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Home arrow In Brief arrow Islamic Terrorists Boko Haram Deadly Bombers go "High-Tech", while Arms Smuggling +Schools' war grow

Islamic Terrorists Boko Haram Deadly Bombers go "High-Tech", while Arms Smuggling +Schools' war grow

Written by ACM
Friday, 30 May 2014

*Strasbourg/- The arrest of a suspect thought to be Bomber Expert of Islamist Terrorist "Boko Haram" Armed Group, that Nigerian Officials called "West Africa's Al-Quaida", earlier this Month in a Paris' Summit organized by French President Hollande with European and African participants, after the kidnapping of more than 200 Young Girls, by revealing even "High-Tech Communication" Tools, "very Expensive Laptop Computers" and several Dozens of Mobile USB Memory Chips, etc., just after People had been Surprised by seeing BH abuse f.ex. about "30 High-LUX Toyota Trucks in 1 single operation", added to "Sophisticated Heavy Weapons", etc., raised growing critical Questions and Concerns about probable "Foreign" Actors Tele-Guiding the continuing Mass Massacres of Innocent People, Destructions of their Family Homes, Massive Deportations of local Populations, etc., to the point that Elected Representatives of areas with most Victims have recently voted a Resolution asking the Nigerian Government to Prosecute Boko Haram's "Financiers", particularly after the alleged "Bomber-expert" arrested now was found Heading towards "Sabisa" Forest , a Hiding place for Boko Haram Terrorists, coming from a "Abuja" Airport used by ..."Turkish Airlines", who had notoriously been earlier involved in a widely DIscussed, controversial affair of "Arms Transports" to Northern Nigeria, where BH's Headquarters are located.


The alleged "Bomber" arrested Today reportedly admitted Responsibilities for the latest Series of 4 Deadly Explosions, from April 14 up to May 24, 2014, which Killed more than 300 innocent Civilian People, at Bus Stations, Markets, Railway terminus, University Hospitals, or Football viewing centers, etc., spreading Terror at the North of Nigeria, where it was recently revealed that "Turkish Airlines" Flights Transported "Ammunition" since March 11, 2014, (See Details Infra), not far away from the area where more than 200 Young Girls studying at a Christian village's School were Kidnapped by Boko Haram  Islamic Extremists, while Ankara has recently established, there at Norhern Nigeria, several Islamic "Turkish Schools" (sic !), whose real purpose is hotly contradicted and quite unpopular among many NIgerians discussing at Internet Forums about the latest developments on possible Causes and the Fight against Terrorism, (while "Education" notoriously is Islamist Extremist "Boko Haram"s No 1 Target, as even its Name clearly reveals : "Western Education is a Sin") :

(Mr. Fethullah Gülen)

- "Why, in the world, do we need (Islamic) Turkish Schools in Nigeria ? Is Tukey better than Nigeria ? How many Nigerian Schools do we have in Turkey ? This is an Insult ! If not for the outrageous stupidity of our so-called "Leaders", Nigeria, with all our Wealth and Natural Resources, should have been one of the Greatest Nations on Earth..", criticised, f.ex. "Mallam Shehu", on this occasion, (speaking about "Turkish Schools" reportedly established recently at the "Boko Haram" Islamic Terrorist-stricken areas at the North of Nigeria, mainly by the U.S.-Exiled Fethullah Gulen Islamic Sect, that even it's former long-time Partner, Prime Minister Erdogan, is currently trying to Close inside Turkey itself, accusing such Islamic Schools for attempts to politically influence and even "Infiltrate the State's Security, Intelligence, Judiciary", etc., after  a previous Closure of Gulen Schools at Uzbekistan in the Past : from 1999; i.e. at the same time that Gulen was charged in Turkey for "attempting to set up an Islamist State", obliging him to Flee in he USA,, given also controversial initial attempts to establish such Turkish Gulen Schools in Central Asia after the collapse of the USSR, back on 1991, i.e. shortly before a Terrorist Tchechen Conflict hit Russia's Caucasian areas, at the crossroads of Oil/Gas Transports towards Europe). Such Criticism immediately received various Positive reactions also from other Members of "PMNews"' Forum, such as, f.ex.  : "God Bless you", and "Fantastic contribution", etc., respectively from "Omo Oluwa" and "James.J", etc., in a debate on the March 2014 News about Arms Smuggling from Turkey to Northern Nigeria via Civilian Turkish Airlines.


Among various other Precedents, a Turkish Ship had already been detained by Dubai Police, as early as since 2011, because they seized Thousands of Arms (16.000 Turkish-made Pistols) being Smuggled in a Cargo Sea shipment which originated in Turkey and was bound for Yemen"s restive Saada Region, where Rebels were Fighting Government forces. On 2012, at the Anniversary of September 11 Terroris Attacks, U.S. Ambassador Christopher Stevens and 3 other Americans were Brutaly Killed by Islamic Armed Groups which set on Fire the US Consulate's building at Benghazi, Libya, shortly after a meeting with the Turkish Ambassador, which, according to several sources, was related to an illegal Arms' shipment from Turkey to Islamic Extremists operating in Syria. On a similar pattern, another Ship, destinated to Turkey, was reportedly detained this year (2014) in Greece, on suspicions for Arms' smuggling to Islamic Extremists who attack Syria, (etc).



