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Home arrow In Brief arrow Duma v.President Melnikov to EuroFora: Violence in Syria profits to those blocking Peaceful Change

Duma v.President Melnikov to EuroFora: Violence in Syria profits to those blocking Peaceful Change

Written by ACM
Friday, 21 September 2012
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* Strasbourg/CoE/ACM/- Some Countries undermine any peaceful Change in Syria, because they are Profiting from the on-going Deadly and Destructive, Violent Clashes, denounced the 1st vice-President of the Russian Parliament (Duma), Ivan Melnikov, an experienced former CoE Assembly's MEP and f. Chairman of PACE's Science/Education/Culture Committee, in reply to "EuroFora"s questions, at the sidelines of CoE's 48 Countries' Parliaments Presidents' Bi-Annual Summit, held on 2012 in Strasbourg on September 21 and 22.

 - "EuroFora"s question to President Melnikov reminded the fact that, recently, the Head of Russia's Delegation to PACE (MEP Pushkov) pointed mainly at the need to overcome the Division which still exists inside the Opposition in Syria. How do you feel about that, Do you really believe that if the Syrian opposition was ReUnified, then it might also be better in order to eventually negotiate a peaceful Political Change with the regime ?", we asked.


   The new Head of the Russian Delegation to the CoE, MEP Alexey  Pushkov, had said, in substance, during an interesting debate at CoE's Political Affairs Committee, last April 2012 in Strasbourg, that Russia would not be really opposed to a Political Change in Syria, if it was Peacefully negotiated with the full participation of All the Syrian Opposition, and the current regime :  (Comp. also his brief but relevant statements to "EuroFora", at the CoE in Strasbourg, in a previous NewsReport : http://www.eurofora.net/newsflashes/news/dumavpresidentonpeopleandparliaments.htm l),

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    - "First of all, there is  room for Negotiations within and with the (Syrian) Opposition. Of course, we know the implications, but there are parties which are capable of negotiations", for a political Change, replied positively  from the outset, Melnikov, to "EuroFora"s Question.


    - "However, the main Problem is another one : There is No Unity among the Countries from which Decisions to Start such Negotiations depend on. And that is the problem. They can't take such a Decision to start Negotiations", Duma's 1st vice-President critically observed.

    => - "It's obvious that there are some Countres for whom the present situation is Profitable, and they don't want to change it", President Melnikov denounced, (apparently hinting also at the Turkish Government, which notoriously searches to exclude the Syrian Kurds a.o. from any eventual Collective Deal on Syria's future, thereby Dividing the Syrian Opposition, as well as to "sell" its Militarist apparatus, despite of its 1984-2012 obvious inability to put a Stop to the Kurdish conflict with Weapons only, while also being probably afraid of eventual consequences also inside Turkey itself, if the recent 2011-2012 3rd Mediterranean Democratic Change Popular Movements succeeded to spread Peacefuly from Morocco up to Neighbouring Syria)...
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(../..)


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(NDLR : "DraftNews", as already sent earlier to "EuroFora"s Subscribers/Donors. A more accurate, full Final Version might be published asap).

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Swedish Foreign Minister, Carl Bildt, speaking  to "EuroFora", denied rumors on Turkey's attempts to avoid an EU check of its obligations on Cyprus on December 2009 by blackmailing Nicosia to either accept any deal with intransigeant Turkish claims contrary to EU values on the island's political issue, or face threats against the territorial integriy of the EU island, semi-occupied by Ankara's army.

On the contrary, the incoming EU President-in-office, speaking exclusively to "EuroFora", promissed that he will act for EU Council's decisions on December 2009 assessment of Turkey's commitments on Cyprus to be kept.


    Bildt was asked to react to Cyprus' President Christofias' denunciation, earlier this week, that some want to exert "pressure" on Cyprus in order for Turkey to escape from its obligations.

    Avoiding to mention any precise Deadline, Bildt, however, warned about "Consequences" in case of "failure" to reunite Cyprus, but without saying whose responsibility an eventual deadlock might be.  

 Asked by "EuroFora" if there is a risk for "Turkey's commitments to "be forgotten or downgraded", "despite crystal-clear EU Council decisions and EU Parliament's latest Resolution on the assessment to make at the end of this year on Turkey's obligations", according to rumours that, instead of pressing Turkey, on the contrary, there might be "pressure on Cyprus", even "blackmail", as Media reported and President Christofias denounced this week, Bildt denied :

- "No ! ", he clearly replied.


