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Home arrow In Brief arrow State of play, projects, pragmatism in Kazakhstan Republic

State of play, projects, pragmatism in Kazakhstan Republic

Written by ACM
Sunday, 18 October 2020

 

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State of play, projects, pragmatism in the Republic of Kazakhstan


News-ViewPoint by Patrick Bracker

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(NDLR: News-View Points, including of our Columnist Patrick Bracker, Express the Opinion of the Writer, and Not necessarily that of "Eurofora".


+ A Translation in French is provided herewith, in Addition to the Original in English)

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(A Strategic Location, between China and Russia, on the Road towards the EU, and at the Heart of Northern EurAsia *- Wikipedia + Eurofora)

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During the annual State of the Nation address* of the President of Kazakhstan, President Kassim-Jomart Tokayev projected an ambitious, comprehensive and innovative global program*.  

Interactivity

The projections planned for the short, medium or long term cover the multiplicity of human activities in Kazakh society, whether in the administration or in civil society - public life, civil life -.  

The projects concern an improvement of the model of state administration, the inclusion of economic development in the realities of the 21st century -news-, propose the search for balanced territorial development and is based on an absolute priority: the well-being of citizens.  

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The President shows a strong willingness to develop the quality of education, including the aspects of availability and accessibility, and pays increased attention to health care through the envisaged medical programs.

While the ecology supported by the protection of biodiversity remains a central concern for the President and the government, there is also interest in justice at the service of citizens, as well as access to digitisation or civil participation in public life.

These projects of innovation, structural reforms and modernization, taking into account the anthropological realities of the country, aim to perpetuate the Kazakh model with its strong historical identity.

The President's perspective remains lucid in pointing out successes as well as more complex or problematic situations on various scales. There is a demand for interactivity and the participation of different strata of society and individuals.

The projects aim to improve the quality of the whole nation by modernizing society, with the objective of bringing progress and a better life in people's daily lives, prosperity, peace and health. Among the presidential wishes, we note the impetus relative to the dynamism of the Nation and individuals, supported by the will to increase the life expectancy of the inhabitants.

Some elements of the philosophy advocated by the Teacher of the Nation Ahmet Baitursynov are recalled by President KJT to motivate the citizens in front of the proposed projects: learning, wealth and business as well as power relations, -unity and cohesion-, -constant effort-.  

If this approach is indeed preponderant, I think it is useful to consider that the adhesion of citizens according to their free will to the projects represents a force and a vector of success.

On the other hand, it is also useful to remember that in life, all do not start out on an equal footing. Every human being is endowed with different origins, qualities, health, character or psychology.

There is the adjustment of possibilities to realities; everyone can find his or her place in society.  

Not everyone runs the 100m as fast as Hussein Bolt, and Prince Charles was undoubtedly better off than most! It is therefore advisable to adjust the societal rhythms to the individual capacities of the citizens in relation to the general framework proposed, and these both according to the differences inherent in the activities and at the intergenerational level. If the top of the class provides a form of progression, it is fair to take into account the abilities of each individual and those who are less advanced.    

All of the proposals made by the President in his speech seem to me to go in this direction, progressive modernity, respect for custom, humanism rather than barbarism. By advancing step by step with the explanations and acceptances, -mediations-, all would be winners for individual, inter-group and collective development.  

The search for a balance between the components of society, local, national and beyond, prolonged by coherence between human groups and individuals, should favour the harmonious implementation of many of the programs presented.

One central question seems to me to be raised: wondering what will it become of people after each decision? It would be good to remain cautious in the face of adjustment variables, especially those coming from elsewhere and sometimes from the "civilized world", which do not necessarily take into account the human being or respect for life or the living environment. It may turn out that economic realities taken in their overall context may show little consideration for the human person. It is right to provide for and ensure the security of people in their nation and region, with regard to everyone's right to exist.

Some basic precautions should be considered by the Kazakh and Presidential collective in relation to definitions such as "the civilised world" which is not always exemplary. It seems important to me to trust first and foremost the Kazakh people and their capacity for self-development of their collective intelligence several thousand years old while remaining within the context of the planet and relations with neighbors or more distant peoples.

In the turmoil of the world, Kazakhstan is a stable and peaceful state with a rich and long history, settled in its own internal evolution between tradition and progress.

