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Home arrow In Brief arrow CoE Assembly draft Resolution slams plans for Nuclear plants in Seismic areas of Sea Coasts

CoE Assembly draft Resolution slams plans for Nuclear plants in Seismic areas of Sea Coasts

Pisac ACM
22. 01. 2013.

ksse_400 

*Strasbourg/CoE/- A draft Resolution signed by allmost all the political leaders of CoE's Paneuropean Parliamentary Assembly (PACE) strongly condemns any attempt to build "Nuclear Power Plants in areas of High Seismic Risks", particularly on Sea Coasts, as it is reportedly planned f.ex. by Turkey, etc.  


This comes in addition to the obvious Risks of Nuclear Proliferation, particularly dangerous around the Middle East area, given also the special and often controversial relations between Turkey and Iran or Pakistan (a notorious counter-example of abuse of Nuclear Technology for the construction of Nuclear Bombs).

fukushima_400



The move naturally refers also to recent "Earthquakes in Japan and the Fukushima Nuclear Disaster", which "raise Serious Doubts about the effectiveness of Probabilistic Sesismic Hazard Assessments advocated by the IAEA", while Turkey notoriously searches anew ways to build Nuclear Plants at its particularly Seismic Anatolia Plateau's Northern or Southern Sea Coasts, even after the 2011 Fukushima  and the 1999 Istanbul-Izmit (more than 20.000 Poor People killed) Deadly and destructive under-Sea triggered Earthquakes :

1999_izmit_eatrthquake_turkey_400


The 2012 draft Resolution recently lodged at the PACE in Strasbourg and officially put into circulation during Januray 2013's Plenary session, asks "Measures to Ban any Construction of Nuclear Plants in Areas with a High Seismic Risk", as well as "Criteria for the Prevention of Radioactive Pollution of Sea Bassins".


Many mainstream and Top MEPs denounce that "Many Nuclear Power Plants ate Built on Sea or Ocean Coasts, or other Water Bassins, carrying a High Risk of Radioactive Pollution of Large Areas in the event of Nuclear Accident", and point also to the "Fact that 20% of current Nuclear Power Plants in the World are operating in Areas of High Seismic Activity".   

fukushima_400_01


But the above mentioned Resolution also "underlines that the protection of Human beings, human Society as a whole and human Health in particular, as well as of Biodiversity, Agricultural areas and Water resources, should be given the highest Priority over any economic interest", and Warns  that "Nuclear Pollution would have a very Serious and Long-lasting negative Effect on Large Areas".

fukusima_map_effects_400_02


=> Therefore, "building of Nuclear Power Plants in areas of high Seismic Risk is Not Acceptable for the common interest of Society and Humankind as a whole", the PACE draft Resolution concludes, "call(ing) upon (CoE's) Committee of Ministers to invite member States to co-operate actively and diligently in Implementing" such principles.


The landmark Text is very Strongly backed, since it's exceptionally Signed by almost All Presidents of CoE Assemly's Political Groups (Luca Volonté : Head of ChristianDemocrats/EPP, Andreas Gross : Head of Socialists, Tiny Cox : Head of EuroLeft, and Anne Brasseur : Head of Liberals, etc), as well as by many Mainstream MEPs from the Governing Parties in various CoE Member Countries all over Europe : F.ex. L. Tochev (Bulgaria, ChristianDemocrat/EPP and Group's vice-President), J. Hörster (Head of the German Delegation, ChristianDemocrat/EPP + vice-President), P. Agramunt from Spain (ChristianDemocrat/EPP and Group's vice-President), M. Braun from Hungary (ChristianDemocrat/EPP and Group's Treasurer), etc.. But its Signatories, mainstream MEPs are also Widespread througout many other CoE Countries, as, f.ex., the  U.K. (Lord éTomlinson and A. Meale Vice-President of Socialist Group, etc), Nethelands, Germany, Estonia, Lithuania, Moldova, Georgia, Italy, Malta, Monaco, etc.)

 

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(NDLR : "DraftNews", as already sent, earlier, to "EuroFora"s Subscribers/Donors. A more accurate Final Version might be published asap.)
 
 
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 slovenian__croatian_presidents_at_coe_400

    The recent paradox of freezing EU Talks with front-runner Croatia, while continuing controversial EU - Turkey talks, despite Zagreb's acceptance of Refugees' Human Rights to return, that Ankara refuses fex. in Cyprus, while both have "Good Neighborhood" problems vis a vis Slovenia, or Greece, Cyprus and Armenia respectively, can it be justified by the non-fullfilment of EU criteria, as Slovenia says, or, is it "Double Standards" ?    

The question became unavoidable after statements by Presidents of Slovenia and Croatia, Tuerk and Mesic, respectively, to "EuroFora", exclusively or among Strasbourg's journalists this week at the CoE, on the sidelines of its 2009 Summer University for Political Schools, which topically brought them together as successive key-note speakers.


    Comming only a few Months before EU checks Turkey's compliance to its commitments on Cyprus, etc., scheduled for December 2009, this obviously has a special importance for the coherence of EU Enlargement's principles.

     Suspension of EU Negotiations is a normal consequence in case of a Candidate Country's failure to fullfil EU Conditions, such as "Good Neighborhood relations", stressed at first Slovenian President Danilo Tuerk, current CoE's chair.