In the case of Nigeria, a March 2014-released Tape Recording of a Phone conversation involving a Chief Counselor of Turkish Prime Minister Erdogan, the Chief of Turkey's Security Services, and an Official of "Turkish Airlines", leaked at the Internet (also via "YouTube", etc) and heavily commented at mainstream Press, etc.,  apparently revealed a controversial Arms Shipment to the "Boko Haram" hit Northen Nigeria region by Civilian Turkish Aviation. Moreover, one of the interlocutors was reportedly worried only in order to know if those Arms might "kill Christians or Muslims"...

Curiously, after initial Denials (claiming f.ex. that the leaked Tape would have been entirely "Fake" and not corresponding to the Truth, etc), the Full Text of an Official Press Release by the "Turkish Airlines" admitted, in fact, that the Civil Aviation of Turkey used, indeed, to Transport Arms and Ammunition at various occasions :

- "On the carriage of Arms, the forwarders and addressees can send their cargo with Turkish Airlines Cargo, through the representative they have designated", that Official Statement acknowledged, clearly admitting that even Civilian "Turkish Airlines" Planes are used, indeed, in order also to "carry Arms and Military Supplies", (sic !).

- "Turkish Airlines" only Denied that they were "Involved in the Carriage of Arms to/from the Countries that UN SC has imposed an Arms Ban, lacking Authority and/or under Conflict", as it claimed, just adding that this would be done "after accomplishing the necessary official Approval procedure from the relevant State Authorities", as "TA" said. Later-on, a local Nigerian Officer would have claimed that at least one shipment from Turkey with Military "Ammunitions", transported by "Turkish Airlines" on March 11, 2014, would have been receptioned by Nigeria's Naval Forces on March 12, (See also Infra).



[ Turkish Plane in Black Africa (Maiden Flight into Somalia, starting since March 2012). AfricaReview Files' photo) ]

Nigerian Aviation Minister, Stella Oduah, had already revealed, in a written Statement published earlier in the Press, that, curiously, it was mainly, or, perhaps, even only "Turkish Airlines" who operated International Flights to the "Boko Haram"-stricken Northern areas of the Country, including, particularly,  through the "Abuja and Kano ... Airports", (respectively named "Nnamdi Azikiwe" and "Mallam Aminu" International Airports, at Abuja and Kano) :

- Indeed, "Turkish Airline had in fact applied to operate into Abuja and Kano, .....(and) the Minister approved" that, already as early as "on August 1, 2012". SInce then, "IRS Airlines was nominated on to work with Turkish Airline in this regard", until now (2014), according to that Official Statement by the competent Nigerian Ministry.

+ On the Contrary, various Other Foreign Airlines, had Abstained from flying to such Northern Nigeria Airports. F.ex. : Not only European "KLM" from the Netherlands, "which had earlier Stopped its operations" there, despite "strenuous Efforts" by that "Minister", "in conjunction with the Kano (Federated) State Government",  to convince it "to continue to operate into the Kano Airport" at least. But even a Muslim Country Aviation Company such as "Emirates Airline", "Etihad", which "was supposed to commence operations from Abuja", and, nevertheless, later "Refused to do so", "rather insisting on starting from Lagos", instead, Minister Oduah also revealed.


=> Shortly afterwards, Irish analyst Finian Cunningham, published on October 2012 at NSNBC a report including Nigerian Political Expert Olufemi Ijebuode's appreciation that Boko Haram's "latest Massacre's upshot is to Destabilize the State of Nigeria by sowing sectarian Divisions among the population. The Killers may have been Boko Haram operatives, but Boko Haram is a Proxy organization working on behalf of Foreign powers.” Cunninham had concluded, then, that Boko Haram "appears to be the protagonist. But some believe that powerful Western Interests are using the Violence to consolidate Foreign Control over Nigeria’s vast Oil Wealth"

During this May 2014, Danish WebNews engine NSNBC's  Christof Lehmann from Aarhus, observed that Islamic Terrorist Organisation Boko Haram, who "began its Insurgency 5 Years ago", is, according to various "Experts", "Covertly Funded and Armed by Intelligence Services of (some) NATO member States", in order to provoke the "Destabilization of a country to justify a (Foreign) Military presence".

 - "One of the most recent incidents that supports this assessment, comes from a clandestine recording of a Phone conversation between Mustafa Varank, who has close ties to Tukey’s AKP Government and Turkey’s Intelligence service MIT, and a Turkish Airlines official, in which the two are discussing details about Arms Smuggling to Nigeria", reminded Lehmann.



+ Concerning also another Topical Link, while most Media throughout the World are currently focusing on a Mass Kidnapping of more than 200 Young Girls at Northern Nigeria, initially due to be Sold as Slaves by Boko Haram on May 2014, only a few Months earlier, on October 2013, already Tunisian Interior Minister Loftu Ben Jeddou had reportedly "complained that Tunisian Girls were being Trafficked through Turkey", "lured into Traps or simply Kidnapped", in order to be "Forced to satisfy the Sexual needs of Terrorists in Syria, under the euphemism of "Sexual Jihad"" : As Minister Ben Jeddou had reportedly stressed in Tunisia's National Assembly, " Turkey has become a Bridgehead for Sex Jihad and .. the Trafficked Tunisian Girls are Forced into having sex with 20 – 30, in some cases 100 of the “holy Warriors”, so that "most of them return Pregnant", and suffering from "Psychological Trauma", while "the large Number of Children which will be born due to such Forced sexual services will create a Sociological "Time-Bomb" in Tunisia", in addition to the fact that "many of the girls who return, have been Infected with sexually transmittable Diseases, including HIV". To this were added various recent cases of Young Girls also from France or Germany, aged only 16 or even 14 years old, who have reportedly been subject to attempts to be transfered to Syria through Turkey.


