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Home arrow In Brief arrow Duma v.President Melnikov to EuroFora: Violence in Syria profits to those blocking Peaceful Change

Duma v.President Melnikov to EuroFora: Violence in Syria profits to those blocking Peaceful Change

Written by ACM
Friday, 21 September 2012
20120921_17.09.29_400_01


* Strasbourg/CoE/ACM/- Some Countries undermine any peaceful Change in Syria, because they are Profiting from the on-going Deadly and Destructive, Violent Clashes, denounced the 1st vice-President of the Russian Parliament (Duma), Ivan Melnikov, an experienced former CoE Assembly's MEP and f. Chairman of PACE's Science/Education/Culture Committee, in reply to "EuroFora"s questions, at the sidelines of CoE's 48 Countries' Parliaments Presidents' Bi-Annual Summit, held on 2012 in Strasbourg on September 21 and 22.

 - "EuroFora"s question to President Melnikov reminded the fact that, recently, the Head of Russia's Delegation to PACE (MEP Pushkov) pointed mainly at the need to overcome the Division which still exists inside the Opposition in Syria. How do you feel about that, Do you really believe that if the Syrian opposition was ReUnified, then it might also be better in order to eventually negotiate a peaceful Political Change with the regime ?", we asked.


   The new Head of the Russian Delegation to the CoE, MEP Alexey  Pushkov, had said, in substance, during an interesting debate at CoE's Political Affairs Committee, last April 2012 in Strasbourg, that Russia would not be really opposed to a Political Change in Syria, if it was Peacefully negotiated with the full participation of All the Syrian Opposition, and the current regime :  (Comp. also his brief but relevant statements to "EuroFora", at the CoE in Strasbourg, in a previous NewsReport : http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/dumavpresidentonpeopleandparliaments.htm l),

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    - "First of all, there is  room for Negotiations within and with the (Syrian) Opposition. Of course, we know the implications, but there are parties which are capable of negotiations", for a political Change, replied positively  from the outset, Melnikov, to "EuroFora"s Question.


    - "However, the main Problem is another one : There is No Unity among the Countries from which Decisions to Start such Negotiations depend on. And that is the problem. They can't take such a Decision to start Negotiations", Duma's 1st vice-President critically observed.

    => - "It's obvious that there are some Countres for whom the present situation is Profitable, and they don't want to change it", President Melnikov denounced, (apparently hinting also at the Turkish Government, which notoriously searches to exclude the Syrian Kurds a.o. from any eventual Collective Deal on Syria's future, thereby Dividing the Syrian Opposition, as well as to "sell" its Militarist apparatus, despite of its 1984-2012 obvious inability to put a Stop to the Kurdish conflict with Weapons only, while also being probably afraid of eventual consequences also inside Turkey itself, if the recent 2011-2012 3rd Mediterranean Democratic Change Popular Movements succeeded to spread Peacefuly from Morocco up to Neighbouring Syria)...
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(NDLR : "DraftNews", as already sent earlier to "EuroFora"s Subscribers/Donors. A more accurate, full Final Version might be published asap).

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    The recent paradox of freezing EU Talks with front-runner Croatia, while continuing controversial EU - Turkey talks, despite Zagreb's acceptance of Refugees' Human Rights to return, that Ankara refuses fex. in Cyprus, while both have "Good Neighborhood" problems vis a vis Slovenia, or Greece, Cyprus and Armenia respectively, can it be justified by the non-fullfilment of EU criteria, as Slovenia says, or, is it "Double Standards" ?    

The question became unavoidable after statements by Presidents of Slovenia and Croatia, Tuerk and Mesic, respectively, to "EuroFora", exclusively or among Strasbourg's journalists this week at the CoE, on the sidelines of its 2009 Summer University for Political Schools, which topically brought them together as successive key-note speakers.


    Comming only a few Months before EU checks Turkey's compliance to its commitments on Cyprus, etc., scheduled for December 2009, this obviously has a special importance for the coherence of EU Enlargement's principles.

     Suspension of EU Negotiations is a normal consequence in case of a Candidate Country's failure to fullfil EU Conditions, such as "Good Neighborhood relations", stressed at first Slovenian President Danilo Tuerk, current CoE's chair.

    But, regarding EU's Criteria,  there shouldn't be any "Double Standards",  reacted Croatian President Stjepan Mesic, commenting the fact that Turkey's controversial EU negotiations continue, while they were recently "freezed" in the case of Croatia, an "unquestionably European Country", which oficially accepts to respect Refugees Human Rights, contrary to Ankara's notorious refusals or reluctance.                                       

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           - "EU itself has set as a Criterium (for EU Enlargement) the "Good Neighborhood relations",  and their absence justifies the "Suspension" EU Negotiations, (f.ex. with Croatia), because of a Border dispute affecting the territorial integrity of an EU Member Country, stressed Slovenian President, Danilo Tuerk, CoE's Chairman in office (May - November 2009), speaking to Journalists in Strasbourg including "EuroFora".    

