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Home arrow In Brief arrow Merkel warns Hollande on Turkey if Socialists harm €uro : Pacta sunt servanda(Her reply to EuroFora)

Merkel warns Hollande on Turkey if Socialists harm €uro : Pacta sunt servanda(Her reply to EuroFora)

Written by ACM
Monday, 06 February 2012


If you dare touch upon €uroArea's currently accelerating integration, then, forget all about Turkey's - EU unpopular closer links, talks and funds, seems to be the message twice launched by christiandemocrat/EPP leader Merkel to "Socialists", on the occasion of Hollande's controversial threats against the New €uroArea Governance Treaty :

By doing that, the German chancellor (who currently tops, with 64% of positive views, her country's Polls) revives in 2012 her famous "Pacta sunt servanda" formula-reply to "EuroFora"'s co-Founder's question as early as since the beginning of her work at Berlin's Top Political Job, from November 2005 (See infra)..

For a 2nd time in a row, German Chancellor Angie Merkel, indirectly but surely, warned, in substance, the controversial "Socialist" candidate to French Presidential Elections of May 2012, Hollande, that if he persists to threaten with a cumbersome re-negotiation among 25 EU States the new Treaty which created €uroArea's Governance (decided by EU Summits on December 2011 and confirmed on January 2012, due to be signed at the beginning of March), then, she could do alike at another issue interesting "Socialist" parties, that of Turkey's unpopular EU bid, where she was obliged to accept the continuation of EU - Turkey talks, (spending almost 1 Billion € in grants each year, even during the current Global Financial Crisis), while she is notoriously opposed to Ankara's demand to enter inside the EU, only because previous "Socialist" Governments in Germany had signed such a controversial deal in the Past, obliging Germany as a State.


The 1st such warning was given by Merkel during her Press Conference on the EU Summit of January 30 in Brussels (comp. "EuroFora"s NewsReports from Brussels), and the 2nd was significantly given today, February 6, in Paris, in a special TV interview to Franco-German channels, together with French President Nicolas Sarkozy. In other words, either all "Pacta sunt servanda", or none, according to Merkel's wording in her famous reply to "EuroFora"'s co-founder's question, precisely on Turkey's unpopular EU bid, during her 1st official visit to Elysée Palace, immediately after she became Chancellor, on November 2005.


Our question concerned mainly the respect of Turkey' obligations vis a vis the EU, that Ankara had assumed in order to start negotiations with the EU, but Merkel had replied in a way which was covering all international commitments which had been undertaken in the Past by previous Governments, including by a former "Socialist" Government in Germany, also on the opening of EU - Turkey negotiations, which, indeed, continued in theory until now.

German Chancellor Merkel's and French President Sarkozy's well-known opposition to Turkey's unpopular EU bid was, thus, translated, later-on, in EU Council's subsequent decisions that the final outcome of Turkey's EU Talks was "Open-ended", i.e. could possibly lead simply into a kind of "privileged partnership" or any other kind of closer relationship, but not at all in a full EU Membership, which depended also on EU's capacity to "Integrate" such entities as the non-European, mainly Asiatic, Under-Developed and notoriously Anti-Democratic Turkish  regime, while even the continuation of EU - Turkey talks was subordinated, after Sarkozy's election, to the exclusion of 5 Chapters, considered to touch upon full EU Membership, (such as Citizens and Institutions, Foreign and Security, Regional and Cohesion policy, etc), in addition to the other 6 Chapters already blocked since 12/2006 because of Turkey's refusal to abide with its obligation to lift any discrimination against EU Member Cyprus (Sea + Air Transports and Communications, Trade, etc), and EU accepted in principle Sarkozy's proposal to start a European Debate on EU's Identity and Future.

+ Meanwhile, the new movement launched by the Franco-German couple for deeper and higher EU "Integration"; since the December 2010 Summit at nearby Freiburg, (See "EuroFora"s NewsReports from the spot), and extended inside €uroArea after the August 16, 2011, Franco-German Summit at Elysée palace in Paris, (See "EuroFora"s NewsReport from there), leading to 25-26 EU Countries' decision to establish and confirm a New Treaty on €uroArea's Governance, including even "regular" Top Politcal level's Summits of Heads of State/Government, more than twice a year, and possibly each Month, i.e. approaching the usual pace of a normal Government (weekly), (See "EuroFora"s NewsReports from the 12/2011 and 1/2012 Brussels' EU Summits), obviously opened some New Perspectives for a Future European Horizon, whose potential dimensions have not yet been clearly understood and/or explained to the Public by traditional Médias...