Reacting more recently, on March 2014, to the above mentioned Phone leakages about alleged Arms Smuggling to Nigeria by Turkish Airlines, Ankara's Government reportedly claimed that all those Taped Conversations would be "Fakes", aiming to Discredit Erdogan's party before Local Elections for Mayors etc....

On the Contrary, controversial Phone Tapes leaked at the Internet were, indirectly but surely, recognized as revealing a Truth, by subsequent Press Reports which citted both a Turkish Airlines and a Nigerian Officers claiming that, indeed, "Turkish Airlines Cargo" had really transported Military "Ammunition... through the Murtala Muhammad Airport", and these "Arms were moved" from there "on March 12".

But, at least in that concrete case, "the End User of the Arms were the Nigerian Navy", "the General Manager of Turkish Airlines, at Mallam Aminu Kano International Airport, Ahmet Can Akbuga", reportedly claimed on March 20, apparently "confirmed" by a Nigerian "Naval spokesman, Commodore Kabiru Aliyu", according to "TheHeraldNG" WebNews portail, as far that particular Transfert was concerned.

This was Published under the Headlines : - "‘We ... shipped arms to Nigeria’ – Turkish Airlines admits", to which was, nevertheless, added also a claim that, at least in 1 case, this would have been done "Legally", with "no wrongdoing", according to that Turkish agent's claims.

Indeed, in that leaked Phone Tape, one Turkish State's Official complained to a Counselor of Prime Minister Erdogan not so much for  Arms' Trafficking by Turkish Airlines in itself, but rather because he did "not know whether these (weapons) will Kill Muslims, or Christians" (sic !), as he said, (i.e. admitting any No-Muslims' murder !)..
That's the only reason for which he "feel(s) Sinful", as he acknowledged then, using an obviously religious term...



+ Moreover, by openly admitting that even Civilian Airplanes from Turkey use, indeed, to serve for Dangerous "Carriage of Arms" and "Ammunition" to various Destinations around Turkey's Neihgbouring Hotspots such as in Africa, Middle East, Caucasus, Central Asia, etc., even through purely Civilian AirPorts, (i.e. side by side with totaly UnWarned European, American, Russian, Chinese, and/or other Civilian Airplane Compagnies),

i.e. often only at a few Meters' distance from Thousands of peaceful Civilian People travelling Home, or for Business, Tourism, etc, without knowing at all that they might be obliged to walk so near -and/or board another Plane located side by side - to a Turkish Airplane secretly full of Explosive Ammunition and Arms,

such Official and public, even written "Turkish Airlines"' Press Statements, (whose Full Content was Curiously .. Censored by many Media of the Establishment !), obviously reveal even more Reasons of Serious Concern for all  Air-Passengers' Safety...


Ankara Government's unprecedented attempts, recently, to intervene inside Africa on various occasions, started to multiply particularly since a Former Turkish Expert, who had Failed to turn into a Politician, after arriving Last in popular National Elections in the Past, but  seemed to have some links to certain, mainly "Socialist"/Liberal U.S.A. Politicians, Mr. Dervis, was suddenly parachuted at the Top Job of UNO's Agency for the Development, dealing with many Poor Countries, specialy from Africa, etc.

Thus, f.ex., among many other cases in such activities, it was just after a UNO Conference about the Poorest Countries of the World, with the participation also of UN SG Ban Ki Moon,  held for 2 Days in Turkey, that former IMF's Head, French Socialist Politician Dominique Straus-Kahn (widely known as "DSK"), of Jewish origin, curiously decided to Fly from Istanbul to far away New York, where he was immediately mixed in an infamous gros Scandal, at the Eve of an important meeting scheduled one Day later in Berlin, with German Chancelor Merkel, (just after Media reports had involved him earlier in an alleged Criticism of controversial former PM of Greece, Giorgos Papandreou, a notoriously pro-Turkish "Socialist" born by an American Mother at the USA), back on 2011 :




