic Dimension, since a Popular Consensus and a Democratic Legitimacy appear More Necessary than ever, as he had just stressed in his Keynote Speech (Comp. Supra).


+ Last, but not least, by anOther Good Coincidence, his initial Mentor, Mario Monti's previous Statements in Reply to "Eurofora"s Questions, also at EU Parliament in Strasbourg, Previously, as Early as Already since 2009, were, indeed, Related to the Relevant Potential of Digital Technologies, including Web Forums and particularly On-LIne Medias, etc., i.e. Near "Eurofora"s Project, (See : http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/mariomonti.html)...


=> Will, then, this New Italian Foreign Minister, now of an Atypical, Original New Government, made by Both the "5 Stars Movement" of Bepe Grillo's well known, Free Internet Access and Direct Democracy Supporters, as well as by Matteo Salvini's Popular "Lega" Party, Head of a Center-Right Coalition claiming to stand Closer than ever to People's real concerns, eventually Contribute for the EU to Advance Towards such Politico-Digital Perspectives, at least Now, i.e. a Decade Later from our Exchange with Monti : 2009 - 2019 ?

 


(../..)



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(NDLR : "DraftNews", as already send, Earlier, to "Eurofora" Subscribers/Donors. A more accurate, full Final Version, might be published asap)

 

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People in Europe and the World expect from CoE to make a succes of its "Monitoring" for Human Rights and Democracy, despite difficulties, said Finland's President Tarja Halonen to "EuroFora" at a crucial moment for the mecanism built 15 years ago by the paneuropean organization which celebrates its 60th Anniversary in 2009.

Halonen, known as "Mother" of CoE's "Monitoring" mecanism, a long-time MEP and former Foreign Minister before becoming Finland's President, holds a long experience in the mattter, after also serving twice as CoE and EU Chairwoman in the past. That's why she is well placed to judge how CoE's "monitoring" should deal today with some crucial issues of importance both to CoE and to the EU.

The move came just a Month before a crucial, last visit to Turkey, scheduled for June, by the President of CoE''s "Monitoring" Committee, Ukranian MEP Serge Holovaty, to finalize his Report on Ankara, the CoE Member State with the longest Monitoring procedure. From its results depends its overall credibility.

This is a Test-case, because, in fact, it's in order to avoid Sanctions threatened against Turkey by a CoE's Assembly's April 1995 Resolution for grave Human Rights violations, Democracy gaps, the continuing Military Occupation in Cyprus, the unresolved Kurdish problem, Aegean differend with Greece, etc., that MEPs decided to create, for the 1st time on April 1996, a "Monitoring" proces, allegedly destinated to check, without excluding Countries who did not fulfill all CoE's standards.

In the Past, the obliged withdrawal of Greece's Military regime and of its "Civil" cover-up out of the CoE had helped bring back Democracy in 1974. But, on the contrary, since April 1996, the idea was to "monitor" Human Rights' respect while keeping most concerned Countries inside the CoE. After Turkey's oldest example, this was extended also to several former "Eastern" European Countries, even if CoE's Assembly has imposed to some of them (fex. Ukraine, Russia, etc., after Belarus, Serbia, etc) various "Sanctions", that Ankara always avoided. Curiously more succesful even than .. USA itself, (a CoE "Observer" since 1995), which has been at least threatened with sanctions some years ago..

EU-effects of CoE's Monitoring process became obvious between 2001-2008, since the "closure" of this procedure, when CoE felt that a Country had met most of its Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law obligations, (i.e. the "Copenhagen Criteria" for the EU), helped trigger Negotiations with the EU for "Accession" or other closer relations : This occured already before the 2004 and 2007 EU Enlargements to former "Eastern" European Countries, as well as for the commencement of "accession" negotiations with Croatia, and of "open-ended" negotiations with Turkey in 2005.

    But a stricking new development are Holovaty's recent findings that on core Human Rights issues as Torture and Freedom of Expression, Turkey, even "5 Years after" CoE closed its "Monitoring", back in 2004, inciting EU to start accession Negotiations in 2005, still presents grave problems.

