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State of play, projects, pragmatism in Kazakhstan Republic

Escrito por ACM
18.10.20

 

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State of play, projects, pragmatism in the Republic of Kazakhstan


News-ViewPoint by Patrick Bracker

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(NDLR: News-View Points, including of our Columnist Patrick Bracker, Express the Opinion of the Writer, and Not necessarily that of "Eurofora".


+ A Translation in French is provided herewith, in Addition to the Original in English)

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(A Strategic Location, between China and Russia, on the Road towards the EU, and at the Heart of Northern EurAsia *- Wikipedia + Eurofora)

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During the annual State of the Nation address* of the President of Kazakhstan, President Kassim-Jomart Tokayev projected an ambitious, comprehensive and innovative global program*.  

Interactivity

The projections planned for the short, medium or long term cover the multiplicity of human activities in Kazakh society, whether in the administration or in civil society - public life, civil life -.  

The projects concern an improvement of the model of state administration, the inclusion of economic development in the realities of the 21st century -news-, propose the search for balanced territorial development and is based on an absolute priority: the well-being of citizens.  

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The President shows a strong willingness to develop the quality of education, including the aspects of availability and accessibility, and pays increased attention to health care through the envisaged medical programs.

While the ecology supported by the protection of biodiversity remains a central concern for the President and the government, there is also interest in justice at the service of citizens, as well as access to digitisation or civil participation in public life.

These projects of innovation, structural reforms and modernization, taking into account the anthropological realities of the country, aim to perpetuate the Kazakh model with its strong historical identity.

The President's perspective remains lucid in pointing out successes as well as more complex or problematic situations on various scales. There is a demand for interactivity and the participation of different strata of society and individuals.

The projects aim to improve the quality of the whole nation by modernizing society, with the objective of bringing progress and a better life in people's daily lives, prosperity, peace and health. Among the presidential wishes, we note the impetus relative to the dynamism of the Nation and individuals, supported by the will to increase the life expectancy of the inhabitants.

Some elements of the philosophy advocated by the Teacher of the Nation Ahmet Baitursynov are recalled by President KJT to motivate the citizens in front of the proposed projects: learning, wealth and business as well as power relations, -unity and cohesion-, -constant effort-.  

If this approach is indeed preponderant, I think it is useful to consider that the adhesion of citizens according to their free will to the projects represents a force and a vector of success.

On the other hand, it is also useful to remember that in life, all do not start out on an equal footing. Every human being is endowed with different origins, qualities, health, character or psychology.

There is the adjustment of possibilities to realities; everyone can find his or her place in society.  

Not everyone runs the 100m as fast as Hussein Bolt, and Prince Charles was undoubtedly better off than most! It is therefore advisable to adjust the societal rhythms to the individual capacities of the citizens in relation to the general framework proposed, and these both according to the differences inherent in the activities and at the intergenerational level. If the top of the class provides a form of progression, it is fair to take into account the abilities of each individual and those who are less advanced.    

All of the proposals made by the President in his speech seem to me to go in this direction, progressive modernity, respect for custom, humanism rather than barbarism. By advancing step by step with the explanations and acceptances, -mediations-, all would be winners for individual, inter-group and collective development.  

The search for a balance between the components of society, local, national and beyond, prolonged by coherence between human groups and individuals, should favour the harmonious implementation of many of the programs presented.

One central question seems to me to be raised: wondering what will it become of people after each decision? It would be good to remain cautious in the face of adjustment variables, especially those coming from elsewhere and sometimes from the "civilized world", which do not necessarily take into account the human being or respect for life or the living environment. It may turn out that economic realities taken in their overall context may show little consideration for the human person. It is right to provide for and ensure the security of people in their nation and region, with regard to everyone's right to exist.

Some basic precautions should be considered by the Kazakh and Presidential collective in relation to definitions such as "the civilised world" which is not always exemplary. It seems important to me to trust first and foremost the Kazakh people and their capacity for self-development of their collective intelligence several thousand years old while remaining within the context of the planet and relations with neighbors or more distant peoples.

In the turmoil of the world, Kazakhstan is a stable and peaceful state with a rich and long history, settled in its own internal evolution between tradition and progress.

The geostrategic and geopolitical context gives a particular role to this Central Asian state. Indeed, the Eurasian perspective cited by President Tokayev may prove to be a key element of the future. The current elements of bilateral and multilateral relations will certainly allow excellent coordination in the friendly and serene cohabitation with the neighbours, based on the strong identity of the Kazakhs and the Institutions in which this country participates.

The Kazak people are endowed with a long line of multidimensional life experience and possess in their souls the springs of their evolution. Relationships of trust and respect will help the harmonious development of the country in a peaceful and dynamic regional geography.