I.e. shortly after a famous 2010 Clash between Turkey and Israel on a grossly Provocative attempt, led by a controversial Turkish NGO, (that some had already denounced as allegedly linked with various Terrorist Organisations, from the Middle East , Iraq and/or Pakistan/Afghanistan, up to Tchechnya, etc), to unilateraly Break a Naval Blocus of embattled Gaza's Mediterranean Sea Coastlines, followed by Brutal and Sadic Bloody Aggressions mainly of Turkish thugs Massively armed with long Sticks, metalic Chains, Knives, etc, (according to some sources, even Pistols, etc) who Surrounded, Attacked, Threw Down, Wounded, and tried to Lynch, one by one, a few Israeli Coastguards who had been obliged to board on those Ships, after many previous Warnings, according to the usual procedure already used also in several other cases, obliging afterwards the Israeli Army to try to Urgently Save the Lynched Coastguards by opening Fire, which led to the Death of a few among the numerous Turkish a.o. aggressors, that Ankara's Government tried to grossly Exploit Politically in all fora, including inside the UNO. I.e. at another obvious attempt to slyly Manipulate some Arab Muslims, (the 1st Victims of former Ottoman-Turkish Empire's Military Invasions and Occupations, which had notoriously Destroyed the Arab Civilisation, turning many Arab Countries into mainly Poor Areas of People under constant Foreign Oppression, from which they Started to be Liberated, with the Help, then, mainly of European Countries, only Centuries' later;, f.ex. via the "Laurence of Arabia"-inspired Popular Revolts which restored several National Arab States at the beginning of the 20th Century).


It's, indeed, in that Context that the "DSK" Scandal suddenly erupted in New York, by another  Coincidence, involving a Victim from one of the Poorest African Countries, which had just been at the Focus of that UNO's Conference in Turkey (Comp. Supra).

+ Now, during 2014, even inside Nigeria itself, obviously located far away from Turkey, and traditionaly Non-Related at all to Ankara throughout all its' History, nevertheless, Nigerian and other People started to Denounce also the Strange Fact that some Networks had recently established ... "Turkish Schools", and even "at the North" of the Country :  I.e. precisely there where the Deadly Violent Terrorism of "Boko Haram"'s armed  Muslim Extremists, have notoriously spread many Atrocious Mass-Murders of Hundreds of innocent, peaceful People, (with Victims totaling many Thousands of Killed or seriousy Wounded, reportedly Millions of affected People, whose Family Homes are systematically Destroyed, Burned down, etc, obliging entire Populations to massively Flee Deadly and Destructive Armed Aggressions)...



++ Nigeria reportedly has the Biggest known Gas deposits in the World, recently discovered, (even bigger than Egypt's, Iran's Quatar's, etc), which can be trahsported to the most Important Industrialized areas of the Planet, either by LNG Ship Transports through the Atlantic Ocean, or by a PanAfrican Pipeline through the Continent, towards Algeria and Europe : Already planned since several years, that huge "Trans-Saharian" Gas Pipeline's route towards the EU have suddenly started to become the Target of various so-called "Al-Quaida" related and/or other "Islamic" Extremist Armed Groups, previously Unknown in Africa, only recently.

(Approx.) Oil/Gas Transport Routes from Nigeria's+ area to EU, USA, etc)


Turkey, whose Raw Materials (such as Metals' Mines, etc), Mass Tourism, Agriculture and polluting old Industrial (f.ex. Textile, Cars, etc) Economy is particularly Needy of Energy that the Country apparently lacks totally, being dependent mainly on Oil/Gas Imports, has been notoriously struggling, since 1999, to attract various Foreign Pipeline plans from abroad, in many (most Failed) attempts to convince them to cross the Dangerous Conflict-stricken and Earsthquake-prone, long Turkish areas towards Europe, despite Ankara Government's infamous tendency to often abuse of Blackmail tactics whenever it might disagree vis a vis any Partner's views on Prices, Politics, etc., which obviously would submit any eventual Pipeline there under unacceptable Risks to be Blocked at any time that the Turkish Government might wish...

Therefore, Turkey, which is the only 3rd Country Neighbouring to Europe and eventually Oil/Gas Transit area, to have a Big USA Military Base on its soil, Unlike Oil/Gas Producing Arab Countries of South Mediterranean, (such as Algeria, Egypt, etc), Russia (through Ukraine and/or planned Baltic and Black Sea pipelines to Germany and Bulgaria, respectively, in addition to Danube-Rhine Rivers' Ship Transports' possibilities since 2002, etc), and soon Israel, EU Member Cyprus and/or Lebanon-recently discovered Off Shore Gas resources), Syria (which can Help Link easily Iraq and/or Iran's Oil/Gas resources to Europe via Pipeline and Ships), etc., obviously has a GeoPolitical Interest to anything which might Block or Restrict other EU Energy Import Routes, f.ex. from Russia, Africa or Cyprus/Israel and/or Suez Channel, N/W Iraq, Syria etc., so that potential Investors might eventualy accept, in Future, a much more Costly too Long and Risky, long Transit through the Turkish Anatolia plateau.

By another relevant Coincidence, controversial "Turkish Airlines"' Maiden Fight to Black Africa had reportedly started, "since March 2012", into Somalia, (as "AfricaReview" NewsMedia reminded on March this Year : 2014, on the occasion of the "Arms Smuggling" Affair : Comp. Supra), i.e. there where has notoriously erupted a New Phenomenon of "Somali" a.o. "Pirates" attacking Ships - including OIl/Gas Tankers- crossing the Suez Channel towards Europe.