The geostrategic and geopolitical context gives a particular role to this Central Asian state. Indeed, the Eurasian perspective cited by President Tokayev may prove to be a key element of the future. The current elements of bilateral and multilateral relations will certainly allow excellent coordination in the friendly and serene cohabitation with the neighbours, based on the strong identity of the Kazakhs and the Institutions in which this country participates.

The Kazak people are endowed with a long line of multidimensional life experience and possess in their souls the springs of their evolution. Relationships of trust and respect will help the harmonious development of the country in a peaceful and dynamic regional geography.

The wise man, the wise President, the Kazak collective will undoubtedly take into account these issues related to fairness before the rights and duties in the field of interactive and secure domestic policy, extending the Kazakh values in the field of common sense foreign policy and constant search for balance.

 

Good luck!

Patrick Bracker

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*Speeches President KJT as of      September 2020

 

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Etat des lieux, projets, pragmatisme en République du Kazakhstan  

 

News-ViewPoint par Patrick Bracker


Lors du discours annuel sur l’état de la Nation, de la Présidence du Kazakhstan, le Président Kassim-Jomart Tokayev a projeté un programme  global ambitieux, complet et innovant  

Interactivité

Les projections planifiées à court moyen ou long terme recouvrent la multiplicité des activités humaines dans la société kazakhe, relevant de l’administration ou de la société civile, -vie publique, vie civile-.  

Les projets concernent une amélioration du modèle d’administration d’état, l’inscription du développement économique dans les réalités du XXIème siècle –nouvelles-, proposent la recherche de développement territorial équilibré et s’appuie sur une priorité absolue : le bien être des citoyens.  

Le Président montre une volonté forte pour développer la qualité de l’éducation, notamment les aspects de disponibilité et d’accessibilité et porte une attention accrue s’agissant des soins de santé grâce au programmes médicaux envisagés.    

Si l’écologie soutenue par la protection de la biodiversité reste une préoccupation centrale pour le Président et le gouvernement, l’intérêt se porte également sur la justice  au service des citoyens, ainsi que l’accès à la numérisation ou la participation civile à la vie publique

L’on conçoit que ces projets d’innovation, de réformes structurelles et de modernisation, en tenant compte des réalités anthropologiques du pays visent à pérenniser le modèle kazakhe doté de sa forte identité historique.

Le cheminement de la perspective du Président reste lucide en faisant état des réussites comme des situations plus complexes ou problématiques sur diverses échelles. L’on ressent la demande d’interactivité  et la participation des différentes strates de la société et des personnes.

Les projets tendent à améliorer la qualité de toute la nation en modernisant la société, l’objectif étant d’apporter le progrès et une meilleure  vie dans le quotidien des personnes, la prospérité, la paix, la santé. Parmi les souhaits présidentiels, l’on remarque l’impulsion relative au dynamisme de la Nation et des individus, soutenue par la volonté d’accroitre la durée de vie des habitants.

Quelques éléments de la philosophie préconisée par l’Enseignant de la Nation Ahmet Baitursynov sont rappelés par le Président KJT pour motiver les citoyens face aux projets proposés : l’apprentissage, la richesse et des affaires ainsi que des rapports de pouvoir, -unité et cohésion-, et, l’-effort constant-.  

Si cette approche est effectivement prépondérante, je pense qu’il est utile de considérer que l’adhésion des citoyens selon leur libre arbitre aux projets, représente une force et un vecteur de réussite.

 D’autre part, il est utile de rappeler également que dans la vie, tous ne partent pas d’un pied d’égalité. Chaque être humain est doté de différentes origines, qualités, santé, caractère ou psychologie.

Il y a l’ajustement des possibilités aux réalités, chacun peut trouver sa place au sein de la société.  

Tout un chacun ne coure pas le 100m aussi vite que Hussein Bolt, et le Prince Charles était sans nul doute mieux loti que la plupart ! Aussi est-il bon d’ajuster les rythmiques sociétales aux capacités individuelles des citoyens en regard du cadre général proposé, et cela aussi bien selon les différences inhérentes aux activités qu’au niveau intergénérationnel. Si les premiers de classe apportent une forme de progression, il est juste de tenir compte des aptitudes de chacun et de ceux moins avancés.    

L’ensemble des propositions faites par le Président lors de son discours me semble aller dans ce sens, la modernité progressive, le respect de la coutume, l’humanisme plutôt que la barbarie. En avançant pas à pas avec les explications et les acceptations, -médiations-, tous joueraient gagnants pour le développement individuel, inter-groupal et collectif.  