    But, regarding EU's Criteria,  there shouldn't be any "Double Standards",  reacted Croatian President Stjepan Mesic, commenting the fact that Turkey's controversial EU negotiations continue, while they were recently "freezed" in the case of Croatia, an "unquestionably European Country", which oficially accepts to respect Refugees Human Rights, contrary to Ankara's notorious refusals or reluctance.                                       

imag0475_400
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           - "EU itself has set as a Criterium (for EU Enlargement) the "Good Neighborhood relations",  and their absence justifies the "Suspension" EU Negotiations, (f.ex. with Croatia), because of a Border dispute affecting the territorial integrity of an EU Member Country, stressed Slovenian President, Danilo Tuerk, CoE's Chairman in office (May - November 2009), speaking to Journalists in Strasbourg including "EuroFora".    

Questioned earlier what "consequences on EU's Enlargement policy" can have the "Ban on EU Membership Negotiations", imposed to Croatia, Tuerk replied that "this question comes down to the fulfillement of (EU) Criteria for membership. One has to look at each Candidate Country ., from the point of view whether it fullfils the Criteria that EU has set. One of them are Good Neighborhood Relations, I'd like to remind. And also, there are other factors, such as Justice, Home affairs, Rule of Law, and others".


    - "Now, ..Candidate Countries are at Different Levels of fulfillement of Criteria", he observed.

    - " Croatia is obviously the closest to that. I'm rather optimistic : I think that in the coming Months we'll have an opportunity to look at all these issues constructively and hopefully we'll be able to make progress". "My main concern, at this point, is the situation in Bosnia : We haven't seen enough progres domesticaly. We haven't seen enough during ..political parties within their country.We need a New Energy, a new energetic move towards the Candidature for EU membership. "Other (Western Balkan) Countries (Serbia, Montenegro, FYROM, Albania) have been making soaring Progress, and I think that they should be ready, in a few Years, for the Candidate status".

    - "As far as the Western Balkans are concerned, .. nobody should be left outside" the EU, Slovenian's President concluded, ommitting to mention Turkey's controversial EU bid.

    - "This process may be seen as Slow, but..  Slovenia has also has also been exposed to various "Booms of Slowness" in our accession period. But now we can say that the process was relatively quick, because changes which occur after becoming EU member, are quite large, and they require proper Preparations before the (EU) membership becomes a new factor, an impacting line for a new (EU) member country".
----------------------------

EU "Solidarity" ?
------------------------------   

Slovenian statements made some participants from certain 3rd Countries as FYROM, etc. claim that "the Principle of EU Solidarity" would "produce a.. rising European Union Nationalism (sic !), against Non-EU Countries", as they said, asking unhappy foreign countries to form a "bloc" to exert pressure on the EU...    

But Croatian President Stjepan Mesic dismissed that, supporting "EU Integration", "after the Economy also in Political" issues, as "the achievement" of our times. In EU there is "diversity, but it's United", he stressed, "EU has to be United so that it can become a central factor of Peace" also at the surrounding areas, he replied.

croatian_president_mesic_ 

Speaking later exclusively to "EuroFora", the experienced twice President of Croatia, former President of the International "Non-Aligned" movement, denounced "Double Standards" in the way EU treats recently Croatia compared to Turkey :   

 - "I think that there shouldn't be Double Standards", stressed the Croatian President, in reply to a Question comparing the freeze of EU - Croatia talks, with the continuation of EU - Turkey talks, despite the fact that Croatia is an "unquestionably European country", while Turkey's EU bid is notoriously controversial.


    Mesic was reacting to the observation that, even if he confirmed his "respect of Refugees' Human Rights to return, etc. (See infra), nevertheless, EU talks are suspended with Croatia.. While for oher, controversial candidates, who refuse to respect Refugees' Rights to return, etc., as fex. Turkey does in occupied Cyprus and elsewhere, EU negotiations continue".

    - "I believe that Croatia's accession will confirm that all European Countries who fulfill all of the Conditions and achieve European Standards, have to join the EU. There shouldn't be any Double Standards", went on to add in reply President Mesic.

    In this relation, Croatia's President found "of paramount importance", CoE's "mechanisms enforcing ECHR's judgements"
    
    - "On Refugees and Displaced persons, the process will be completed only after the last person demanding to return will be allowed to do so !", President Mesic Croatia stressed earlier, setting a general standard of obvious importance also for otherr candidates, as f.ex. Turkey, often accused to exclude or heavily restrict Greek Cypriot Displaced persons' return to their Family Homes and ancestral land, provoke difficulties to Turkish-Kurd IDPs return to their home regions at the South-East, etc.

    Some "2.000 People are still reported Missing" in former Yugoslavia, for some Years, (as in Cyprus, modern Europe's oldest case, for 3 Decades. Nagorno-Karabach, Tcecnya in Russia, etc, more recently), and Investigations "will only be completed after establishing the fate of the last one of them", he added.
    
    Speaking earlier on "War Crimes", President Mesic stressed that "Leaders are responsible for (the) Wars (of the Past), not the People", and called against Impunity :  "Individuals have to be held Responsible for Crimes. International Penal Tribunals have to persecute those individuals", perpetrators of War Crimes, he underlined.

    Such statements naturally made Mesic rather popular at ECHR, whose President, French EuroJudge, Professor Jean-Paul Costa, looked particularly smiling when he welcomed him later on Wednesday afternoon, after Slovenian President Daniko Tuerk earlier this week.
           

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