+ Similar Massacres of innocent Civilians by sectarian Islamic Extremists' Mass-Bombings occured recently also at  Iraki areas located close to the Turkish-Kurdish Borders as f.ex.  Mosul, etc, partly revendicated by a so-called "Turkmen" tiny Minority, killing numerous Innocent People and pushing many Arabs and Kurds to Flee Deadly Violence, away from Oil/Gas rich regions and/or crossroads. While they multiplied and intensified further in intensity and Deadly effects, also in Afghanistan, by a coincidence since Turkey took briefly in charge ISAF's HQ,  around 2005, spreading mainly from areas located near the Pakistani Borders, most of which, by another coincidence, had been entrusted to the Turkish Army, seriously aggravating the situation as even Statistics showing a sharply Rising Number of Casualties, in ISAF Soldiers Killed by Talibans' Islamic Terrorism of Taliban Extremists (with whom Ankara notoriously wanted to push a Political Compromise) clearly reveals. More recently, it's notoriously in Syria, particularly close to the Turkish Borders, that various Brutal Islamic Extremists' Deadly Terrorism is attacking more and more violently, curiously, not only Assad regime's Army, but also Kurdish Dissidents, Armenian-origin Villagers (rescapees of the 1915-1922 Armenian a.o. Genocides by former Ottoman-Turc empire), and several civilian Christian populations, even Religious personalities, etc.. The indiscriminate Deadly Mass Bombings killing many innocent Civilians, and terrorizing them untl they start to Flee away from an Oil/Rich area and/or strategic crossroads, fearing Brutal Terrrorism by Islamic Extremists, obviously looks as a familiar Scenario also to Nigerians (particularly Christian populations) facing now Boko Haram's Mass Terrorism at the Northern part of the Country..


To the point that even ... Al Quaida itself, has reportedly abstained to endorse the worst Deadly so-called "Islamic Extremists3' Terrorism costing many Innocent People's Lives, both in Syria (f.ex. by the "Islamic State of Iraq and Syria in the Levant" : ISIL), as also in Nigeria, (by Boko Haram), considering, in particular, that systematic mass killings of innocent Civilians would be finaly Contrary and Strange even to Al Quaida itself...



+=> Significant of a recently growing number and atrocity of such ultra-Extremist Islamic Terrorism incidents, is also the Exceptional Fact that, f.ex., in the latest EU Parliament's Resolution on Syria, adopted by a large Majority of MEPs on April 2014 in Strasbourg, EU "Strongly Condemns the Increasing number of Terrorist Attacks, carried out by Extremist Organisations and individuals in the country", as well as "any Human Rights Abuses and Violations of international Humanitarian Law by Armed Groups Opposing the regime", (in Addition to the usual formula vis a vis the Assad regime).

>>> In particular, EU Parliament "Strongly condemns the recent Attacks against certain Religious and Ethnic Communities in Syria, notably the Christians, Armenians and Kurds", (notoriously  close to the Turkish Borders).

+ Significantly, it's at this occasion that EU calls to "Stop all actions aimed at inciting interEthnic and inteConfessional conflict; stresses that all actors involved in the conflict have a Duty to Protect all the different Minorities present in the country". F.ex., EU Parliament "Condemns, in the Strongest possible terms, the Killing of Father Frans Van der Lugt, an Inhumane act of violence against a man who Stood by the People of Syria amid sieges and growing difficulties; pays Tribute to his work, which extended beyond the besieged city of Homs (near the Turkish borders), and continues to Help hundreds of civilians with their everyday Survival needs". It also "recalls the Pressing Need to Release all .. Detainees", such as, f.ex., "Religious figures (including [Christians] Father Paolo Dall’Oglio, Greek Orthodox Bishop Boulos Yazigi and Assyrian Orthodox Bishop John Ibrahim)".

+ Furthermore, the latest EUP. Resolution on Syria "Condemns the Attack against the Armenian town of Kassab (close to Turkey's S/W. Borders, where Survivors of the Armenian Genocide by the Ottoman-Turcs had found Refuge) ; supports all efforts at local level to Avoid and Combat Sectarian Violence in Rebel-held areas, and in Kurdish-majority areas;" (both Bordering Turkey).

=> MEPs also ask "Accountability for the Crimes committed during the conflict, including for those based on Religious or Ethnic grounds", (f.ex. targetting Christians, Armenians, Kurds, etc. : Comp. Supra), and "comments the work of .. InternationaL Actors collecting and preserving a large volume of Testimony on Crimes committed .... (not only by Assad's regime), but also "by some Rebel Groups ..., and call.. for Action in order to bring Perpetrators to Justice", as that Resolution adds in Conclusion,where it extends the list of its destinators up to "Turkey", (which notoriously Hosts and Supports various Groups of more or less Controversial, Violent Islamic Fighters attacking Syria).

(EU Parliament's main Tower Building, Strasbourg, April 2014)


>>> Concerning specifically Nigeria's Boko Haram, EU Parliament has already since 2013 pointed at UNO SC.'s Statement  (12/2011) "on Attacks by the Boko Haram Terrorist Sect", and "African Union's Commissioner for Peace and Security, Lamamra Ramtane"' Statement of 14 July 2012, Condemning the activities and human rights Violations of Boko Haram, urging the international community to assist Nigeria in resisting the terrorist sect, noting that it poses threats to Regional and International security", particularly since "the Connection between Boko Haram (that "a recent U.S. Report ranked as the 2nd most Deadly Terrorist group in the World") and AQIM (Al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb) poses a serious Threat to peace and security in the greater Sahel Region and Western Africa".