Questioned earlier what "consequences on EU's Enlargement policy" can have the "Ban on EU Membership Negotiations", imposed to Croatia, Tuerk replied that "this question comes down to the fulfillement of (EU) Criteria for membership. One has to look at each Candidate Country ., from the point of view whether it fullfils the Criteria that EU has set. One of them are Good Neighborhood Relations, I'd like to remind. And also, there are other factors, such as Justice, Home affairs, Rule of Law, and others".


    - "Now, ..Candidate Countries are at Different Levels of fulfillement of Criteria", he observed.

    - " Croatia is obviously the closest to that. I'm rather optimistic : I think that in the coming Months we'll have an opportunity to look at all these issues constructively and hopefully we'll be able to make progress". "My main concern, at this point, is the situation in Bosnia : We haven't seen enough progres domesticaly. We haven't seen enough during ..political parties within their country.We need a New Energy, a new energetic move towards the Candidature for EU membership. "Other (Western Balkan) Countries (Serbia, Montenegro, FYROM, Albania) have been making soaring Progress, and I think that they should be ready, in a few Years, for the Candidate status".

    - "As far as the Western Balkans are concerned, .. nobody should be left outside" the EU, Slovenian's President concluded, ommitting to mention Turkey's controversial EU bid.

    - "This process may be seen as Slow, but..  Slovenia has also has also been exposed to various "Booms of Slowness" in our accession period. But now we can say that the process was relatively quick, because changes which occur after becoming EU member, are quite large, and they require proper Preparations before the (EU) membership becomes a new factor, an impacting line for a new (EU) member country".
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EU "Solidarity" ?
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Slovenian statements made some participants from certain 3rd Countries as FYROM, etc. claim that "the Principle of EU Solidarity" would "produce a.. rising European Union Nationalism (sic !), against Non-EU Countries", as they said, asking unhappy foreign countries to form a "bloc" to exert pressure on the EU...    

But Croatian President Stjepan Mesic dismissed that, supporting "EU Integration", "after the Economy also in Political" issues, as "the achievement" of our times. In EU there is "diversity, but it's United", he stressed, "EU has to be United so that it can become a central factor of Peace" also at the surrounding areas, he replied.

croatian_president_mesic_ 

Speaking later exclusively to "EuroFora", the experienced twice President of Croatia, former President of the International "Non-Aligned" movement, denounced "Double Standards" in the way EU treats recently Croatia compared to Turkey :   

 - "I think that there shouldn't be Double Standards", stressed the Croatian President, in reply to a Question comparing the freeze of EU - Croatia talks, with the continuation of EU - Turkey talks, despite the fact that Croatia is an "unquestionably European country", while Turkey's EU bid is notoriously controversial.


    Mesic was reacting to the observation that, even if he confirmed his "respect of Refugees' Human Rights to return, etc. (See infra), nevertheless, EU talks are suspended with Croatia.. While for oher, controversial candidates, who refuse to respect Refugees' Rights to return, etc., as fex. Turkey does in occupied Cyprus and elsewhere, EU negotiations continue".

    - "I believe that Croatia's accession will confirm that all European Countries who fulfill all of the Conditions and achieve European Standards, have to join the EU. There shouldn't be any Double Standards", went on to add in reply President Mesic.

    In this relation, Croatia's President found "of paramount importance", CoE's "mechanisms enforcing ECHR's judgements"
    
    - "On Refugees and Displaced persons, the process will be completed only after the last person demanding to return will be allowed to do so !", President Mesic Croatia stressed earlier, setting a general standard of obvious importance also for otherr candidates, as f.ex. Turkey, often accused to exclude or heavily restrict Greek Cypriot Displaced persons' return to their Family Homes and ancestral land, provoke difficulties to Turkish-Kurd IDPs return to their home regions at the South-East, etc.

    Some "2.000 People are still reported Missing" in former Yugoslavia, for some Years, (as in Cyprus, modern Europe's oldest case, for 3 Decades. Nagorno-Karabach, Tcecnya in Russia, etc, more recently), and Investigations "will only be completed after establishing the fate of the last one of them", he added.
    
    Speaking earlier on "War Crimes", President Mesic stressed that "Leaders are responsible for (the) Wars (of the Past), not the People", and called against Impunity :  "Individuals have to be held Responsible for Crimes. International Penal Tribunals have to persecute those individuals", perpetrators of War Crimes, he underlined.

    Such statements naturally made Mesic rather popular at ECHR, whose President, French EuroJudge, Professor Jean-Paul Costa, looked particularly smiling when he welcomed him later on Wednesday afternoon, after Slovenian President Daniko Tuerk earlier this week.
           

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