The wise man, the wise President, the Kazak collective will undoubtedly take into account these issues related to fairness before the rights and duties in the field of interactive and secure domestic policy, extending the Kazakh values in the field of common sense foreign policy and constant search for balance.

 

Good luck!

Patrick Bracker

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*Speeches President KJT as of      September 2020

 

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Etat des lieux, projets, pragmatisme en République du Kazakhstan  

 

News-ViewPoint par Patrick Bracker


Lors du discours annuel sur l’état de la Nation, de la Présidence du Kazakhstan, le Président Kassim-Jomart Tokayev a projeté un programme  global ambitieux, complet et innovant  

Interactivité

Les projections planifiées à court moyen ou long terme recouvrent la multiplicité des activités humaines dans la société kazakhe, relevant de l’administration ou de la société civile, -vie publique, vie civile-.  

Les projets concernent une amélioration du modèle d’administration d’état, l’inscription du développement économique dans les réalités du XXIème siècle –nouvelles-, proposent la recherche de développement territorial équilibré et s’appuie sur une priorité absolue : le bien être des citoyens.  

Le Président montre une volonté forte pour développer la qualité de l’éducation, notamment les aspects de disponibilité et d’accessibilité et porte une attention accrue s’agissant des soins de santé grâce au programmes médicaux envisagés.    

Si l’écologie soutenue par la protection de la biodiversité reste une préoccupation centrale pour le Président et le gouvernement, l’intérêt se porte également sur la justice  au service des citoyens, ainsi que l’accès à la numérisation ou la participation civile à la vie publique

L’on conçoit que ces projets d’innovation, de réformes structurelles et de modernisation, en tenant compte des réalités anthropologiques du pays visent à pérenniser le modèle kazakhe doté de sa forte identité historique.

Le cheminement de la perspective du Président reste lucide en faisant état des réussites comme des situations plus complexes ou problématiques sur diverses échelles. L’on ressent la demande d’interactivité  et la participation des différentes strates de la société et des personnes.

Les projets tendent à améliorer la qualité de toute la nation en modernisant la société, l’objectif étant d’apporter le progrès et une meilleure  vie dans le quotidien des personnes, la prospérité, la paix, la santé. Parmi les souhaits présidentiels, l’on remarque l’impulsion relative au dynamisme de la Nation et des individus, soutenue par la volonté d’accroitre la durée de vie des habitants.

Quelques éléments de la philosophie préconisée par l’Enseignant de la Nation Ahmet Baitursynov sont rappelés par le Président KJT pour motiver les citoyens face aux projets proposés : l’apprentissage, la richesse et des affaires ainsi que des rapports de pouvoir, -unité et cohésion-, et, l’-effort constant-.  

Si cette approche est effectivement prépondérante, je pense qu’il est utile de considérer que l’adhésion des citoyens selon leur libre arbitre aux projets, représente une force et un vecteur de réussite.

 D’autre part, il est utile de rappeler également que dans la vie, tous ne partent pas d’un pied d’égalité. Chaque être humain est doté de différentes origines, qualités, santé, caractère ou psychologie.

Il y a l’ajustement des possibilités aux réalités, chacun peut trouver sa place au sein de la société.  

Tout un chacun ne coure pas le 100m aussi vite que Hussein Bolt, et le Prince Charles était sans nul doute mieux loti que la plupart ! Aussi est-il bon d’ajuster les rythmiques sociétales aux capacités individuelles des citoyens en regard du cadre général proposé, et cela aussi bien selon les différences inhérentes aux activités qu’au niveau intergénérationnel. Si les premiers de classe apportent une forme de progression, il est juste de tenir compte des aptitudes de chacun et de ceux moins avancés.    

L’ensemble des propositions faites par le Président lors de son discours me semble aller dans ce sens, la modernité progressive, le respect de la coutume, l’humanisme plutôt que la barbarie. En avançant pas à pas avec les explications et les acceptations, -médiations-, tous joueraient gagnants pour le développement individuel, inter-groupal et collectif.  

La recherche d’un équilibre entre les composantes de la société, locales, nationales et au-delà prolongé par la cohérence entre les groupes humains et les personnes devrait favoriser la mise en œuvre harmonieuse de nombre de programmes présentés.

Une question centrale me semble posée : se demander ce que vont devenir les personnes après chaque décision … Il serait bon de rester prudent face aux variables d’ajustement, notamment celles qui viennent d’ailleurs et quelque fois du « monde civilisé » qui ne tiennent pas nécessairement compte de l’être humain ou du respect de la vie  ou du cadre de vie. Il peut s’avérer que les réalités économiques prises dans leur contexte global peuvent montrer peu de considération de la personne humaine Il est juste de prévoir  et d’assurer la sécurité des personnes dans leur nation et région, en regard du droit d’existence de tout un chacun.