La recherche d’un équilibre entre les composantes de la société, locales, nationales et au-delà prolongé par la cohérence entre les groupes humains et les personnes devrait favoriser la mise en œuvre harmonieuse de nombre de programmes présentés.

Une question centrale me semble posée : se demander ce que vont devenir les personnes après chaque décision … Il serait bon de rester prudent face aux variables d’ajustement, notamment celles qui viennent d’ailleurs et quelque fois du « monde civilisé » qui ne tiennent pas nécessairement compte de l’être humain ou du respect de la vie  ou du cadre de vie. Il peut s’avérer que les réalités économiques prises dans leur contexte global peuvent montrer peu de considération de la personne humaine Il est juste de prévoir  et d’assurer la sécurité des personnes dans leur nation et région, en regard du droit d’existence de tout un chacun.

Quelque précautions basiques seraient à considérer par le collectif Kazakhe  et Présidentiel par rapport aux définitions comme par exemple «  le monde civilisé » qui n’est pas toujours exemplaire, il me semble important de faire confiance en premier lieu au peuple kazakhe et sa capacité d’auto-développement de son intelligence collective plusieurs fois millénaire tout en restant inscrit dans le contexte de la planète et des relations avec les voisins ou les peuples plus lointains.

Dans les désordres du monde, le Kazakhstan est un état stable et paisible doté d’une riche histoire de très longue date, installé dans ses propres évolutions internes portées entre tradition et progrès.

Le contexte géostratégique et géopolitique confère un rôle particulier à cet état d’Asie Centrale. En effet, la perspective eurasiatique citée par le Président Tokayev peut se révéler un élément clé du futur. Les éléments actuels des relations bilatérales ou multilatérales permettront certainement d’excellentes coordinations dans la cohabitation amicale et sereine avec les voisins, en s’appuyant sur l’identité forte des Kazakhes et sur les Institutions auxquelles participe ce pays.

Le peuple Kazakhe est doté d’une longue ligne d’expérience de vie multidimensionnelle et possède dans son âme les ressorts de son évolution. Les rapports de confiance et de respect aideront au développement harmonieux du pays dans une géographie régionale apaisée et dynamique

L’homme sage, le Président avisé, le collectif Kazakhe tiendront sans nul doute compte de ces questions liées à l’équité devant les droits et devoirs en matière de politique intérieure interactive et sécurisée, en prolongeant les valeurs kazakhes dans le domaine de politique extérieure de bon sens et de recherche constante d’équilibre.

 

Bonne chance !

Patrick Bracker

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*discours Président KJT en date du    septembre 2020

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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W4bkNqoJm7Y

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 ("United States of [Northern?) EurAsia" - The Muse")

(Lyrics in the 3rd Video)

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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XIwmJFcm_OI

 

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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-5-K51jHQ6k

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People in Europe and the World expect from CoE to make a succes of its "Monitoring" for Human Rights and Democracy, despite difficulties, said Finland's President Tarja Halonen to "EuroFora" at a crucial moment for the mecanism built 15 years ago by the paneuropean organization which celebrates its 60th Anniversary in 2009.

Halonen, known as "Mother" of CoE's "Monitoring" mecanism, a long-time MEP and former Foreign Minister before becoming Finland's President, holds a long experience in the mattter, after also serving twice as CoE and EU Chairwoman in the past. That's why she is well placed to judge how CoE's "monitoring" should deal today with some crucial issues of importance both to CoE and to the EU.

The move came just a Month before a crucial, last visit to Turkey, scheduled for June, by the President of CoE''s "Monitoring" Committee, Ukranian MEP Serge Holovaty, to finalize his Report on Ankara, the CoE Member State with the longest Monitoring procedure. From its results depends its overall credibility.

This is a Test-case, because, in fact, it's in order to avoid Sanctions threatened against Turkey by a CoE's Assembly's April 1995 Resolution for grave Human Rights violations, Democracy gaps, the continuing Military Occupation in Cyprus, the unresolved Kurdish problem, Aegean differend with Greece, etc., that MEPs decided to create, for the 1st time on April 1996, a "Monitoring" proces, allegedly destinated to check, without excluding Countries who did not fulfill all CoE's standards.