Takiong also intoé account the fact that EU's Budgets are due to be "Freezed", during the foreseeable Future, by the well-known 2010 Letter of new British Prime Minister David Cameron, in agreement with German Chancellor Angie Merkel and French President Nicolas Sarkozy, particularly during the current Global Financial Crisis, while, at the same moment, the Franco-German couple at the core of €uroArea launches, since 2010-2012, more and more common projects, mainly on Scientific Research and Technological development, with additional Funds, added to ECB's recent 12/2011-1/2012 operations considerably facilitating Banks' Loans to all €uroArea Countries, now starting to focus also on Growth in a series of current and forthcoming €uro-Summits, obviously leads towards the possible creation of an at least "2 Levels" Integration in Europe's heart, whose core shouldn't naturally be exposed to Ankara's dangerous Asiatic and Global (US-led) tricky games...



european sme week (since 2009)


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The official presentation of a "Program" respecting People's choices voted in the June 7, 2009 EU Elections, to be debated in EU Council and EU Parliament during its 1st Session on July in Strasbourg, is the No 1 Priority, according to Democratic principles, for the Franco-German axis, said the main winners at the ballot box, French President Nicolas Sarkozy and German Chancellor Angie Merkel.

They stressed  that the New EU Commission's President must have a "Program" in favor of an EU which "protects" its Citizens, regulates financial markets and aims at a "Political" Europe" : a wording they have used as incompatible with Turkey's controversial EU bid.

They also declared ready for a "political" endorsment of "Mr. Barroso's candidacy" in June's EU Council, considering that an official decision would have to be made after EU Parliament's debates and votes, possibly from next month (July), with the legally necessary final acceptance shortly after Lisbon Treaty's entry into force, hoped for September or October.

- "A Program, and Mr. Barroso" : This resumes, in substance, the anouncements made by Sarkozy and Merkel, on the question of current EU Commission's President, Barroso's declared wish to succeed to himself for a second mandate, to be extended during the following 5 years.

 In their 1st meeting after EU Elections, they observed that "the Franco-German axis counted in European Elections' campaign... But, we both keep a realistic view : We saw the number of those who abstained, and we must absolutely give them an answer. We also see the disilusionment of an important number of Europeans vis a vis Europe, and we are aware of the responsibilities we have".


 - The "Duty" of the new EU Commission's President, after June 7, 2009 EU Elections' result, "is to act for a Europe which protects the Europeans, to commit himself into working for a better Regulation of Financial transactions, ... and to have a Political will for Europe", underlined Sarkozy.

Therefore, "we have asked M. Barroso... to clarify, to officialy present the intentions he has", he anounced.

- "We want to speak also about the Programme", explained Merkel.

- "It's important that for the next EU Parliament's mandate (2009-2014) we take the right Decisions for Europe.  Obviously on Persons, but mainly Decisions on Issues", she stressed.

- "It's not simply a question of a Person, it's also a question of a Programme". We are "really asking Mr. Barroso to commit himself on a Program, and on Principles, on Values", Sarkozy added.

EU President-in-office, Czech Prime Minister Jan Fischer, accepted the Franco-German stance :

- "Barroso must present his Programme. The Czech Presidency agrees with that", Fischer reportedly said later, after meeting Sarkozy.

But Press reports from Brussels claimed that Barroso had preferred to be officially appointed by EU Council since June, (i.e. next week), "because this was implied by the current Treaty of Nice, according to him", and considered any delay until the possible ratification of the new, Lisbon Treaty on September/October, as "undemocratic".

- "At any case, independently of what Germany and France ask, it's also EU Parliament's wish". "We shall propose Mr Barroso's candidacy... But even in the framework of Nice Treaty, EU Parliament has to be associated in this Decision", the French President observed.

If this is correctly done, then "we support Mr. Barroso's candidature", and "if the (EU) Parliament agrees, we might ratify this decision since July", (i.e. next month), they both said.


- "France and Germany support Baroso's candidacy, But we want to speak also on the Program. We believe that this Program should be established in close cooperation with EU Parliament, and that's why we have followed an appropriate way", said Merkel.  - If EU Parliament wants, this election can take place on July,  but this must be done in full agreement.

- "We shall support Mr. Barroso's candidacy, without doubt", said Sarkozy. "But we have asked from Mr. Barroso, as I told him yesterday, to put into detail.. his intentions, at the eve of his 2nd mandate, if the situation avails itself.

    France and Germany "don't want to take an Official Legal Decision by writting" during "the next (EU) Council" (on June 18-19), declared Sarkozy.  Because they prefer, at this stage, only "a Political decision" on June, "so that we (EU Council) can work together with EU Parliament", which starts to meet only Next Month, since July in Srasbourg, "leaving a Legal decision by writting for later".