Quelque précautions basiques seraient à considérer par le collectif Kazakhe  et Présidentiel par rapport aux définitions comme par exemple «  le monde civilisé » qui n’est pas toujours exemplaire, il me semble important de faire confiance en premier lieu au peuple kazakhe et sa capacité d’auto-développement de son intelligence collective plusieurs fois millénaire tout en restant inscrit dans le contexte de la planète et des relations avec les voisins ou les peuples plus lointains.

Dans les désordres du monde, le Kazakhstan est un état stable et paisible doté d’une riche histoire de très longue date, installé dans ses propres évolutions internes portées entre tradition et progrès.

Le contexte géostratégique et géopolitique confère un rôle particulier à cet état d’Asie Centrale. En effet, la perspective eurasiatique citée par le Président Tokayev peut se révéler un élément clé du futur. Les éléments actuels des relations bilatérales ou multilatérales permettront certainement d’excellentes coordinations dans la cohabitation amicale et sereine avec les voisins, en s’appuyant sur l’identité forte des Kazakhes et sur les Institutions auxquelles participe ce pays.

Le peuple Kazakhe est doté d’une longue ligne d’expérience de vie multidimensionnelle et possède dans son âme les ressorts de son évolution. Les rapports de confiance et de respect aideront au développement harmonieux du pays dans une géographie régionale apaisée et dynamique

L’homme sage, le Président avisé, le collectif Kazakhe tiendront sans nul doute compte de ces questions liées à l’équité devant les droits et devoirs en matière de politique intérieure interactive et sécurisée, en prolongeant les valeurs kazakhes dans le domaine de politique extérieure de bon sens et de recherche constante d’équilibre.

 

Bonne chance !

Patrick Bracker

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*discours Président KJT en date du    septembre 2020

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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W4bkNqoJm7Y

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 ("United States of [Northern?) EurAsia" - The Muse")

(Lyrics in the 3rd Video)

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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XIwmJFcm_OI

 

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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-5-K51jHQ6k

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    Scientific innovation joined to Faith for Human Rights, Eastern Partnership and fight against the Crisis, but above all, the need to overcome the "Crisis of Trust" from EU Citizens, are the main priorities for new EU Parliament's President, Polish Jerzy Buzek, that a 555-votes-strong majority of MEPs on July 14,  Strasbourg made a living symbol of the fact that, 20 years after the fall of Berlin Wall (1989 - 2009) there is no more an Eastern or Western Europe, but only one Europe, as the head of the largest group of MEPs, ChristianDemocrats/EPP, Joseph Daul, stressed after the event.

    Speaking later to a group of Strasbourg's Journalists, including "EuroFora", the new EU Parliament's President clarified his stance on concrete topical issues, as f.ex. that of Turkey's controversial EU bid, which was one of the main issues of the June 2009 Electoral campain, clearly won by his party of ChristianDemocrats/EPP :  - "At present, Turkey does not fullfil none of EU conditions", he stressed, (See infra).

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    Buzek is well known in Strasbourg and to "EuroFora" as EU Rapporteur for the Framework Program of Scientific Research and Development of Technologies. A Natural Science Professor from the Historic and Religious landmark Polish City of Częstochowa, active in the famous Solidarnosk grass-roots social movement, he served 4 years as Prime Minister (1997-2001), before being elected as MEP in 2004 and 2009, after he brillantly won the latest EU Election at the head of his party (EPP) almost doubling the number of its MEPs from 15 to 28 !

    - "Innovation" and "Energy safety", as well as fight against the "Cimat change", but also "Eastern Partnership", the "Mediterranean", "Strategic partnerships" with Russia, the USA, etc, and the search for "solutions to the Economic Crisis" that EU Citizens "expect" from us, will be his "priorities", announced from the outset the new EU Parliament's President, reminding also that the quest for "Human and Civic Rights" played an important role in his experience with the Solidarnosc grass-roots social movement in Poland's History

    But, the most important of all, is the urgent need to overcome the "Crisis of Trust" between EU Institutions and the People he stressed : - EU "Citizens often don't understand us", denounced Buzek, launcing a call to "do anything for EU Citizens to understand our work" in EU Parliament : "We (MEPs) need to make EU Citizens involved" in "what we are doing every week, in Strasbourg and Brussels", he proposed. Pointing f.ex. to the hot "Debates" with "strong arguments" exchanged between MEPs during the preparation of their Legislative Decisions, in Committees, delivering often hard struggles between initially opposed points of view, long before forging a majority at the final vote, sometimes more than a year..

    Therefore, EU Parliament will be "open to your criticism, for discussion and exchange of views", he promissed to Journalists in Strasbourg.