In the Past, the obliged withdrawal of Greece's Military regime and of its "Civil" cover-up out of the CoE had helped bring back Democracy in 1974. But, on the contrary, since April 1996, the idea was to "monitor" Human Rights' respect while keeping most concerned Countries inside the CoE. After Turkey's oldest example, this was extended also to several former "Eastern" European Countries, even if CoE's Assembly has imposed to some of them (fex. Ukraine, Russia, etc., after Belarus, Serbia, etc) various "Sanctions", that Ankara always avoided. Curiously more succesful even than .. USA itself, (a CoE "Observer" since 1995), which has been at least threatened with sanctions some years ago..

EU-effects of CoE's Monitoring process became obvious between 2001-2008, since the "closure" of this procedure, when CoE felt that a Country had met most of its Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law obligations, (i.e. the "Copenhagen Criteria" for the EU), helped trigger Negotiations with the EU for "Accession" or other closer relations : This occured already before the 2004 and 2007 EU Enlargements to former "Eastern" European Countries, as well as for the commencement of "accession" negotiations with Croatia, and of "open-ended" negotiations with Turkey in 2005.

    But a stricking new development are Holovaty's recent findings that on core Human Rights issues as Torture and Freedom of Expression, Turkey, even "5 Years after" CoE closed its "Monitoring", back in 2004, inciting EU to start accession Negotiations in 2005, still presents grave problems.

    His findings are of crucial importance after a 2008 CoE Resolution called, "if need be", to "seriously consider the possibility of Re-Opening the Monitoring procedure for Turkey" : A move which might affect Ankara's controversial EU bid, since EU Accession Negotiations are based on the Hypothesis that the Candidate fullfils the "Copenhagen Criteria" (See above)..
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    Holovaty expressed his will to check  "Matters still Outstanding" and  those that he "didn't have an opportunity to discuss" at an earlier visit this year, "in order to discuss the more complex issues in greater depth", at his forthcoming New Visit to Ankara, before the December 2009 EU Summit.  This is all based on the 2004 CoE Resolution which stresses that, CoE "will continue.. post-monitoring Dialogue with the Turkish authorities,...in addition to a 12-points list,..and on any Other Matter that might arise in connection with Turkey’s Obligations as a CoE member state".

    CoE's Resolution also asks  from Turkey "to secure the proper Implementation of Judgements, particularly in the Cyprus v. Turkey InterState case", of 2001, which concerns also the plight of many Hundreds of MISSING People. It adds Turkey's obligations to "execute" ECHR's Judgements in the Loizidou case,..and in particular adopt General Measures to avoid repetition or continuation of Violations found by the Court" to the detriment of Refugees.

    Nevertheless, Holovaty said to "EuroFora" that "MISSING" persons,"might be included" and cannot be excluded, but he has yet to examine the situation "to find out  which issues will be raised" to the Turkish Government.

    Therefore, "EuroFora" asked Halonen, as the Historic "Mother" of CoE's Monitoring mecanism, if she thought that, "whenever there are grave Human Rights Violations, as fex. "MISSING" persons, attested even by ECHR's judgements, they should be always checked by a Monitoring process. Or could they be forgotten ?"
    
     - "We (CoE) must be, at the same time, Fair, Realistic, but not in the mind that "now we have Forgotten", etc., replied to "EuroFora"'s question Halonen, speaking as a matter of general principle.

    - "When we think of those People that are suffering from the lack of Democracy, of Human Rights, and of the Rule of Law", "we should find a base on how to deal with the (Monitoring) system more rapidly"', she stressed.

    - "Sometimes it's very difficult to combine Transparency and Effectivenes together, particularly in this specific case", she went on to say. But, "I have not found a (CoE Member) Country who could be insensitive in this sens", Halonen answered concerning grave Human Rights violations attested by the ECHR.

    - "I have no ready-made answer. I have the expectations that you, in the CoE, will, step by step, find the different types of the monitoring systems."

    Also "because this is a part of the UN's Post-Conflict system, (fex. when it comes to Cyprus' MISSING persons), and it's a more Global system". So that, "If we make a succes in Europe, the others will follow", throughout the World.  "But they expect that we (Europe) are this opportunity, this Opportunity to make a Succes", Halonen concluded.

    In addition, she advised to extend CoE's Monitoring to all its 47 Member States, "because, as long as we hear that, all these monitoring systems are "OK for the neighbor, but not for me", "it's very difficult" to understand. Something which could make easier to Compare...

    Finnish MEP Jaako Laakso, former CoE Rapporteur on the Occupied Territories of Cyprus and one of the 5 Signatories of the Historic CoE's call to create the "MONITORING" mecanism since 1996, was more specific :  - "We (CoE Assembly) have to find a way for the issue of Cyprus' MISSING People to be better followed", he stressed, anouncing his intention to "speak to Mr. Holovaty" about that. "There might be also other ways", added Laakso.