    His findings are of crucial importance after a 2008 CoE Resolution called, "if need be", to "seriously consider the possibility of Re-Opening the Monitoring procedure for Turkey" : A move which might affect Ankara's controversial EU bid, since EU Accession Negotiations are based on the Hypothesis that the Candidate fullfils the "Copenhagen Criteria" (See above)..
-------------------------
    Holovaty expressed his will to check  "Matters still Outstanding" and  those that he "didn't have an opportunity to discuss" at an earlier visit this year, "in order to discuss the more complex issues in greater depth", at his forthcoming New Visit to Ankara, before the December 2009 EU Summit.  This is all based on the 2004 CoE Resolution which stresses that, CoE "will continue.. post-monitoring Dialogue with the Turkish authorities,...in addition to a 12-points list,..and on any Other Matter that might arise in connection with Turkey’s Obligations as a CoE member state".

    CoE's Resolution also asks  from Turkey "to secure the proper Implementation of Judgements, particularly in the Cyprus v. Turkey InterState case", of 2001, which concerns also the plight of many Hundreds of MISSING People. It adds Turkey's obligations to "execute" ECHR's Judgements in the Loizidou case,..and in particular adopt General Measures to avoid repetition or continuation of Violations found by the Court" to the detriment of Refugees.

    Nevertheless, Holovaty said to "EuroFora" that "MISSING" persons,"might be included" and cannot be excluded, but he has yet to examine the situation "to find out  which issues will be raised" to the Turkish Government.

    Therefore, "EuroFora" asked Halonen, as the Historic "Mother" of CoE's Monitoring mecanism, if she thought that, "whenever there are grave Human Rights Violations, as fex. "MISSING" persons, attested even by ECHR's judgements, they should be always checked by a Monitoring process. Or could they be forgotten ?"
    
     - "We (CoE) must be, at the same time, Fair, Realistic, but not in the mind that "now we have Forgotten", etc., replied to "EuroFora"'s question Halonen, speaking as a matter of general principle.

    - "When we think of those People that are suffering from the lack of Democracy, of Human Rights, and of the Rule of Law", "we should find a base on how to deal with the (Monitoring) system more rapidly"', she stressed.

    - "Sometimes it's very difficult to combine Transparency and Effectivenes together, particularly in this specific case", she went on to say. But, "I have not found a (CoE Member) Country who could be insensitive in this sens", Halonen answered concerning grave Human Rights violations attested by the ECHR.

    - "I have no ready-made answer. I have the expectations that you, in the CoE, will, step by step, find the different types of the monitoring systems."

    Also "because this is a part of the UN's Post-Conflict system, (fex. when it comes to Cyprus' MISSING persons), and it's a more Global system". So that, "If we make a succes in Europe, the others will follow", throughout the World.  "But they expect that we (Europe) are this opportunity, this Opportunity to make a Succes", Halonen concluded.

    In addition, she advised to extend CoE's Monitoring to all its 47 Member States, "because, as long as we hear that, all these monitoring systems are "OK for the neighbor, but not for me", "it's very difficult" to understand. Something which could make easier to Compare...

    Finnish MEP Jaako Laakso, former CoE Rapporteur on the Occupied Territories of Cyprus and one of the 5 Signatories of the Historic CoE's call to create the "MONITORING" mecanism since 1996, was more specific :  - "We (CoE Assembly) have to find a way for the issue of Cyprus' MISSING People to be better followed", he stressed, anouncing his intention to "speak to Mr. Holovaty" about that. "There might be also other ways", added Laakso.

    - The 2008 "Year had been a very Bad one for Turkey with regard to Human Rights in general, and Freedom of Expression in particular", denounced, meanwhile, Holovaty's preliminary Post-Monitoringh Draft Report by Holovaty, published by the CoE on April 2009.