    In this way, Buzek, in fact, highlighted "EuroFora"s main idea, that we strongly advocate since 1997-2007, to systematicaly and actively involve EU Citizens in public debates during the decision-making process of important EU measures, which affect their lives and the society in which they live, (and not only just a few weeks each 4 or 5 Years at the eve of EU Elections)...
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    This is related also to the symbolic gift that Buzek chose to give to the out-going former EU Parliament's President, Hans Gert Poettering, (2007-2009), his collegue in the ChristianDemocrats/EPP, who brillantly won 2009 EU Elections in Germany : A genuine statute of sainte Barbara crafted in Silesia's black Coal by Polish Miners : Those simple but strong people who fought for social change against some technocrats and bureaucrats disguissed into so-called "real-socialists" of old times. (PHOTO).

    It's enough to have seen a popular open air mass, at Warsaw's center, with many thousands of people, old and young, simple workers and intellectuals mixed together, with references to Poland's history and struggles for survival and liberty, through various ages, (as fex. that organized at the eve of CoE's 2005 panEuropean Heads of State and Government for the beatification of late Pope John-Paul II), in order to understand what such symbols mean..

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    But, overcoming the "Crisis of Trust" with EU Citizens obviously implies also to rectify any errors done in the past, fex. on Turkey's controversial EU bid, with controversial decisions taken in 1999 and 2004 to give a "candidate" status and to start EU negotiations, provoking an unprecedented series of 3 "No" to EuroReferenda and 3 Majoriy Abstentions in EU Parliament Elections : 1999, 2005 and 2009, (even if the latest one succeeded to decelerate and almost stop the drop of participation rates, opening hopes for vote's revival after an electoral campaign clearly critical to Turkey's claims in several mainstream EU countries)
    
    Therefore, Buzek was faced with manifold critical Questions on EU Enlargement, most of them citting concrete examples of certain political problems  :  But his replies were almost always given as a matter of general principle :

    F.ex. Questioned on the suspension of EU - Croatia talks because of a Border conflict with EU Member Slovenia, Buzek prefered to speak about principles :

- "We know that during Enlargement, the process can be blocked by failure to resolve this kind of issues",  This concerns also other enlargments' cases", and "these rules are always in force" he warned.


But Buzek avoided to directly reply to a queston on "French and German EPP' calls to define the Borders of Europe", as a German journalist asked him by making a reference to French President Nicolas Sarkozy, and German Chancellor Angie Merkel's, critical statements on Turkey at the June 2009 Electoral campain.    

- "Concerning Enlargement, there's always the same rules : There have to be Criteria, which have to be respected if a Country wants to join the EU", he started to simply reply.

- "For my country (Poland) it took us 15 Years to fullfil these Criteria", Buzek reminded, indicating, if proportions are kept, that Turkey, fex. would have to spend some 25 years before eventually joining the EU..

- "Countries wishing to join the EU need to Change their Systems", as we (Poland and other former Eastern European Countries) did, he stressed.

- "'For me, meeting the condition of Human Rights is one of the Key conditions for membership in the EU", preferring again to speak from the point of view of General Principles, on the occasion of an untimely question on Serbia (which is not even a candidate yet)...

- "Turkey" has, "first of all", to fullfil (EU) Copenhagen criteria". Bevause, currently, none of them is fullfiled by Turkey", New EU Parliament's President, denounced, speaking later to a group of Journalists, including "EuroFora".

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In particular, on Human Rights :  - "We (EU) can never forget Human Rights", because "this is at the very Foundations of the EU", Buzek added.

On the contrary, when he referred to EU Enlargment for the  "Western Balkans Countries ", Buzek appeared upbeat, finding "promising situations", despite "difficulties" in the Past, since "Countries are queuing to become EU members", and this "generated changes", as he said.

As for Russia, Buzek observed that it was a "very important" country, located "in the same Continent", Europe,  "close to our borders", and "we need eachother". "But Russia' has 'differend poblems : "They claim that their system is Democratic, but rules are differend", and we must be "aware of such differencies", fex. "on Human Rights", that we can't ignore, as he said;

Concerning China, where a journalist observed that the recipient of EU Parliament's latest "Sakharov prize" for freedom of thought is "still in prison", Buzek found that since the 1999 events in Tien Amin square, "we see differencies on Human Rights still today", and expressed his "support" for those who try to ameliorate the situation.

On the contrary, speaking recently to "EuroFora" he strongly supported the idea for an EU - Ukraine cooperation, fex. between Airbus and Antonov, in order to build a  less costly but more performant than the old and problematic A400M, new Military Transport Airplane : - "They (Ukranian Antonov Company) can certainly do it. I'm sure they can. It's a good Idea, and I'd be glad if it was done", he told us. (See : http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/airbusantonov.html )


(../..)

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