- Thus, f.ex., already since then (2013), "Boko Haram is Responsible for the Deaths of (many Thousands of) People since 2009; (and) ..continues to Target State and security Officials, including ...Raid on ..Prisons..., killing ...People and resulting in the Release of ...inmates";  It also "attacks ..(not only) Police Stations, (and) Military Facilities", (but even) Christian "Churches, Schools, Farms, and Banks", "expanding ....its targeting of Civilians, including in Attacks on ...High Schools", etc., thus "Forc(ing) several Thousands SchoolChildren Out of formal Education",  "killing ... Students and .. Teachers; "whereas Threats to Civilians have prompted Farmers to flee their farms and abandon their crops, leading to loss of agricultural productivity and contributing to food shortages", as "Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International, Freedom House, and other human rights organizations have documented", while, in addition, there is  an "Increasing Concern over Boko Haram's decision to Kidnap Women and Children", after having already "kidnapped, attacked and killed" even "Foreign Workers", so that "UNHCR has Warned of a Refugee Crisis", given that, already last year, Tens of Thousands of "Nigerians arrived in Niger, and Cameroon", "Chad", etc.

 - As in Syria (Comp. Supra), also in Nigeria, Islamic Extremist "Boko Haram" Armed Terrorists, in fact, mainly "Target Christians, Moderate Muslims and Other Religious Groups, whom it is Driving Out of the Country's Majority Muslim North", EU Parliament denounced, (while also "call([ing] for a Wider examination of the Root Causes of the Conflict", as it already Warned since then). 

=> Therefore, MEPs "Strongly Condemn(ed) the Escalation of Violence on the part of  Boko Haram and the Tragic loss of innocent Lives in the stricken regions of Nigeria".
 While also urging the Nigerian Government to avoid Excessive use of force vis a vis those suspected to belong to that Sect, and try to address also its wider "Root Causes", which seem to "stem from Lack of Economic Development, and ...resentment between Indigenous groups, mostly Christians or animist, ..with Migrants and Settlers from the ...Muslim North, ..exacerbated by Climate Chage and Desert encroachment; ....including Manipulation ...by fundamentalist Islamic Groups, such as Boko Haram".

+ Moreover, EU Parliament "underline(d) the importance of Regional Cooperation in addressing the Threat posed by the Connection between Boko Haram and AQIM; encourages the countries of the region to deepen their cooperation, including with the Sahel countries, in order to Prevent further Synergies between "Boko Haram", "AQIM" and the "Movement for Oneness" and "Jihad in West Africa" (MOJWA);" and had "call(ed)", already since last year 2013, "on the EU Institutions and Member States, as well as the UN, the African Union and the Economic Community of West African States (Ecowas), to lend their Support to such Regional efforts and to address the threats posed by Terrorism, the Proliferation of light Weapons and TransBorder Crime".

 Last but not least, earlier this year : on April 2014, a Draft Resolution tabled by Italian MEP Paolo Silvestris (EPP/"Forza Italia"), on the "Massacre of Christians in Nigeria", strongly Denounces not only the "Continuous, systematic Attacks ....against the Christian population, by fringes of the Muslim Armed group Boko Haram", but also the more Recent Fact that " in the last 3 Months alone, some 1.500 Casualties in the Christian Minority have been recorded, owing to acts perpetrated by Boko Haram", while, in parallel, "over the years, the modus operandi of Boko Haram has Changed, especially in Recent Months, and Now also involves Kidnapping and ransom demands", (Comp. Supra).

=> "This Change, ...resembles the kind of activities carried out by groups linked to al Qaeda, (and, therefore), suggests Infiltration by the latter into the armed struggle of Boko Haram, in order to open up a New, African Front in the Global Jihad", (i.e. similar, mutatis-mutandis, to what has been already going-on at Turkey's Neighbouring Countries such as in Syria and Iraq, but also Afghanistan, etc. : Comp. Supra), denounces the MEP from Italy, (which takes over EU Council's rotating Presidency from July up to December 2014).

Therefore, Silvestris' Draft Resolution called on he EU to (A): "Collect Data, that can Confirm or Refute this kind of Infiltration" (i.e. via also "Kidnaping and Ransom demands" : Comp. Supra) , and (B): "consider Measures to Prevent a further Escalation of Violence in Nigeria, nd to ensure the country’s political stability and Security".

Astonishingly, from these 2 last EU Parliament's texts on Nigeria's "Boko Haram" Islamic Extremists' Terrorism, already as early as since July 2013, MEPs warned about "Increasing  Concern over Boko Haram's decision to Kidnap Women and Children", and, on April 11, 2014, Italian MEP Silvestris (EPP) had tried to Alert the EU by specifically underlining mainly a "Change" in "the modus operandi of Bokom Haram", "especially in Recent Months", which "Now also involves Kidnapping", i.e. suggesting an "Infiltration" by "Al Quaeda", (as in Syria's regions bordering to Turkey : Comp. Supra), as he stressed

 in a Premonitory way, at a Text tabled in Strasbourg just ... 3 (Three) Days before the Notorious Mass Kidnapping of more than 200 Young Girls from a Christian School in Nigeria, which has shaken all the World since April 14, 2014 !...



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People in Europe and the World expect from CoE to make a succes of its "Monitoring" for Human Rights and Democracy, despite difficulties, said Finland's President Tarja Halonen to "EuroFora" at a crucial moment for the mecanism built 15 years ago by the paneuropean organization which celebrates its 60th Anniversary in 2009.