    "Amnesty International believes that freedom of expression is not guaranteed given the various articles of the Criminal Code that restrict it. .. "For example, 1,300 Websites are said to have been closed down by the (Turkish) authorities in 2008" ! While "the new Turkish Criminal Code was used to bring a total of 1,072 proceedings between June 2005 and April 2008, and led to the conviction of 192 people", for expressing views. "Representatives of the Özgür Gündem newspaper, which specialises in Kurdish affairs, ..complained about Numerous Attacks on their Freedom of Expression ...as was everyone who advocated a settlement to the question by means other than the intervention of the army" "According to their figures, 19 Newspapers had been suspended 43 times between 4 August 2006 and 4 November 2008" !...

    Moreover, on 2008,  CoE's "Ministers adopted its 4rth Resolution on the execution of the judgments of the ECHR, ...and outstanding issues regarding 175 Judgements and decisions relating to Turkey delivered between 1996 and 2008...  concerning Deaths resulting from the excessive use of force by members of the Security forces, the failure to protect the right to life, the DIisappearance and/or death of individuals, Ill-Treatment and the Destruction of property". CoE's " Ministers urged the Turkish authorities ...to ensure that members of Security forces of all ranks can be prosecuted without administrative
authorisation" for "serious crimes". Holovaty reminded.

"Nonetheless", Holovaty heard anew of "Several cases of Violence committed last year (2008) by the (Turkish) security forces". Amnesty International speaks of Many Cases of ill-treatment and Torture in the prisons and by the police". "Including, fex."'the death of Engin Ceber, a young man of 29 who died on October 2008 as a result of the TORTURE allegedly inflicted on him by police officers, prison staff and members of the gendarmerie. He was part of a group of people arrested on September 2008 during a demonstration and Press Conference in Istanbul'. Proceedings against suspects are "on-going" in this case.

- " I therefore noted an Obvious Contradiction between the Government’s stated “zero tolerance” policy.... of Torture and other forms of ill-treatment, and the different testimonies given", denounced CoE's Rapporteur.  Turkish "authorities must make considerable efforts to guarantee that proper investigations are carried out into allegations of abuses by members of the security forces and that perpetrators are effectively punished" "In this respect, I have requested detailed Statistics on the number of Investigations, acquittals and convictions in cases involving allegations of abuse in order to show the positive impact of the measures taken to date", Holovaty said, repeating a permanently unsatisfied CoE's demand to Turkey since a Decade...

    - "The Political Crisis that shook the country in the spring of 2008 highlighted the Weaknesses of the (Turkish) Constitution", which comes from the Military regime of 1982, "and the Urgent Need of Reforms", stressed from the outset CoE's Rapporteur in 2009. In particular, "the ...Democratic functioning of state institutions, including the independence of the judicial system, are crucial", he observes.

    But, "the Electoral  system and the ways in which it is circumvented do not appear to give those elected complete Legitimacy, and tend to pervert the course of direct universal suffrage", denounces Holovaty, observing that, even 5 Years later, Turkey did not yet change the 10% nationwide Threshold for a party to take any seat, which is "far higher" than the "3%" maximum in Europe and already condemned as contrary to European Standards by the CoE.

    + Moreover, EU Parliament's 2009 Report on Turkey, drafted by Dutch MEP Ria Oomen-Ruijten and adopted in Strasbourg on March, expresses "Concern over the Failure of the (Turkish) Judiciary to prosecute cases of Torture and Ill-treatment, the Number of which is Growing". EU also "is concerned about continuing Hostility and Violence against Minorities" in Turkey. It also "calls on the Turkish Government to launch, as a matter of Priority, a Political Initiatve favouring a lasting Settlement of the Kurdish issue, (while "condemning violence.. and terrorist groups"). EU "regrets that No progress has been made on establishing full, systematic Civilian suprevisory functions over the (Turkish) Military".

    The final results of Holovaty's 2nd and last visit to Turkley will be known later this year, and, at any case, before EU's December 2009 Summit.

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