    - The 2008 "Year had been a very Bad one for Turkey with regard to Human Rights in general, and Freedom of Expression in particular", denounced, meanwhile, Holovaty's preliminary Post-Monitoringh Draft Report by Holovaty, published by the CoE on April 2009.

    "Amnesty International believes that freedom of expression is not guaranteed given the various articles of the Criminal Code that restrict it. .. "For example, 1,300 Websites are said to have been closed down by the (Turkish) authorities in 2008" ! While "the new Turkish Criminal Code was used to bring a total of 1,072 proceedings between June 2005 and April 2008, and led to the conviction of 192 people", for expressing views. "Representatives of the Özgür Gündem newspaper, which specialises in Kurdish affairs, ..complained about Numerous Attacks on their Freedom of Expression ...as was everyone who advocated a settlement to the question by means other than the intervention of the army" "According to their figures, 19 Newspapers had been suspended 43 times between 4 August 2006 and 4 November 2008" !...

    Moreover, on 2008,  CoE's "Ministers adopted its 4rth Resolution on the execution of the judgments of the ECHR, ...and outstanding issues regarding 175 Judgements and decisions relating to Turkey delivered between 1996 and 2008...  concerning Deaths resulting from the excessive use of force by members of the Security forces, the failure to protect the right to life, the DIisappearance and/or death of individuals, Ill-Treatment and the Destruction of property". CoE's " Ministers urged the Turkish authorities ...to ensure that members of Security forces of all ranks can be prosecuted without administrative
authorisation" for "serious crimes". Holovaty reminded.

"Nonetheless", Holovaty heard anew of "Several cases of Violence committed last year (2008) by the (Turkish) security forces". Amnesty International speaks of Many Cases of ill-treatment and Torture in the prisons and by the police". "Including, fex."'the death of Engin Ceber, a young man of 29 who died on October 2008 as a result of the TORTURE allegedly inflicted on him by police officers, prison staff and members of the gendarmerie. He was part of a group of people arrested on September 2008 during a demonstration and Press Conference in Istanbul'. Proceedings against suspects are "on-going" in this case.

- " I therefore noted an Obvious Contradiction between the Government’s stated “zero tolerance” policy.... of Torture and other forms of ill-treatment, and the different testimonies given", denounced CoE's Rapporteur.  Turkish "authorities must make considerable efforts to guarantee that proper investigations are carried out into allegations of abuses by members of the security forces and that perpetrators are effectively punished" "In this respect, I have requested detailed Statistics on the number of Investigations, acquittals and convictions in cases involving allegations of abuse in order to show the positive impact of the measures taken to date", Holovaty said, repeating a permanently unsatisfied CoE's demand to Turkey since a Decade...

    - "The Political Crisis that shook the country in the spring of 2008 highlighted the Weaknesses of the (Turkish) Constitution", which comes from the Military regime of 1982, "and the Urgent Need of Reforms", stressed from the outset CoE's Rapporteur in 2009. In particular, "the ...Democratic functioning of state institutions, including the independence of the judicial system, are crucial", he observes.

    But, "the Electoral  system and the ways in which it is circumvented do not appear to give those elected complete Legitimacy, and tend to pervert the course of direct universal suffrage", denounces Holovaty, observing that, even 5 Years later, Turkey did not yet change the 10% nationwide Threshold for a party to take any seat, which is "far higher" than the "3%" maximum in Europe and already condemned as contrary to European Standards by the CoE.

    + Moreover, EU Parliament's 2009 Report on Turkey, drafted by Dutch MEP Ria Oomen-Ruijten and adopted in Strasbourg on March, expresses "Concern over the Failure of the (Turkish) Judiciary to prosecute cases of Torture and Ill-treatment, the Number of which is Growing". EU also "is concerned about continuing Hostility and Violence against Minorities" in Turkey. It also "calls on the Turkish Government to launch, as a matter of Priority, a Political Initiatve favouring a lasting Settlement of the Kurdish issue, (while "condemning violence.. and terrorist groups"). EU "regrets that No progress has been made on establishing full, systematic Civilian suprevisory functions over the (Turkish) Military".

    The final results of Holovaty's 2nd and last visit to Turkley will be known later this year, and, at any case, before EU's December 2009 Summit.

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