- On the contrary, invited by "EuroFora", to "reassure that the Swedish EU Presidency (7-12/2009) will keep a fair stance, based on principles",  Bildt promised that "we (Swedish EU Presidency) will be very clear on all of the decisions taken by the (EU) Council".

He added, however, that "we have very numerous decisions that have been taken" by EU Council, as if he warned, also, on something else.

- "'I am not aware of any sort of statements coming out today''", Bildt started to say, on our reference to Cyprus' President Christofias" denunciation of Turkish lobby's manoeuvers this week, replying earlier to 'another"EuroFora"'s question during a Press Conference at EU Parliament in Strasbourg.


 - '"I know the issues that you' are concerned with'", he added, remembering  the statements he gave us when Sweden was chairing the PanEuropean CoE on 2008.

- "But, obviously, .. I think that Cyprus' Peace negotiations are extremenly important".

- And "'I think that we are at a unique moment in History, in the sens that both (Cyprus') President Christofias and Mr. Talat (the Turkish Cypriot leader), are personally convinced of the need to overcome the division".

 - "It's 20 Years since the fall of Berlin Wal, but we still have a Capital in Europe (Nicosia) that's divided". ,

- 'I don't that we should loose any time in overcoming that"..

 - ''We should be aware of the fact that success will bring great benefits, but failure, will also have major consequences. There will not be Status Quo' " It's a question of seeking a solution, or entering another situation, which is somewhat difficult to see exactly how that could evolve", he warned.

- "That being said, this is a negotiation for Cyprus itself", Bildt admitted.

 - ''We (EU) can support, the (EU) Commission primarily, be technically helpful, and then, of course, there is a specific role for the UN, when it comes to the Cyprus' situation".  

- "At least so far. It might not be for ever'. Certainly not for ever, but for this period of time", Bildt added, skiping now any reference to concrete threats on UNO's Peace keeping force in face of more than 40.000 Ankara's soldiers, contrary to some Press claims, (See previous NewsReports).


     Replying to another "EuroFora"'s Question,  if anyone might attempt to "impose a Deadline for the conclusion" of Cyprus' Talks on December 2009, Bildt avoided to speak of any precise Time-frame, and indirectly evoked the fact that  35 Years of Turkish Invasion/Occupation obviously durated too long :

'- "If I was from Cyprus, I would say that the Deadline was Yesterday ! '",
Bildt concluded.

Cyprus' Government Spokesman, Stephanou, reportedly pointed out that "a settlement is possible on December if Turkey changes its stance", accepting a solution for the reunification of the island based on UNO resolutiona and EU principles.

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Earlier, EU Chair, Swedish Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeld, highlighted an "historic opportunity" to "re-Unite" Cyprus according to EU's "basic Values"' (i.e. Human Rights) and 'Rules'", in a last-minute change of his draft speech to EU Parliament in Strasbourg.

    The initial Draft spoke only about "healing" the island.

    Significantly, Reinfeldt linked Cyprus' reunification with Turkey's obligations to respect EU's "Values" and "follow" EU's "common Rules" :

    - What is "called Membership Negotiations" should lead, "at- the end of the day", into "sharing a set of common Basic Values (i.e. Human Rights, Democracy, etc), and following common Rules", stressed Reinfeld from the outset.
    
    - "This is something that those on the Outside (of the EU), are now  contemplating", up "to Ankara", for "a solution" on "Cyprus", observed the EU Chairman, immediately afterwards..  

    - "Both sides of Cyprus have been granted a historic opportunity to together reach an agreement on a solution to re-Unite the island, that has been divided for far too long", said Reinfeldt, modifying his draft text.


-  "The Swedish Presidency will act ...in accordance with Commitments EU has made, on the basis of Criteria that apply", "as a Honest Broker", he promised.    

- "To those on the inside (of the EU), allowing the membership process to become an opportunity to solve protracted disputes, can be tempting", he added.


    "In such cases, we must find solutions that can benefit both sides, and open up a way forward. Otherwise, it would jeopardize the progress we have made towards EU integration", Reinfeldt said.

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