Halonen, known as "Mother" of CoE's "Monitoring" mecanism, a long-time MEP and former Foreign Minister before becoming Finland's President, holds a long experience in the mattter, after also serving twice as CoE and EU Chairwoman in the past. That's why she is well placed to judge how CoE's "monitoring" should deal today with some crucial issues of importance both to CoE and to the EU.

The move came just a Month before a crucial, last visit to Turkey, scheduled for June, by the President of CoE''s "Monitoring" Committee, Ukranian MEP Serge Holovaty, to finalize his Report on Ankara, the CoE Member State with the longest Monitoring procedure. From its results depends its overall credibility.

This is a Test-case, because, in fact, it's in order to avoid Sanctions threatened against Turkey by a CoE's Assembly's April 1995 Resolution for grave Human Rights violations, Democracy gaps, the continuing Military Occupation in Cyprus, the unresolved Kurdish problem, Aegean differend with Greece, etc., that MEPs decided to create, for the 1st time on April 1996, a "Monitoring" proces, allegedly destinated to check, without excluding Countries who did not fulfill all CoE's standards.

In the Past, the obliged withdrawal of Greece's Military regime and of its "Civil" cover-up out of the CoE had helped bring back Democracy in 1974. But, on the contrary, since April 1996, the idea was to "monitor" Human Rights' respect while keeping most concerned Countries inside the CoE. After Turkey's oldest example, this was extended also to several former "Eastern" European Countries, even if CoE's Assembly has imposed to some of them (fex. Ukraine, Russia, etc., after Belarus, Serbia, etc) various "Sanctions", that Ankara always avoided. Curiously more succesful even than .. USA itself, (a CoE "Observer" since 1995), which has been at least threatened with sanctions some years ago..

EU-effects of CoE's Monitoring process became obvious between 2001-2008, since the "closure" of this procedure, when CoE felt that a Country had met most of its Human Rights, Democracy and Rule of Law obligations, (i.e. the "Copenhagen Criteria" for the EU), helped trigger Negotiations with the EU for "Accession" or other closer relations : This occured already before the 2004 and 2007 EU Enlargements to former "Eastern" European Countries, as well as for the commencement of "accession" negotiations with Croatia, and of "open-ended" negotiations with Turkey in 2005.

    But a stricking new development are Holovaty's recent findings that on core Human Rights issues as Torture and Freedom of Expression, Turkey, even "5 Years after" CoE closed its "Monitoring", back in 2004, inciting EU to start accession Negotiations in 2005, still presents grave problems.

    His findings are of crucial importance after a 2008 CoE Resolution called, "if need be", to "seriously consider the possibility of Re-Opening the Monitoring procedure for Turkey" : A move which might affect Ankara's controversial EU bid, since EU Accession Negotiations are based on the Hypothesis that the Candidate fullfils the "Copenhagen Criteria" (See above)..
    Holovaty expressed his will to check  "Matters still Outstanding" and  those that he "didn't have an opportunity to discuss" at an earlier visit this year, "in order to discuss the more complex issues in greater depth", at his forthcoming New Visit to Ankara, before the December 2009 EU Summit.  This is all based on the 2004 CoE Resolution which stresses that, CoE "will continue.. post-monitoring Dialogue with the Turkish authorities,...in addition to a 12-points list,..and on any Other Matter that might arise in connection with Turkey’s Obligations as a CoE member state".

    CoE's Resolution also asks  from Turkey "to secure the proper Implementation of Judgements, particularly in the Cyprus v. Turkey InterState case", of 2001, which concerns also the plight of many Hundreds of MISSING People. It adds Turkey's obligations to "execute" ECHR's Judgements in the Loizidou case,..and in particular adopt General Measures to avoid repetition or continuation of Violations found by the Court" to the detriment of Refugees.

    Nevertheless, Holovaty said to "EuroFora" that "MISSING" persons,"might be included" and cannot be excluded, but he has yet to examine the situation "to find out  which issues will be raised" to the Turkish Government.

    Therefore, "EuroFora" asked Halonen, as the Historic "Mother" of CoE's Monitoring mecanism, if she thought that, "whenever there are grave Human Rights Violations, as fex. "MISSING" persons, attested even by ECHR's judgements, they should be always checked by a Monitoring process. Or could they be forgotten ?"
     - "We (CoE) must be, at the same time, Fair, Realistic, but not in the mind that "now we have Forgotten", etc., replied to "EuroFora"'s question Halonen, speaking as a matter of general principle.

    - "When we think of those People that are suffering from the lack of Democracy, of Human Rights, and of the Rule of Law", "we should find a base on how to deal with the (Monitoring) system more rapidly"', she stressed.

    - "Sometimes it's very difficult to combine Transparency and Effectivenes together, particularly in this specific case", she went on to say. But, "I have not found a (CoE Member) Country who could be insensitive in this sens", Halonen answered concerning grave Human Rights violations attested by the ECHR.

    - "I have no ready-made answer. I have the expectations that you, in the CoE, will, step by step, find the different types of the monitoring systems."