    - "If the Conditions are fuillfiled in EU Parliament, we (EU Council) are ready to give the agreement and make it offficial", said Merkel

    - "But, now we are working in the base of Nice Treaty. If tommorow we want to work in the spirit of Lisbon Treaty, we have to find a proper way", she added.

    - "Of course it's Legally complicated, because we are going to make a Political proposal to the forthcoming Council, for an EU Commission's President, on the basis of Nice Treaty : So, we (EU Council) will not appoint the Commissioners. Only the President.  If EU Parliament agrees, it could endorse this position on July", explained Sarkozy.

    But, on Autumn, "if Ireland ratifies Lisbon Treaty, there will be, at any case, a 2nd Decision, to appoint the Commission's President, this time on the basis of Lisbon treaty, and then, we, the EU Member States, would have to appoint (also) the EU Commissioners", he added.

    As for the precise Timing :  - "Everything is suspended until the Irish vote... Now, we must all make everything possible to help Ireland to say "Yes"" to Lisbon Treaty... The Irish Referendum, ..will take place either on September or on October. It's a Question which depends on the Irish. And,  then, we shall have the Choice of the Candidates for the permanent Institutions of Europe".

    However, "if Ireland says No, we, French and Germans, have to assume our responsibilities, and we'll do so", he concluded.

    But British and Swedish governments were reportedly eager to have a final EU Council decision on Barroso since this month, on June's European Council. While the other EU Member Countries are divided, several of them preferring to wait until EU Parliament pronounces itself, on July, and/or until Lisbon Treaty might be ratified by Ireland at the beginning of the Autumn. Barroso's current mandate ends on November.

    There are also various, contradictory and/or unpredictable reactions inside EU Parliament vis a vis Barroso's wish to continue a 2nd mandate, because many MEPs are openly or secretly opposed, reluctant, or hesitating.

    In the biggest EU Countries, as France and Germany, EU Citizens voted on June 2009 EU Elections for a renovated, non-technocratic but Political Europe which cares for its Citizens, with an Identity, Values and Borders, declared incompatible with Turkey's controversial EU bid, by mainstream, pro-European Governing Parties. Similar choices were also supported in several other small or medium EU Countries.

    On the contrary, whenever, in other Countries, Governing and other mainstream Parties didn't make these choices or eluded them, EU Citizens massively voted for euro-Sceptics whenever they were the only ones to to promise anti-bureacratic change and oppose Turkey's demand to enter into the EU, (f.ex. in the UK, Netherlands, etc).

    It's seems to be an Open Question whether Sarkozy and Merkel's conditions will be really accepted by Barroso, who was appointed on 2004 in a different political context, (with Socialist Prime Ministers in Germany, France, etc), had rejected in the Past the idea of EU becoming "equal to the USA" as "ridiculous", and pushed for Turkey's contoversial EU bid, trying to "soften" or contain the changes desired by the People who voted for Merkel and Sarkozy with another policy vis a vis Turkey on 2005 in Germany and on 2007 in France, as they did all over Europe on 2009.

    In addition to many EPP Governments, it's 3 remaining Socialist Prime Ministers : Gordon Brown in the UK, Zapatero in Spain, and Socrates in Prortugal, who support Barroso, as well as Liberal Swedish Prime Minister Reinfeldt. But their Parties lost the June 2009 EU Elections.

    Questioned whether there was still "Time" for "other" possible "Candidates", Sarkozy and Merkel did not deny, nor made any comment on that, but simply said that "it's not for us to make publicity for any candidates. We anounced our choice ("A Program, and Mr. Barroso"). But we respect any other candidate".

    Among various other names cited are former Belgian Prime Minister Verhofstadt, former UNO's Human Rights Commissioner Mary Robinson of Ireland, Italian former EU Commission's vice-President Monti, etc. Meanwhile, Luxembourg's PM Juncker, (who had been unanimously accepted by EU Council for EU Commission's Presidency on 2004, but refused), announced his intention to resign from "EuroGroup"'s Chair. Thus, he might be available for another Top EU job.

    As "EuroFora"'s "opinion" said (See publication dated 9/6/09) : - "If the current candidates (i.e. Barroso, etc) to the Top EU jobs promise and guarantee to respect People's democratic choices, then, it's OK".

"Otherwise, Europe must find new candidates, really motivated and able to implement these democratic choices of the People."

    Because, "in Democracy, the forthcoming choices for EU's Top Jobs,...should be made according to EU Citizens' Votes in June 7, 2009 European Elections, and main EU Governments' strategic policies".



2009 EU Elections were won by Parties against Technocracy and Turkey's controversial EU bid, while the 1999-2004 Majority Abstention trend decelerated. What should be done in 2009-2014 ?


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