    Also "because this is a part of the UN's Post-Conflict system, (fex. when it comes to Cyprus' MISSING persons), and it's a more Global system". So that, "If we make a succes in Europe, the others will follow", throughout the World.  "But they expect that we (Europe) are this opportunity, this Opportunity to make a Succes", Halonen concluded.

    In addition, she advised to extend CoE's Monitoring to all its 47 Member States, "because, as long as we hear that, all these monitoring systems are "OK for the neighbor, but not for me", "it's very difficult" to understand. Something which could make easier to Compare...

    Finnish MEP Jaako Laakso, former CoE Rapporteur on the Occupied Territories of Cyprus and one of the 5 Signatories of the Historic CoE's call to create the "MONITORING" mecanism since 1996, was more specific :  - "We (CoE Assembly) have to find a way for the issue of Cyprus' MISSING People to be better followed", he stressed, anouncing his intention to "speak to Mr. Holovaty" about that. "There might be also other ways", added Laakso.

    - The 2008 "Year had been a very Bad one for Turkey with regard to Human Rights in general, and Freedom of Expression in particular", denounced, meanwhile, Holovaty's preliminary Post-Monitoringh Draft Report by Holovaty, published by the CoE on April 2009.

    "Amnesty International believes that freedom of expression is not guaranteed given the various articles of the Criminal Code that restrict it. .. "For example, 1,300 Websites are said to have been closed down by the (Turkish) authorities in 2008" ! While "the new Turkish Criminal Code was used to bring a total of 1,072 proceedings between June 2005 and April 2008, and led to the conviction of 192 people", for expressing views. "Representatives of the Özgür Gündem newspaper, which specialises in Kurdish affairs, ..complained about Numerous Attacks on their Freedom of Expression ...as was everyone who advocated a settlement to the question by means other than the intervention of the army" "According to their figures, 19 Newspapers had been suspended 43 times between 4 August 2006 and 4 November 2008" !...

    Moreover, on 2008,  CoE's "Ministers adopted its 4rth Resolution on the execution of the judgments of the ECHR, ...and outstanding issues regarding 175 Judgements and decisions relating to Turkey delivered between 1996 and 2008...  concerning Deaths resulting from the excessive use of force by members of the Security forces, the failure to protect the right to life, the DIisappearance and/or death of individuals, Ill-Treatment and the Destruction of property". CoE's " Ministers urged the Turkish authorities ...to ensure that members of Security forces of all ranks can be prosecuted without administrative
authorisation" for "serious crimes". Holovaty reminded.

"Nonetheless", Holovaty heard anew of "Several cases of Violence committed last year (2008) by the (Turkish) security forces". Amnesty International speaks of Many Cases of ill-treatment and Torture in the prisons and by the police". "Including, fex."'the death of Engin Ceber, a young man of 29 who died on October 2008 as a result of the TORTURE allegedly inflicted on him by police officers, prison staff and members of the gendarmerie. He was part of a group of people arrested on September 2008 during a demonstration and Press Conference in Istanbul'. Proceedings against suspects are "on-going" in this case.

- " I therefore noted an Obvious Contradiction between the Government’s stated “zero tolerance” policy.... of Torture and other forms of ill-treatment, and the different testimonies given", denounced CoE's Rapporteur.  Turkish "authorities must make considerable efforts to guarantee that proper investigations are carried out into allegations of abuses by members of the security forces and that perpetrators are effectively punished" "In this respect, I have requested detailed Statistics on the number of Investigations, acquittals and convictions in cases involving allegations of abuse in order to show the positive impact of the measures taken to date", Holovaty said, repeating a permanently unsatisfied CoE's demand to Turkey since a Decade...

    - "The Political Crisis that shook the country in the spring of 2008 highlighted the Weaknesses of the (Turkish) Constitution", which comes from the Military regime of 1982, "and the Urgent Need of Reforms", stressed from the outset CoE's Rapporteur in 2009. In particular, "the ...Democratic functioning of state institutions, including the independence of the judicial system, are crucial", he observes.

    But, "the Electoral  system and the ways in which it is circumvented do not appear to give those elected complete Legitimacy, and tend to pervert the course of direct universal suffrage", denounces Holovaty, observing that, even 5 Years later, Turkey did not yet change the 10% nationwide Threshold for a party to take any seat, which is "far higher" than the "3%" maximum in Europe and already condemned as contrary to European Standards by the CoE.

    + Moreover, EU Parliament's 2009 Report on Turkey, drafted by Dutch MEP Ria Oomen-Ruijten and adopted in Strasbourg on March, expresses "Concern over the Failure of the (Turkish) Judiciary to prosecute cases of Torture and Ill-treatment, the Number of which is Growing". EU also "is concerned about continuing Hostility and Violence against Minorities" in Turkey. It also "calls on the Turkish Government to launch, as a matter of Priority, a Political Initiatve favouring a lasting Settlement of the Kurdish issue, (while "condemning violence.. and terrorist groups"). EU "regrets that No progress has been made on establishing full, systematic Civilian suprevisory functions over the (Turkish) Military".

    The final results of Holovaty's 2nd and last visit to Turkley will be known later this year, and, at any case, before EU's December 2009 Summit.


2009 EU Elections were won by Parties against Technocracy and Turkey's controversial EU bid, while the 1999-2004 Majority Abstention trend decelerated. What should be done in 2009-2014 ?


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